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Minouche Shafik, Baroness Shafik

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Baroness Shafik
Nemat Shafik Portrait.jpg
Minouche Shafik in March 2009
16th Director of the London School of Economics and Political Science
Assumed office
1 September 2017
Preceded byCraig Calhoun (2016)
Deputy Governor (Markets and Banking)
of the Bank of England
In office
1 August 2014 – 28 February 2017
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byCharlotte Hogg
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
15 October 2020
Life Peerage
Personal details
Nemat Talaat Shafik

(1962-08-13) 13 August 1962 (age 60)
Alexandria, Egypt
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
United States
Political partyNone (crossbencher)
Alma materAmerican University in Cairo
University of Massachusetts-Amherst (BA)
London School of Economics (MSc)
St Antony's College, Oxford (DPhil)

Nemat Talaat Shafik, Baroness Shafik, DBE, HonFBA (Arabic: نعمت شفيق; born 13 August 1962), known as Minouche Shafik, is an Egyptian-born British-American economist[1] who has been serving as the Director of the London School of Economics since September 2017.[2]

Shafik served as the Deputy Governor of the Bank of England[3] from August 2014 to February 2017. Prior to this, she was the Permanent Secretary of the Department for International Development from March 2008 to March 2011, when she went on to serve as the Deputy Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund.[4]

Early life and education

Born in Alexandria, Egypt, Shafik went to Schutz American School. The family moved to Savannah, Georgia in the mid-1960s. When she was 15 the family returned to Egypt. She graduated from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst with a B.A. in 1983. She then studied at London School of Economics and was awarded M.Sc. in economics from University of London in 1986 and a D.Phil. from St Antony's College, Oxford.[5]


Shafik joined the World Bank after Oxford and held a variety of roles, starting in the research department where she worked on global economic modelling and forecasting and then later on environmental issues. She moved to do macroeconomic work on Eastern Europe during the transition and in the Middle East where she published a number of books and articles on the region's economic future, the economics of peace, labour markets, regional integration, and gender issues.[6]

Shafik became the youngest ever Vice President at the World Bank at the age of 36.[7][8]

She initially went to the British Government's Department for International Development (DFID) on secondment as Director General for Country Programmes where she was responsible for all of DFID's overseas offices and financing across Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe. She was appointed as DFID's Permanent Secretary in 2008 where she managed a bilateral aid programme in over 100 countries, multilateral policies and financing for the United Nations, European Union and international financial institutions, and overall development policy and research – responsible for 2400 staff and a budget of £38 billion (about US$60 billion) for 2011–2014. During her tenure, DFID was described by the OECD independent peer review as "a recognised international leader in development".[9]

Shafik served as IMF Deputy Managing Director from April 2011 until March 2014. As Deputy Managing Director, she was responsible for the IMF's work in Europe and the Middle East, a $1 billion administrative budget, human resources for its 3,000 staff and the IMF's training and technical assistance for policy makers around the world.[10]

Shafik joined the Bank of England as its first Deputy Governor on Markets and Banking responsible for the Bank's £500 billion balance sheet and served as a Member of the bank's Monetary Policy Committee, Financial Policy Committee and the Board of the Prudential Regulatory Authority. She led the Bank's Fair and Effective Markets review to tackle misconduct in financial markets. On 12 September 2016, it was announced that Shafik had been appointed as the next Director of the London School of Economics, replacing sociologist Craig Calhoun. She took up the post on 1 September 2017.[11]

Academic work

Shafik on the far right with Barack Obama and Christine Lagarde
Shafik on the far right with Barack Obama and Christine Lagarde

Shafik has held academic appointments at the Wharton Business School of the University of Pennsylvania and the Economics Department at Georgetown University.[when?]

She has authored, edited, and co-authored a number of books. She authored Prospects for the Middle East and North African Economies: from Boom to Bust and Back? (14 editions, 1997 to 2016) and Economic Challenges Facing Middle Eastern and North African Countries (14 editions, 1997 to 2016).[12]

She has written articles for a number of publications, including Oxford Economic Papers,[13] Colombia Journal of World Business, The Middle East Journal, Journal of African Finance and Economic Development, World Development, and the Journal of Development Economics. She contributes to a blog with other heads of development agencies at[14]

In September 2016, Shafik was appointed as the 16th Director of the London School of Economics (LSE), effective from 1 September 2017.[2]

Other activities

Corporate boards

Advisory roles

Shafik has chaired several international consultative groups including: the Consultative Group to Assist the Poor, the Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme,[16] the Global Water and Sanitation Program,[17] Cities Alliance,[18] InfoDev,[19] the Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility,[20] and the Global Corporate Governance Forum.[21] She was instrumental in launching the Africa Infrastructure Consortium.[22] She served on a number of boards including the Middle East Advisory Group to the International Monetary Fund,[23] and the Economic Research Forum for the Arab World, Iran and Turkey.[24] She is also active on the board and as a mentor to the Minority Ethnic Talent Association which supports under-represented groups to advance to senior positions in the civil service.[25]

Shafik currently serves as a Trustee of the British Museum,[26] the Council of the Institute for Fiscal Studies, the Task Force on Fiscal Policy for Health,[27] the New Economy Forum,[28] and the Per Jacobsson Foundation.[29] As deputy chair of the British Museum's Board of Trustees, she led the search process which led to the appointment of George Osborne as new chair in 2021.[30]

