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National Register of Historic Places listings in Imperial County, California

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Location of Imperial County in California
Location of Imperial County in California

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Imperial County, California.

This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Imperial County, California, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in a Google map.[1]

There are 12 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 1 National Historic Landmark.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted March 1, 2019.[2]
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>> From the Library of Congress in Washington, DC. >> Joan Weeks: Well, good afternoon ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to the African and Middle East Division of The Library of Congress. Today's lecture on Analysis and Curation of the American Traveler's Visual Documents of 1870 to 1936 on Central Asian Nomadic Culture by Saule Satayeva is brought to you and sponsored by the Near East Section of the African Middle East Division. I'm Joan Weeks, Head of the Near East Section. And on behalf of all my colleagues in particular Dr. Mary Jane Deeb [assumed spelling] who couldn't be with us today due to a conflicting program, I'd like to extend a very warm welcome to everyone. And before we start today's program I'd like to give you a brief overview of the division and its resources in the hopes that you'll come again and use our collections for your research. This division, as many of you know that have attended a lot of these programs, is comprised of three sections that serve the collections to researchers from around the world. We cover 78 countries and more than 35 languages. The African Section includes all of sub-Saharan Africa. The Hebraic Section is responsible for Judaica and Hebraic worldwide. And the Near East Section covers all of the Arab countries including North Africa, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Central Asia, the Muslims of Western China, Russia and the Balkans as well as the People of the Caucuses. So we really cover an extensive area with our collections and our programs. Just a couple housekeeping things first. After the program we invite you to fill in the evaluation forms that we placed on your seats. And please leave them in the box at the information desk as you're leaving. Secondly, we would like to invite you to ask questions at the end. But just remind you that you're being videotaped so that if you do ask questions you are giving us permission to be recorded. Now, I'd like to introduce our speaker. Soule Satayeva is Vice-Director of the Kazakh Central State Archive of Cinema, Photo and Recording Documents in Astana, Kazakhstan, a position she's held since 2010. Saule was born into a family of a famous Kazakh writer, play writer, archivist, Amante Satayeva, and grew up among old manuscripts and photographs. And you could see how now this has influenced her life career and passion. Her father's dream was for her to graduate with a scientific degree and become a Fulbright Scholar. Quite an ambitious dream for your daughter. Well, she did graduate with a degree in engineering from Almaty Technical University and was a Fulbright Scholar at American University here in Washington from 2012 to 2013, where she did archival research relating to illuminating the Kazakh nomadic culture. She is a member of the Kazakh Society of Archivists. Today's program draws upon her archival research of the American Travels who illuminated Kazakh nomadic culture through their visual documents. And please give me a warm welcome to invite Saule to the podium to show us all of her photographic collection. Thank you. [ Applause ] >> Saule Satayeva: Thank you so much for so warm introducing. I am very happy to be in this great country and great library. And let me start my talk. It is recognized today that the latest stage of our global consumer culture have created a new crisis. And many scholars now are looking for the ways and discuss the futures of a new ideology that will prolong the existence of human beings by reducing competition for land, water and food and by preserving natural resources. And scholars now realize the correlations between this ideology and ideology of nomadic cultures. And they explore the way in which this ancient culture can inform our lifestyles in the future. And this project represents that outgrowth my dissertation based on a comparative analysis of visual documents and writing sources. And also, I have been studying this project, the subject of nomadic culture and visual documents for many years. And since I have made research in Kazakh libraries where I was fortunate to uncover several printed works of foreign travelers to Asia and also a bibliographical edition listing travelers to Central Asia. And the second was my Fulbright Scholarship where I was fortunate to uncover visual documents of American travelers to Kazakhstan while presenting lecture at Harvard, Columbia, Wisconsin Medicine, Indiana, Texas and Maryland universities as well as at Wilson Center, Smithsonian Institution and American University in Washington, DC. But it was one of your best librarians, Harold Leich who I contacted when I just have a dream to come here as a Fulbright Scholar. It was early two millennium. And I got his very warm invitation to come sometimes and to do research at the Library of Congress. And when I came here Harold Leich and Patrick Longhney, they gave me a tour to Packard Campus, which was a huge collection of audio-visual documents from all over the world. And you can see here where Patrick opened me a door to explore the treasures of the Library of Congress. And