To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Neue Pinakothek

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Neue Pinakothek (German: [ˈnɔʏ.ə pinakoˈteːk], New Pinakothek) is an art museum in Munich, Germany. Its focus is European Art of the 18th and 19th century and is one of the most important museums of art of the nineteenth century in the world.[citation needed] Together with the Alte Pinakothek and the Pinakothek der Moderne it is part of Munich's "Kunstareal" (the "art area").

The new home of the Neue Pinakothek, opened in 1981
The new home of the Neue Pinakothek, opened in 1981
Neue Pinakothek 1880
Neue Pinakothek 1880

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    14 533
    1 106
    2 868
    1 226
    1 360
  • ✪ Munich, Germany: Alte Pinakothek
  • ✪ Munich-Neue Pinakothek (New Gallery)慕尼黑近代繪畫美術館
  • ✪ München - Alte und Neue Pinakothek
  • ✪ München - Tour durch die Museumslandschaft | Hin & weg
  • ✪ Altdorfers Alexanderschlacht: Wie München zur Stadt der Kunstsammlungen wurde

Transcription

Munich's many grand facades recall the city's cultural importance for this region. As the capital of Bavaria for centuries, Munich was able to amass lots of great art. And a cluster of museums shows off masterpieces through the ages. Got 19th century art just over there, a wonderful collection of modern art across the street, and we're heading for the old masters at the Alte Pinakothek. The Alte Pinakothek, or "old painting gallery," shows off Bavaria's best collection of European masterpieces from the 14th through the 18th centuries, featuring work by many of the greats. Botticelli's "Lamentation" shows the early Renaissance ability to show spirituality through human emotions. Leonardo's "Madonna with a Carnation" was done when the artist was only 21, well on his way to "Mona Lisa" greatness. And in this marvelous Holy Family, Rafael is clearly the master of grace. Paintings give a peek at the tumultuous events as Germany woke from its medieval slumbers and entered a new epoch. In this self-portrait, Albrecht Dürer, one of the "class of 1500," Heralds an optimistic new age. Dürer brings the humanistic spirit of Italy's Renaissance to the medieval north. Recently returned from Italy, Dürer portrays himself, the artist, with unprecedented self-esteem. When this individualism met church authority, sparks flew. Dürer's "Four Apostles" seem to reflect the turbulent times when the Reformation swept through northern Europe. With the rugged features of everyday people, they take the Bible into their own hands, a Humanist coup that ignited an all-Europe war. Looking around suspiciously, they clutch a Bible in one hand and a sword in the other, prepared to defend their beliefs. In 1517, the German monk Martin Luther broke with the Church in Rome. Suddenly people had to choose. Am I Protestant or Catholic? Albrecht Dürer actually met Martin Luther. He was impressed with his ideas, and became one of his supporters. The Catholic Church responded with the Counter-Reformation and also used art as a weapon. The church hired Rubens to show the epic battle: St. Michael hurling Lucifer out of heaven. The lesson: Those who oppose God's will shall lose. Believers had the entire mass to ponder these scenes. All these heavenly battles mirrored what was going on in Europe. After 30 years of religious wars, a third of Germany was dead. Finally, in 1648, an exhausted Europe made a treaty enabling Protestants and Catholics to co-exist.

Contents

The building

The museum was founded by the former King Ludwig I of Bavaria in 1853. The original building constructed by Friedrich von Gärtner and August von Voit was destroyed during World War II. The ruin of the Neue Pinakothek was demolished in 1949. Designed by architect Alexander Freiherr von Branca the new postmodern building with features such as arched windows, keystones, bay windows and stairways, opened in 1981. It combines a concrete construction with a stone facade design.

History

Gauguin's The Birth of Christ (1896), which brought Hugo von Tschudi to Munich and became the foundation of the Pinokathek's modern art collection
Gauguin's The Birth of Christ (1896), which brought Hugo von Tschudi to Munich and became the foundation of the Pinokathek's modern art collection

Ludwig began to collect contemporary art already as crown prince in 1809 and his collection has been steadily enlarged. When the museum was founded, the separation to the old masters in the Alte Pinakothek was fixed with the period shortly before the turn of the 19th century, which has become a prototype for many galleries.

Owing to the personal preference of Ludwig I there was initially a strong focus on paintings of German Romanticism and the Munich School. Also dynastic considerations played a role as Greece had become a secundogeniture of Bavaria in 1832. In 1834 Carl Rottmann travelled to Greece to prepare for a commission from Ludwig for a cycle of great Greek landscapes which was installed in the Neue Pinakothek, where the paintings were given their own hall.

The so-called Tschudi Contribution between 1905 and 1914 brought the Pinokathek an extraordinary collection of masterpieces of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. Hugo von Tschudi was dismissed by Kaiser Wilhelm as a penalty for his bringing Gauguin's The Birth of Christ into the National Gallery in Berlin. He went on to become the director of the Pinokathek. As general director of the State Collections, Tschudi acquired 44 paintings, nine sculptures and 22 drawings, mostly from emerging French artists. Since public funds could not be used to purchase these works, Tschudi’s associates raised the money from private contributions after his death in 1911.

The delimitation to the modern painters displayed in the Pinakothek der Moderne was later fixed by taking the restart of Henri Matisse and the Expressionists into account (ca. 1900). Consequentially a painting of Matisse acquired by the "Tschudi Contribution" is now displayed in the Pinakothek der Moderne.

In 1915, the Neue Pinakothek became the property of the Bavarian state. A self-portrait of Vincent van Gogh was confiscated in 1938 by the Nazi regime as degenerate art and sold one year later.

Collection

The museum is under supervision of the Bavarian State Painting Collections which houses an expanded collection of more than 3.000 European paintings from classicism to art nouveau. About 400 paintings and 50 sculptures of these are exhibited in the New Pinakothek.

