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National Tsing Hua University

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

National Tsing Hua University
The Logo of National Tsing Hua University.svg
Former name
Tsinghua College (清華學堂)
Motto 自強不息 厚德載物[1]
Motto in English
Constantly strengthen and cultivate ourselves[2]
Type Public
Established March 30, 1911 in Beijing; 1956 in Hsinchu City, Taiwan
Parent institution
Ministry of Education (Republic of China)
Endowment NTD 5,534,751,612.00
President Hong Hocheng
Academic staff
Undergraduates 9006
Postgraduates 7541
Location Hsinchu City, Taiwan
Campus Urban, 1.06 square kilometres (260 acres)
Language Chinese, English
Flower Redbud and Chinese plum blossom
Affiliations AEARU
University System of Taiwan
Mascot Giant panda
National Tsing Hua University
Traditional Chinese 國立清華大學
Simplified Chinese 国立清华大学

National Tsing Hua University (NTHU; Chinese: 國立清華大學) is a research university located in Hsinchu City, Republic of China (Taiwan).

Although the university was first founded in Beijing, after the Kuomintang retreated to Taiwan in 1949 following defeat by the Communist Party of China in the Chinese Civil War, NTHU was re-established in Hsinchu City in 1956.

Today, there are 7 colleges, 17 departments and 22 independent graduate institutes in the university. College of Nuclear Science of NTHU is the sole educational and research institution focusing on the peaceful applications of nuclear power in Taiwan.[3]

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In 1955, the President of Tsinghua University in Beijing, Mei Yi-chi (梅貽琦) left and re-established the National Tsing Hua Institute of Nuclear Technology in Hsinchu city, and later based on the foundation of the original institute, National Tsing Hua University was founded in Taiwan.

The two Tsinghua universities both claim to be successors of the original Tsinghua University. As a result of this dispute, the universities claimed to be the rightful recipient of the funds from the Boxer Rebellion indemnity that was used to start Tsinghua University. This indemnity was transferred to the university in Taiwan after the Nationalist government (Kuomintang) retreated to Taiwan.

Today, both Tsinghua universities have deep mutual cooperation, including an establishment of Tsinghua Strait Research Institute, dual degree program, MOOC program, and academic exchange program.


 Replica of the Old Gate in Beijing, symbol of Tsinghua University
Replica of the Old Gate in Beijing, symbol of Tsinghua University

Since American Secretary of State John Hay suggested that the US$30 million plus Boxer Rebellion indemnity money paid to the United States was excessive, in 1909, President Roosevelt then obtained congress approval to reduce the Qing Dynasty indemnity payment by $10.8 million USD, on the condition that the said fund was to be used as scholarship for Chinese students to study in the United States. Using this fund, the Tsinghua College (清華學堂 Qīnghuá Xuétáng) was established in Beijing, China, on 22 April 1911 on the site of a former royal garden belonging to a prince.[4] It was first a preparatory school for students later sent by the government to study in the United States. The faculty members for sciences were recruited by the YMCA from the United States and its graduates transferred directly to American schools as juniors upon graduation. In 1925, the school established its College Department and started its research institute on Chinese Study.

In 1928, the authority officially changed its name to National Tsing Hua University (NTHU). During the Second World War in 1937, Tsinghua University with Peking University and Nankai University, merged to form Changsha Temporary University in Changsha, and later National Southwestern Associated University in Kunming of Yunnan province. After the war, Tsinghua moved back to Beijing and resumed its operation.

During the Sino-Japanese War, the library lost 200,000 of a total of 350,000 volumes.[5]

In 1956, National Tsing Hua University (NTHU) was reinstalled on its current campus in Hsinchu, Taiwan.Since its reinstallation, NTHU has developed from an institute focusing on Nuclear Science and Technology to that of a comprehensive research university offering degrees programs ranging from baccalaureate to doctorate in science, technology, engineering, humanities and social sciences, as well as management. NTHU has been consistently ranked as one of the premier universities in Taiwan and is widely recognized as the best incubator for future leaders in industries as well as academics. Such stellar records are particularly exemplified by the outstanding achievements of alumni, including two Nobel laureates in physics Dr. Chen-Ning Yang and Tsung-Dao Lee, one Nobel laureate in chemistry Dr. Yuan-Tseh Lee and one Wolf Prize winner in mathematics Dr. Shiing-Shen Chern.

In recent decades, the National Tsing Hua University in Taiwan has had increasingly close ties with the Tsinghua University in People's Republic of China (China). Of all universities on Taiwan, the NTHU has arguably one of the strongest cooperations with universities in mainland China in academic research, projects, and with the creation of programs such as the "Center for Contemporary China."[6]


Meichu Tournament

The Mei-Chu Tournament, held in March annually, is a sport competition between National Tsing Hua University and National Chiao Tung University. Since its establishment in 1969, the tournament, also known as the Mei-Chu Games, has become a tradition, and is considered as one of the most important activities between these two prestigious universities in Taiwan.

The history of the Meichu Games goes back to the 1960s. After the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, National Tsing Hua University and National Chiao Tung University were both relocated in Hsinchu, Taiwan and became neighbors. The geographic and academic closeness prompted many intellectual and social exchanges between two universities.

In 1966, an informal tournament was held. The arrangement of the formal event, however, was not institutionalized until 1968, when Chian Feng, an executive officer of NTHU student activity center, received the permission from the university authority to plan sport events for NTHU and NCTU students modeling after the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race.

