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Nationwide opinion polling for the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of nationwide public opinion polls that have been conducted relating to the Democratic primaries for the 2020 United States presidential election. The persons named in the polls are declared candidates or have received media speculation about their possible candidacy.

Given the large number of candidates, the scores of certain low-polling and infrequently-polled candidates have been combined within the "other" column; their exact scores may be viewed by viewing the footnotes associated with each poll. The polls included are among Democrats or Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents, and do not include Republican-leaning independents. Open-ended polls are included and marked with an asterisk (*), but closed-ended versions of such polls are listed where possible. If multiple versions of polls are provided, the version used for debate qualification is prioritized, then the version among likely voters, then registered voters, then adults.

Background

The Democratic National Committee (DNC) determined that candidates could qualify for the first two Democratic primary debates either by polling at 1% or higher in at least three national or early-state (Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, and South Carolina) polls sponsored or conducted by designated organizations (in different regions if by the same organization) published after January 1, 2019, up until June 12, 2019, or by a fundraising threshold requiring at least 65,000 unique donors with at least 200 in 20 different states. If more than 20 candidates met either threshold, candidates meeting both thresholds would be given highest priority for entry into the debates, followed by those with the highest polling average and those with the most donors. The pollsters and sponsors of polls designated for consideration by the DNC were the Associated Press, ABC News, CBS News, CNN, The Des Moines Register, Fox News, the Las Vegas Review-Journal, Monmouth University, NBC News, The New York Times, National Public Radio, Quinnipiac University, Reuters, the University of New Hampshire, USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, and Winthrop University.[1] Open-ended polls did not count towards the polling threshold.[2] Only top-line polling results counted toward the threshold.[3]

For the third and fourth primary debates, candidates were required to meet both polling and fundraising thresholds. Prior considerations were only polls between June 28 and August 28, 2019 and increased to 4 qualifying polls at 2% support, now excluding surveys sponsored by the Las Vegas Review-Journal and Reuters; the latter requirement was also increased, to 130,000 unique donors with at least 400 in 20 different states.[4]

Other individuals who were included in national Democratic primary polls but did not run for the 2020 nomination included Stacey Abrams, Michael Avenatti, Sherrod Brown, Hillary Clinton, Mark Cuban, Andrew Cuomo, Al Franken, Eric Garcetti, Eric Holder, Tim Kaine, Jason Kander, Joe Kennedy III, John Kerry, Mitch Landrieu, Terry McAuliffe, Chris Murphy, Gavin Newsom, Michelle Obama, Howard Schultz, Oprah Winfrey, and Mark Zuckerberg.

Polling aggregation

The following graph depicts the standing of each candidate in the poll aggregators from December 2018 to April 2020.

Polling aggregates
Active candidates
  Joe Biden
  Others/Undecided
Withdrawn candidates
  Bernie Sanders
  Tulsi Gabbard
  Elizabeth Warren
  Michael Bloomberg
  Amy Klobuchar
  Pete Buttigieg
  Andrew Yang
  Cory Booker
  Kamala Harris
  Beto O'Rourke
Events
  Debates
  Caucuses and primaries
  COVID-19 pandemic
national emergency declaration

2020

   – Debate qualifying poll as designated by the Democratic National Committee (DNC)

April–August 2020

April–August 2020 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Bernie
Sanders
Someone
else
Would
not vote
Undecided
August 20 Democratic National Convention ends
YouGov/Economist Aug 16–18, 2020 559 (LV) 59% 33% 7%
August 11 Connecticut primary
YouGov/Economist Aug 9-11, 2020 587 (LV) 59% 33% 8%
YouGov/Economist Aug 2–4, 2020 527 (LV) 61% 32% 7%
YouGov/Economist Jul 26–28, 2020 576 (LV) 60% 33% 7%
YouGov/Economist Jul 19–21, 2020 557 (LV) 61% 32% 7%
YouGov/Economist Jul 12–14, 2020 598 (LV) 58% 35% 8%
July 12 Puerto Rico primary
July 11 Louisiana primary
July 7 Delaware and New Jersey primaries
YouGov/Economist Jul 5–7, 2020 559 (LV) 57% 34% 10%
YouGov/Economist Jun 28–30, 2020 605 (LV) 59% 34% 7%
June 23 Kentucky and New York primaries
YouGov/Economist Jun 21–23, 2020 561 (LV) 57% 37% 6%
YouGov/Economist Jun 14–16, 2020 541 (LV) 60% 33% 7%
June 9 Georgia and West Virginia primaries
YouGov/Economist Jun 7–9, 2020 649 (LV) 56% 38% 7%
June 6 Guam and U.S. Virgin Islands caucuses
June 5 Biden secures a majority of pledged delegates and becomes the presumptive Democratic nominee
June 2 District of Columbia, Indiana, Maryland, Montana, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and South Dakota Democratic primaries
YouGov/Economist May 31–Jun 2 589 (LV) 60% 33% 7%
Zogby/EMI/Washington Examiner May 26[b] < 1000 (LV)[c] 55% 37%
May 22 Hawaii primary
May 19 Oregon primary
YouGov/Economist May 17–19 581 (LV) 62% 33% 5%
May 12 Nebraska primary
YouGov/Economist May 10–12 602 (LV) 57% 36% 7%
Rasmussen Reports May 10–11 < 1000 (LV)[d] 54% 28% 18%
YouGov/Economist May 3–5 547 (LV) 55% 37% 7%
Morning Consult May 2–3 737 (RV) ± 4% 61% 26%[e] 13%
May 2 Kansas primary
Apr 28 Ohio primary
Winston Group Apr 27-28 ~670 (RV)[f] 54% 17% 2% 18% 8%
YouGov/Economist Apr 26–28 563 (LV) 59% 32% 9%
Emerson College Apr 26–28 479 (RV) 68% 24% 3% 2%[g] 7%
YouGov/Economist Apr 19–21 544 (LV) 60% 34% 6%
Apr 17 Wyoming caucuses
YouGov/Economist Apr 12–14 586 (LV) 49% 31% 18% 2%
Apr 10 Alaska primary
Zogby Analytics Apr 8–9 679 (LV) ± 3.8% 61% 30%[h] 9%
Apr 8 Sanders withdraws from the race
Apr 7 Wisconsin primary
YouGov/Economist Apr 5–7 586 (LV) 49% 28% 18% 5%
CNN/SSRS Apr 3–6 462 (RV) ± 5.6% 65% 30% 1% 5%
Morning Consult Mar 30–Apr 5 13,346 (LV) ± 1.0% 61% 36% 3%
Winston Group Apr 1–3 ~670 (RV)[i] 48% 27% 2% 14% 10%
IBD/TIPP[1] Mar 29–Apr 1 447 (RV) 62% 30% 3% 5%

March 2020

March 2020 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Bernie
Sanders
Tulsi
Gabbard
Someone
else
Would
not vote
Undecided
YouGov/Economist Mar 29–31 573 (LV) 47% 34% 15% 4%
HarrisX/The Hill Mar 29–30 425 (RV) ± 4.7% 54% 32% 5% 10%
Morning Consult Mar 23–29 15,101 (LV) ± 1.0% 61% 36% 3%
Harvard-Harris Mar 24–26 903 (RV) 58% 32% 1% 9%
ABC/Washington Post Mar 22–25 388 (RV) ± 5.5% 55% 39% 2% 5%[j] 1%
YouGov/Economist Mar 22–24 545 (LV) 47% 34% 16% 3%
Echelon Insights Mar 20-24 490 (LV) 66% 29%
Ipsos/Reuters Mar 18–24 1,981 (A) ± 2.5% 53% 34% 2% 2%% 0% 8%
Morning Consult Mar 16–22 16,180 (LV) ± 1.0% 60% 36% 5%
Mar 19 Gabbard withdraws from the race
Emerson College Mar 18–19 519 (LV) ± 4.3% 54% 42% 4%
Mar 17 Arizona, Florida, and Illinois primaries
YouGov/Economist Mar 15–17 551 (LV) 48% 32% 13% 6%
Ipsos/Reuters Mar 13–16 458 (RV) ± 5.2% 48% 39% 2% 2% 0% 8%
Mar 15 Eleventh Democratic primary debate
HarrisX/The Hill Mar 14–15 894 (RV) ± 3.3% 55% 31% 4% 3% 7%
Mar 14 Northern Mariana Islands Democratic caucus
Morning Consult Mar 11–15 8,869 (LV) ± 1.0% 58% 37% 3% 3%
Winston Group Mar 11–13 ~670 (RV)[k] 50% 24% 4% 1% 12% 9%
NBC/WSJ[2] Mar 11–13 438 (LV) ± 4.68% 61% 32% 4% 1% 2%
Hofstra University Mar 5–12 572 (LV) ± 2.9% 58% 35% 2% 5%
Morning Consult Mar 11 2,072 (LV) ± 2.0% 59% 35% 3% 3%
Mar 11 COVID-19 declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization; national emergency declared on Mar 13
Mar 10 Democrats Abroad, Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota, and Washington primaries
YouGov/Economist Mar 8–10 573 (LV) 53% 38% 2% 1% 6%
Chism Strategies Mar 9 840 (LV) ± 3.38% 50% 42% 4% 5%
HarrisX/The Hill Mar 8–9 442 (RV) ± 4.6% 55% 28% 5% 4% 8%
Ipsos/Reuters Mar 6–9 420 (RV) ± 5.5% 54% 33% 2% 3% 0% 8%
Morning Consult Mar 5–8 9,593 (LV) ± 1.0% 56% 38% 3% 3%
Quinnipiac University Mar 5–8 559 (RV) ± 4.2% 54% 35% 2% 1% 8%
CNN/SSRS Mar 4–7 540 (RV) ± 5% 52% 36% 8%[l] 4%
Morning Consult Mar 5 1,390 (LV) ± 3.0% 54% 38% 2% 6%
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Michael Bloomberg
Pete Buttigieg
Tulsi Gabbard
Amy Klobuchar
Bernie Sanders
Tom Steyer
Elizabeth Warren
Others
Would not vote
Undecided
Mar 5 Warren withdraws from the race
Ipsos/Reuters Mar 4–5 474 (RV) ± 5.1% 45% 1% 32% 11% 4% 0% 7%
Mar 4 Bloomberg withdraws from the race
Mar 3 Super Tuesday
Morning Consult Mar 2–3 961 (LV) ± 4.0% 36% 19% 28% 14% 3%
YouGov/Economist Mar 1–3 722 (LV) 28% 11% 7% 2% 4% 24% 19%
Mar 2 Klobuchar withdraws from the race
HarrisX/The Hill Mar 1–2 453 (RV) ± 4.6% 28% 20% 2% 3% 23% 11% 2% 10%
Ipsos/Reuters Feb 28 – Mar 2 469 (RV) 15% 14% 10% 1% 4% 24% 2% 9% 2% 4% 14%
Mar 1 Buttigieg withdraws from the race
Morning Consult Mar 1 2,656 (LV) ± 2.0% 26% 17% 10% 3% 29% 1% 11%

February 2020

February 2020 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Michael Bloomberg
Pete Buttigieg
Tulsi Gabbard
Amy Klobuchar
Bernie Sanders
Tom Steyer
Elizabeth Warren
Andrew Yang
Others
Would not vote
Undecided
Feb 29 South Carolina primary; Steyer withdraws from the race
IBD/TIPP Feb 20–29 325 (RV) 20% 13% 7% [m] 6% 23% [n] 17%
Harvard-Harris Feb 26-28 925 (RV) 20% 18% 10% 1% 2% 25% 3% 11% 1% 2% 7%
Morning Consult Feb 26–27 5,334 (LV) ± 1.0% 21% 17% 10% 2% 4% 33% 3% 11%
YouGov/Yahoo News Feb 26–27 21% 14% 10% 1% 4% 27% 2% 18%
Change Research Feb 25–27 821 (LV) 14% 8% 9% 1% 3% 40% 2% 20%
SurveyUSA Feb 25–26 825 (LV) ± 3.6% 21% 21% 9% 1% 4% 28% 2% 8% 5%
Fox News Feb 23–26 1,000 (RV) ± 4.0% 18% 16% 12% 1% 5% 31% 2% 10% 1% 4%
Feb 25 Tenth Democratic primary debate
YouGov/Economist Feb 23–25 584 (LV) 20% 11% 9% 4% 4% 30% 1% 16% 1% 4%
Ipsos/Reuters Feb 19–25 1,808 (RV) ± 2.6% 17% 16% 11% 1% 4% 29% 3% 12% 1% 1% 6%
HarrisX/The Hill Feb 23–24 470 (RV) ± 4.5% 17% 19% 12% 2% 3% 28% 3% 8% [o] 8%
Morning Consult Feb 23 2,631 (LV) ± 2.0% 18% 19% 11% 2% 4% 32% 3% 11% [o]
Feb 22 Nevada caucuses
YouGov/CBS News Feb 20–22 6,498 (LV) ± 1.7% 17% 13% 10% 1% 5% 28% 2% 19% 5%[p] [q]
Saint Leo University Feb 17–22 310 (LV) 25% 16% 6% 2% 3% 26% 2% 9%
Morning Consult Feb 20 2,609 (LV) ± 2.0% 19% 17% 11% [o] 5% 30% [o] 12% [o]
Feb 19 Ninth Democratic primary debate
YouGov/Economist Feb 16–18 555 (LV) ± 3.0% 18% 12% 11% 2% 7% 24% 2% 16% 2% 5%
Emerson College Feb 16–18 573 (LV) ± 2.7% 22% 14% 8% 4% 6% 29% 3% 12% 4% [r]
ABC/Wash Post Feb 14–17 408 (RV) ± 3.5% 16% 14% 8% 1% 7% 32% 2% 12% [s] [t]
NBC/WSJ Feb 14–17 426 (LV) ± 4.8% 15% 14% 13% 1%[u] 7% 27% 2%[v] 14% [w] [x]
Ipsos/Reuters Feb 14–17 543 (RV) ± 5.0% 13% 17% 11% [y] 5% 25% [z] 9% [aa] [ab]
SurveyUSA Feb 13–17 1,022 (LV) ± 3.3% 18% 18% 12% [ac] 4% 29% 2% 10% 1%[ad] 6%
Morning Consult Feb 12–17 15,974 (LV) ± 1.0% 19% 20% 12% 2% 6% 28% 3% 10% 1%
Winston Group Feb 15–16 ~670 (RV)[ae] 13% 16% 9% 2% 6% 23% 3% 9% 1%[af] 9% 10%
NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist Feb 13–16 1,164 (RV) ± 3.7% 15% 19% 8% 0% 9% 31% 2% 12% 0% 5%
HarrisX/The Hill Feb 14–15 449 (RV) ± 4.6% 19% 18% 10% 0% 6% 22% 3% 12% 8%
Zogby Analytics Feb 13–14 732 (LV) ± 3.6% 18% 20% 9% 3% 5% 24% 4% 10% 2%[ag] 6%
YouGov/GW Politics Feb 3-14 437 (RV)[ah] 21.5% 9.4% 10.5% 1.4% 3.1% 20.3% 1.1% 14.9% 4.1% 1.1%[ai] 3.5% 8.9%
Morning Consult Feb 12 2,639 (LV) ± 2% 19% 18% 11% [o] 5% 29% [o] 10% [o]
Feb 11 New Hampshire primary; Yang withdraws from the race
YouGov/Economist Feb 9–11 552 (LV) 18% 12% 10% 4% 7% 22% 1% 15% 2% 1% 6%
McLaughlin & Associates Feb 7–11 479 (LV) 24% 16% 11% 1% 3% 21% 3% 11% 3% 1%[aj] 7%
HarrisX/The Hill Feb 7–10 913 (RV) ± 3.2% 23% 16% 9% 1% 3% 20% 3% 9% 3% 3%[ak] 11%
Ipsos/Reuters Feb 6–10 556 (RV) ± 3.6% 17% 15% 8% 1% 3% 20% 2% 11% 5% 2%[al] 3% 14%
Monmouth University Feb 6–9 357 (RV) ± 5.2% 16% 11% 13% 1% 6% 26% 1% 13% 4% 0% 2% 5%
Quinnipiac University Feb 5–9 665 (RV) ± 3.8% 17% 15% 10% 1% 4% 25% 1% 14% 2% 1% 1% 10%
Morning Consult Feb 4–9 15,348 (LV) ± 1% 22% 17% 11% 1% 3% 25% 3% 11% 4% 2%[am]
Feb 7 Eighth Democratic primary debate
Morning Consult Feb 5 2,500 (LV) ± 2.0% 24% 15% 12% [o] 3% 25% 3% 11% 5% [o]
Morning Consult[3] Feb 4–5 891 (LV) ± 3% 25% 14% 10% 2% 3% 22% 3% 13% 4% 1%[an] 4%
Morning Consult Feb 4 2,500 (LV) ± 2.0% 27% 16% 9% [o] 3% 24% 3% 11% 5% [o]
YouGov/Economist Feb 2–4 616 (LV) 24% 9% 9% 3% 6% 19% 2% 18% 3% 1%[ao] 1% 6%
Morning Consult Feb 3 2,500 (LV) ± 2.0% 29% 16% 7% [o] 3% 22% 2% 13% 5% [o]
Feb 3 Iowa caucuses
Ipsos/Reuters Jan 31 – Feb 3 551 (RV) 22% 9% 5% 1% 4% 19% 3% 10% 4% 2%[ap] 4% 17%
Winston Group Jan 31 – Feb 2 ~670 (RV)[aq] 20% 13% 5% 2% 3% 17% 2% 8% 5% 4%[ar] 9% 9%
Atlas Intel Jan 30 – Feb 2 532 (LV) ± 4.0% 24% 8% 5% 3% 2% 28% [as] 11% 3% [as] 12%
Morning Consult Jan 27 – Feb 2 15,259 (LV) ± 1% 28% 14% 6% 2% 3% 24% 3% 14% 4% 3%[at]