Francisco de Goya Plucked Turkey (1810).
Francisco de Goya Plucked Turkey (1810).
  • International paintings of the second half of the 18th century:
Among others the gallery exhibits works of Francisco de Goya (Plucked Turkey) (Don José Queraltó as a Spanish Army doctor), Jacques-Louis David (Anne-Marie-Louise Thélusson, Comtesse de Sorcy), Johann Friedrich August Tischbein (Nicolas Châtelain in the garden) and Anton Graff (Heinrich XIII, Graf Reuß).
  • English and Scottish paintings of 18th and early 19th century:
It's one of the best collections outside the United Kingdom with masterpieces of Thomas Gainsborough (Mrs. Thomas Hibbert) (Landscape with Shepherd and Flock), William Hogarth (Richard Mounteney), John Constable (View of Dedham Vale from East Bergholt), Joshua Reynolds (Captain Philemon Pownall), David Wilkie (Reading the Will), Thomas Lawrence (The Two Sons of the 1st Earl of Talbot), George Romney (Catherine Clements), Richard Wilson (View of Syon House Across the Thames near Richmond Gardens), Henry Raeburn (Mrs. J. Campbell of Kilberry), George Stubbs (The pointer) and J. M. W. Turner (Ostende).
  • German artists of Classicism in Rome
like Friedrich Overbeck (Italia and Germania), Friedrich Wilhelm von Schadow (The Holy Family beneath the Portico), Heinrich Maria von Hess (Marchesa Marianna Florenzi), Peter von Hess (The Entry of King Othon of Greece into Nauplia) and Peter von Cornelius (The three Marys at the Tomb).
with paintings of Caspar David Friedrich (Garden Bower), Karl Friedrich Schinkel (Cathedral Towering over a Town), Carl Blechen (Building of the Devil's Bridge) and others.
Carl Spitzweg The Poor Poet 1839
Carl Spitzweg The Poor Poet 1839
represented by Franz Xaver Winterhalter (Graf Jenison-Walworth), Carl Spitzweg (The Poor Poet) , Moritz von Schwind (A Symphony) and Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller (Young Peasant Woman with Three Children at the Window).
with Eugène Delacroix (Clorinda Rescues Olindo and Sophronia), Théodore Géricault (Artillery Train Passing a Ravine), Gustave Courbet (Landscape near Maizières), Jean-François Millet (Farmer Inserting a Graft on a Tree), Honoré Daumier (The Drama) and others.
  • Deutschrömer (or German-Romans)
such as Hans von Marées (Self-Portrait), Arnold Böcklin (Pan in the Reeds), Anselm Feuerbach (Medea) and Hans Thoma (Landscape in the Taunus).
  • History paintings
with Wilhelm von Kaulbach ( King Ludwig I surrounded by artists), Karl Theodor von Piloty (Seni and Wallenstein), Franz von Defregger (Das letzte Aufgebot) and Hans Makart (Die Falknerin).
  • German Realism
like Wilhelm Leibl (Portrait of Frau Gedon), Franz von Lenbach (Aresing Village Street) and Adolph Menzel (Living-Room with the Artist's Sister).
  • German Impressionists
especially Max Liebermann (Boys Bathing), Lovis Corinth (Eduard, Count von Keyserling), August von Brandis (Duchblick) and Max Slevogt (The Day's Work Done).
Édouard Manet Luncheon in the Studio 1868.
Édouard Manet Luncheon in the Studio 1868.
  • French Impressionists
One of the world's leading collections with masterpieces of Pierre-Auguste Renoir (Portrait of a Young Woman), Édouard Manet (Lucheon in the Studio) (Monet Painting on His Studio Boat), Claude Monet (The Bridge at Argenteuil), Paul Cézanne (The Railway Cutting), Paul Gauguin (The Birth - Te tamari no atua), Edgar Degas (Woman Ironing), Camille Pissarro (Street in Upper Norwood), Alfred Sisley (The Road to Hampton Court), Paul Sérusier (The Laundresses) and Vincent van Gogh (Sunflowers) (The Weaver).
  • Symbolism and Art Nouveau and early 20th century
represented among others by Giovanni Segantini (L'aratura), Gustav Klimt (Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein), Paul Signac (S.Maria della Salute), Maurice Denis (Gaulish Goddess of Herds and Flocks), Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (Le jeune Routy à Céleyran), James Ensor (Still Life in the Studio), Édouard Vuillard (Café Scene), Ferdinand Hodler (Tired of Life), Franz von Stuck (The Sin), Edvard Munch (Woman in Red Dress (Street in Aasgaardstrand)), Walter Crane (Neptune's horses), Thomas Austen Brown (Mademoiselle Plume rouge), Pierre Bonnard (Lady at the Mirror) and Egon Schiele (Agony).
  • Sculptures
Also sculptures of the 19th century are exhibited, for example works of Bertel Thorvaldsen (Adonis), Antonio Canova (Paris), Rudolph Schadow (Woman Tying Her Sandal), Auguste Rodin (Crouching Woman (La femme accroupie)), Max Klinger (Elsa Asenijeff), Aristide Maillol (La Flore), Pablo Picasso (Le Fou) and others.

Gallery

External links

  • Official website (in English) (depending on your needs, former version, archived March 29, 2016, may be more useful)
  • website (in German)
  • Article about the Neue Pinakothek
  • Lionel Gossman. “Making of a Romantic Icon: The Religious Context of Friedrich Overbeck’s ‘Italia und Germania.’” American Philosophical Society, 2007. ISBN 0-87169-975-3. [1]

This page was last edited on 1 January 2019, at 12:05
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.