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National Salvation Junta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portuguese Republic

República Portuguesa
1974–1975
Anthem: A Portuguesa  (Portuguese)
The Portuguese
Portuguese Empire 20th century.png
CapitalLisbon
Common languagesPortuguese
GovernmentProvisional military junta
President 
• 1974-1974
António de Spínola
• 1974–1976
Francisco da Costa Gomes
History 
• Proclamation
26 April 1974
• Disestablished
14 March 1975
CurrencyEscudo
ISO 3166 codePT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Estado Novo
Third Portuguese Republic
Today part of Portugal
 Angola
 Mozambique
 Guinea-Bissau
 Cape Verde
 São Tomé and Príncipe
 Timor-Leste
 China
   Macau

The National Salvation Junta (Junta de Salvação Nacional, Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʒũtɐ dɨ saɫvɐˈsɐ̃w̃ nɐsiuˈnaɫ]) was a group of military officers designated to maintain the government of Portugal in April 1974 after the Carnation Revolution had overthrown the Estado Novo dictatorial regime. This junta assumed power following a communiqué of its president, António de Spínola, at 1:30 a.m. on 26 April 1974. The National Salvation Junta was the de jure governing body of Portugal following the Carnation Revolution.

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  • The Portuguese Revolution of 1974

Transcription

Purpose

The Junta was a pre-planned part of the national reform program envisioned by the Movimento das Forças Armadas (Movement of the Armed Forces; MFA), which aimed to exercise political power after the revolution and prior to the formation of a civilian government in order to prevent the collapse of the Presidency of the Republic (then held by Rear-Admiral Américo Tomás) and of the government. It entailed the dissolution of the National Assembly and of the Council of State. The Constitutional Law 1/74 of 25 April 1974 was promulgated in order to set this process in motion. The Junta assumed upon itself the power to choose the President and Vice-President.

On an interim basis, the Junta also exercised the functions of the Presidency of the Republic (from 26 April to 15 May, when it designated as Head of State the president of the Junta, António de Spínola) and of President of the Council (from 26 April to 16 May, when the MFA-chosen First Provisional Government of Portugal took power, headed by Adelino da Palma Carlos).

Members

The Junta was composed of:

On 30 September 1974 the staff was reorganized:

Abolition

Constitutional Law 5/75 of 14 March 1975 abolished the National Salvation Junta and established the Revolutionary Council of Portugal (Conselho da Revolução de Portugal), which included former members of the Junta.

Preceded by
Américo Tomás
President of Portugal (interim)
26 April 1974–15 May 1974
Succeeded by
António de Spínola
Preceded by
Marcello Caetano
Prime Minister of Portugal (interim)
26 April 1974 –16 May 1974
Succeeded by
Adelino da Palma Carlos


This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 20:06
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