I'm very grateful for the library and for my colleagues. And also, I hope to contact a new audience here in DC now during my very short stay here. Because it is the ninth largest country in the world. And it is strategically vital region in Eurasia as well as very peaceful and reliable country in Central Asia. And Americans, in my experience, know very little about Kazakhstan. And this is the map of my country. And you can see in the center Astana. My archive and I live in Almaty, which is -- I cannot show it. Which is -- Almaty, on the border with Kurdistan. And you can see, we are situated between two huge empires, the Russian Federation and China. And also Central Asian Republics. In our country we have everything except ocean. To see Caspian and Aral Sea, a lot of rivers, beautiful mountains. We have a western range of Tien-Shan mountains. We have steppe, lakes, desert, semi-desert. Everything. And we have very beautiful nature. And also, that I would like to show the pictures of my father, who was a student at the Moscow Historical Archival University in late 1940s. And exactly at that time he started American traveler's diaries at the Lenin Library. So he kept these notes until I grow up and make me interesting. He made me interesting in this very interesting subject. And he also was the author of a number of documental movies related to the history of Kazakhstan. And today my talk would be focused on three questions. Why the history and culture of nomads must be started today. And about the exceptionality of the Kazakh nomadic culture. And about Americans who contributed in preserving our nomadic history. The understanding how human nowadays shaped the planet shows us that nomadic economy now exists in almost 30 countries, nvolving in total about 40 million people. And nomads in China and Mongolia. Nomads in Siberia. In South Africa and in North America. They live desert, semi-desert, tundra and steppe where agriculture is impossible. And in the 21st Century Mongols and Kazakh who historically lived on that territory as the so-called iridienta [phonetic]. And some tribes migrated trying to escape the Soviet policy. They well adapted to a modernizing world. And their tradition and isolation helped preserve their lifestyle. They use achievements of civilization. They not prevent them from migrating while maintaining their ancestor's heritage, including principles of sufficient consumption and also genetic health. Nomadic society has been transforming. However, in psychology and life attitudes traces of nomadic culture habits have been preserved. If over time reminiscences of nomadism will be a thing of the past. Today there is less time for construction of this very unique culture. With the example of Kazakhs, it is known that the longest preserved elements of sacred property, even with the full replacement of traditional livelihood systems by innovations. And also, in the modern educational system, the young generation is used to get very fast and visual information. And we have to help them to urge a deeper interest in cultural and artistic disciplines. And there is a task to educate tolerant people which would be interesting to create conditions for identification with native culture and exploration of the variety of cultures, beliefs and social political systems. About exceptionality of Kazakh nomadic culture. The Kazakh have been the object of Western research in Oriental studies, cultural studies, linguistic, anthropology, archeology, historical geography because their territory included in the vast steppe empires such as [inaudible], Huns, Turkik Empire, Western and Eastern Kipchaks, Timurids and Mongol Empire. And also the Kazakh language consists of two and a half million words. And it is very valuable source. Also, the Kazakh ancestors' brilliant epic oral tradition was continued in the Kazakh culture. And another point is that the Kazakhs ethnically emerged from a union of different nations. And the uniqueness of their nomadic culture is a combination of steppe and town. A major characteristic of the Kazakh nomadic culture that in difficult climatic conditions the people kept a harmony with nature and created a symbiosis between urban and rural environments. In the nomad society, however, existed the contempt of agriculture employment, which they view as [inaudible]. In their mind an inability to migrate and lack of cattle, considered almost a humiliation and shame. And in 1897 the general population survey data of the Russian Empire indicates that 80% of 6 million Kazakhs' livelihood stemmed from pastoral products and 18 came specifically from both integrated cattle and farming only in natural irrigated areas. The Kazakh migrated up to 120 times a year. So some clans had normal to [inaudible] to migrate along the natural water sources. And some, they had to migrate along the artificial water sources and draw wells. And it was settlers in ancient time during -- the Kazakhan [phonetic], it was organized in the early 15th Century. So it was settled by Kazakh Khans. Which clan have this certain way of migration. And in addition, the Kazakhs, because they draw wells and archeological finds of how they watered the cattle. In addition, the Kazakhs were engaged in fishing and hunting. The Kazakhs hunted with falcon. And also, they had a special breed of hunting horses named [inaudible]. And also they hunted with the golden eagle. And also, in a variety of arts and crafts. Because the Kazakh had this nomad way of life and they had to migrate many times a year, they couldn't keep with themselves decorations, special decorations. So they make every piece, every bedding, furniture, dishes, cupboards, they made it as a piece of art. And they also used other things. And this thing they passed from generation to generation. In springtime