January 2020

January 2020 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Michael Bloomberg
Pete Buttigieg
Amy Klobuchar
Bernie Sanders
Tom Steyer
Elizabeth Warren
Andrew Yang
Other
Undecided
Ipsos/Reuters Jan 29–30 565 (RV) ± 5.0% 23% 12% 4% 2% 18% 4% 10% 4% 1%[au] [av]
IBD/TIPP Jan 23–30 336 (RV) 26% 8% 7% 3% 19% 2% 13% 4% 7%[aw] 11%
Harvard-Harris Jan 27–29 980 (RV) 31% 13% 6% 3% 20% 2% 12% 3% 6%[ax] 7%
NBC/WSJ[4] Jan 26–29 428 (LV) ± 4.74% 26% 9% 7% 5% 27% 2% 15% 4% 3%[ay] 2%
YouGov/Economist Jan 26–28 591 (LV) 26% 4% 7% 4% 24% 1% 20% 4% 5%[az] 4%
USC Dornlife/LA Times[5] Jan 15–28 2,227 (LV) ± 2% 34% 9% 9% 3% 18% 2%[ba] 16% 2% 3%[bb][bc] 3%
Quinnipiac University Jan 22–27 827 (RV) ± 3.4% 26% 8% 6% 7% 21% 2% 15% 3% 2%[bd] 11%
YouGov Blue/Data for Progress[A] Jan 18–27 1,619 (LV) ± 2.6% 30% 5% 8% 4% 21% 2% 23% 4% 2%[be]
Morning Consult Jan 20–26 17,836 (LV) ± 1.0% 29% 12% 7% 3% 23% 3% 14% 5% 4%[bf]
YouGov Blue/Data for Progress[B] Jan 18–26 1,619 (LV) ± 2.6% 42%[bg] 23% 30%
Ipsos/Reuters Jan 22–23 545 (RV) ± 5.0% 24% 10% 7% 3% 20% 2%[bh] 12% 3%[bh] 1%[bi][bh] [av]
Emerson College Jan 21–23 497 (LV) ± 4.1% 30% 7% 6% 4% 27% 1% 13% 8% 4%[bj]
Echelon Insights Jan 20–23 474 (LV) 26% 13% 7% 3% 23% 2% 10% 3% 3%[bk] 10%
Washington Post/ABC News Jan 20–23 276 (LV)[bl] 34% 7% 4% 4% 22% 1% 14% 6% 6%[bm] 3%
Winston Group Jan 21-22 ~670 (RV)[bn] 20% 9% 6% 4% 16% 3% 9% 5% 18%[bo] 11%
HarrisX/The Hill Jan 20–22 878 (RV) ±3.3% 29% 11% 5% 2% 17% 4% 9% 4% 8%[bp] 11%
Fox News Jan 19–22 495 (LV) ± 4.0% 26% 10% 7% 3% 23% 3% 14% 5% 2%[bq] 5%
YouGov/Economist Jan 19–21 470 (RV) 28% 6% 8% 4% 18% 2% 21% 3% 4%[br] 5%
Monmouth University Jan 16–20 372 (LV) ± 5.1% 30% 9% 6% 5% 23% 1% 14% 3% 3%[bs] 6%
CNN/SSRS Jan 16–19 500 (RV) ± 5.3% 24% 5% 11% 4% 27% 2% 14% 4% 3%[bt] 5%
Morning Consult Jan 15–19 12,402 (LV) ± 1.0% 29% 10% 8% 3% 24% 3% 15% 4% 5%[bu]
Pew Research Center* Jan 6–19 5,861 (RV) ±1.9% 26% 5% 7% 2% 21% 1% 16% 3% 13%[bv] 5%[bw]
Zogby Analytics Jan 15–16 438 (LV) 24% 11% 8% 4% 24% 3% 11% 6% 4%[bx] 6%
Ipsos/Reuters Jan 15–16 428 (RV) ± 5.4% 23% 11% 7% 2% 22% 1% 14% 3% 3%[by] 13%
SurveyUSA Jan 14–16 1,086 (LV) ± 3.6% 32% 9% 9% 2% 21% 3% 14% 4% 3%[bz] 3%
Jan 14 Seventh Democratic primary debate
HarrisX/The Hill Jan 13–14 451 (RV) ± 4.6% 29% 7% 4% 3% 19% 3% 11% 2% 5%[ca] 15%
YouGov/Economist Jan 11–14 521 (LV) 27% 5% 7% 3% 20% 1% 19% 3% 4%[cb] 6%
Jan 13 Booker withdraws from the race
Quinnipiac University Jan 8–12 651 (RV) ± 3.8% 25% 6% 8% 4% 19% 1% 16% 5% 5%[cc] 11%
Morning Consult Jan 6–12 17,096 (LV) ± 1.0% 29% 8% 8% 3% 23% 4% 14% 5% 7%[cd]
IBD/TIPP Jan 3–11 333 (RV) 26% 7% 9% 3% 15% 2% 20% 3% 7%[ce] 9%
Ipsos/Reuters Jan 8–9 436 (RV) ± 5.4% 23% 8% 7% 1% 20% 3% 15% 3% 6%[cf] 13%
YouGov/Economist Jan 5–7 574 (LV) 27% 3% 7% 3% 20% 2% 22% 3% 6%[cg] 5%
Morning Consult Dec 30, 2019 – Jan 5, 2020 17,213 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 7% 8% 3% 23% 4% 14% 4% 8% [ch]

2019

   – Debate qualifying poll as designated by the Democratic National Committee (DNC)

December 2019

December 2019 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Michael Bloomberg
Cory Booker
Pete Buttigieg
Tulsi Gabbard
Amy Klobuchar
Bernie Sanders
Tom Steyer
Elizabeth Warren
Andrew Yang
Other
Undecided
YouGov/Economist Dec 28–31 548 (LV) 29% 3% 2% 8% 3% 4% 19% 2% 18% 3% 3%[ci] 6%
Winston Group Dec 28-30 ~670 (RV)[cj] 28% 7% 3% 5% 1% 3% 11% 2% 9% 3% 14%[ck] 13%
Harvard-Harris Dec 27–29 780 (RV) 30% 7% 2% 7% 1% 2% 17% 2% 12% 3% 7%[cl] 10%
Morning Consult Dec 23–29 17,787 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 6% 3% 8% 1% 3% 21% 3% 14% 4% 5%[cm]
The Hill/HarrisX Dec 27–28 431 (RV) ± 4.7% 28% 11% 2% 6% 2% 2% 16% 2% 11% 2% 4%[cn] 12%
YouGov/Economist Dec 22–24 586 (LV) 30% 4% 2% 7% 2% 5% 17% 1% 19% 3% 5%[co] 5%
Taubmann Center Dec 19–23 412 (LV) 34% 4% 3% 7% 4% 2% 19% 20% 4% 4%[cp]
Morning Consult Dec 20–22 7,178 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 6% 3% 9% 2% 3% 21% 3% 15% 5% 5%[cq]
Dec 19 Sixth Democratic primary debate
Ipsos/Reuters Dec 18–19 709 (A) 18% 5% 1% 4% 2% 1% 15% 2% 10% 2% 8%[cr] 29%
McLaughlin & Associates Dec 14–18 480 (LV) 27% 5% 3% 5% 2% 2% 17% 4% 15% 5% 5%[cs] 11%
Emerson College Dec 15–17 525 (LV) ± 4.2% 32% 3% 2% 8% 4% 2% 25% 2% 12% 6% 2%[ct]
NBC/WSJ Dec 14–17 410 (LV) ± 4.84% 28% 4% 2% 9% 2% 5% 21% 1% 18% 3% 2%[cu] 5%
YouGov/Economist Dec 14–17 555 (LV) 29% 4% 2% 7% 3% 4% 19% 2% 17% 3% 6%[cv] 4%
CNN/SSRS Dec 12–15 408 (RV) ± 5.8% 26% 5% 3% 8% 1% 3% 20% 1% 16% 3% 6%[cw] 8%
Quinnipiac University Dec 11–15 567 (RV) ± 4.1% 30% 7% 2% 9% 1% 3% 16% 1% 17% 3% 1%[cx] 10%
Morning Consult Dec 9–15 13,384 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 7% 3% 8% 2% 2% 22% 3% 15% 4% 5%[cy]
HarrisX/The Hill Dec 13–14 456 (RV) ± 4.6% 29% 5% 2% 5% 1% 3% 13% 3% 13% 3% 9%[cz] 13%
Suffolk University/USA Today Dec 10–14 384 (LV) 23% 6% 3% 8% 1% 3% 14% 1% 13% 2% 1%[da] 25%
Echelon Insights Dec 9–14 447 (LV) 37% 6% 1% 6% 1% 2% 14% 1% 14% 2% 3%[db] 13%
IBD/TIPP Dec 5–14 312 (RV) 26% 5% 3% 9% 1% 2% 18% 2% 14% 2% 10%[dc] 10%
Ipsos/Reuters Dec 11–12 593 (RV) 21% 7% [dd] 5% 1% 2% 18% 3% 11% 3% 6%[de] 18%
NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist Dec 9–11 704 (RV) ± 5.4% 24% 4% 4% 13% 1% 4% 22% <1% 17% 5% 2%[df] 5%
Fox News Dec 8–11 1,000 (RV) ± 4.5% 30% 5% 2% 7% 3% 5% 20% 1% 13% 3% 5%[dg] 7%
YouGov/Economist Dec 7–10 497 (LV) 26% 4% 3% 11% 3% 2% 16% 1% 21% 3% 4%[dh] 6%
Quinnipiac University Dec 4–9 665 (RV) ± 3.8% 29% 5% 1% 9% 2% 3% 17% 1% 15% 4% 5%[di] 11%
Zogby Analytics Dec 5–8 443 (LV) ± 4.7% 30% 8% 7% 3% 2% 20% 3% 16% 4% 3%[dj] 6%
Monmouth University Dec 4–8 384 (RV) ± 5% 26% 5% 2% 8% <1% 4% 21% 1% 17% 3% 5%[dk] 11%
Morning Consult Dec 2–8 15,442 (LV) ± 1.0% 30% 6% 3% 9% 2% 2% 22% 3% 16% 4% 5%[dl]
Ipsos/Reuters Dec 4–5 596 (A) 19% 4% 1% 6% 0% 1% 14% 1% 9% 3% 5%[dm] 31%
Dec 3 Harris withdraws from the race
YouGov/Economist Dec 1–3 541 (LV) 27% 3% 3% 12% 2% 3% 13% 0% 18% 2% 8%[dn] 7%
The Hill/HarrisX Nov 30 – Dec 1 437 (RV) 31% 6% 1% 9% 0% 2% 15% 2% 10% 2% 8%[do] 13%
David Binder Research Nov 25 – Dec 1 1,200 (LV) ± 2.8% 29% 8% 2% 10% 2% 2% 15% 2% 14% 2% 8%[dp] 7%
Morning Consult Nov 25 – Dec 1 15,773 (LV) ± 1.0% 29% 5% 2% 9% 2% 2% 20% 2% 15% 4% 11%[dq]

November 2019

November 2019 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Michael Bloomberg
Pete Buttigieg
Kamala Harris
Amy Klobuchar
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Andrew Yang
Other
Undecided
Harvard-Harris Nov 27–29 756 (RV) 29% 7% 8% 5% 2% 16% 13% 3% 10%[dr] 8%
YouGov/Economist Nov 24–26 550 (LV) 23% 3% 12% 4% 3% 15% 17% 3% 10%[ds] 8%
Quinnipiac University Nov 21–25 574 (RV) ± 4.9% 24% 3% 16% 3% 3% 13% 14% 2% 8%[dt] 11%
Nov 24 Bloomberg announces his candidacy
CNN/SSRS Nov 21–24 431 (RV) 28% 3% 11% 3% 2% 17% 14% 3% 7%[du] 8%
[dv] 35% 17% 23% 20% 3%[dw] 2%
Morning Consult Nov 21–24 8,102 (LV) ± 1.0% 30% 2% 9% 5% 2% 21% 15% 4% 13%[dx]
Ipsos/Reuters Nov 21–22 698 (A) ± 5.0% 21% 7% 2% 2% 17% 11% 5% 8%[dy] 20%
SurveyUSA Nov 20–21 1,088 (LV) ± 3.6% 30% 3% 11% 5% 2% 17% 15% 4% 9%[dz] 4%
32% 12% 5% 2% 17% 16% 4% 9%[ea] 4%
RealClear Opinion Research Nov 15–21 987 (LV) 30% 2% 6% 4% 1% 23% 12% 4% 9%[eb] 7%
Nov 20 Fifth Democratic primary debate
Emerson College Nov 17–20 468 (LV) ± 4.5% 27% 1% 7% 3% 1% 27% 20% 4% 10%[ec]
Change Research/Election Science Nov 16–20 1,142 (LV) ± 2.9% 22% 1% 14% 4% 2% 23% 23% 4% 7%[ed] 0%
YouGov/Economist Nov 17–19 586 (LV) 30% 9% 4% 2% 12% 22% 2% 7%[ee] 7%
Swayable Nov 16–18 1,787 (LV) ± 2.0% 30% 7% 5% 2% 17% 18% 4% 9%[ef]
The Hill/HarrisX Nov 16–17 449 (RV) ± 4.6% 30% 3% 7% 4% 1% 18% 15% 2% 9%[eg] 10%
Morning Consult Nov 11–17 17,050 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 3% 8% 5% 2% 20% 17% 3% 11%[eh]
Ipsos/Reuters Nov 12–14 685 (A) 19% 3% 6% 3% 1% 19% 13% 2% 15%[ei] 18%
702 (A) 23% 6% 5% 1% 18% 11% 2% 9%[ej] 21%
YouGov/Economist Nov 10–12 600 (LV) 23% 9% 5% 2% 17% 26% 4% 8%[ek] 4%
Morning Consult Nov 4–10 16,400 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 2% 8% 5% 2% 20% 19% 3% 12%[el]
Ipsos/Reuters Nov 6–7 538 (RV) 20% 5% [em] 1% 16% 13% 3% 11%[en] 23%
YouGov/Economist Nov 3–5 579 (LV) 26% 8% 6% 2% 14% 25% 1% 12%[eo] 6%
Ipsos/Reuters Nov 1–4 686 (A) 22% 6% 4% 0% 15% 11% 2% 7%[ep] 25%
Change Research/Crooked Media Oct 31 – Nov 3 456 (LV) 17% 14% 4% 2% 17% 21% 4% 6%[eq] 14%
Monmouth University Oct 30 – Nov 3 345 (RV) ± 5.3% 23% 9% 5% 2% 20% 23% 3% 6%[er] 7%
Morning Consult Oct 28 – Nov 3 16,071 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 7% 5% 2% 20% 20% 3% 12%[es]
USC Dornsife/
Los Angeles Times
Oct 21 – Nov 3 2,599 (LV) ± 2.0% 28% 6% 4% 2% 13% 16% 2% 6%[et] 21%
The Hill/HarrisX Nov 1–2 429 (RV) ± 4.7% 26% 6% 6% 3% 14% 15% 1% 11%[eu] 16%
Nov 1 O'Rourke withdraws from the race

October 2019

October 2019 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Cory Booker
Pete Buttigieg
Tulsi Gabbard
Kamala Harris
Amy Klobuchar
Beto O'Rourke
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Andrew Yang
Other
Undecided
Harvard-Harris Oct 29–31 640 (RV)[ev] 33% 3% 4% 0% 5% 3% 2% 18% 15% 2% 5%[ew] 8%
Hofstra University/YouGov[6] Oct 25–31 541 (LV) 28% 3% 8% 2% 5% 2% 1% 12% 27% 2% 3%[ex] 8%
IBD/TIPP [7] Oct 24–31 361 (RV) 29% 1% 7% 0% 2% 3% 1% 13% 23% 3% 4%[ey] 13%
Fox News Oct 27–30 471 (LV) ± 4.5% 31% 2% 7% 2% 3% 2% 2% 19% 21% 3% 2%[ez] 4%
38%[fa] 62%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Oct 27–30 414 (LV) ± 4.8% 27% 2% 6% 2% 4% 5% 1% 19% 23% 3% 3%[fb] 5%
ABC News/Washington Post Oct 27–30 452 (A) ± 5.5% 27% 2% 7% 2% 2% 1% 1% 19% 21% 2% 9–10%[fc] 6%
YouGov/Economist Oct 27–29 630 (LV) 27% 1% 8% 2% 4% 2% 4% 14% 23% 3% 6%[fd] 7%
Swayable Oct 26–27 2,172 (LV) ± 2.0% 29% 3% 6% 2% 4% 2% 3% 17% 19% 3% 8%[fe]
Morning Consult Oct 21–27 16,186 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 2% 7% 2% 6% 2% 2% 20% 20% 3% 7%[ff]
Suffolk University/USA Today[8] Oct 23–26 399 (LV) ± 4.9% 26% 2% 10% 4% 3% 2% 0% 13% 17% 3% 4%[fg] 18%
Echelon Insights Oct 21–25 449 (RV) 32% 2% 6% 1% 5% 2% 1% 15% 22% 1% 3%[fh] 11%
The Hill/HarrisX Oct 21–22 1,001 (RV) ± 3.1% 27% 1% 6% 0% 5% 1% 3% 14% 19% 2% 7%[fi] 13%
YouGov/Economist Oct 20–22 628 (LV) 24% 2% 8% 3% 5% 1% 2% 15% 21% 3% 5%[fj] 6%
McLaughlin & Associates Oct 17–22 468 (LV) 28% 3% 3% 2% 6% 2% 3% 18% 16% 6% 5%[fk] 15%
Winston Group Oct 18 – 21 ~670 (RV)[fl] 27% 1% 5% 2% 3% 1% 2% 10% 17% 3% 15%[fm] 13%
Emerson College Oct 18–21 430 (RV) ± 4.7% 27% 3% 6% 3% 5% 1% 2% 25% 21% 4% 3%[fn]
Quinnipiac University Oct 17–21 713 (RV) ± 4.6% 21% 1% 10% 1% 5% 3% 1% 15% 28% 1% 3%[fo] 9%
CNN/SSRS Oct 17–20 424 (RV) ± 5.8% 34% 1% 6% 1% 6% 3% 3% 16% 19% 2% 3%[fp] 6%
Morning Consult Oct 16–20 11,521 (LV) ± 1.0% 30% 3% 6% 1% 6% 2% 3% 18% 21% 3% 8%[fq]
Ipsos/Reuters Oct 17–18 566 (RV) 24% 1% 5% 2% 4% 1% 3% 15% 17% 2% 9%[fr] 16%
HarrisX Oct 11–18 1,839 (LV) ± 2.3% 34% 2% 4% 1% 5% 2% 3% 16% 18% 2% 4%[fs] 10%
Morning Consult Oct 16 2,202 (LV) ± 2.0% 31% 2% 6% 1% 7% 2% 2% 18% 21% 3% 9%[ft]
SurveyUSA Oct 15–16 1,017 (LV) ± 3.7% 32% 2% 5% 1% 7% 2% 2% 17% 22% 2% 2%[fu] 4%
Oct 15 Fourth Democratic primary debate
YouGov/Economist Oct 13–15 623 (LV) 25% 2% 6% 2% 5% 2% 2% 13% 28% 2% 3%[fv] 6%
Quinnipiac University Oct 11–13 505 (RV) ± 5.3% 27% 2% 8% <0.5% 4% 2% 2% 11% 30% 2% 4%[fw] 8%
Public Religion Research Institute Oct 10–13 436 (RV) 25% 3% 4% 1% 7% 1% 1% 17% 16% 3% 3%[fx] 19%
Morning Consult Oct 7–13 15,683 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 2% 5% 1% 6% 1% 3% 19% 21% 3% 9%[fy]
YouGov/Taubman National Poll Oct 10–11 468 (LV) 25% 1% 6% 5% 4% 1% 3% 13% 23% 11% 8%[fz]
HarrisX Oct 4–11 1,841 (LV) ± 2.3% 35% 2% 5% 1% 6% 1% 3% 15% 18% 2% 4%[ga] 8%
Swayable Oct 7–8 2,077 (LV) ± 2.0% 33% 3% 4% 1% 5% 2% 3% 16% 21% 3% 5%[gb]
Fox News Oct 6–8 484 (LV) ± 4.5% 32% 2% 4% 1% 5% 2% 3% 17% 22% 2% 5%[gc] 4%
YouGov/Economist Oct 6–8 598 (LV) 25% 1% 5% 1% 5% 2% 1% 13% 28% 3% 6%[gd] 8%
The Hill/HarrisX Oct 6–7 446 (RV) ± 4.6% 31% 1% 4% 1% 6% 2% 4% 17% 15% 2% 6%[ge] 12%
Quinnipiac University Oct 4–7 646 (RV) ± 4.7% 26% 2% 4% 0% 3% 2% 1% 16% 29% 3% 3%[gf] 8%
Morning Consult Sep 30 – Oct 6 16,529 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 2% 5% 1% 6% 1% 3% 19% 21% 3% 9%[gg]
Avalanche Strategy/Civiqs Oct 1–4 1,043 (LV) [gh] 27% [gh] 7% [gh] 6% [gh] [gh] 12% 29% [gh] [gh] [gh]
Raycroft Research Oct 1–4 7,402 (LV) 18% 2% 4% 3% 1% 6% 17% 26% 6% 17%[gi]
HarrisX Sep 27 – Oct 4 1,815 (LV) ± 2.3% 35% 2% 4% 1% 6% 1% 2% 13% 19% 2% 5%[gj] 9%
YouGov Blue/
Data for Progress
[C]
Sep 23 – Oct 4 1,276 (LV) 23% 2% 6% 1% 5% 1% 2% 15% 36% 3% 1%[gk]
IBD/TIPP Sep 26 – Oct 3 341 (RV) 26% 0% 7% 1% 3% 1% 2% 10% 27% 3% 2%[gl] 16%
Winston Group Sep 30 – Oct 2 ~670 (RV)[gm] 29% 1% 4% 1% 4% 1% 2% 12% 11% 1% 23%[gn] 10%
YouGov/Economist Sep 28 – Oct 1 602 (LV) 22% 2% 7% 2% 5% 1% 3% 14% 26% 3% 4%[go] 8%