In 2021, Shafik was appointed to the Pandemic Preparedness Partnership (PPP), an expert group chaired by Patrick Vallance to advise the G7 presidency held by the government of Prime Minister Boris Johnson.[31]


Shafik was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the June 2015 Queen's Birthday Honours.[32]

She was named "GG2 Woman of the Year" in 2009.[33] She was named as one of Forbes 100 most powerful women in 2015[34][35] and received the 100 Women in Finance European Industry Leaders Award in 2019.[36]

She was created Baroness Shafik, of Camden in the London Borough of Camden and of Alexandria in the Arab Republic of Egypt, in the 2020 Political Honours and was introduced to the House of Lords on 15 October 2020.[37][38] She sits as a crossbencher and made her maiden speech on 28 January 2021.[39]

Shafik was elected a honorary fellow of the British Academy in 2021[40] and was awarded an honorary doctorate from Utrecht University.[41]

Personal life

After joining the World Bank Shafik married economist Mohammed El-Erian. She has twin children with her second husband, Raffael Jovine, and three stepchildren.[32] She speaks English, Arabic, and French[8] and holds both US and UK nationality.[42]


  1. ^ Dudman, Jane (11 April 2013). "Nemat Shafik: Global Public Leaders Series keynote speaker". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b The London School of Economics and Political Science. "LSE appoints Deputy Governor of Bank of England as new Director". LSE Website. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  3. ^ Chan, Szu Ping; Quinn, James (12 September 2016). "Bank of England deputy Governor Minouche Shafik quits after just two years". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  4. ^ "Nemat Shafik biodata". Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  5. ^ Bray, Chad (12 September 2016). "Deputy Governor of Bank of England to Lead London School of Economics". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Nemat Shafik [profile]". International Monetary Fund. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  7. ^ "Conversations with History: Nemat Shafik". Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  8. ^ a b "Deputy Managing Director, IMF". The World Bank. 11 April 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  9. ^ "United Kingdom (2010) DAC Peer Review – Main Findings and Recommendations". Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  10. ^ "Nemat Shafik Biographical Information". Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  11. ^ Science, London School of Economics and Political. "Meet the Director". London School of Economics and Political Science.
  12. ^ "Shafik, Nemat - Overview". WorldCat.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ Shafik, N. (1994). "Economic development and environmental quality: an econometric analysis". Oxford Economic Papers. 46: 757–773. doi:10.1093/oep/46.Supplement_1.757.
  14. ^ "Ideas 4 Development blogsite". Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  15. ^ "Siemens - Supervisory Board".
  16. ^ Staff. "Energy Sector Management Assistance Program website". Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  17. ^ "Water and Sanitation Program website". Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  18. ^ "The Cities Alliance website". Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  19. ^ "infoDev website". Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  20. ^ "Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) website". Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  21. ^ "Global Corporate Governance Forum website". Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  22. ^ "Infrastructure Consortium for Africa website". Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  23. ^ "International Monetary Fund website". 26 April 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  24. ^ "Economic Research Forum website". Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  25. ^ "Civil Service Live Network Article – A working partnership". 7 April 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  26. ^ "The British Museum – Trustee Dame Nemat (Minouche) Shafik".
  27. ^ Michael R. Bloomberg and Lawrence H. Summers Create Task Force to Address Preventable Leading Causes of Death and Noncommunicable Diseases Through Fiscal Policy Bloomberg Philanthropies, press release of 18 January 2018.
  28. ^ "New Economy Forum - Advisory Board".
  29. ^ "Per Jacobsson Foundation Directors and Officers".
  30. ^ Hannah McGivern (24 June 2021), Appointment of former UK Chancellor George Osborne as new British Museum chairman draws criticism The Art Newspaper.
  31. ^ New global partnership launched to fight future pandemics Government of the United Kingdom, press release of April 20, 2021.
  32. ^ a b Ashton, James (22 June 2015). "Bank of England's Minouche Shafik: 'We want to make life difficult for the bad apples in banking'". Evening Standard.
  33. ^ "GG2 Leadership and Diversity Awards". Archived from the original on 26 April 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  34. ^ "The World's Most Powerful Women: 19 Newcomers To The 2015 List".
  35. ^ "#59 Nemat (Minouche) Shafik".
  36. ^ "Dame Minouche Shafik Named Recipient of 100 Women in Finance's 2018 European Industry Leadership Award to be presented at London Gala".
  37. ^ "No. 28398". The Edinburgh Gazette. 2 October 2020. p. 1610.
  38. ^ "Political Peerages 2020" (PDF). GOV.UK. 31 July 2020.
  39. ^ "Parliamentary career for Baroness Shafik". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
  40. ^ "The British Academy elects 84 new Fellows recognising outstanding achievement in the humanities and social sciences". The British Academy. 23 July 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  41. ^ [Eredoctoraten voor Minouche Shafik en professor João Mano "Eredoctoraten voor Minouche Shafik en professor João Mano"]. Utrecht University News. 18 March 2022. Retrieved 28 March 2022. {{cite news}}: Check |url= value (help)
  42. ^ Profile,; accessed 13 April 2016.


External links

Government offices
Preceded by Director-General, Country Programmes at the
Department for International Development

Succeeded by
Preceded by Permanent Secretary of the
Department for International Development

Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 17 October 2022, at 13:02
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