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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Nayak or Nayaka is a historic Indian title conferred on Sardars, who were governors of feudal states in the Middle Ages. Today it is also a surname.

As a title

  • The Nayaka title was given by Vijayanagara rulers to their feudal subject rulers, who later established independent Nayaka kingdoms after the downfall of the Vijayanagara Empire in South India.[1]
  • Nayaka title was conferred to the Hindu Sardars by rulers of Maratha Empire.[2]

As a surname

Today, the surname Nayaka is used by various castes and ethnic groups across India.[3]


  1. ^ Kathleen Gough (2008). Rural Society in Southeast India. Cambridge University Press. p. 436. ISBN 9780521040198.
  2. ^ Shivaji, the Great Maratha, Volume 1. Genisys Publishing. 2002. p. 116. ISBN 9788177552850.
  3. ^ Kumar Suresh Singh (2002). People of India: Introduction. Oxford University Press. p. 54. ISBN 9780195644449.
  4. ^ Kumar Suresh Singh (1993). Tribal Ethnography, Customary Law, and Change. Concept Publishing Company. p. 249. ISBN 9788170224716.
  5. ^ Shanti Sadiq Ali (1996). The African Dispersal in the Deccan: From Medieval to Modern Times. Orient Blackswan. p. 226. ISBN 9788125004851.
  6. ^ Anupama Rao (2009). The Caste Question: Dalits and the Politics of Modern India. University of California Press. p. 315. ISBN 9780520257610.
  7. ^ Chockalingam Joe Arun. Constructing Dalit Identity. p. 43. ISBN 9788131600818.
  8. ^ A. Vijay Kumari. Social Change Among Balijas: Majority Community of Andhra Pradesh. M D Publications. p. 89. ISBN 9788175330726.
This page was last edited on 5 September 2020, at 08:48
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