September 2019

September 2019 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Cory Booker
Pete Buttigieg
Kamala Harris
Beto O'Rourke
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Andrew Yang
Other
Undecided
GW Politics / YouGov Sep 26–30 582 (LV) 18% 1% 5% 5% 1% 21% 28% 3% 12%[gp] 8%
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 26–30 1,136 (RV) 21% 1% 4% 4% 2% 16% 15% 3% 4%[gq] 22%
Morning Consult Sep 23–29 16,274 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 3% 5% 6% 3% 19% 21% 3% 11%[gr]
Monmouth University Sep 23–29 434 (RV) ± 4.7% 25% 1% 5% 5% 1% 15% 28% 2% 5%[gs] 10%
HarrisX[note 1] Sep 20–27 2,780 (LV) ± 2.3% 30% 2% 4% 5% 3% 16% 16% 2% 11%[gt] 13%
Swayable Sep 25–26 3,491 (LV) ± 2.0% 33% 2% 5% 6% 3% 16% 20% 2% 5%[gu]
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 23–24 495 (RV) 22% 1% 4% 4% 1% 14% 17% 1% 8%[gv] 22%
Harvard-Harris Sep 22–24 693 (RV) 28% 2% 3% 6% 3% 16% 17% 3% 7%[gw] 9%
YouGov/Economist Sep 22–24 608 (LV) 25% 0% 7% 6% 2% 16% 25% 2% 7%[gx] 10%
Emerson College Sep 21–23 462 (RV) ± 4.6% 25% 2% 6% 4% 1% 22% 23% 8% 8%[gy]
Quinnipiac University Sep 19–23 561 (RV) ± 4.9% 25% 0% 7% 3% 2% 16% 27% 2% 6%[gz] 13%
David Binder Research Sep 19–22 1,200 (LV) ± 2.8% 34% 3% 5% 7% 3% 15% 17% 2% 9%[ha] 5%
Morning Consult Sep 16–22 17,377 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 3% 5% 6% 3% 19% 20% 3% 12%[hb]
The Hill/HarrisX Sep 20–21 440 (RV) ± 4.7% 31% 2% 5% 5% 4% 16% 14% 2% 12%[hc] 11%
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 16–20 2,692 (A) 19% 2% 3% 4% 3% 17% 12% 3% 13%[hd] 23%
HarrisX Sep 13–20 1,831 (RV) ± 2.3% 32% 3% 5% 6% 3% 15% 17% 2% 8%[he] 9%
Swayable Sep 16–18 3,140 (LV) ± 2.0% 33% 2% 6% 8% 3% 18% 16% 2% 5%[hf]
Zogby Analytics Sep 16–17 601 (LV) ± 4.0% 31% 4% 6% 5% 3% 17% 17% 2% 7%[hg] 6%
Fox News Sep 15–17 480 (LV) ± 4.5% 29% 3% 5% 7% 4% 18% 16% 2% 5%[hh] 8%
YouGov/Economist Sep 14–17 603 (LV) 25% 2% 8% 5% 3% 15% 19% 3% 8%[hi] 8%
NBC News/
Wall Street Journal
Sep 13–16 506 (LV) ± 4.4% 31% 2% 7% 5% 1% 14% 25% 4% 8%[hj] 2%
SurveyUSA Sep 13–16 1,017 (LV) ± 3.4% 33% 4% 5% 6% 4% 17% 19% 3% 3%[hk] 6%
Civiqs Sep 13–16 1,291 (LV) ± 3.1% 24% 1% 7% 6% 2% 14% 30% 2% 6%[hl] 7%
Morning Consult Sep 13–15 7,487 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 3% 5% 6% 4% 20% 18% 3% 10%[hm]
Pew Research Center* Sep 3–15 4,655 (RV) 27% 1% 5% 6% 2% 15% 22% 2% 15%[hn] 5%[ho]
HarrisX[note 1] Sep 6–13 2,808 (LV) ± 2.3% 31% 2% 4% 6% 3% 16% 12% 3% 12%[hp] 11%
Sep 12 Third Democratic primary debate
Civiqs Sep 10–12 1,784 (LV) 23% 1% 7% 7% 2% 15% 28% 2% 6%[hq] 7%
Democracy Corps Sep 7–11 241 (LV) 30% 4% 4% 4% 1% 21% 19% 2% 8%[hr] 5%
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 9–10 557 (RV) 22% 3% 4% 4% 2% 16% 11% 3% 7%[hs] 20%
YouGov/Economist Sep 8–10 632 (LV) 24% 2% 5% 6% 1% 17% 24% 2% 11%[ht] 10%
McLaughlin & Associates Sep 7–10 454 (LV) 28% 4% 6% 6% 3% 21% 12% 2% 11%[hu] 9%
CNN/SSRS Sep 5–9 908 (RV) ± 4.3% 24% 2% 6% 8% 5% 17% 18% 2% 10%[hv] 6%
The Hill/HarrisX  Sep 7–8 454 (RV) ± 3.1% 27% 3% 4% 7% 3% 15% 11% 5% 10%[hw] 15%
Morning Consult Sep 2–8 17,824 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 3% 5% 7% 3% 21% 16% 3% 9%[hx]
L.A. Times/USC Aug 12 – Sep 8 2,462 (LV) ± 2.0% 28% 2% 4% 8% 3% 13% 11% 2% 4%[hy] 24%
YouGov/FairVote [9] Sep 2–6 1,002 (LV) 27% 2% 6% 8% 3% 16% 24% 2% 11%[hz]
HarrisX[note 1] Aug 30 – Sep 6 2,878 (LV) 30% 2% 5% 7% 3% 18% 13% 2% 10%[ia] 12%
ABC News/
Washington Post
Sep 2–5 437 (A) ± 5.5% 27% 1% 4% 7% 3% 19% 17% 3% 4%[ib] 6%
YouGov/Economist Sep 1–3 518 (LV) 26% 1% 6% 5% 1% 14% 21% 3% 12%[ic] 12%
Winston Group Aug 31 – Sep 1 ~670 (RV)[id] 30% 2% 4% 5% 2% 12% 11% 2% 19%[ie] 13%
Morning Consult Aug 26 – Sep 1 16,736 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 3% 5% 8% 3% 20% 16% 3% 10%[if]

August 2019

August 2019 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Cory Booker
Pete Buttigieg
Kamala Harris
Beto O'Rourke
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Andrew Yang
Other
Undecided
HarrisX Aug 23–30 3,114 (RV) 31% 3% 3% 6% 3% 15% 11% 2% 12%[ig] 12%
IBD/TIPP Aug 22–30 360 (RV) 28% 4% 5% 6% 0% 12% 24% 1% 3%[ih] 15%
Claster Consulting Aug 28–29 752 (RV) 22% 3% 3% 5% 4% 19% 14% 2% 10%[ii] 21%
Harvard-Harris Aug 26–28 985 (RV) 32% 3% 4% 7% 4% 16% 13% 2% 6%[ij] 11%
YouGov/Economist Aug 24–27 1093 (RV) ± 3.1% 25% 2% 5% 8% 2% 14% 21% 2% 8%[ik] 12%
Emerson College Aug 24–26 627 (RV) ± 3.9% 31% 3% 3% 10% 2% 24% 15% 4% 8%[il]
Change Research Aug 23–26 874 (LV) ± 3.3% 19% 3% 9% 6% 3% 22% 29% 2% 7%[im]
Quinnipiac University Aug 21–26 648 (RV) ± 4.6% 32% 1% 5% 7% 1% 15% 19% 3% 6%[in] 11%
Suffolk University/
USA Today
Aug 20–25 424 (LV) ± 4.8% 32% 2% 6% 6% 2% 12% 14% 3% 2%[io] 21%
Morning Consult Aug 19–25 17,303 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 3% 5% 8% 3% 20% 15% 2% 9%[ip]
The Hill/HarrisX Aug 23–24 465 (RV) 30% 2% 4% 4% 3% 17% 14% 2% 9%[iq] 15%
Swayable Aug 22–23 1,849 (LV) ± 2.0% 33% 2% 3% 9% 4% 18% 16% 1% 6%[ir]
HarrisX Aug 16–23 3,132 (RV) 28% 4% 3% 8% 4% 17% 10% 2% 10%[is] 13%
Echelon Insights Aug 19–21 479 (RV) 30% 4% 3% 11% 4% 19% 11% 1% 1%[it] 14%
YouGov/Economist Aug 17–20 559 (LV) 22% 2% 7% 8% 3% 19% 17% 1% 7%[iu] 12%
Monmouth University Aug 16–20 298 (RV) ± 5.7% 19% 4% 4% 8% 2% 20% 20% 3% 7%[iv] 10%
CNN/SSRS Aug 15–18 402 (RV) ± 6.1% 29% 2% 5% 5% 3% 15% 14% 1% 10%[iw] 10%
Morning Consult Aug 12–18 17,115 (LV) 31% 3% 5% 9% 3% 20% 15% 3% 8%[ix]
HarrisX Aug 9–16 3,118 (RV) 29% 2% 4% 7% 4% 15% 11% 2% 10%[iy] 13%
Fox News Aug 11–13 483 (LV) ± 4.5% 31% 3% 3% 8% 2% 10% 20% 3% 10%[iz] 8%
YouGov/Economist Aug 10–13 592 (LV) 21% 2% 5% 8% 5% 16% 20% 1% 8%[ja] 11%
Morning Consult Aug 5–11 17,117 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 3% 5% 9% 3% 20% 14% 2% 13%[jb]
The Hill/HarrisX Aug 9–10 451 (RV) 31% 1% 4% 7% 4% 16% 10% 1% 14%[jc] 10%
HarrisX Aug 2–9 3,088 (RV) 28% 3% 4% 7% 3% 16% 10% 1% 12%[jd] 16%
Swayable Aug 5–6 1,958 (LV) ± 2.0% 31% 3% 5% 9% 3% 17% 15% 2% 5%[je]
YouGov/Economist Aug 3–6 573 (LV) 22% 1% 8% 8% 2% 13% 16% 2% 12%[jf] 14%
SurveyUSA Aug 1–5 999 (LV) ± 4.1% 33% 1% 8% 9% 1% 20% 19% 0% 1%[jg] 7%
Ipsos/Reuters Aug 1–5 1,258 (A) ± 3.0% 22% 3% 4% 6% 2% 18% 9% 2% 13%[jh] 21%
Quinnipiac University Aug 1–5 807 (RV) ± 4.1% 32% 2% 5% 7% 2% 14% 21% 1% 3%[ji] 10%
Change Research Aug 2–4 1,450 ± 3.0% 23% 2% 9% 7% 2% 23% 26% 2% 4%[jj]
Public Policy Polling Aug 1–4 588 ± 4.0% 36% 4% 4% 10% 12% 13% 2% 4%[jk] 14%
Morning Consult Aug 1–4 9,845 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 3% 6% 9% 3% 19% 15% 2% 10%[jl]
Pew Research Center* Jul 22 – Aug 4 1,757 (RV) ± 2.9% 26% 1% 5% 11% 1% 12% 16% 1% 9%[jm] 18%
HarrisX [10] Jul 31 – Aug 2 914 (RV) ± 3.4% 28% 3% 3% 8% 3% 16% 8% 2% 13%[jn] 13%
Morning Consult Aug 1 2,419 (LV) ± 2.0% 32% 3% 6% 10% 3% 18% 15% 2% 9%[jo]
Harvard CAPS/Harris Jul 31 – Aug 1 585 34% 2% 4% 9% 3% 17% 8% 1% 5%[jp] 14%
IBD/TIPP Jul 25 – Aug 1 350 (RV) 30% 2% 6% 11% 1% 12% 17% 0% 7%[jq] 10%

July 2019

July 2019 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Pete Buttigieg
Kamala Harris
Beto O'Rourke
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Other
Undecided
Jul 31 Second night of the Second Democratic primary debate
Morning Consult Jul 31 2,410 (LV) ± 2.0% 34% 6% 10% 2% 19% 14% 14%[jr]
Jul 30 First night of the Second Democratic primary debate
YouGov/Economist Jul 27–30 629 (LV) 26% 5% 10% 2% 13% 18% 11%[js] 11%
Emerson College Jul 27–29 520 ± 4.2% 33% 6% 11% 4% 20% 14% 11%[jt]
HarrisX Jul 27–29 884 (RV) 32% 3% 7% 4% 15% 9% 14%[ju] 14%
The Hill/HarrisX Jul 27–28 444 (RV) ± 4.7% 34% 5% 9% 4% 20% 12% 9%[jv] 8%
Quinnipiac University Jul 25–28 579 (RV) ± 5.1% 34% 6% 12% 2% 11% 15% 6%[jw] 12%
McLaughlin & Associates Jul 23–28 468 28% 3% 10% 4% 15% 9% 18%[jx] 14%
Morning Consult Jul 22–28 16,959 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 5% 12% 3% 18% 13% 18%[jy]
Democracy Corps Jul 18–28 471 31% 8% 12% 2% 22% 15% 10%[jz] 3%
Echelon Insights Jul 23–27 510 ± 4.2% 33% 5% 11% 3% 14% 10% 9%[ka] 16%
Change Research Jul 23–26 1,204 ± 2.8% 20% 9% 15% 2% 20% 22% 12%[kb]
USC Dornsife/Los Angeles Times Jul 12–25 1,827 ± 3.0% 28% 5% 10% 3% 11% 10% 6%[kc] 25%
Fox News Jul 21–23 455 (LV) ± 4.5% 33% 5% 10% 2% 15% 12% 15%[kd] 7%
YouGov/Economist Jul 21–23 600 (LV) 25% 6% 9% 2% 13% 18% 16%[ke] 11%
Morning Consult Jul 15–21 17,285 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 5% 13% 3% 18% 14% 10%[kf]
HarrisX Jul 15–17 910 (RV) 26% 4% 10% 4% 14% 9% 11%[kg] 18%
YouGov/Economist Jul 14–16 572 (LV) 23% 7% 10% 2% 13% 15% 13%[kh] 14%
NBC News/SurveyMonkey Jul 2–16 5,548 (RV) ± 2.0% 25% 8% 14% 3% 16% 16% 14%[ki] 5%
Morning Consult Jul 8–14 16,504 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 5% 13% 3% 19% 14% 10%[kj]
TheHillHarrisX Jul 12–13 446 (RV) ± 3.1% 29% 1% 11% 3% 16% 9% 13%[kk] 17%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Jul 7–9 400 (LV) ± 4.9% 26% 7% 13% 2% 13% 19% 10%[kl] 8%
YouGov/Economist Jul 7–9 592 (LV) 22% 6% 15% 1% 12% 18% 11%[km] 13%
Emerson College Jul 6–8 481 ± 4.4% 30% 5% 15% 4% 15% 15% 16%[kn]
Swayable Jul 5–7 1,921 (LV) ± 2.0% 28% 6% 16% 4% 18% 12% 7%[ko]
Morning Consult Jul 1–7 16,599 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 6% 14% 3% 19% 13% 15%[kp]
YouGov/Economist Jun 30 – Jul 2 631 (LV) 21% 9% 13% 3% 10% 18% 11%[kq] 12%
Ipsos/Reuters Jun 28 – Jul 2 1,367 ± 3.0% 22% 3% 10% 3% 16% 9% 9%[kr] 21%
YouGov Blue/Data for Progress Jun 27 – Jul 2 1,522 23% 7% 17% 2% 15% 22% 10%[ks]
HarrisX Jun 29 – Jul 1 882 (RV) ± 3.4% 28% 4% 13% 3% 14% 9% 15%[kt] 12%
ABC News/Washington Post Jun 28 – Jul 1 460 (A) ± 5.5% 29% 4% 11% 2% 23% 11% 13%[ku] 6%
Change Research Jun 28 – Jul 1 1,185 ± 2.9% 18% 10% 21% 2% 17% 22% 8%[kv]
Quinnipiac University Jun 28 – Jul 1 554 (RV) ± 5.0% 22% 4% 20% 1% 13% 14% 7%[kw] 12%

