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Natural England

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Natural England
Agency overview
Formed1 October 2006
HeadquartersYork, England
Employees2,241 (2015)[1]
Annual budget£194 million (2015)[1]
Agency executives
  • Andrew Sells, Chairman[1]
  • James Cross, Chief Executive[1]
Parent agencyDepartment for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Natural England is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. It is responsible for ensuring that England's natural environment, including its land, flora and fauna, freshwater and marine environments, geology and soils, are protected and improved. It also has a responsibility to help people enjoy, understand and access the natural environment.

Natural England focuses its activities and resources on four strategic outcomes:

  • a healthy natural environment
  • enjoyment of the natural environment
  • sustainable use of the natural environment
  • a secure environmental future

YouTube Encyclopedic

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    166 854
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    21 197
  • ✪ Natural England - Outdoor pig farming film
  • ✪ Natural England introduction to subsoiling film
  • ✪ Hurdle Making Demonstration by Alan of Natural England
  • ✪ CFE farm walk - An Essex farmer and Natural England adviser discuss wild bird seed management .wmv


choosing the right site for outdoor pig keeping is critical to protect the environment, look after the animals and achieve the most efficient production. The catchment sensitive farming project is helping farmers like David Robinson produce the best meat while reducing pollution and damage to the environment. His farms now become a demonstration model for the BQP Eco-project part-funded by Defra which aims to reduce the carbon footprint of higher welfare pig production it all starts with where the pigs are placed It's vital for us right from the off that we get the correct site. We like sandy soils, free draining not too much of a slope. It's also vitally important that you get your landlord on side so he understands exactly what you require and the involvement of Pigwise with their assessment joins all three up and we end up with a site that we can manage effectively. Working with the experts really helped David Robinson get the basics right but there were more elements to consider. As well as looking at slope and location the most important thing also is potential connectivity to things like watercourses on some sites if runoff or sedimentation was to occur then it could run off into a surrounding ditch or watercourse and it's best to try and identify that right from the outset. Ideally, the topsoil should be sandy loam or loamy sand and in an ideal world that would be over sand or gravel to allow the site to be free-draining. Free-draining means that birds aren't attracted to the site which is good for the pigss and the local environment. The measures that we've taken on this site to deliver the highest environmental benefit we can, basically trough feeding and the use of troughs on this site means that we can reduce the carbon footprint of the whole business, there's less standing water and a lot less birds using the site David Robinson also introduced wide buffer zones with tussocky-long grass to filter out sentiment but there are some things that he's still working on. It'd be great to have pigs on grass all the time but certainly on mineral soils and vegetable crop rotations we found that the legacy of grass after pigs is expensive to reclaim to hand back to the landlord and we're working our way towards finding some way else of stopping the mineral soils blowing rather than grass. And the best solutions don't have to be complicated or expensive. One of the simplest things that we've done on this unit is the use of and these wide low ground pressure tyres, which help to reduce compaction on farm tracks and minimise runoff. Using the right tyre types and pressures on this unit also reduces fuel consumption by about ten percent. Troughs and measured amounts of feed can save another fifteen percent in costs. That's all good news for farmers. This project has been very good for us. It's shown us where we can save an awful lot of cost in in our system. It has reduced our carbon output. We can produce a really high welfare British pork product for a discerning consumer I think the way going forward will be to reduce costs, more output, higher welfare It's been great to work with David because he's been so enthusiastic to try various environmental measures it's nice to work with somebody that is willing to try different mitigation measures on farm and once we know those work we are more confident to go out and speak to other farmers who are perhaps more nervous about trying new mitigation measures. To find out how the CSF can help you to take measures to improve the environment, animal welfare and the efficiency of production Please visit our website


Roles and responsibilities

As a non-departmental public body (NDPB), Natural England is independent of government. However, the Secretary of State for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs has the legal power to issue guidance to Natural England on various matters,[2] a constraint that was not placed on its predecessor NDPBs.

