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National Statistics Office of Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

National Statistics Office of Georgia (GeoStat)
საქართველოს სტატისტიკის ეროვნული სამსახური (საქსტატი)
Greater coat of arms of Georgia.svg
Coat of Arms of Georgia
GeoStat logo.PNG
Logo of GeoStat
Agency overview
Formed2010
Headquarters30, Tsotne Dadiani Str., 0180, Tbilisi
Agency executive
  • Gogita Todradze,
    Executive Director
Websitegeostat.ge

The National Statistics Office (GeoStat) (Georgian: საქართველოს სტატისტიკის ეროვნული სამსახური, sak'art'velos statistikis erovnuli samsakhuri; საქსტატი, sak'stati) is an agency in charge of national statistics and responsible for carrying out population, agricultural and other censuses in Georgia. It was established as a legal entity of public law according to the December 11, 2009 law of Georgia, succeeding the Department of Statistics of the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia. The head office is located in Tbilisi.[1]

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Transcription

If, for the same work, women make only 77 cents for every dollar a man makes, why don’t businesses hire only women? Wages are the biggest expense for most businesses. So, hiring only women would reduce costs by nearly a quarter – and that would go right to the bottom line. Don’t businesses want to be profitable? Or, are they just really bad at math? Well, actually, it’s the feminists, celebrities and politicians spreading this wage gap myth who have the math problem. Here’s why: The 77-cents-on-the-dollar statistic is calculated by dividing the median earnings of all women working full-time by the median earnings of all men working full-time. In other words, if the average income of all men is, say, 40,000 dollars a year, and the average annual income of all women is, say, 30,800 dollars, that would mean that women earn 77 cents for every dollar a man earns. 30,800 divided by 40,000 equals .77. But these calculations don’t reveal a gender wage injustice because it doesn’t take into account occupation, position, education or hours worked per week. Even a study by the American Association of University Women, a feminist organization, shows that the actual wage gap shrinks to only 6.6 cents when you factor in different choices men and women make. And the key word here is “choice.” The small wage gap that does exist has nothing to do with paying women less, let alone with sexism; it has to do with differences in individual career choices that men and women make. In 2009, the U.S. Department of Labor released a paper that examined more than 50 peer-reviewed studies and concluded that the oft-cited 23 percent wage gap “may be almost entirely the result of individual choices being made by both male and female workers.” Well, let’s look at some of those choices. Georgetown University compiled a list of the five best-paying college majors, and the percentage of men or women majoring in those fields: Number 1 best-paying major: Petroleum Engineering: 87% male Number 2: Pharmaceutical Sciences: 48% male 3: Mathematics and Computer Science: 67% male 4: Aerospace Engineering: 88% male 5: Chemical Engineering: 72% male Notice that women out-represent men in only one of the five top-paying majors – by only a few percentage points. Now consider the same study’s list of the five worst paying college majors: Number 1: Counseling and Psychology: 74% female Number 2: Early Childhood Education: 97% female 3: Theology and Religious Vocations: 66% male 4: Human Services and Community Organization: 81% female 5: Social Work: 88% female Here, it’s the women who lead in all but one category. Even within the same profession, men and women make different career choices that impact how much money they make. Take nursing, where male nurses on the whole earn 18% more than female nurses. The reason? Male nurses gravitate to the best-paying nursing specialties, they work longer hours, and disproportionately find jobs in cities with the highest compensation. Now, here’s how one expert on nursing compensation, Professor Linda Aiken of the University of Pennsylvania, sums up the data: “Career choices and educational differences explain most, if not all, the gender gap in nursing.” The Department of Labor paper concluded that once these differences are accounted for across all professions, the unexplained wage gap is somewhere between 4.8 and 7 percent – almost identical to the 6.6 percentage gap found by the AAUW. But why is there any gap at all? No one knows for sure, as both the AAUW and the Labor Department concede. There are so many variables that drive wages that no single study can cover them all. Few wage gap studies control for variables such as dangerous work environment; men are vastly overrepresented, for example, on oil rigs. And here’s another variable: men are more willing and able to work long hours without advance notice. According to Harvard economist Claudia Goldin, even if two lawyers have the same education, same specialty, and work the same number of hours — firms pay more to someone who is willing to always be “on call” and ready to be in the office when the firm needs them, as opposed to wanting a more regular schedule. This isn’t sexism, it’s just common sense. With more realistic categories and definitions, whatever wage gap remains would certainly narrow to point of vanishing. So it seems that business leaders aren’t bad at math simply because they don’t only hire women. Those who claim that for the same work women earn 77 cents on the dollar compared to men, on the other hand, are not merely bad at math --but at telling the truth. I’m Christina Hoff Sommers of the American Enterprise Institute for Prager University.

Contents

History

The earliest references to the collection of statistics in Georgia date from the 13th century. Materials from population censuses made in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in various regions of the country have survived to the present day.[2]

On November 15, 1918 a temporary Statistical Bureau was formed within the Ministry of Agriculture of the Democratic Republic of Georgia. The bureau's functions included development of materials for agricultural census, accounting of the available land and determining of norms for its distribution. On the basis of law enacted by the Constituent Assembly on July 25, 1919, a Republican Statistical Committee was formed within the same ministry. The committee was assigned to manage all types of statistical works of national importance. During the Soviet rule (1921–1991), the national statistics service was provided by the Central Statistics Division. In a newly independent Georgia, it was succeeded by the Social and Economic Information Committee established at the Parliament of Georgia (1991–1995), the State Department of Social and Economic Information (1995–1997), and the State Department of Statistics of Georgia (1997–2004). The department was subordinated to the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development in 2004 and made an independent agency under the current name in 2010.[2]

Mission

GeoStat is an official authority exclusively responsible for production and dissemination of official statistics in accordance with international statistical standards and requirements. Its principal purposes are collection, editing, processing, storage, analysis and dissemination of exhaustive, up to date, reliable and com¬pa¬rable statistical data. One of the main functions of GeoStat is provision of official statistics to the civil society, official authorities, NGOs (non-governmental organizations), the mass media, business and academic communities and other categories of users. Its information is open and accessible to all users. GeoStat regularly publishes the country's social and economic indicators on its website.

Structure

The agency is led by the executive director, who is appointed by the Prime Minister of Georgia for the term of 4 years. The Executive Director also acts as the Chairman of the GeoStat Board which consists of 8 members. The agency consists of the central office and eleven regional branches. The present structure of the GeoStat was put in place following a reorganisation in 2018. It consists of 10 Departments: Strategic Planning, Coordination and Communication Department, Information Technology Department, Internal Audit Department, National Accounts Department, Social Statistics Department, Population Census and Demography Department, Price Statistics Department, Business Statistics Department, External Trade and Foreign Investments Statistics Department, Agriculture and Environment Statistics Department. Apart from subject divisions there are 11 regional bureaus which are also structural units of GeoStat.

International cooperation

GeoStat actively cooperates with international organizations such as the UN, its regional and specialized agencies, Eurostat, other international organizations, and statistical institutions of various countries. Since Georgia joined the International Monetary Fund's Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) in 2010, GeoStat acquired a coordinating role of its implementation through other government institutions such as the Ministry of Finance and the National Bank of Georgia. Over 2011-2018 GeoStat has been involved in a major bilateral cooperation project with Statistics Sweden covering such areas as National accounts, Price statistics, Statistical methods, etc.

References

  1. ^ About GeoStat. GeoStat. Accessed December 29, 2011.
  2. ^ a b History. GeoStat. Accessed December 29, 2011.

External links

This page was last edited on 4 February 2019, at 19:39
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