April–June 2019

April–June 2019 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Cory Booker
Pete Buttigieg
Kamala Harris
Beto O'Rourke
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Other
Undecided
CNN/SSRS Jun 28–30 656 (RV) ± 4.7% 22% 3% 4% 17% 3% 14% 15% 8%[kx] 9%
HarrisX Jun 28–30 909 (RV) ± 3.4% 28% 2% 4% 11% 3% 14% 8% 10%[ky] 15%
Morning Consult/FiveThirtyEight Jun 27–30 2,485 (LV) ± 2% 31% 2.5% 5.9% 16.8% 2.1% 16.8% 14.4% 6.7%[kz] 3.9%
Harvard-Harris Jun 26–29 845 34% 3% 3% 9% 2% 15% 11% 10%[la] 9%
Morning Consult [11] Jun 27–28 2,407 (LV) ± 2% 33% 3% 6% 12% 2% 19% 12% 13%[lb]
Jun 27 Second night of the first Democratic primary debate
Morning Consult/FiveThirtyEight Jun 26–27 2,041 (LV) ± 2% 33.7% 3.6% 4.8% 6.6% 3.1% 17.8% 17.7% 9.6%[lc] 3.3%
Jun 26 First night of the first Democratic primary debate
YouGov Blue/Data for Progress Jun 25–26 1,402 30% 2% 7% 7% 3% 16% 24% 7%[ld]
HarrisX Jun 24–26 892 (RV) ± 3.4% 29% 1% 3% 6% 4% 17% 9% 12%[le] 15%
Morning Consult/FiveThirtyEight Jun 19–26 7,150 (LV) ± 1% 38.5% 2.8% 6.9% 7.9% 3.9% 16.3% 12.7% 5.3%[lf] 5.5%
Echelon Insights Jun 22–25 484 32% 2% 9% 6% 3% 15% 11% 6%[lg] 19%
YouGov/Economist Jun 22–25 522 (LV) 24% 2% 5% 7% 3% 15% 18% 11%[lh] 12%
Emerson College Jun 21–24 457 ± 4.5% 34% 3% 6% 7% 1% 27% 14% 8%[li]
McLaughlin & Associates Jun 18–24 459 34% 2% 6% 6% 4% 17% 11% 11%[lj] 12%
Morning Consult Jun 17–23 16,188 (LV) ± 1.0% 38% 3% 7% 6% 4% 19% 13% 15%[lk]
Change Research Jun 19–21 1,071 24% 2% 13% 8% 2% 22% 22% 5%[ll]
YouGov/Economist Jun 16–18 576 (LV) 26% 2% 9% 7% 4% 13% 14% 9%[lm] 15%
Monmouth University Jun 12–17 306 ± 5.6% 32% 2% 5% 8% 3% 14% 15% 7%[ln] 11%
Morning Consult Jun 10–16 17,226 (LV) ± 1.0% 38% 3% 7% 7% 4% 19% 11% 12%[lo]
The Hill/HarrisX Jun 14–15 424 (RV) ± 4.8% 35% 3% 4% 5% 6% 13% 7% 10%[lp] 17%
Suffolk University/USA Today Jun 11–15 385 ± 5.0% 30% 2% 9% 8% 2% 15% 10% 5%[lq] 17%
WPA Intelligence (R)[D] Jun 10–13 1,000 ± 3.1% 35% 3% 8% 9% 4% 14% 10% 3%[lr] 13%
Fox News Jun 9–12 449 (LV) ± 4.5% 32% 3% 8% 8% 4% 13% 9% 9%[ls] 10%
YouGov/Economist Jun 9–11 513 (LV) 26% 2% 8% 6% 3% 12% 16% 8%[lt] 14%
Quinnipiac University Jun 6–10 503 ± 5.4% 30% 1% 8% 7% 3% 19% 15% 5%[lu] 13%
Change Research Jun 5–10 1,621 ± 2.6% 26% 1% 14% 8% 3% 21% 19% 7%[lv]
Morning Consult Jun 3–9 17,012 (LV) ± 1.0% 37% 3% 7% 7% 4% 19% 11% 14%[lw]
Ipsos/Reuters May 29 – Jun 5 2,525 30% 2% 5% 6% 4% 15% 8% 7%[lx] 13%
YouGov/Economist Jun 2–4 550 (LV) 27% 2% 9% 8% 2% 16% 11% 8%[ly] 15%
Park Street Strategies May 24 – Jun 4 600 (LV) ± 4% 32% 1% 7% 12% 1% 15% 13% 19% [lz]
Swayable Jun 1–3 977 (LV) ± 3.0% 40% 4% 6% 8% 3% 20% 7% 7%[ma]
Avalanche Strategy May 31 – Jun 3 1,109 29% 13% 12% 4% 17% 16%
The Hill/HarrisX Jun 1–2 431 (RV) ± 4.7% 35% 3% 8% 4% 4% 16% 5% 5% [mb] 17%
Morning Consult May 27 – Jun 2 16,587 (LV) ± 1.0% 38% 3% 7% 7% 4% 19% 10% 15%[mc]
CNN/SSRS May 28–31 412 ± 6.0% 32% 3% 5% 8% 5% 18% 7% 12%[md] 8%
Harvard-Harris May 29–30 471 36% 3% 5% 8% 4% 17% 5% 9%[me] 12%
Morning Consult May 20–26 16,368 (LV) ± 1.0% 38% 3% 7% 7% 4% 20% 9% 13%[mf]
HarrisX May 23–25 881 (RV) ± 3.4% 33% 3% 5% 6% 3% 15% 7% 8%[mg] 14%
Echelon Insights May 20–21 447 38% 2% 5% 5% 5% 16% 5% 9%[mh] 16%
Change Research May 18–21 1,420 ± 2.6% 31% 2% 9% 8% 4% 22% 15% 8%[mi]
Monmouth University May 16–20 334 ± 5.4% 33% 1% 6% 11% 4% 15% 10% 8%[mj] 9%
Quinnipiac University May 16–20 454 ± 5.6% 35% 3% 5% 8% 2% 16% 13% 5%[mk] 11%
Morning Consult May 13–19 14,830 (LV) ± 1.0% 39% 3% 6% 8% 4% 19% 9% 13%[ml]
The Hill/HarrisX May 18–19 448 (RV) ± 4.6% 33% 1% 6% 6% 5% 14% 8% 8%[mm] 19%
Fox News May 11–14 469 (LV) ± 4.5% 35% 3% 6% 5% 4% 17% 9% 10%[mn] 8%
Ipsos/Reuters May 10–14 1,132 ± 3.0% 29% 2% 4% 6% 6% 13% 6% 10%[mo] 16%
Emerson College May 10–13 429 ± 4.7% 33% 1% 8% 10% 3% 25% 10% 12%[mp]
HarrisX May 8–13 2,207 (RV) ± 3.1% 39% 4% 5% 6% 5% 20% 8% 11%[mq]
Morning Consult May 6–12 15,342 (LV) ± 1.0% 39% 3% 6% 8% 5% 19% 8% 12%[mr]
McLaughlin & Associates May 7–11 360 30% 5% 4% 7% 5% 19% 7% 13%[ms] 13%
Zogby Analytics May 2–9 463 37% 3% 7% 5% 5% 15% 6% 11%[mt] 10%
GBAO May 1–5 800 ± 3.5% 36% 3% 5% 6% 4% 13% 8% 3%[mu] 22%
Morning Consult Apr 29 – May 5 15,770 (LV) ± 1.0% 40% 3% 6% 7% 5% 19% 8% 12%[mv]
The Hill/HarrisX May 3–4 440 (RV) ± 5.0% 46% 3% 8% 6% 3% 14% 7% 14%[mw]
Harvard-Harris Apr 30 – May 1 259 (RV) 44% 3% 2% 9% 3% 14% 5% 6%[mx] 11%
Quinnipiac University Apr 26–29 419 ± 5.6% 38% 2% 10% 8% 5% 11% 12% 4%[my] 8%
HarrisX Apr 26–28 741 (RV) ± 3.7% 33% 3% 5% 5% 5% 16% 6% 10%[mz] 13%
CNN/SSRS Apr 25–28 411 ± 5.9% 39% 2% 7% 5% 6% 15% 8% 10%[na] 7%
Morning Consult Apr 22–28 15,475 (LV) ± 1.0% 36% 3% 8% 7% 5% 22% 9% 14%[nb]
Apr 25 Biden announces his candidacy
Ipsos/Reuters Apr 17–23 2,237 24% 3% 7% 6% 6% 15% 5% 13%[nc] 21%
Morning Consult Apr 15–21 14,335 (LV) ± 1.0% 30% 4% 9% 8% 6% 24% 7% 12%[nd]
Echelon Insights Apr 17–19 499 26% 3% 7% 6% 9% 22% 3% 6%[ne] 18%
Change Research Apr 12–15 2,518 ± 2.2% 21% 4% 17% 7% 9% 20% 8% 15%[nf]
5% 21% 10% 14% 26% 10% 14%[ng]
Monmouth University Apr 11–15 330 ± 5.4% 27% 2% 8% 8% 4% 20% 6% 5%[nh] 14%
3% 11% 11% 6% 27% 8% 7%[ni] 20%
USC Dornsife/LAT Mar 15 – Apr 15 2,196 ± 2.0% 27% 2% 2% 7% 7% 16% 4% 9%[nj] 27%
Apr 14 Buttigieg announces his candidacy
Emerson College Apr 11–14 356 ± 5.2% 24% 2% 9% 8% 8% 29% 7% 14%[nk]
Morning Consult Apr 8–14 12,550 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 4% 7% 9% 8% 23% 7% 14%[nl]
6% 9% 12% 11% 35% 10% 19%[nm]
Morning Consult Apr 1–7 13,644 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 4% 5% 9% 8% 23% 7% 14%[nn]
The Hill/HarrisX Apr 5–6 370 (RV) ± 5.0% 36% 6% 4% 9% 7% 19% 6% 14%[no]

March 2019

March 2019 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Cory Booker
Pete Buttigieg
Kamala Harris
Amy Klobuchar
Beto O'Rourke
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Other
Undecided
HarrisX Mar 29–31 743 (RV) ± 3.7% 29% 4% 3% 6% 2% 6% 18% 5% 6%[np] 16%
Morning Consult Mar 25–31 12,940 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 4% 2% 8% 3% 8% 25% 7% 10%[nq]
Harvard-Harris Mar 25–26 263 35% 4% 2% 5% 2% 7% 17% 6% 9%[nr] 13%
Quinnipiac University Mar 21–25 559 ± 5.1% 29% 2% 4% 8% 2% 12% 19% 4% 2%[ns] 14%
Morning Consult Mar 18–24 13,725 (LV) ± 1.0% 35% 4% 2% 8% 2% 8% 25% 7% 10%[nq]
Fox News Mar 17–20 403 ± 5.0% 31% 4% 1% 8% 1% 8% 23% 4% 8%[nt] 11%
Emerson College Mar 17–18 487 ± 4.4% 26% 3% 3% 12% 1% 11% 26% 8% 10%[nu]
CNN/SSRS Mar 14–17 456 ± 5.7% 28% 3% 1% 12% 3% 11% 20% 6% 10%[nv] 5%
Morning Consult Mar 11–17 13,551 (LV) ± 1.0% 35% 4% 1% 8% 2% 8% 27% 7% 9%[nw]
Mar 14 O'Rourke announces his candidacy
Change Research Mar 8–10 1,919 36% 3% 2% 9% 2% 7% 24% 9% 8%[nx]
5% 1% 17% 3% 14% 36% 13% 9%[ny]
HarrisX Mar 8–10 740 (RV) ± 3.7% 27% 4% 0% 8% 2% 6% 19% 4% 8%[nz] 16%
Morning Consult Mar 4–10 15,226 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 4% 1% 10% 3% 7% 27% 7% 11%[oa]
Mar 5 Bloomberg announces that he will not run
Mar 4 Clinton announces that she will not run
Monmouth University Mar 1–4 310 ± 5.6% 28% 5% <1% 10% 3% 6% 25% 8% 7%[ob] 8%
6% <1% 15% 3% 7% 32% 10% 9%[oc] 15%
GBAO Feb 25 – Mar 3 817 28% 3% 0% 9% 2% 7% 20% 5% 4%[od] 22%
Morning Consult Feb 25 – Mar 3 12,560 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 4% 1% 11% 3% 6% 27% 7% 12%[oe]

January–February 2019

January–February 2019 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Michael Bloomberg
Cory Booker
Kamala Harris
Amy Klobuchar
Beto O'Rourke
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Other
Undecided
Morning Consult Feb 18–24 15,642 (LV) ± 1.0% 29% 2% 4% 10% 3% 7% 27% 7% 13%[of]
Harvard-Harris Feb 19–20 337 37% 3% 2% 10% 6% 22% 4% 5%[og] 10%
Feb 19 Sanders announces his candidacy
Morning Consult Feb 11–17 15,383 (LV) ± 1.0% 30% 2% 5% 11% 4% 7% 21% 8% 11%[oh]
Emerson College Feb 14–16 431 ± 4.7% 27% 2% 9% 15% 5% 4% 17% 9% 12%[oi]
Bold Blue Campaigns Feb 9–11 500 ± 4.5% 12% <1% <1% 11% 1% 7% 9% 3% 9%[oj] 48%
Feb 10 Klobuchar announces her candidacy
Morning Consult Feb 4–10 11,627 (LV) ± 1.0% 29% 2% 5% 13% 3% 7% 22% 8% 11%[ok]
Feb 9 Warren announces her candidacy
Morning Consult Jan 28 – Feb 3 14,494 (LV) ± 1.0% 30% 2% 4% 14% 2% 6% 21% 9% 9%[ol]
Morning Consult/Politico Feb 1–2 737 (RV) ± 4.0% 29% 2% 5% 14% 2% 5% 16% 6% 7%[om] 13%
Feb 1 Booker announces his candidacy
Monmouth University Jan 25–27 313 ± 5.5% 29% 4% 4% 11% 2% 7% 16% 8% 8%[on] 9%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 25–27 685 (RV) ± 4.0% 33% 2% 3% 10% 1% 6% 15% 6% 10%[oo] 15%
Morning Consult Jan 21–27 14,381 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 3% 3% 11% 2% 7% 21% 9% 9%[op]
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 18–22 694 (RV) ± 4.0% 26% 2% 4% 9% 2% 6% 16% 6% 11%[oq] 18%
Jan 21 Harris announces her candidacy
Emerson College Jan 20–21 355 ± 5.2% 45% 7% 8% 3% 1% 3% 5% 3% 25%[or]
19% 43% 38%[os]
Zogby Analytics Jan 18–20 410 ± 4.8% 27% 8% 1% 6% 6% 18% 9% 5%[ot] 21%
Morning Consult Jan 14–20 14,250 (LV) ± 1.0% 30% 4% 3% 6% 2% 8% 23% 11% 9%[ou]
Harvard-Harris Jan 15–16 479 23% 5% 3% 7% 8% 21% 4% 8%[ov] 15%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 11–14 674 (RV) ± 4.0% 32% 1% 2% 6% 1% 8% 15% 9% 9%[ow] 18%
Morning Consult Jan 7–13 4,749 (LV) ± 2.0% 31% 4% 3% 7% 2% 8% 23% 11% 8%[ox]

Before 2019

October–December 2018

October–December 2018 polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Michael Bloomberg
Cory Booker
Kamala Harris
Beto O'Rourke
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Other
Undecided
CNN/SSRS Dec 6–9 463 ± 5.6% 30% 3% 5% 4% 9% 14% 3% 15%[oy] 9%
Emerson College Dec 6–9 320 26% 9% 15% 22% 7% 22%[oz]
Harvard-Harris Nov 27–28 449 28% 4% 4% 3% 7% 21% 5% 4%[pa] 18%
Morning Consult/Politico Nov 7–9 733 (RV) ± 4.0% 26% 2% 3% 4% 8% 19% 5% 12%[pb] 21%
CNN/SSRS Oct 4–7 464 ± 5.5% 33% 4% 5% 9% 4% 13% 8% 16%[pc] 6%

Before October 2018

Polling prior to December 2018
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Cory Booker
Andrew Cuomo
Kirsten Gillibrand
Kamala Harris
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Oprah Winfrey
Other
Undecided
2018
Zogby Analytics Aug 6–8 576 ± 4.1% 27% 4% 3% 2% 5% 16% 7% 7%[pd] 31%
GQR Research Jul 19–26 443 30% 8% 5% 28% 13% 8%[pe] 9%
Zogby Analytics Jun 4–6 495 ± 4.4% 21% 4% 4% 1% 5% 19% 6% 10% 2%[pf] 29%
Saint Leo University May 25–31 19% 2% 4% 2% 4% 9% 4% 15% 15%[pg] 21%
Zogby Analytics May 10–12 533 ± 4.2% 26% 3% 2% 1% 4% 18% 8% 14% 5%[ph] 22%
Civis Analytics Jan 2018 29% 27% 17%
RABA Research Jan 10–11 345 ± 5.0% 26% 21% 18% 20% 15%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Jan 10–11 22% 3% 4% 7% 17% 16% 16% 9%[pi]
Emerson College Jan 8–11 216[citation needed] 27% 3% 3% 2% 23% 9% 15%[pj] 19%
GQR Research Jan 6–11 442 26% 6% 29% 14% 8% 12%[pk] 6%
2017
Zogby Analytics Sep 7–9 356 ± 5.2% 17% 3% 3% 6% 28% 12% 9%[pl] 23%
Gravis Marketing Jul 21–31 1,917 21% 4% 1% 2% 6% 8%[pm] 43%
2016
Public Policy Polling Dec 6–7 400 ± 4.9% 31% 4% 2% 3% 24% 16% 7%[pn] 14%

Polls including Hillary Clinton and Michelle Obama

Polls including Clinton and Obama
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Michael Bloomberg
Cory Booker
Hillary Clinton
Kamala Harris
Michelle Obama
Beto O'Rourke
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Oprah Winfrey
Other
Undecided
McLaughlin & Associates Dec 14–18, 2019 480 (LV) 23% 5% 4% 6% 17% 15% 22%[po] 10%
Zogby Analytics Dec 5–8, 2019 443 (LV) ± 4.7% 28% 9% [pp] 6% 20% 12% 21%[pq] 5%
Harvard-Harris Nov 27–29, 2019 756 (RV) 20% 5% 1% 22% 2% 1% 12% 9% 22%[pr] 7%
Harvard-Harris Oct 29–31, 2019 640 (RV)[ps] 19% 6% 3% 18% 3% 2% 12% 13% 17%[pt] 7%
Fox News Oct 27–30, 2019 471 (LV) ± 4.5% 27% 30%[pu] 43%
50% 8%[pv] 42%
McLaughlin & Associates Oct 17–22, 2019 468 (LV) [pw] 1% 4% 10% 9% 3% 23% 20% 21%[px] 10%
Harvard-Harris Apr 30 – May 1, 2019 254 (RV) 34% 2% 5% 6% 4% 8% 17% 3% 12%[py] 9%
ABC News/Washington Post* Apr 22–25, 2019 427 (A) ± 5.5% 17% <1% 1% 2% 4% 2% 4% 11% 4% 14%[pz] 35%
Harvard-Harris Mar 25–26, 2019 273 26% 0% 3% 11% 11% 5% 18% 5% 6%[qa] 12%
McLaughlin & Associates Mar 20–24, 2019 447 28% 3% 8% 8% 8% 17% 5% 8%[qb] 16%
D-CYFOR Feb 22–23, 2019 453 39% 2% 4% 8% 8% 3% 14% 5% 5%[qc] 11%
Harvard-Harris Feb 19–20, 2019 346 30% 2% 5% 10% 10% 4% 19% 4% 1%[qd] 13%
The Hill/HarrisX Feb 17–18, 2019 370 (RV) ± 5.0% 25% 5% 4% 12% 25% 6% 11% 5% 7%[qe]
McLaughlin & Associates Feb 6–10, 2019 450 25% 2% 3% 7% 8% 6% 16% 5% 5% 10%[qf] 15%
ABC News/Washington Post* Jan 21–24, 2019 447 ± 5.5% 9% <1% 1% 1% 8% 2% 3% 4% 2% 1% 11%[qg] 43%
Zogby Analytics Jan 18–20, 2019 410 ± 4.8% 25% 5% 3% 5% 17% 4% 12% 5% 5%[qh] 20%
Harvard-Harris Jan 15–16, 2019 488 24% 5% 2% 10% 4% 9% 13% 5% 6%[qi] 17%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 4–6, 2019 699 (RV) ± 4.0% 27% 1% 3% 12% 3% 7% 16% 4% 9%[qj] 15%
Change Research Dec 13–17, 2018 2,968 21% 2% 4% 5% 8% 21% 16% 7% 18%[qk]
Morning Consult/Politico Dec 14–16, 2018 706 (RV) ± 4.0% 25% 2% 3% 13% 3% 8% 15% 3% 13%[ql] 15%
McLaughlin & Associates Dec 10–14, 2018 468 17% 2% 9% 3% 16% 11% 18% 4% 3% 7%[qm] 11%
Harvard-Harris Nov 27–28, 2018 459 25% 2% 3% 13% 2% 9% 15% 4% 5%[qn] 15%
The Hill/HarrisX Nov 5–6, 2018 370 (RV) ± 5.0% 30% 5% 5% 16% 5% 20% 5% 14%
Change Research Oct 24–26, 2018 23% 5% 6% 10% 10% 18% 9% 8%[qo]
Harvard-Harris Jun 24–25, 2018 533 32% 3% 6% 18% 2% 16% 10% 14%[qp]
Harvard-Harris Jan 13–16, 2018 711 27% 4% 13% 4% 16% 10% 13% 13%[qq]
USC Dornsife/LAT Dec 15, 2017 – Jan 15, 2018 1,576 ± 3.0% 28% 3% 19% 5% 22% 11% 7%[qr]
Zogby Analytics Oct 19–25, 2017 682 ± 3.8% 19% 3% 22% 18% 8% 10%[qs] 20%