While both side agreed on the plan to hold such an annual event, there was a disagreement on the naming of the Games. At last, Zhang Zhi-yi solved this problem by proposing the conventional coin tossing. “If the head-side is up, the game would be called Mei-Chu; otherwise, the game would be called Chu-Mei.” As the head-side of the coin went up, the tournament was thereby named Meichu to commemorate the two founding presidents of NTHU and NCTU, Mei Yi-chi and Ling Chu-Ming.

Campus life

Student clubs

There are more than one hundred student clubs serving diverse interests. Club activities range from community services, music and sports, cinema and theater, dancing and martial arts, religion and philosophy as well as scientific and academic interests. While their interests vary, these clubs are all organized and run by and for students. When it comes to sports you can find all the common sports such as soccer, tennis, basketball, volleyball, swimming and more. There is also a variety of martial arts selections such as:Hapkido, jujitsu, kickboxing and Kendo. Some other sports can be: hiking, horse riding, scuba diving and rock climbing.

If you are not that into sports there are also clubs dedicated to learn how to make drinks, classic dancing, modern dancing, street dancing, classic music, drama club, to direct events, to DJ, to become a PR of the university, to build up robots or simply practice your English.


There are eighteen dormitories on campus accommodating about 5000 students. Freshman, sophomore and most of the graduate students are allowed to lodge at dorms without drawing lots. The majority of NTHU faculty members are also living on campus.

Scholarships, fellowships, and financial aid

Scholarships and fellowships are awarded on a meritorious basis. Annually more than six hundred undergraduates and one hundred graduate students receive such supports. In addition, around four thousand graduate students are supported with teaching or research assistantships from academic units. For students with financial difficulties, the university provides student loans and emergency funds.

Health care and counseling services

A University Clinic,[7] affiliated with Hsinchu Mackay Memorial Hospital, is conveniently located on campus where first aid and general medical services are provided by a team of physicians and health care specialists at a very reasonable cost.

The NTHU offers counseling service[8] to students, faculty and staff members at the University Counseling Center. The clinic and the center not only provide services when needed and organize and present educational programs for all students.


  • College of Science
    • Department of Physics
    • Department of Mathematics
    • Department of Chemistry
    • Institute of Statistics
    • Institute of Astronomy
  • College of Engineering
    • Department of Chemical Engineering
    • Department of Materials Science and Engineering
    • Department of Power Mechanical Engineering
    • Department of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management
    • Institute of NanoEngineering and MicroSystems
  • College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
    • Department of Electrical Engineering
    • Department of Computer science
    • Institute of Electronics Engineering
    • Institute of Communications Engineering
    • Institute of Photonics Technologies
    • Institute of Information Systems and Applications
  • College of Life Sciences
    • Department of Life Science
    • Institute of Biotechnology
    • Institute of Molecular Medicine
    • Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology
    • Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology
  • College of Humanities and Social Sciences
    • Department of Chinese Language and Literature
    • Department of Foreign Languages and Literature
    • Department of Humanities and Social Sciences
    • Institute of Anthropology
    • Institute of History
    • Institute of Philosophy
    • Institute of Sociology
    • Institute of Linguistics
    • Institute of Taiwan Literature
  • College of Nuclear Science
    • Department of Engineering and System Science
    • Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences
    • Institute of Nuclear Engineering and Science
  • College of Technology Management
    • Department of Economics
    • Department of Quantitative Finance
    • Institute of Techonoly Management
    • Institute of Law for Science and Technology
    • Institute of Service Science
    • EMBA
    • IMBA
  • Hsinchu Teachers College
    • Department of Education and Learning Technology
    • Department of Physical Education
    • Department of Early Childhood Education
    • Department of Special Education
    • Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling
    • Graduate Institute of Human Resource Development
    • Graduate Institute of e-Learning Technology
    • Graduate Institute of Taiwan Languages and Language Education
    • Department of Environmental and Cultural Resources
    • Graduate Institute of Mathematics and Science Education
  • College of Arts
    • Department of Music
    • Department of Arts and Design
  • Commission of General Education
    • Center for General Education
    • Center for Teacher Education
    • Arts Center
    • Military Instructors' Office
    • Physical Education Office
  • Research Centers
    • Research & Development Office
    • Computer & Communication Research Center
    • National Center for Theoretical Sciences
    • IC Design Tech. Center
    • Center for Science Technology and Society
    • Center for Nanotechology, Materials Science, and Microsystems
    • Center for Photonics Research
    • NTHU/ITRI Joint Research Center
    • Center for Contemporary China
    • Center for Energy and Environmental Research
    • Brain Research Center
    • Laboratory Animal Room
    • Instrument Center
    • Nuclear Science and Technology Development Center
    • Electronic Business Center
    • Quality Research Center
    • Advanced Packaging Research Center
    • Bioinformatics Center



University rankings
ARWU World[9] 301-400
Times World[11] 251-300
QS World[10] 151
QS Asia[12] 31

NTHU is generally considered to be one of the best universities in Taiwan.

In 2012, ranking of world universities by Times Higher Education[13] put National Tsing Hua University on the rank of 226-250 in the world. 2010 also saw QS World University Rankings[14] put National Tsing Hua University 196th overall. The individual subject rankings from QS rankings were: 238th in Arts & Humanities, 67th in Engineering & IT, 197th in Life Sciences & Biomedicine, 171st in Natural Sciences, and 256th in Social Sciences.[15] Nature Publishing Index gives NTHU the 3rd rank in Taiwan.[16]

Notable alumni

Humanities and Social Sciences


Electrical Engineering and Computer Science


See also


External links

This page was last edited on 17 November 2017, at 04:06.
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