Its powers include defining ancient woodlands, awarding grants, designating Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty and Sites of Special Scientific Interest, managing certain national nature reserves, overseeing access to open country and other recreation rights, and enforcing the associated regulations. It is also responsible for the administration of numerous grant schemes and frameworks that finance the development and conservation of the natural environment, for example environmental stewardship, the Countryside Stewardship Scheme, environmentally sensitive areas, and the Access to Nature Scheme. It has been severely criticised recently by badger protection lobbyists for allegedly ignoring scientific data and granting extended badger cull licences to DEFRA.

Natural England's latest corporate plan sets out its goals and detailed objectives.[3] It is responsible for the delivery of some of Defra's public service agreements (e.g. reversing the long-term decline in the number of farmland birds by 2020 and improving public access to the countryside).

Natural England takes its finance, human resources and estates services from the Defra Shared Services organisation.[4] Information technology services are outsourced to IBM.[5]


Natural England was established on 1 October 2006 by the Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006,[2] which implemented the recommendations of a rural review by The Baron Haskins of Skidby. It was formed by the amalgamation of three founder bodies:

It received the powers of the founder bodies.

Natural England joined the 10:10 project in 2009 in a bid to reduce its own carbon footprint. One year later they announced that they had reduced their carbon emissions (according to 10:10's criteria) by 13%.

In 2008, Sir Martin Doughty, the Chairman of Natural England, warned the Prime Minister of the potential danger of genetically modified crops.[6] However, in 2012, Poul Christensen, CBE, the next Chairman of Natural England, said that middle England should embrace new technologies like GM crops as long as there were adequate testing and safeguards.[7]


State of the Natural Environment

In May 2008, Natural England published a report, State of the Natural Environment, which brought together statistics and facts about England's environment. The report was intended to be used by environmental organisations as a benchmark and source for policy development. It complements reports on different topics produced by other organisations:

Green exercise

Natural England funded eight pilot green exercise projects through local regional partnerships. These projects increased levels of physical activity and people's connections to their local green spaces. However, it was not clear whether these projects really changed people's long-term attitudes.[8]

Green infrastructure

Natural England is promoting the concept of green infrastructure as a way to deliver a wide range of benefits for people and the natural environment together. It believes that green infrastructure should be delivered via the spatial planning system, as an integral part of new development everywhere, and also form a key part of proposals to regenerate existing urban areas.[9]

Natural England is working with partners in the growth areas, growth points and proposed eco-towns to prepare and implement green infrastructure strategies and demonstrate good practice on the ground.

Natural England is one of the steering group partners of Neighbourhoods Green, a green Infrastructure partnership initiative which works with social landlords and housing associations to highlight the importance of, and raise the overall quality of, design and management for open and green space in social housing.

Legal challenge

Natural England was challenged in High Court in 2006 by Peter Boggis, a pensioner who protected his house from erosion. Natural England claimed that as the site of Boggis's house, at Easton Bavents north of Southwold on the Suffolk coast was a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), the protection went against the scientific community's interests. Natural England lost the case in 2009, when Mr. Justice Blair, the brother of the former Prime Minister, ruled that Mr. Boggis' "human predicament" was more important than the site's SSSI status. Natural England won the subsequent appeal in October 2009.[10]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "Annual Report and Accounts 1 April 2014 to 31 March 2015". Natural England. ISBN 9781474117852. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006". Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  3. ^ "Corporate plans". Natural England. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  4. ^ "Public Update on implementation of Lord Haskins' Rural Delivery Review - Recommendations 1-9". DEFRA. Archived from the original on 4 January 2010. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Natural England Chooses IBM as Its Transformation Partner". IBM News room. 13 Dec 2006. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  6. ^ Mccarthay, Michael (23 June 2008). "Natural England warns Brown of dangers in promoting GM crops". The Independent. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  7. ^ Gray, Louise (31 May 2012). "Hay Festival 2012: Poul Christensen: "people should not be afraid of GM"". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Green Exercise Programme Evaluation". Natural England. 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Green Infrastructure". Natural England. Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  10. ^ "High Court judgment confirms conservation status of Easton Bavents cliffs". Natural England. 20 October 2009. Archived from the original on 21 November 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2015.

External links

This page was last edited on 17 December 2018, at 18:46
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