Head-to-head polls

Head-to-head polling data taken while more than two major candidates were in the race
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Joe Biden
Michael Bloomberg
Pete Buttigieg
Kirsten Gillibrand
Kamala Harris
Amy Klobuchar
Bernie Sanders
Elizabeth Warren
Oprah Winfrey
Undecided
Ipsos/Reuters Mar 13-16, 2020 458 (RV) ± 5.2% 54% 46%
Ipsos/Reutuers Mar 6-9, 2020 420 (RV) ± 5.5% 59% 41%
Ipsos/Reuters Mar 4-5, 2020 474 (RV) ± 5.1% 55% 45%
Ipsos/Reuters Feb 28-Mar 2, 2020 469 (RV) ± 5.2% 48% 52%
41% 59%
Change Research/Election Science Feb 25–27, 2020 821 (LV) 78.6% 21.4%
45.4% 54.6%
51.1% 48.9%
35.7% 64.3%
32.4% 67.6%
77.1% 22.9%
27.4% 72.6%
24.9% 75.1%
22.7% 77.3%
57.5% 42.5%
37.2% 62.8%
31.9% 68.1%
31.9% 68.1%
22.6% 77.4%
54.2% 45.8%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Feb 14-17, 2020 426 (LV) ± 4.8%[qt] 38% 59% 3%
± 4.8%[qu] 40% 57% 5%
Zogby Analytics Feb 13–14, 2020 732 (LV) ± 3.6% 50% 50%
YouGov/Yahoo News Feb 12–13, 2020 367 (LV) 47% 34% 19%
347 (LV) 45% 42% 13%
362 (LV) 43% 45% 12%
359 (LV) 44% 48% 8%
366 (LV) 41% 49% 9%
331 (LV) 37% 44% 19%
351 (LV) 38% 43% 20%
369 (LV) 38% 53% 10%
375 (LV) 38% 52% 10%
388 (LV) 33% 44% 23%
347 (LV) 37% 54% 10%
347 (LV) 34% 52% 14%
383 (LV) 33% 54% 13%
344 (LV) 31% 50% 19%
348 (LV) 44% 42% 14%
YouGov Blue/Data for Progress[E] Jan 18–26, 2020 1,619 (LV) ± 2.6% 53% 41%
47% 45%
Echelon Insights Jan 20–23, 2020 474 (LV) 56% 32% 12%
54% 38% 8%
48% 43% 9%
Echelon Insights Dec 9–14, 2019 447 (LV) 65% 20% 16%
58% 32% 11%
59% 29% 11%
Swayable Nov 16–18, 2019 2,077 (LV) ± 2% 44.8% 34.2% 21%[qv]
Swayable Oct 26–27, 2019 2,172 (LV) ± 2% 45.2% 34.7% 20.1%[qv]
Echelon Insights Oct 21–25, 2019 449 (LV) 62% 25% 13%
60% 28% 11%
49% 34% 17%
Swayable Oct 7–8, 2019 2,077 (LV) ± 2% 48.1% 36.2% 15.7%[qv]
HarrisX[note 1] Oct 4–6, 2019 803 (LV) 41% 41% 18%
41% 40% 19%
42% 39% 20%
38% 42% 19%
40% 36% 24%
42% 40% 18%
Swayable Sep 25–26, 2019 3,491 (LV) ± 2% 47.7% 34.2% 18.1%[qv]
Morning Consult Sep 20–22, 2019 635 (LV) 52% 37% 12%
45% 38% 17%
38% 49% 13%
Swayable Sep 16–18, 2019 3,140 (LV) ± 2% 49.8% 31% 19.2%[qv]
Fox News Sep 15–17, 2019 480(LV) ± 4.5% 53% 37% 7%
YouGov/FairVote[12] [qw] Sep 2–6, 2019 1002(LV) ± 3.3% 51% 40% 7%
43% 49% 6%
36% 55% 7%
63.5% 36.5%
60.4% 39.6%
86.4% 16.4%
44.6% 55.4%
72.8% 27.2%
34.6% 65.4%
20.7% 79.3%
79.6% 20.4%
42.3% 57.7%
24.6% 75.4%
22.8% 77.2%
9.9% 90.1%
Swayable Aug 22–23, 2019 1,849 (LV) ± 2% 46.8% 30.5% 22.7%[qv]
Echelon Insights Aug 19–21, 2019 479 (RV) 55% 31% 14%
55% 35% 10%
52% 32% 16%
HarrisX Aug 16–18, 2019 909 (RV) 42% 38% 19%
44% 38% 18%
39% 41% 20%
35% 42% 23%
38% 33% 30%
43% 37% 21%
Swayable Aug 5–6, 2019 1,958 (LV) ± 2% 46.5% 30.6% 22.9%[qv]
Echelon Insights Jul 23–27, 2019 510 (RV) 56% 33% 11%
58% 29% 12%
54% 35% 10%
Swayable Jul 5–7, 2019 1,921 (LV) ± 2% 43% 32% 25%[qv]
HarrisX Jun 28–30, 2019 909 (RV) ± 3.4% 40% 41% 20%
41% 40% 19%
41% 40% 19%
39% 41% 20%
34% 35% 31%
41% 36% 23%
Echelon Insights Jun 22–25, 2019 484 57% 27% 16%
56% 26% 18%
Swayable Jun 1–3, 2019 977 (LV) ± 3% 53.4% 28.6% 18%[qv]
HarrisX May 28–30, 2019 881 (RV) ± 3.4% 41% 38% 20%
43% 41% 16%
39% 41% 20%
37% 42% 21%
37% 40% 23%
Echelon Insights May 20–21, 2019 447 65% 17% 19%
63% 20% 17%
61% 25% 14%
66% 19% 15%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 11–16, 2018 689 (RV) ± 4.0% 54% 31% 15%
23% 44% 34%
46% 37% 17%
35% 39% 26%

Favorability ratings

Net favorability (favorable − unfavorable)

From February 2020 to April 2020

Favorability ratings from February 2020 to April 2020
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Biden
Sanders
Gabbard
Warren
Bloomberg
Klobuchar
Buttigieg
Steyer
Patrick
Bennet
Yang
YouGov/Economist Apr 26–28, 2020 51%
Emerson College Apr 26–28, 2020 61.1%
YouGov/Economist Apr 19–21, 2020 54%
Morning Consult/Politico Apr 18–19, 2020 66%
Morning Consult Apr 13–19, 2020 60%
YouGov/Economist Apr 12–14, 2020 54%
Morning Consult Apr 6-12, 2020 57%
YouGov/Economist Apr 5–7, 2020 58% 52%
Fox News Apr 4–7, 2020 61%
Monmouth Apr 3–7, 2020 57% 45%
Quinnipiac Apr 2–6, 2020 66%
Morning Consult Mar 31 - Apr 5, 2020 56% 51%
YouGov/Economist Mar 29–31, 2020 43% 52%
Selzer & Co./Grinnell College Mar 27–30, 2020 59% 49%
Morning Consult Mar 23–29, 2020 56% 49%
YouGov/Economist Mar 22–24, 2020 47% 39%
Monmouth Mar 18–22, 2020 69%
Morning Consult Mar 16–22, 2020 56% 50%
YouGov/Economist Mar 15–17, 2020 50% 50% -14%
Ipsos/Reutuers Mar 13–16, 2020 62% 58%
Morning Consult Mar 11–15, 2020 57% 52% -6%
NBC/WSJ[qx] Mar 11–13, 2020 55% 51%
YouGov/Hofstra University Mar 5-12, 2020 74.1% 53.4% 71.6%
YouGov/Economist Mar 8-10, 2020 47% 40%
Ipsos/Reuters Mar 6–9, 2020 70% 59%
Morning Consult Mar 5–8, 2020 55% 46% -10%
Quinnipiac Mar 5–8, 2020 64% 54%
CNN/SSRS Mar 4–7, 2020 51% 40% 39% -11%
YouGov/Economist Mar 1–3, 2020 41% 36% -23% 50% -7% 36% 36%
YouGov/Yahoo News Feb 26–27, 2020 57% 57% 60% 15% 48% 44%
Change Research/Election Science[13][qy] Feb 25–27, 2020 36% 60% 7% 55% 20% 28% 39% 13%
Morning Consult Feb 23–27, 2020 40% 52% -8% 35% 17% 26% 35% 16%
Fox News Feb 23–26, 2020 47% 48% 38% 22% 27% 35% 17%
YouGov/Economist Feb 23–25, 2020 37% 51% -26% 52% -12% 36% 26% 19%
Morning Consult Feb 20, 2020 17%
YouGov/Economist Feb 16–18, 2020 39% 46% -28% 53% 15% 41% 43% 26%
Morning Consult Feb 12–17, 2020 39% 53% -7% 36% 36% 32% 41% 18%
YouGov/Economist Feb 9–11, 2020 34% 48% −20% 51% 28% 35% 39% 33% 11% 17% 51%
Ipsos/Reuters Feb 6–10, 2020 56% 65% 56% 53% 36% 49% 26%
Monmouth Feb 6–9, 2020 38% 53% 48% 14% 31% 36%
Quinnipiac Feb 5–9, 2020 54% 58% 60% 40% 49% 47% 20% 32%
Morning Consult Feb 4–9, 2020 43% 53% −6% 41% 40% 28% 42% 21% 4% 8% 35%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Feb 7–8, 2020 33.9% 42.8% 37.1% 23.1% 35.8% 12.9% 20.7%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Feb 4–6, 2020 39.5% 41.5% 38.3% 19.6% 33.8% 11.4% 21.6%
YouGov/Economist Feb 2–4, 2020 40% 38% −27% 49% 26% 32% 40% 29% 11% 19% 46%
Morning Consult Jan 27 – Feb 2, 2020 47% 53% −7% 44% 37% 23% 33% 23% 5% 8% 35%

From October 2019 to January 2020

Favorability ratings from October 2019 to January 2020
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Biden
Sanders
Gabbard
Warren
Bloomberg
Klobuchar
Buttigieg
Steyer
Patrick
Bennet
Yang
Delaney
Booker
Williamson
Castro
Harris
Bullock
Sestak
Messam
O'Rourke
Ryan
YouGov/Economist Jan 26–28, 2020 40% 45% −30% 58% 12% 33% 38% 19% 8% 11% 47% 1%
Morning Consult Jan 20–26, 2020 52% 52% −5% 43% 33% 25% 35% 22% 4% 11% 36% 5%
Echelon Insights Jan 20–23, 2020 51% 52% 50% 44% 47%
YouGov/Economist Jan 19–21, 2020 50% 50% −19% 57% 22% 36% 37% 30% 4% 15% 47% −1%
Monmouth Jan 16–20, 2020 52% 48% 42% 17% 32% 27% 6% 35%
Morning Consult Jan 15–19, 2020 51% 53% −6% 44% 32% 24% 34% 24% 5% 10% 36% 4%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Jan 14–15, 2020 43.6% 44.2% 47.1% 18.1% 31.2% 15%
YouGov/Economist Jan 11–14, 2020 43% 49% −34% 53% 11% 21% 29% 15% 1% 3% 28% −7% 42%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Jan 10–13, 2020 45.3% 47.8% 43.3% 12.3% 26.5% 9.9%
Morning Consult Jan 6–12, 2020 49% 59% −6% 47% 23% 21% 34% 21% 6% 8% 32% 4% 32%
YouGov/Economist Jan 5–7, 2020 43% 55% −31% 60% 4% 26% 36% 19% 8% 10% 34% −2% 44% −22%
Morning Consult Dec 30, 2019 – Jan 5, 2020 52% 56% −8% 44% 17% 21% 34% 20% 4% 8% 31% 3% 29% −6%
YouGov/Economist Dec 28–31, 2019 48% 49% −25% 55% −6% 32% 32% 23% 6% 9% 39% −2% 40% −21% 34%
Morning Consult Dec 23–29, 2019 51% 56% −8% 55% 15% 22% 35% 19% 5% 8% 32% 4% 31% −3% 17%
YouGov/Economist Dec 22–24, 2019 42% 48% −40% 59% −5% 28% 35% 19% 6% 6% 40% −1% 48% −21% 38%
Morning Consult Dec 20–22, 2019 49% 55% −12% 44% 17% 26% 33% 19% 4% 8% 34% 3% 28% −5% 19%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Dec 19–20, 2019 45% 42.6% 42.9% 17.1% 27.6% 7.4% 22.3%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Dec 13–18, 2019 43.2% 40.5% 40.1% 11% 29.4% 4.2% 16.1%
YouGov/Economist Dec 14–17, 2019 45% 47% −21% 56% −3% 26% 27% 15% 1% 9% 35% −3% 38% −17% 29%
CNN/SSRS Dec 12–15, 2019 42% 54% 47% 32%
Morning Consult Dec 9–15, 2019 49% 57% −1% 44% 14% 21% 30% 15% 4% 10% 27% 4% 31% −4% 17%
Echelon Insights Dec 9–14, 2019 67% 56% 48% 14% 40%
YouGov/Economist Dec 7–10, 2019 45% 49% −19% 55% −9% 25% 33% 5% 3% 5% 25% −9% 41% −17% 27%
Quinnipiac Dec 4–9, 2019 56% 60% 54% 9% 32% 39%
Monmouth Dec 4–8, 2019 56% 53% 61% 1% 35% 25%
Morning Consult Dec 2–8, 2019 50% 57% −5% 47% 13% 22% 32% 15% 4% 6% 28% 3% 32% −5% 18%
YouGov/Economist Dec 1–3, 2019 43% 48% −19% 53% −5% 23% 37% 8% 6% 11% 28% −1% 43% −18% 38% 37% 7% −2%
Morning Consult Nov 25 – Dec 1, 2019 50% 54% −4% 42% 9% 20% 34% 14% 5% 8% 26% 1% 28% −4% 17% 28%
YouGov/Economist Nov 24–26, 2019 46% 51% −17% 52% −11% 29% 38% 8% 4% 12% 30% 5% 46% −14% 31% 37% 8% 1%
Morning Consult Nov 21–24, 2019 45% 56% −6% 44% 1% 18% 35% 11% 1% 6% 28% 2% 32% −5% 17% 32% 4%
Ipsos/Reuters Nov 21–22, 2019 55% 68% 57% 3% 38% −6%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Nov 20–21, 2019 44.5% 44% −17% 48.7% 14.3% 37.3% 2.1% 16.9% 26.3% 25.9%
YouGov/Economist Nov 17–19, 2019 50% 45% −20% 59% 4% 28% 46% 10% 6% 13% 31% 0% 39% −15% 31% 37% 8% 1% −3%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Nov 14–18, 2019 47.9% 42.7% −12.5% 46.2% 10.3% 34.4% 1.3% 12.4% 24.6% 24.8%
Morning Consult Nov 11–17, 2019 52% 57% 0% 48% 5% 20% 34% 11% 4% 10% 24% 3% 31% −6% 16% 29% 4%
Ipsos/Reuters Nov 12–14, 2019 62% 67% 59% 15% 45%
YouGov/Economist Nov 10–12, 2019 37% 52% 58% 6% 25% 38% −2% 13% −5% 29% 44% −21% 30% 41% −3% −1%
Morning Consult Nov 4–10, 2019 54% 56% 50% 25% 32% −1% 3% 3% 13% 16% 36% 5% −6% 22%
YouGov/Economist Nov 3–5, 2019 42% 50% −16% 64% 23% 39% 16% 9% 30% −3% 37% −13% 32% 36% 4% 3% −2%
Change Research/Crooked Media Oct 31 – Nov 3, 2019 42% 48% 63% 46% 35%
Monmouth Oct 30 – Nov 3, 2019 57% 47% 70% 33% 33%
Morning Consult Oct 28 – Nov 3, 2019 54% 56% −1% 50% 22% 33% 13% 5% 25% 3% 32% −6% 16% 36% 3%
YouGov/Kalikow School at Hofstra University Oct 25–31, 2019 66.7% 69.6% 70.6%
YouGov/Economist Oct 27–29, 2019 49% 51% −13% 62% 21% 45% 5% 11% 30% 0% 39% −17% 29% 37% 5% −5% −5% 35%
Morning Consult Oct 21–27, 2019 55% 59% −2% 53% 18% 35% 12% 8% 26% 4% 31% −5% 15% 36% 6% 27% 5%
Echelon Insights Oct 21–25, 2019 58% 53% 61% 43% 40%
YouGov/Economist Oct 20–22, 2019 39% 53% −8% 64% 24% 42% 12% 10% 27% 0% 43% −16% 31% 38% 5% −3% 0% 33% 1%
CNN/SSRS Oct 17–20, 2019 54% 58% 50% 22% 39% 46%
Morning Consult Oct 16–20, 2019 49% 56% 3% 54% 23% 36% 12% 5% 26% 5% 32% −6% 19% 36% 5% 30% 5%
Ipsos/Reuters[qz] Oct 17–18, 2019 66.91% 55.83% 9.59% 61.59% 25.38% 33.66% 14.9% 27.17% 36.13% 20.66% 40.64% 29.84%
Morning Consult Oct 16, 2019 48% 55% 8% 51% 25% 43% 13% 11% 29% 5% 31% −5% 19% 35% 5% 29% 9%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Oct 15–16, 2019 48.6% 45.3% −6.7% 54.3% 15% 33.5% 2% 14.5% 25.3% 8.2% 28.4% 17%
YouGov/Economist Oct 13–15, 2019 45% 48% 5% 63% 27% 43% 8% 12% 31% 1% 37% −11% 31% 39% 9% 1% −2% 37% 1%
Lord Ashcroft Polls Oct 1-15, 2019[ra] 55.05% 58.30% 44.17% 4.93% 14.68% 13.71% 17.89% 28.58% 17.68%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Oct 7–14, 2019 47.4% 43.1% 2.2% 52.1% 11.8% 31% −0.8% 14.2% 26.3% 11.6% 30.7% 22.6%
HarrisX Oct 12–13, 2019 62% 44% 11% 53% 16% 34% 13% 21% 31% 20% 38% 31%
Quinnipiac Oct 11–13, 2019 60% 54% 70%
Morning Consult Oct 7–12, 2019 55% 57% 11% 51% 20% 33% 10% 4% 25% 3% 31% −2% 16% 36% 5% 28% 3%
Fox News Oct 6–8, 2019 58% 63% 63% 38% 35% 41% 34%
YouGov/Economist Oct 6–8, 2019 40% 55% 0% 66% 23% 42% 7% 8% 33% −3% 41% −17% 27% 36% 8% 1% 0% 29% 3%
Morning Consult Sep 30 – Oct 6, 2019 53% 55% 11% 54% 20% 34% 8% 9% 23% 0% 33% −2% 17% 38% 3% 31% 5%
YouGov/Economist Sep 28 – Oct 1, 2019 36% 37% −1% 60% 25% 46% 9% 13% 32% −1% 38% −21% 29% 32% 8% 1% −2% 35% 5%

Before October 2019

Favorability polling prior to October 2019
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Biden
Sanders
Gabbard
Warren
Bloomberg
Klobuchar
Buttigieg
Steyer
Bennet
Yang
Delaney
Booker
Williamson
Castro
Harris
Bullock
Sestak
Messam
O'Rourke
Ryan
de Blasio
Gillibrand
Moulton
Inslee
Hickenlooper
Gravel
Swalwell
Monmouth Sep 23–29, 2019 52% 56% 66% 41% 25% 42%
Morning Consult Sep 23–29, 2019 54% 54% 9% 52% 21% 35% 9% 8% 23% 2% 31% −3% 14% 35% 3% 30% 4%
YouGov/Economist Sep 22–24, 2019 46% 49% 10% 63% 20% 42% 9% 9% 32% 1% 34% −8% 26% 40% 6% 2% 0% 33% 4%
Quinnipiac Sep 19–23, 2019 53% 47% 64% 22% 39% −1% 13% 31% 7% 34% 25%
Morning Consult Sep 16–22, 2019 50% 53% 9% 52% 23% 34% 7% 7% 24% 4% 33% −3% 8% 35% 4% 30% 3%
YouGov/Economist Sep 14–17, 2019 41% 43% 33% 60% 23% 44% 2% 9% 24% −5% 35% −17% 8% 30% 2% −6% −8% 38% −6% −11%
HarrisX Sep 14–16, 2019 64% 53% 49% 14% 35% 17% 33% 14% 37% 33%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Sep 12–16, 2019 47.1% 44.3% 52.9% 11.8% 35.8% 14.5% 29.4% 9.6% 32.5% 31.2%
Morning Consult Sep 13–15, 2019 54% 59% 11% 52% 21% 33% 8% 6% 22% 3% 30% −6% 11% 38% 6% 31% 1% −4%
HarrisX Sep 10–11, 2019 60% 58% 50% 24% 30% 27% 33% 27% 34% 34%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Sep 5–11, 2019 45.7% 44% 48.5% 8.1% 32.2% 14.8% 26.7% 19.8% 31.4% 23.9%
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 9–10, 2019 72.9% 73.92% 16.52% 57.6% 24.48% 32.66% 15.08% 11.34% 26.98% 14.04% 34.5% 13.44% 22.94% 48.18% 10.4% 6.76% 5.76% 39.42% 16.43% 20.91%
YouGov/Economist Sep 8–10, 2019 39% 46% 0% 61% 19% 42% 8% 12% 33% −2% 35% −15% 38% 42% 6% 0% −6% 33% −3% −8%
NPR/PBS/Marist Sep 5–8, 2019 49% 39% 64% 17% 41% −1% 19% 38% 26% 39% 29%
Morning Consult Sep 2–8, 2019 52% 57% 10% 49% 20% 36% 9% 10% 25% 5% 33% −1% 21% 38% 7% 31% 2% −2%
YouGov/FairVote Sep 2–6, 2019 43% 45% −4% 61% 15% 40% −2% 5% 25% −11% 31% −20% 32% 38% 0% −2% −4% 29% −5% −22%
ABC/Washington Post Sep 2–5, 2019 65% 70% 63% 41% 47%
YouGov/Economist Sep 1–3, 2019 36% 50% 3% 60% 10% 30% 0% 8% 31% −1% 34% −10% 31% 39% 2% −3% −3% 34% 0% −9%
Morning Consult Aug 26 – Sep 1, 2019 52% 55% 11% 49% 20% 32% 9% 8% 22% 3% 31% −1% 22% 38% 6% 34% 3% −3% 20%
YouGov/Economist Aug 24–27, 2019 48% 55% 12% 64% 29% 48% 8% 12% 32% −3% 41% −3% 42% 50% 7% 3% 1% 42% −2% −1% 26%
Morning Consult Aug 19–25, 2019 56% 57% 13% 48% 20% 34% 11% 7% 23% 3% 31% 0% 23% 35% 7% 34% 6% −1% 20%
Echelon Insights Aug 19–21, 2019 59% 55% 42% 28% 43%
YouGov/Economist Aug 17–20, 2019 40% 53% 2% 63% 14% 37% 6% 7% 22% −8% 36% −8% 33% 40% 6% −5% −4% 33% −1% −8% 12% −3% 11%
Monmouth Aug 16–20, 2019 41% 40% 52% 9% 29% −16% 12% 35% −11% 22% 39% 9% −6% 19%
Morning Consult Aug 12–18, 2019 52% 55% 10% 48% 19% 36% 10% 8% 23% 3% 34% 0% 23% 37% 6% 36% 6% −2% 20% 0% 9%
HarrisX Aug 14–15, 2019 51% 45% 25% 6% 4% 21% 0% 40% 10% 2% 3% 23% −3% 8%
HarrisX Aug 13–14, 2019 2% 46% 14% 6% 25% 17% 29% 8% 0% 9%
Fox News Aug 11–13, 2019 66% 75% 71% 61%
YouGov/Economist Aug 10–13, 2019 41% 39% 4% 60% 20% 45% 5% 12% 32% 1% 36% −8% 34% 42% 9% 3% −1% 44% 1% −17% 20% −3% 18% 5%
Morning Consult Aug 5–11, 2019 57% 53% 12% 47% 20% 32% 11% 7% 21% 2% 29% 1% 21% 36% 7% 34% 6% −4% 18% 3% 9% 9%
YouGov/Economist Aug 3–6, 2019 39% 43% 4% 53% 20% 40% 4% 11% 23% −3% 36% −9% 31% 30% 6% −3% 2% 28% −1% −8% 17% −2% 16% 6% −1%
Morning Consult Aug 1–4, 2019 55% 52% 12% 46% 20% 33% 8% 8% 19% 2% 26% 0% 24% 30% 5% 23% 1% −7% 17% 2% 9% 6%
Public Policy Polling Aug 1–4, 2019 59% 36% <7% 35% 12% 24% <7% 7% 9% <7% 27% <7% 20% 26% <7% <7% <7% 13% <7% <7% <7% <7% <7% <7% <7%
YouGov/Economist[rb] Jul 27–30, 2019 47% 45% 2% 65% 22% 43% 5% −2% 16% −2% 39% −4% 39% 48% 11% −1% 5% 30% −14% −5% 9% −2% 17% 3% −2%
HarrisX Jul 28–29, 2019 61% 38% 30% 18% 9% 18% 8% 43% 10% 13% 12% 22% 14% 12% 13%
HarrisX Jul 27–28, 2019 11% 49% 15% 10% 29% 22% 27% 14% 9% 8% 9%
Morning Consult Jul 22–28, 2019 56% 52% 9% 45% 21% 33% 9% 7% 15% 3% 30% −3% 23% 41% 5% 27% 4% −5% 21% 3% 9% 9%
Democracy Corps Jul 18–28, 2019 51% 43% 31% 39%
Echelon Insights Jul 23–27, 2019 59% 57% 46% 38% 50%
YouGov/Economist[rc] Jul 21–23, 2019 47% 43% 2% 55% 30% 41% 9% 14% 14% 5% 42% −5% 41% 48% 11% 6% 3% 36% 4% 3% 21% 8% 20% 15% 6%
Morning Consult Jul 15–21, 2019 54% 51% 11% 45% 20% 33% 7% 9% 14% 5% 31% −2% 21% 44% 5% 26% 4% −3% 22% 2% 8% 8%
YouGov/Economist Jul 14–16, 2019 51% 46% 3% 59% 29% 39% 6% 10% 12% 4% 48% −7% 39% 54% 6% 4% 0% 33% 9% 4% 22% 2% 18% 10% 4%
Morning Consult Jul 8–14, 2019 51% 52% 7% 46% 16% 34% 5% 12% 2% 30% −7% 24% 40% 4% 25% 2% −4% 18% 0% 7% 8% 5%
Gallup Jul 1–12, 2019 52% 55% 46% 18% 33% 31% 21% 43% 18% 1%
YouGov/Economist Jul 7–9, 2019 47% 41% 6% 55% 24% 40% 10% 4% −2% 35% −16% 35% 49% 6% 1% −6% 28% 4% 1% 20% −1% 11% 3% 1% 9%
Morning Consult Jul 1–7, 2019 56% 57% 7% 50% 20% 35% 6% 12% 3% 30% −2% 25% 41% 4% 26% 3% −3% 13% 9% 9% 5% 6%
YouGov/Economist Jun 30 – Jul 2, 2019 47% 43% 10% 58% 31% 43% 13% 15% 7% 49% −11% 47% 59% 12% 4% 3% 32% 10% 2% 27% 6% 21% 14% 1% 17%
CNN/SSRS Jun 28–30, 2019 51% 49% 52% 37% 26% 34% 50%
Morning Consult/FiveThirtyEight Jun 26–30, 2019 54.8% 57.8% 9.1% 60.8% 23.1% 37.6% 7.2% 13.5% 3% 40.4% −4.8% 35.4% 54.1% 24.2% 5.1% −1.7% 19.6% 7.2% 4% 7.3%
HarrisX Jun 28–29, 2019 51% 45% 26% 3% −4% −4% 40% 4% −6% −6% 16% −4% −4% −1% 10%
HarrisX Jun 27–28, 2019 12% 52% 18% 9% 32% 32% 29% 17% 7% 17%
Morning Consult Jun 27–28, 2019 50% 44% 4% 51% 19% 37% 6% 10% 1% 33% −1% 25% 41% 7% 20% 4% −6% 15% 1% 4% 10% 4%
HarrisX Jun 26–27, 2019 63% 49% 32% 8% 17% 8% 42% 7% 6% 6% 24% 4% −8% 8% 11%
HarrisX Jun 25–26, 2019 10% 42% 22% 12% 30% 19% 40% 14% 2% 11%
Morning Consult/FiveThirtyEight Jun 19–26, 2019 60.4% 56.7% 5.8% 49.9% 19.9% 35.2% 8.6% 15.2 6.8% 33.9% 4.2% 20% 44.9% 35.9% 7.7% −2.1% 21% 9.1% 7.5% 9.8%
YouGov/Economist Jun 22–25, 2019 56% 50% 2% 56% 28% 39% 11% 16% 8% 43% 10% 30% 47% 9% 4% 42% 7% −2% 27% 5% 15% 10% 4% 17%
Echelon Insights Jun 22–25, 2019 64% 53% 46% 33% 40%
Morning Consult Jun 17–23, 2019 60% 57% 6% 44% 22% 32% 6% 13% 4% 29% 4% 18% 37% 7% 32% 4% −2% 19% 4% 7% 9% 7%
YouGov/Economist Jun 16–18, 2019 48% 43% 4% 54% 25% 43% 12% 14% 5% 45% 3% 26% 47% 8% 5% 40% 5% −4% 26% 3% 15% 10% 3% 19%
Morning Consult Jun 10–16, 2019 62% 56% 6% 45% 20% 33% 10% 13% 6% 34% 6% 18% 40% 7% 34% 5% 0% 22% 3% 11% 9% 10%
WPA Intelligence (R) Jun 10–13, 2019 71% 55% 57% 48% 49% 63% 50%
YouGov/Economist Jun 9–11, 2019 47% 39% −3% 49% 16% 42% 7% 7% 3% 36% −2% 24% 45% 4% −2% 32% 9% −7% 24% 0% 13% −1% −1% 9%
Morning Consult Jun 3–9, 2019 62% 55% 7% 43% 20% 31% 7% 11% 6% 33% 6% 17% 40% 6% 33% 9% −2% 21% 4% 10% 8% 9%
YouGov/Economist Jun 2–4, 2019 54% 47% 0% 55% 26% 42% 10% 13% 3% 47% 3% 30% 54% 6% 2% 38% 9% 7% 26% 7% 16% 11% −1% 21%
Morning Consult May 27 – Jun 2, 2019 61% 55% 4% 40% 19% 32% 4% 10% 4% 31% 3% 16% 38% 3% 33% 5% 0% 18% 4% 6% 5% 6%
CNN/SSRS May 28–31, 2019 65% 61% 52% 33% 3% 43% −2% −3%
Morning Consult May 20–26, 2019 62% 57% 5% 36% 19% 29% 4% 10% 5% 32% 3% 15% 40% 4% 35% 1% 0% 22% 2% 9% 7% 8%
Echelon Insights May 20–21, 2019 72% 53% 38% 33% 43%
Change Research May 18–21, 2019 48% 50% 7% 67% 20% 14% 2% 38% 1% 25% 56% 0% 40% 0% −7% 18% 1% 12% 5% 13%
Monmouth May 16–20, 2019 57% 44% 7% 46% 22% 24% 11% −1% 1% 28% 0% 18% 49% 0% −6% 21% 0% −9% 11% 2% 9% 11% −5% 11%
Quinnipiac May 16–20, 2019 65% 50% −2% 45% 20% 34% 7% 3% 5% 36% 3% 19% 46% 2% 0% 21% 2% −22% 14% −3% 12% 6% 8%
Morning Consult May 13–19, 2019 62% 58% 5% 41% 18% 31% 5% 9% 5% 33% 3% 15% 37% 4% 36% 4% 1% 18% 2% 7% 7% 7%
Morning Consult May 6–12, 2019 63% 57% 6% 36% 16% 31% 5% 10% 5% 31% 17% 38% 1% 31% 0% 6% 19% 1% 8% 7% 8%
Morning Consult Apr 29 – May 5, 2019 61% 55% 6% 40% 19% 29% 7% 4% 31% 15% 38% 3% 31% 2% 18% 1% 7% 7%
Gallup Apr 17–30, 2019 60% 57% 40% 30% 31% 42% 26%
CNN/SSRS Apr 25–28, 2019 69% 26% 3% 14% −5% 3%
Morning Consult Apr 22–28, 2019 62% 58% 5% 39% 16% 27% 8% 5% 32% 16% 37% 2% 33% 2% 18% 2% 8% 8%
Morning Consult Apr 15–21, 2019 61% 59% 5% 36% 15% 29% 10% 5% 32% 16% 37% 3% 36% 3% 18% 10% 7%
Change Research Apr 12–15, 2019 56% 45% 7% 52% 22% 52% 6% 8% 2% 43% 2% 31% 51% 0% 49% 2% 15% 9% 5% 14%
Echelon Insights April 17–19, 2019 54% 62% 24% 27% 32%
Monmouth Apr 11–15, 2019 56% 44% 32% 14% 29% 24% 40% 31%
Morning Consult Apr 8–14, 2019 60% 58% 5% 35% 16% 23% 10% 4% 31% 16% 36% 4% 35% 1% 16% 8% 9%
Morning Consult Apr 1–7, 2019 60% 57% 6% 35% 19% 20% 5% 3% 33% 14% 34% 3% 35% 0% 19% 6% 7%
Morning Consult Mar 25–31, 2019 67% 63% 5% 37% 18% 14% 4% 31% 15% 36% 3% 32% 20% 8% 8%
Morning Consult Mar 18–24, 2019 68% 60% 5% 34% 15% 11% 3% 33% 14% 36% 2% 33% 18% 7% 7%
CNN/SSRS Mar 14–17, 2019 60% 13% 33% 36% 8% 5%
Morning Consult Mar 11–17, 2019 65% 60% 5% 38% 15% 8% 3% 28% 17% 35% 3% 34% 18% 7% 6%
Change Research Mar 8–10, 2019 71% 53% 62% 49% 57%
Morning Consult Mar 4–10, 2019 68% 60% 5% 36% 15% 6% 3% 30% 13% 40% 2% 36% 18% 5% 4%
Monmouth Mar 1–4, 2019 63% 53% 30% 1% 13% 6% 31% 4% 42% 0% 26% −6% 7%
Morning Consult Feb 25 – Mar 3, 2019 68% 60% 5% 35% 10% 15% 6% 3% 31% 13% 41% 2% 35% 18% 5% 4%
Gallup Feb 12–28, 2019 71% 35% 21% 33% 42% 22%
Morning Consult Feb 18–24, 2019 64% 60% 4% 37% 10% 18% 5% 4% 28% 15% 35% 2% 33% 17% 2% 5%
Morning Consult Feb 11–17, 2019 67% 61% 3% 39% 13% 22% 5% 2% 34% 15% 40% 3% 32% 21% 2% 4%
Morning Consult Feb 4–10, 2019 69% 57% 2% 34% 12% 15% 4% 3% 31% 13% 41% 1% 31% 18% 5% 5%
Morning Consult/Politico Feb 1–2, 2019 74% 61% 43% 18% 38% 43% 37%
CNN/SSRS Jan 30 – Feb 2, 2019 2% 41% 4% 16% 43% 15%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 25–27, 2019 69% 55% 45% 12% 3% 26% 41% 26%
Monmouth Jan 25–27, 2019 71% 49% 12% 40% 10% 15% 2% 0% 9% 33% 15% 33% 32% 16% 3% 4%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 18–22, 2019 66% 58% 46% 15% 30% 38% 33% 22%
HarrisX Jan 15–16, 2019 3% 12% 9%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 11–14, 2019 68% 57% 39% 15% 30% 35% 29%
NPR/PBS/Marist Jan 10–13, 2019 64% 29% 36% 0% 13% 30% 13% 26% 29% 8%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 4–6, 2019 71% 59% 33% 8% 26% 27% 30%
HarrisX Jan 3–4, 2019 64% 52% 48% 7% 21% 20% 45% 22% 37% 38% 25%
Change Research Dec 14–17, 2018 80% 65% 20% 61% 20% 28% 4% 50% 27% 53% 63% 14%
Quinnipiac Dec 12–17, 2018 77% 61% 48% 17% 41% 37% 41% 21%
CNN/SSRS Dec 6–9, 2018 66% 64% 38% 30% 31% 34%
Morning Consult/Politico Nov 7–9, 2018 32%
GQR Research Jul 21–26, 2018 53% 57% 34%
RABA Research Jan 10–11, 2018 72% 57% 53%
Public Policy Polling Dec 3–6, 2016 67% 67% 46% 19% 0% 9%

See also

Notes

Partisan clients
  1. ^ By the time of this poll, Data for Progress, which has worked with both the Sanders and Warren campaigns, had endorsed Warren.
  2. ^ By the time of this poll, Data for Progress, which has worked with both the Sanders and Warren campaigns, had endorsed Warren.
  3. ^ By the time of the sampling period, Data for Progress had endorsed the Elizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaign.
  4. ^ Poll sponsored by Club for Growth Action.
  5. ^ By the time of this poll, Data for Progress, which has worked with both the Sanders and Warren campaigns, had endorsed Warren.
Additional candidates
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  2. ^ Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  3. ^ Democratic subsample not yet released
  4. ^ "Likely Democratic" sample not yet released
  5. ^ "The Democrats should probably or definitely select another nominee" with 26%
  6. ^ 67% (rounded to the nearest integer) of a sample of 1000 RVs
  7. ^ Listed as "did not vote" in the context of polling a sample of primary voters including those in states with primaries that had already been held before the sampling period
  8. ^ Andrew Cuomo with 19%; "someone else" with 11%
  9. ^ 67% (rounded to the nearest integer) of a sample of 1000 RVs
  10. ^ "Neither" [Biden nor Sanders] with 3%, reported separately from "Other" with 2%
  11. ^ 67% (rounded to the nearest integer) of a sample of 1000 RVs
  12. ^ Warren with 7%; Someone else with 1%
  13. ^ not reported
  14. ^ not reported
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Not yet released
  16. ^ "Someone else" with 5%
  17. ^ not reported
  18. ^ not reported
  19. ^ not reported
  20. ^ not reported
  21. ^ via 538.com
  22. ^ via 538.com
  23. ^ not reported
  24. ^ not reported
  25. ^ not reported
  26. ^ not reported
  27. ^ not reported
  28. ^ not reported
  29. ^ not polled separately
  30. ^ includes Tulsi Gabbard
  31. ^ 67% (rounded to the nearest integer) of a sample of 1000 RVs
  32. ^ "Someone else" with 1%
  33. ^ "Someone else" with 2%
  34. ^ Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  35. ^ Patrick with 0.5%; Bennet with 0.4%; Delaney with 0.2%
  36. ^ Bennet with 1%; Patrick with 0%
  37. ^ Bennet and Patrick with 1%; someone else with 1%
  38. ^ Patrick with 1%; someone else with 1%
  39. ^ Bennet with 1%; someone else with 1%
  40. ^ Bennet with 1%
  41. ^ Bennet with 1%
  42. ^ Bennet with 1%; someone else with 1%
  43. ^ 67% (rounded to the nearest integer) of a sample of 1000 RVs
  44. ^ Bennet with 2%; Patrick and "someone else" with 1%
  45. ^ a b 5% for all other candidates combined
  46. ^ Bennet and Patrick with 1%; someone else with 1%
  47. ^ Gabbard with 1%; Bennet and Patrick with 0%
  48. ^ a b Not yet released
  49. ^ Bennet and Gabbard with 1%; Delaney and Patrick with no voters; "someone else" with 3%; refused with 2%
  50. ^ Gabbard with 1%; Delaney with 0%; other with 3%; would not vote with 2%
  51. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Patrick with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, "none" and other with no voters
  52. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Patrick with 1%; Bennet and Delaney with 0%; would not vote with 1%
  53. ^ Support for Steyer, Yang, and all candidates listed in 'other' is estimated as the proportion of voters who support them plus (the proportion of undecided voters who lean towards them * the proportion of voters who are undecided)
  54. ^ Gabbard with 1%; Bennet with 0%; other with 2%
  55. ^ Additional data for Bennet sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  56. ^ Gabbard with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, and Patrick with 0%
  57. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Delaney and Patrick with 0%; none of these with 1%
  58. ^ Bennet, Delaney and Gabbard with 1%; Patrick with 0%; someone else with 1%
  59. ^ If only Biden, Sanders and Warren remained candidates
  60. ^ a b c Additional data sourced from fivethirtyeight.com
  61. ^ Gabbard with 1%; Delaney and Patrick with 0%
  62. ^ Bennet, Delaney and Gabbard with 1%; Patrick with 0%; someone else with 2%
  63. ^ Bennet with 2%; Gabbard with 1%; Delaney and Patrick with 0%
  64. ^ Likely voter total used here is Democrats and Democratic-leaning registered voters listed as 'absolutely certain to vote'
  65. ^ Bennet with 2%; Patrick with 1%; Gabbard with 0%; other with 1%; "none of these" with 2%; would not vote with no voters
  66. ^ 67% (rounded to the nearest integer) of a sample of 1000 RVs
  67. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Bennet, Delaney and Patrick with 1%; "someone else" with 0%; would not vote with 12%
  68. ^ Bennet and Gabbard with 2%; Delaney and Patrick with 1%; other with 2%
  69. ^ Patrick with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, and Gabbard with 0%; None of these with 1%
  70. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Bennet, Delaney and Patrick with 0%; would not vote with 1%
  71. ^ Bennet and Gabbard with 1%; Delaney and Patrick with 0%; Others with 1%; no one with 1%
  72. ^ "No one" with 2%; Other with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gabbard and Patrick with 0%
  73. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet and Delaney with 1%; Patrick with 0%; someone else with 1%
  74. ^ Booker with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Harris, O'Rourke, Patrick and Williamson with no voters; "Other response" with 12%
  75. ^ Listed as "no response"; see the "Other" column for other potentially undecided voters
  76. ^ Gabbard with 2%; someone else with 2%
  77. ^ Bennet with 2%; Patrick with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard and other with 0%; can't/won't vote with 0%
  78. ^ Gabbard with 2%; other with 1%
  79. ^ Bennet with 2%; Delaney and Gabbard with 1%; Patrick with 0%; other with 1%
  80. ^ Booker and Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Delaney and Patrick with 0%; would not vote with 2%
  81. ^ Bennet, Booker, Gabbard, and Patrick with 1%; Delaney with 0%; wouldn’t vote with 1%; someone else with 0%
  82. ^ Booker and Gabbard with 2%; Bennet and Delaney with 1%; Patrick with 0%; someone else with 1%
  83. ^ Gabbard, Delaney and Williamson with 1%; Booker with 0%; Delaney and Patrick with no voters; someone else with 3%; refused with 1%
  84. ^ Booker with 2%; Bennet, Delaney and Williamson with 1%; Gabbard and Patrick with 0%; other with 1%; would not vote with no voters
  85. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Booker with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Patrick and Williamson with 0%; would not vote with 2%
  86. ^ Booker & Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Delaney & Williamson with 1%; Patrick with 0%; someone else with 1%
  87. ^ Castro with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Patrick, and Williamson with 0%; would not vote with 2%
  88. ^ 67% (rounded to the nearest integer) of a sample of 1000 RVs
  89. ^ Bennet and Castro with 1%; Delaney, Patrick, Williamson and "someone else" with 0%; would not vote with 12%
  90. ^ Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand and Messam with 1%; Gravel, Swalwell and Williamson with 0%; Ryan with no voters; other and would not vote with 1%
  91. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney, and Williamson with 1%; Patrick with 0%; someone else with 1%
  92. ^ Castro with 2%; Williamson with 1%; Bennet and Patrick with 0%; other with 1%
  93. ^ Castro, Delaney, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet and Patrick with 0%; would not vote with 2%
  94. ^ Castro with 2%; Delaney and Williamson with 1%; Bennet with 0%
  95. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney and Williamson with 1%; Patrick with 0%; someone else with 1%
  96. ^ Castro and Delaney with 1%; Bennet, Patrick and Williamson with 0%; other with 1%; can't/won't vote with 5%
  97. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, Delaney and Williamson with 1%; Patrick with 0%
  98. ^ Delaney with 1%; Bennet, Castro, Patrick, and Williamson with 0%; someone else with 3%
  99. ^ Castro with 1%; Bennet, Castro, Delaney, Patrick, and Williamson with 0%; no one with 1%
  100. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, Delaney, and Williamson with 1%; Patrick with 0%; "would not vote" with 1%
  101. ^ Castro with 2%; Delaney with 1%; Bennet with 0%; Patrick and Williamson without voters; no one with 2%; someone else with 1%
  102. ^ Castro with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Patrick, and Williamson with 0%
  103. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney and Williamson with 1%; Patrick with 0%; someone else with 1%
  104. ^ Castro with 4%; Delaney and Patrick with 2%; Bennet with 1%; Williamson with 0%
  105. ^ "refused" with 1%, Patrick with 0%
  106. ^ Castro with 2%; Delaney with 1%; Bennet, Patrick and Williamson with 0%
  107. ^ Bennet and Castro with 1%; Williamson with 0%; Delaney and Patrick with no voters; someone else with 3%; refused with 5%
  108. ^ Data not yet released for this sample for Booker, Castro and Williamson
  109. ^ Patrick with 1%; Bennet with 0%; other with 2%; can't/won't vote with 3%
  110. ^ Castro and Bennet with 1%; Patrick, Williamson, and "other" with <1%, Delaney with no votes
  111. ^ Bennet, Castro, and Williamson with 1%; Delaney and Patrick with 0%; "none of the above" with 2%
  112. ^ Bennet and Castro with 1%; would not vote with 2%
  113. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney, and Williamson with 1%; Patrick with no voters; would not vote with 1%
  114. ^ someone else with 3%
  115. ^ Castro and Patrick with 1%; Williamson with <1%; Bennet and Delaney with 0%; other with <1%; no one with 3%
  116. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney and Williamson with 1%; Patrick with 0%; "Someone else" with 1%
  117. ^ Castro, Delaney, and Patrick with 1%; Bennet with 0%; others with 2%; will not vote with 4%
  118. ^ Harris with 4%; Bennet, Castro, Patrick and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, and Sestak with 0%; would not vote with 1%
  119. ^ Castro and Harris with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney and Patrick with 1%; Sestak and Williamson with 0%
  120. ^ Harris with 5%; Castro and Patrick with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Sestak and Williamson with <1%; Delaney with 0%; other with 1%
  121. ^ Harris with 5%; Bennet, Castro, Delaney and Williamson with 1%; Patrick with 0%; someone else with 2%
  122. ^ Steyer with 2%; Booker, Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel and Swalwell with 1%; Castro, Gillibrand, Messam and Williamson with 0%; Ryan with no voters; other with 0%; will not vote with 2%
  123. ^ Booker and Gabbard with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Patrick, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet and Sestak with 0%; would not vote with 2%
  124. ^ Bennet, Booker and Castro with 2%; Gabbard with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Patrick, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%; Someone else with 0%, Wouldn't vote with 1%
  125. ^ Steyer with 3%; Booker with 2%; Castro with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Patrick, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; Someone else with 1%; no one with 3%
  126. ^ If only Biden, Buttigieg, Sanders and Warren remained as candidates
  127. ^ no one 3%
  128. ^ Booker, Gabbard and Steyer with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney and Williamson with 1%; Patrick with 0%; someone else with 2%
  129. ^ Steyer with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, and Patrick with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; someone else with 3%
  130. ^ Booker and Steyer with 2%; Castro, Gabbard and Patrick with 1%; others with 2%
  131. ^ Booker, Gabbard and Steyer with 2%; Castro with 1%; others with 2%
  132. ^ Booker, Gabbard and Steyer with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, and Patrick with 1%; Castro, Delaney, Sestak and Williamson with 0%
  133. ^ Gabbard and Steyer with 2%; Booker, Castro and Sestak with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Patrick and Williamson with 0%; someone else with 3%
  134. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Booker, Castro, Patrick and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Sestak and Steyer with 0%
  135. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Bennet, Booker, Bullock, and Steyer with 1%; Castro, Delaney, Messam, Patrick, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; would not vote with 3%
  136. ^ Booker, Castro, Steyer, and Williamson with 2%; Gabbard with 1%
  137. ^ Castro and Delaney with 2%; Bennet, Booker, Gabbard, Patrick and Steyer with 1%
  138. ^ Booker and Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Patrick with 0%; someone else with 1%
  139. ^ Bennet, Booker, Bullock, Castro, Gabbard and Steyer with 1%; Delaney, Messam, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; others with 3%; will not vote with 6%
  140. ^ Booker with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Gabbard and Steyer with 1%; Delaney, Messam, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; others with 3%; will not vote with 6%
  141. ^ Castro and Gabbard with 2%; Booker, Bullock, Delaney and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Messam, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; would not vote with 1%
  142. ^ Booker with 3%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; someone else with 2%
  143. ^ Data not yet released for this sample for Booker, Bullock, Castro, Harris, Messam, Sestak and Williamson
  144. ^ Gabbard and Steyer with 1%; Bennet with 0%; other with 3%; can't/won't vote with 6%
  145. ^ Castro and Gabbard with 3%; Booker with 2%; Bullock, Delaney, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Messam and Sestak with 0%; will not vote with 2%
  146. ^ Bennet, Booker, Castro, O'Rourke and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Messam and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%; will not vote with 5%
  147. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Booker, O'Rourke and Steyer with 1%; Castro with 0%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Sestak and Williamson with no voters
  148. ^ Booker with 3%; Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Bullock and Williamson with <%1; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard and Sestak with 0%; "no one" with 1%; other with 1%
  149. ^ Booker and Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; someone else with 2%
  150. ^ O'Rourke with 2%; Booker, Gabbard, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Messam, Ryan and Sestak with 0%
  151. ^ Booker and Castro with 2%; Bullock, Bennet, Delaney, Gabbard, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 1%
  152. ^ Democrats only
  153. ^ Gillibrand, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Castro, Gravel, Messam and Swalwell with 0%; Delaney with no voters; not planning on voting with 2%; other with 0%
  154. ^ Bennet, Castro, and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  155. ^ Castro, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan and Sestak with 0%; someone else with 1%; refused with 1%
  156. ^ Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro with 0%; Delaney, Messam, Sestak, and Williamson with no voters; "none of these" with 1%; other with 0%
  157. ^ Bloomberg with 6%; other with 32%
  158. ^ Bennet and Castro with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%; "none of these" with 1%; other with 0%
  159. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, Delaney and Steyer with 1%; Bullock and Williamson with <0.5%; "none of these" with 2%; other with 1%; would not vote with 1%
  160. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Messam, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; would not vote with 2%
  161. ^ Castro and Williamson with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, and Steyer with 1%
  162. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Ryan, Steyer, Williamson and someone else with 1%
  163. ^ Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Castro, Messam and Sestak with 0%; Bullock and Delaney with no voters; refused with 1%
  164. ^ Bullock, Ryan and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Castro, Delaney, Messam, Sestak and Williamson with 0%
  165. ^ Bennet, Castro, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 1%; Delaney, Bullock, and Williamson with 0%; "Other" with 1%
  166. ^ Bennet, Castro, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam and Sestak with 0%; "would not vote" with 3%
  167. ^ Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Ryan, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Messam, and Steyer with 0%
  168. ^ 67% (rounded to the nearest integer) of a sample of 1000 RVs
  169. ^ Castro, Ryan and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Sestak and Steyer with 0%; Bennet with no votes; "someone else" with 1%; "Do not plan to vote in the Democratic primary" with 11%
  170. ^ Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; "Someone else" with 2%
  171. ^ Castro and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; Someone else with 1%
  172. ^ Bennet, Ryan, and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  173. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Ryan, Steyer, Williamson and someone else with 1%
  174. ^ Castro and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Messam, and Ryan with 0%; can't/won't vote with 3%; other with 2%
  175. ^ Bullock, Castro, and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; other and would not vote with 0%
  176. ^ Steyer with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Ryan, Williamson and someone else with 1%
  177. ^ Castro and Steyer with 1%; "some other Democrat" with 1%
  178. ^ Bennet, Delaney, and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  179. ^ Steyer with 2%; Bennet and Castro with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with less than 0.5%
  180. ^ Castro and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 0%; refused with 1%
  181. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; someone else with 2%
  182. ^ Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Moulton, Ryan and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Gravel and Messam with 0%
  183. ^ Bennet, Castro, and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; other and would not vote with 0%
  184. ^ Delaney with 2%; Castro, Ryan, and Williamson with 1%
  185. ^ Bennet, Castro, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bullock with less than 0.5%; Delaney, Messam and Sestak with 0%
  186. ^ Bullock with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Ryan and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Messam, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; "would not vote" with 2%
  187. ^ Steyer with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Ryan and Williamson with 1%; Delaney, Messam and other with 0%; Bullock and Sestak with no voters
  188. ^ Bennet, Castro and Ryan with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%; Someone else with 1%
  189. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; someone else with 2%
  190. ^ a b c d e f g h The result for this listing has not yet been released for the poll in question.
  191. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet with 1%; Steyer with 0%; others and undecided with 14%
  192. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Messam, Ryan and Steyer with 1%; Delaney, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; would not vote with 0%
  193. ^ Delaney with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  194. ^ Castro and "Someone else" with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Messam, Ryan and Steyer with 0%; Delaney, Sestak and Williamson with no voters
  195. ^ 67% (rounded to the nearest integer) of a sample of 1000 RVs
  196. ^ Castro with 2%; Bullock, Delaney, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; "someone else" with 1%; Sestak with 0%; Bennet with no votes; "Do not plan to vote in the Democratic primary" with 15%
  197. ^ Bennet with 2%; Castro and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; would not vote with 3%
  198. ^ Gabbard with 4%; Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, and Sestak with 0%
  199. ^ Bennet, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  200. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Someone else with 2%
  201. ^ Williamson with 2%; Castro, Klobuchar and Steyer with 1%; Bennet and Ryan with 0%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard and Sestak with less than 1%
  202. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Messam and someone else with 0%; would not vote with 1%
  203. ^ Ryan with 2%; Klobuchar, Castro, and Steyer with 1%
  204. ^ Steyer with 2%; Castro, Gabbard and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; others with 3%; won't vote with 3%
  205. ^ Castro and Steyer with 2%; Gabbard and Klobuchar with 1%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Ryan and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%; "won't vote" with 3%
  206. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Messam, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 0%
  207. ^ Castro with 2%; Gabbard, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Klobuchar, Messam, and Steyer with 0%; "Someone else" with 2%
  208. ^ Castro and Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet and Gabbard with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  209. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Messam and Sestak with 0%; someone else with 1%
  210. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Someone else with 2%
  211. ^ "Other" with 1%; Castro with 3%; Klobuchar with 2%; Gabbard, Bennet, Delaney, Steyer, Messam, and Ryan with 1%; Sestak, Bullock and Williamson with 0%
  212. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar and Williamson with 1%; Messam, Sestak and Steyer with 0%; can't/won't vote with 6%; other with 3%
  213. ^ Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar and Steyer with 1%; Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%
  214. ^ Gabbard, Bullock, Klobuchar, Williamson, and Steyer with 1%
  215. ^ Klobuchar with 3%; "Someone else" and Castro with 2%
  216. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Delaney and Steyer with 1%; Williamson with 0%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Messam, Ryan and Sestak with less than 0.5%
  217. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Klobuchar, Castro, Bennet, Williamson, Bullock and Delaney with 1%; de Blasio, Steyer, Ryan, Messam and Sestak with 0%
  218. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Gabbard, Delaney, Steyer, Bennet, de Blasio and Castro with 1%; Bullock, Ryan and Williamson with less than 0.5%
  219. ^ "Some Other Democrat", Castro and Klobuchar with 1%
  220. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Klobuchar, Steyer with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Ryan and Williamson with 0%
  221. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet and de Blasio with 0%; Someone else with 1%
  222. ^ Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; Messam with 0%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with no voters; "Other response" with 13%
  223. ^ Listed as "no response"; see the "Other" column for other potentially undecided voters
  224. ^ Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Sestak and Steyer with 1%; Messam, and Williamson and someone else with 0%; would not vote with 0%
  225. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Castro, Klobuchar, Ryan and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Delaney and Steyer with 0%
  226. ^ Klobuchar and Gabbard with 2%; "Other", Castro, Williamson and Ryan with 1%; Bennet with 0%; de Blasio, Delaney, Steyer, Bullock, Messam and Sestak with less than 0.5%
  227. ^ "Other" with 2%; Gabbard, Klobuchar, Steyer, Castro and Ryan with 1%; Williamson, Sestak, Bullock, Messam, de Blasio and Bennet with 0%
  228. ^ Castro and Williamson with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Messam, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  229. ^ Castro, Gabbard and Williamson with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Klobuchar and Ryan with 1%; Delaney, Messam, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  230. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Delaney and Sestak with less than 0.5%; "Someone else" with 1%
  231. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Sestak, Steyer, and Other with 1%; de Blasio, Messam, Ryan, Williamson with 0%; Someone else with 2%
  232. ^ Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock with 0%; Someone else with 2%
  233. ^ Gabbard and Klobuchar with 1%; Castro with 0%; others with 2%
  234. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Messam and Sestak and with 0%
  235. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Delaney, Messam, Sestak and someone else with 0%; would not vote with 1%
  236. ^ de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with less than 0.5%, Other with less than 0.5%
  237. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Castro and de Blasio with 2%; Bennet, Delaney, Messam, Ryan and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Klobuchar, Sestak and Steyer with 0%
  238. ^ 67% (rounded to the nearest integer) of a sample of 1000 RVs
  239. ^ Bullock, Castro, DeBlasio, Klobuchar, Gabbard, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Sestak and "someone else" with 0%; "Do not plan to vote in the Democratic primary" with 11%
  240. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%, de Blasio with 0%; Someone else with 1%
  241. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, Sestak, and Steyer with 1%; Messam with 0%
  242. ^ "Someone else", Klobuchar and Castro with 1%; Williamson, Gabbard, Bennet, Inslee, and Hickenlooper with 0%; Ryan, de Blasio, Delaney, Bullock, Gillibrand, Moulton, Messam, Sestak and Steyer with less than 0.5%
  243. ^ Other with 6%; Klobuchar with 2%; Williamson & Castro with 1%; Steyer with 0%
  244. ^ Gabbard, Klobuchar, Castro, Steyer, Delaney and other with 1%; Williamson, Gillibrand, Messam, and Ryan with 0%
  245. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Klobuchar, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Messam, and Sestak with 0%
  246. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%; Someone else with 1%
  247. ^ Castro and Gabbard with 2%; Klobuchar, Williamson and Steyer with 1%; Delaney, Bennet, de Blasio, Sestak, Bullock and Gillibrand with 0%
  248. ^ Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  249. ^ Castro and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Messam, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  250. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1% or less; Someone else with 2%
  251. ^ Bullock with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Messam, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, and Sestak with 0%
  252. ^ Steyer with 2%; Klobuchar, Gabbard, de Blasio, and Bullock with 1%
  253. ^ Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Messam, Moulton and Sestak with 0%
  254. ^ Gabbard with 1%; Castro, Klobuchar, Gillibrand, Bennet, Delaney, de Blasio, Bullock, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, Williamson, Messam and Moulton with 0%
  255. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, and Inslee with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 0%
  256. ^ Castro and Williamson with 2%; de Blasio, Gabbard, Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Gillibrand, Delaney, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  257. ^ Castro and Gabbard with 2%; Bullock, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; Others with 2%
  258. ^ Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Inslee and Moulton with 0%; Someone else with 2%
  259. ^ Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  260. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; "other" with 1%; Messam and Sestak with 0%; Bennet, Bullock, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, and Ryan with less than 0.5%
  261. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Klobuchar, Castro, Gillibrand, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan and Sestak with 0%
  262. ^ Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Moulton, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with <1%; others with 2%
  263. ^ Bullock, Castro, Klobuchar and Williamson with 2%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, and Moulton with 0%
  264. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Moulton, and Sestak with 0%
  265. ^ Castro with 2%; Williamson, Klobuchar, and Bennet with 0%
  266. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Inslee, and Steyer with 1%; Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and WIlliamson with 0%
  267. ^ Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  268. ^ Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%; others with 3%
  269. ^ Castro, Gabbard, and Klobuchar with 1%; Gillibrand, Inslee, Hickenlooper, Delaney, Williamson, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gravel, Sestak and Steyer with 0%
  270. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; Gillibrand, Moulton, Hickenlooper, Ryan, Williamson, Inslee, Steyer, Gravel, Bennet, de Blasio and Delaney with 0%
  271. ^ Bennet and Klobuchar with 2%
  272. ^ Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton with 0%; others with 1%
  273. ^ "Other" with 7%; Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; de Blasio, Messam, Moulton and Sestak with 0%; Williamson, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Steyer, Bullock, Bennet, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan and Delaney with less than 0.5%
  274. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; de Blasio, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Moulton, Messam, and Sestak with 0%
  275. ^ Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Moulton with 0%; others with 1%
  276. ^ Castro, Gravel, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Steyer with 1%; Bloomberg, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  277. ^ Gabbard, Klobuchar, Inslee and Ryan with 1%; others with 3%
  278. ^ Booker with 3%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Inslee, Klobuchar, Steyer, Williamson and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Moulton and Ryan with 0%; others with 2%
  279. ^ Booker, Castro, and Gabbard with 2%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  280. ^ Steyer and Yang with 2%; de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Gabbard, and Gillibrand with 1%; Bennet, Booker, Bullock, Gravel, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  281. ^ Castro and Steyer with 2%; Bennet, Booker, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  282. ^ Booker, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  283. ^ Yang with 2%; Booker, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  284. ^ Booker with 3%; Yang with 2%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Klobuchar, Messam, and Moulton with <1%
  285. ^ Booker with 3%; Yang with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Moulton, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with <1%; others with 2%
  286. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Booker, Gabbard, Gillibrand, and Yang with 1%; Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Bennet, and Ryan with 0%; others with 1%
  287. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Booker, Bullock, Castro, Gillibrand, and Yang with 1%; others with 2%
  288. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 3%; Gabbard with 2%; Booker, Castro, Gillibrand, and Gravel with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  289. ^ Booker, Castro, de Blasio, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  290. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 3%; Booker and Hickenlooper with 2%; Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, and Steyer with 1%; Moulton and Sestak with 0%; Bennet, Bullock, Gabbard, Inslee, Messam, Ryan and Williamson with less than 0.5%
  291. ^ Castro with 3%; Booker, Gabbard, and Yang with 2%; de Blasio, Bullock, Klobuchar, and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  292. ^ Booker and Yang with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, Moulton and Williamson with <1%; others with 2%
  293. ^ Booker with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Moulton, Ryan, Steyer, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Gabbard, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  294. ^ Booker with 3%; de Blasio with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Steyer, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  295. ^ Booker with 3%; Castro and Yang with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, and Sestak with 0%
  296. ^ Booker and Yang with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Swalwell, Moulton and Williamson with <1%; others with 2%
  297. ^ Booker, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Sestak, Steyer, Williamson, and Yang with 0%; others with 1%
  298. ^ Yang with 2%; Bennet, Booker, Castro, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar and Williamson with 1%; others with 0%
  299. ^ Booker, Castro and Gabbard with 2%; Bullock, de Blasio, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  300. ^ Yang with 3%; Booker and Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Gravel, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Swalwell with 1%; de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; others with 3%
  301. ^ Booker with 3%; Gabbard with 2%; Yang and Castro with 1%
  302. ^ Booker with 2%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Inslee, and Moulton with 0%; others with 2%
  303. ^ Booker and Castro with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, and Klobuchar with 1%; Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with 0%
  304. ^ Yang with 2%; Booker, Bullock, Castro, Gillibrand, and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  305. ^ Booker and Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  306. ^ Booker and Castro with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, and Sestak with 0%; others with 0%
  307. ^ Castro with 4%; Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Booker, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Yang and Williamson with 1%; de Blasio, Delaney, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with less than 0.5%
  308. ^ Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Booker, Bullock, de Blasio, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Swalwell with 0%
  309. ^ Booker with 3%; Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; others with <1%
  310. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; Bullock and Messam with 0%; others with 2%
  311. ^ Castro with 2%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 0%
  312. ^ Castro with 1.7%; Yang with 0.8%; Klobuchar and Gabbard with 0.6%; Bennet and Gillibrand with 0.5%; Delaney and Hickenlooper with 0.4%; Ryan with 0.3%; de Blasio and Inslee with 0.2%; Swalwell and Williamson with 0.1%; others with 0.3%
  313. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bloomberg, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 0%
  314. ^ Yang with 2%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Moulton, and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  315. ^ Castro with 2.5%; Yang with 1.3%; Klobuchar with 0.9%; Gabbard, Gillibrand and Ryan with 0.7%; de Blasio, Delaney, and Inslee with 0.6%; Hickenlooper with 0.4%; Bennet with 0.3%; Swalwell with 0.1%; Williamson with 0%; someone else with 0.2%
  316. ^ Yang with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  317. ^ Inslee with 2%; Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Moulton, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Gabbard, Gravel, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 0%
  318. ^ Yang with 1%; Gillibrand with 0.8%; Castro and Gabbard with 0.6%; Inslee with 0.5%; Hickenlooper with 0.4%; Bennet, Delaney, Klobuchar, Ryan and Swalwell with 0.2%; Williamson with 0.1%; de Blasio with 0%; someone else with 0.3%
  319. ^ De Blasio, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  320. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Moulton, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  321. ^ Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 3%
  322. ^ De Blasio, Gabbard, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Ryan, and Williamson with 0%
  323. ^ Yang with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  324. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  325. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  326. ^ Yang with 2%; de Blasio, Gabbard, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Castro, Gillibrand, and Ryan with <1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 0%
  327. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Inslee, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 2%
  328. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Klobuchar, Messam, Ryan, and Swalwell with 1%; de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, Williamson, and Yang with 0%; others with 1%
  329. ^ Bullock, Castro, Hickenlooper, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, Williamson with 0%; others with 0%
  330. ^ Castro, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, and Moulton with <1%; de Blasio, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  331. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with less than 0.5%; Williamson with 0%; others with <1%
  332. ^ Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, Swalwell, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, and Williamson with 0%
  333. ^ Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; others with <1%
  334. ^ Abrams, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  335. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; de Blasio, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  336. ^ De Blasio, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  337. ^ De Blasio with 2%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Castro, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  338. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Castro and Yang with 1%; no other candidate with supporter greater than or equal to 0.5%
  339. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Delaney, Castro, Klobuchar, Hickenlooper, and Moulton with 1%
  340. ^ Bennet, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Yang with 0%; others with 1%
  341. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Moulton and Swalwell with 0%; others with 2%
  342. ^ Castro and Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; de Blasio, Delaney, Hickenlooper, and Williamson with <1%; Bullock, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 2%
  343. ^ Bloomberg, Castro, Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  344. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; de Blasio, Inslee, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 2%
  345. ^ Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Gabbard, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 0%
  346. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gillibrand, Messam, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  347. ^ Abrams and Yang with 2%; de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  348. ^ Klobuchar with 3%; Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Ryan with <1%; Bullock, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 0%
  349. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; others with <1%
  350. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Inslee, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  351. ^ Castro, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Moulton, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  352. ^ Castro and Klobuchar with 2%; Delaney, Gabbard, Inslee, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, and Swalwell with less than 0.5%; Moulton with 0%; others with less than 0.5%
  353. ^ Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  354. ^ Castro and Gillibrand with 2%; Bennet, Gabbard, Gravel, Klobuchar, Moulton, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  355. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Gabbard, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%
  356. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 2%
  357. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gillibrand, Gravel, Moulton, and Ryan with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  358. ^ Gillibrand, Klobuchar, and Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Inslee with 1%; others with <1%
  359. ^ Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, and Inslee with 0%; others with 1%
  360. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Inslee and Moulton with 0%; others with 2%
  361. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Ryan, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Gravel, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Messam, and Moulton with 0%; others with 4%
  362. ^ Bloomberg and Klobuchar with 2%; Delaney and Ryan with 1%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with 0%; others with 0%
  363. ^ Castro, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; others with <1%
  364. ^ Hickenlooper with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Klobuchar, Moulton, and Swalwell with 1%; Inslee, Messam, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 0%; others with 0%
  365. ^ Gabbard and Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, Gillibrand, Inslee, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; de Blasio and Ryan with <1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Messam, and Moulton with 0%; others with <1%
  366. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Ryan with 1%; Moulton with 0%; others with 2%
  367. ^ Bullock, Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, Inslee, Messam, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 6%
  368. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Ryan with 1%; Bullock and Delaney with 0%; others with 2%
  369. ^ Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; others with 1%
  370. ^ Abrams with 4%; Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Yang with 2%; Castro, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Swalwell with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, McAuliffe, Messam, and Williamson with 0%
  371. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 3%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 1%; Delaney and Messam with 0%
  372. ^ Hickenlooper with 2%; de Blasio and Klobuchar with 1%; Castro, Gillibrand, Inslee, McAuliffe, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with <1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, and Ryan with 0%; others with 1%
  373. ^ Hickenlooper and Klobuchar with 2%; de Blasio and Yang with 1%; Castro, Gillibrand, Inslee, McAuliffe, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, and Gabbard with 0%; others with 1%
  374. ^ Hickenlooper with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Delaney and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  375. ^ Castro and Yang with 3%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Swalwell with 1%; Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  376. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; McAuliffe with 0%; others with 3%
  377. ^ Klobuchar with 3%; Gillibrand, Ryan, and Yang with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and McAuliffe with 1%; others with 3%
  378. ^ Gillibrand and Klobuchar with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; McAuliffe with 0%; others with 2%
  379. ^ Gillibrand and Klobuchar with 2%; Castro and Yang with 1%; Delaney and Gabbard with 0%; others with 8%
  380. ^ Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Williamson and Yang with 1%; Gabbard, Hickenlooper and Inslee with 0%; others with 1%
  381. ^ a b Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Inslee with 1%; McAuliffe with 0%; others with 3%
  382. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Avenatti, Bloomberg, Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee and Yang with 1%; others with 0%
  383. ^ Castro and Hickenlooper with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Williamson and Yang with <1%; others with 1%
  384. ^ Gillibrand with 2%; Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Inslee and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Gabbard, McAuliffe and Swalwell with <1%; Hickenlooper with 0%; others with 1%
  385. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee and Yang with 1%; Gillibrand with 0%; others with 5%
  386. ^ Kerry with 4%; Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Inslee with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, and McAuliffe with <1%; Bullock with 0%; others with 2%
  387. ^ Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Inslee with 1%; Bullock and McAuliffe with 0%; others with 3%
  388. ^ Inslee with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Cuomo, de Blasio, Delaney, McAuliffe, Moulton, Swalwell and Williamson with 0%
  389. ^ Castro, Inslee and Yang with 2%; Gabbard, Gillibrand and Hickenlooper with 1%; Delaney and Williamson with 0%
  390. ^ Delaney with 2%; Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee and Yang with 1%; Gabbard and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  391. ^ Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee and McAuliffe with 1%; others with 3%
  392. ^ Bloomberg and Brown, Castro, de Blasio, Hickenlooper and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Holder, Inslee, McAuliffe and Williamson with <1%; Bullock and Delaney with 0%; others with <1%
  393. ^ Bloomberg and Brown with 2%; Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Gabbard, Holder, Inslee, McAuliffe and Williamson with <1%; Bullock and Delaney with 0%; others with <1%
  394. ^ Brown, Castro and Gabbard with 1%; Delaney and Gillibrand with 0%; others with 1%
  395. ^ Bloomberg with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Holder with 1%; Delaney, Inslee and McAuliffe with 0%; others with 3%
  396. ^ Brown, Bullock, Buttigieg, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder and McAuliffe with 1%; Inslee with 0%; others with 3%
  397. ^ Castro with 2%; Gabbard and Gillibrand with 1%; Avenatti with 0%; others with 1%
  398. ^ Brown, Bullock, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and McAuliffe with 1%; Buttigieg, Delaney, and Inslee with 0%; others with 3%
  399. ^ Brown with 3%; Gabbard with 2%; Castro and Gillibrand with 1%; Buttigieg and Delaney with 0%; others with 6%
  400. ^ Abrams with 5%; Gillibrand with 3%; Brown with 1%; Castro with <1%
  401. ^ Brown with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Gillibrand, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Holder with 1%; Buttigieg, Delaney, Inslee, and McAuliffe with 0%; others with 3%
  402. ^ Castro with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and McAuliffe with 1%; Buttigieg, Delaney, and Inslee with 0%
  403. ^ Brown with 2%; Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Kerry with 1%; Bullock, Buttigieg, Castro, Delaney, Garcetti, Gillibrand, Holder, Inslee, McAuliffe, and Newsom with 0%; others with 2%
  404. ^ Brown, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Inslee, and McAuliffe with <1%; Buttigieg with 0%; others with 1%
  405. ^ Brown, Bullock, Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and Kerry with 1%; Buttigieg, Delaney, Gabbard, Garcetti, Inslee, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%; others with 3%
  406. ^ Castro and Gillibrand with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Hickenlooper, Holder, and McAuliffe with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, and Inslee with 0%
  407. ^ Castro and Gillibrand with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Kerry with 1%; Delaney, Garcetti, Holder, Inslee, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%; others with 2%
  408. ^ Castro with 8%; Brown with 4%; Delaney and Gabbard with 2%; Gillibrand and Ojeda with 1%; others with 6%
  409. ^ Castro with 12%; Gillibrand with 9%; Delaney with 8%; Ojeda with 7%; Gabbard with 3%
  410. ^ Brown and Gillibrand with 2%; Delaney with 1%; Castro, Gabbard, and McAuliffe with 0%
  411. ^ Castro and Gillibrand with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Hickenlooper, Holder, and McAuliffe with 1%; Delaney and Inslee with 0%
  412. ^ Gabbard and Gillibrand with 2%; Castro with 1%; Avenatti with 0%; others with 3%
  413. ^ Brown, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and Kerry with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Garcetti, Inslee, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%; others with 3%
  414. ^ Castro with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and McAuliffe with 1%; Delaney and Inslee with 0%
  415. ^ Kerry with 4%; Klobuchar with 3%; Brown, Bullock, Gillibrand, Holder, Inslee, and McAuliffe with 1%; Castro, Garcetti, and Hickenlooper with <1%; Delaney and Steyer with 0%; others with 2%
  416. ^ Brown with 7%; others with 15%
  417. ^ Avenatti with 2%; others with 2%
  418. ^ Brown, Bullock, Castro, Cuomo, Garcetti, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Newsom, and Schultz with 1%; Avenatti, Delaney, Holder, and Patrick with 0%; others with 3%
  419. ^ Kerry with 5%; Holder with 3%; Garcetti with 2%; Avenatti, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, and Patrick with 1%; Bullock and Delaney with <1%; others with 2%
  420. ^ Brown and Holder with 2%; Delaney, McAuliffe, and Patrick with 1%
  421. ^ "A governor, like Terry McAuliffe of Virginia, Steve Bullock of Montana or John Hickenlooper of Colorado" and Schultz with 2%; Steyer and Landrieu with 1%; others with 2%
  422. ^ Holder and McAuliffe with 1%; Brown and Patrick with 0%
  423. ^ Holder with 6%; Bullock and Landrieu with 3%; Brown and Murphy with 1%; McAuliffe and Patrick with 0%; others with 1%
  424. ^ Brown, Holder, and Patrick with 1%; McAuliffe with 0%
  425. ^ Steyer with 1%; others with 8%
  426. ^ Kander with 4%; Klobuchar with 2%; others with 9%
  427. ^ "A woman senator like Kamala Harris or Kirsten Gillibrand" with 5%; "Moderate Governors John Hickenlooper or Terry McAuliffe" and "A cultural figure like Tom Hanks or Dwayne 'the Rock' Johnson" with 2%; "A businessman like Tom Steyer or Howard Schultz", "A young lawmaker like Chris Murphy or Julian Castro", and "A mayor of a major city like Bill DeBlasio or Antonio Villaraigosa" with 1%; others with 0%
  428. ^ Zuckerberg with 7%; Klobuchar and McAuliffe with 1%
  429. ^ Cuban with 7%; Klobuchar with 1%
  430. ^ Franken with 3%; Brown with 2%; Castro with 0%
  431. ^ Buttigieg with 5%; Yang with 4%; Bennet and Steyer with 3%; Castro and Klobuchar with 2%; Delaney and Gabbard with 1%; Patrick and Williamson with 0%
  432. ^ Not listed separately from "someone else"
  433. ^ Buttigieg with 8%; Steyer and Yang with 3%; Gabbard and Klobuchar with 2%; someone else with 3%
  434. ^ Buttigieg and Kerry with 5%; Klobuchar, Steyer and Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, and Gravel with 1%; Gillibrand, Messam, Swalwell and Williamson with 0%; other with 1%; will not vote with 0%
  435. ^ Democrats only
  436. ^ Kerry with 8%; Buttigieg and Yang with 2%; Klobuchar and Steyer with 1%; Castro, Gabbard, Gravel, Messam, Swalwell and Williamson with 0%; Delaney with no voters; not planning on voting with 2%; other with 0%
  437. ^ Other with 30%
  438. ^ Other with 8%
  439. ^ If Biden were not in the race
  440. ^ Yang with 6%; Buttigieg with 5%; Bennet, Gabbard, Klobuchar and Steyer with 2%; Delaney and Ryan with 1%; Bullock, Castro and Messam with 0%; Williamson with no voters
  441. ^ Buttigieg with 4%; Yang with 2%; Delaney, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  442. ^ Buttigieg with 5%; Klobuchar and Trump with 1%; Bennet, Castro, Hickenlooper, Barack Obama, Schultz, and Yang with <1%; others with 4%
  443. ^ Buttigieg and Yang with 2%; Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; Avenatti, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, and Inslee with 0%; others with 0%
  444. ^ Buttigieg with 3%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Castro, Cuomo, de Blasio, Gabbard, Inslee, McAuliffe and Yang with 0%
  445. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Delaney and Gabbard with 1%; Buttigieg, Castro, and Gillibrand with 0%; others with 1%
  446. ^ Avenatti, Castro, Gabbard, and Gillibrand with 0%; others with 1%
  447. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Brown with 1%; others with 4%
  448. ^ Brown, Castro, Cuomo, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Patrick, and Zuckerberg with 1%; Buttigieg, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Holder, Inslee, Kaine, McAuliffe, and Yang with 0%
  449. ^ Trump with 4%; Bullock, Klobuchar, and Pelosi with 1%; Brown, Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Johnson, Kennedy, Kucinich, Lee, Scott, Sinema, and Warner with <1%; others with 4%
  450. ^ Brown with 2%; Castro, Delaney, and Gillibrand with 1%; Gabbard and McAuliffe with 0%
  451. ^ Castro with 2%; Gabbard and Gillibrand with 1%; Avenatti with 0%; others with 2%
  452. ^ Kerry and Klobuchar with 2%; Brown, Gillibrand, and Inslee with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Cuomo, Delaney, Garcetti, Hickenlooper, Holder, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%; others with 2%
  453. ^ Kennedy with 5%; Klobuchar with 3%; Brown and Castro with 2%; Cuomo, Gillibrand, Holder, Kerry, Steyer, and Swalwell with 1%; Delaney, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%
  454. ^ Kerry with 2%; Brown, Castro, Cuomo, Garcetti, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, Klobuchar, and Newsom with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%; others with 3%
  455. ^ Brown with 2%; Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, Klobuchar, and Patrick with 1%; de Blasio, Kaine, Schultz, and Zuckerberg with 0%
  456. ^ Avenatti with 1%; others with 4%
  457. ^ Kennedy with 8%
  458. ^ Cuomo with 1%; Gillibrand with 1%; others with 12%
  459. ^ Cuomo with 2%; Gillibrand with 1% others with 10%
  460. ^ Gillibrand with 2%; Klobuchar with 1%; others with 4%
  461. ^ Zuckerberg with 4%; Cuomo and McAuliffe with 2%; Gillibrand and Klobuchar with 1%
  462. ^ Percentages calculated as original percentage/97%, given that 3% of voters said they'd back neither candidate
  463. ^ Percentages calculated as original percentage/95%, given that 5% of voters said they'd back neither candidate
  464. ^ a b c d e f g h i Includes all who did not express for one of the top two candidates
  465. ^ But for the first three results listed, 'undecided' voters are not included in the listed percentages.
  466. ^ Net favourability calculated as (proportion that feel positive about the candidate - proportion that does not feel positive about the candidate)
  467. ^ Net favourability calculated as approval voting total
  468. ^ Calculated using net favourability amongst Democratic registered voters who know the candidate * % of Democratic registered voters who know the candidate, to 2 decimal places
  469. ^ Net favourability calculated as (net favourability among exclusively Dem. primary voters * proportion of Dem. primary voters that are exclusively Dem. primary voters) + (net favourability among voters in both Dem. and Rep. primaries * proportion of Dem. primary voters that are voters in both Dem. and Rep. primaries). Net favourability for a single category calculated as (% of category which rates candidate > 0 - % of category which rates candidate < 0).
  470. ^ This poll's favourability ratings were the first to be calculated using the "Democratic Primary Voter" subsample. All YouGov/Economist polls' favourability ratings before this date are calculated with the "Democratic Party member" subsample.
  471. ^ This poll's favourability ratings were the last to be calculated using the "Democratic Party member" subsample. All YouGov/Economist polls' favourability ratings after this date are calculated with the "Democratic Primary Voter" subsample.
  1. ^ a b c d 'Likely voters' here combines the 'likely voter' and 'definite voter' categories in the linked poll.

References

  1. ^ "DNC Announces Details For The First Two Presidential Primary Debates". Democratic National Committee. February 14, 2019. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  2. ^ Montellaro, Zach (June 6, 2019). "Who's in — and out — of the first Democratic debates". Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  3. ^ Skelley, Geoffrey (September 9, 2019). "Who will make the fourth Democratic debate?". Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  4. ^ Verhovek, John (May 29, 2019). "ABC News to host 3rd Democratic primary debate in September as DNC announces higher qualifying threshold". ABC News. Retrieved May 29, 2019.

External links

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