they left winter [inaudible] for meadows. And the camels and horses and sheep grazed freely in the vast area. And this [inaudible] nomadic modification lasted until the early 1940s. And for such sanctuaries Kazakhs absorbed cultural influences assimilating some of them. Mongol, Islamic and Russian influence did not change them radically. They demonstrated their adaptability under the constantly changing environment. Because Kazakhstan was always on the crossroad of different cultures from West and East. And it was the Silk Way. And through Kazakhstan [inaudible] through Almaty there were several ways to get from Europe to China, India or Mongolia. And the extinction of Kazakh nomadic culture was [inaudible] by the colonization policy of Russian Empire. Civil war, Russian Revolution and followed civil war and Soviet agricultural policy that brought to the great famine in the 1930s and migration to neighborhood countries, thousand hundreds of Kazakh nomads. And also, another huge impact was the Stalin oppression regime against the so-called people's enemies. When almost all our intelligent, progressive and well-educated personalities were killed as the peoples of enemies. Collectivization and [inaudible] in the 1928 caused a wave of huge uprising in the entire country, in the entire Soviet Union. But in Kazakhstan they were most widespread because they have not been yet destroyed traditional clan system. According to archival documents from 1928 till 1933 there were over 400 uprisings and riots. But the rebel sources with their limited arms couldn't be compared with the well-trained Red Army units and [inaudible] divisions. And one of the Soviet power achievements was that it's totally changed the face of the society, especially the young generation psychology. That all the authority's action to suppress people's enemies were supported, silently supported, in the community. And the origin of Stalin's struggle with nationalism can be found in his total rejection of our intelligent people's strive for independence, which he considered as, again, taking too seriously by our advanced and well-educated people. The Communist Party needed money to convert the country from agricultural into industrial. Therefore, they needed rich people properties. In the minds of Stalin and Galashurkin [phonetic] the ruler of Kazakhstan, the Kazakhs were a rich nation. Because less than 5 million people, they had 40 million head of stock. And starting from 1928 they erected several factories to produce meat and sell it to the Western countries. And also sell a lot of wheat to Western countries. And from 40 million head of stock in the 1933 left only 4 million. And analysis of our historians and demographers shows that my people lost 2.2 million people. And that was 49% of the population at that time. And 600,000 Kazakh migrated to neighborhood countries. And that was the end of Kazakh nomadic culture. The problem of the Kazakh famine and nomadic cultural research should be studied for the sake of historical truth and justice. And also in order to prevent repetition of similar tragedies in the future. And my work and research will have further understanding of Kazakh culture and how it relates to other unique nomadic cultures. Philosophers and culturalists know that the more [inaudible] the world unites, the more actively people connect to protect their national identity. And believe that in order to survive in the global world, they should change in their cultural roots. And this has brought [inaudible] processes of [inaudible] dialectic of globalization law. And we have a general crisis of values now. Because the manufacture of human happiness has become the central problem of new technological age. There are free will, but to change this is impossible without changing the individual's relation to the world. And we need the more highest and more reliable reference points. When I did research in the Kazakh library of Academy of Science, I have found the printed manuscript of Armeni Vanbili [assumed spelling], the Hungarian traveler, who in the 1880s as a pilgrim, he made journey -- he was Turkologist linguist. He made journey from Hungary to East, to Asia. And he wrote that he had to sleep with only one closed because he was afraid that when he would speak in his native language in his dreams. So at that time, for foreign people from Europe, it was very dangerous to do such kind of trips. And he wrote in that book that he met one Kazakh woman. And he asked her about the reasons inducing them to migrate. And she answered him with laughter. "We are not so lazy as you are [inaudible]. We cannot sit on one place whole days. You see, the men should move because the moon, star, sun, water, animals, birds, fish all move. Only ground and dead remain on the place." And two years ago I was on conference in Moscow. And I realized my long plan to visit the Museum of Nomadic Culture in Moscow and meet the director of that museum, Constantine Kuksin, which I knew by his publication before. And Constantine Kuksin, he travels all over the world. And he has a number of dwelling houses of different nomadic people. And it's very nice museum. This is Kazakh yurt. He collected all that material. And he said that if you want to study Kazakh nomadic culture you should go to Mongolia. So, that is his citation from his article. And I'm totally agree that "nomadic people with their way of life are not an echo of bygone centuries. They live in the 21 Century among us and keep their modest life despite the fact that many great empires collapsed, leaving us with only records and monuments. Because they took just like that, not giving anything in return. In fact, nobody knows where is going the Western civilization. And if the world will suffer from a catastrophe, it's more likely that only nomads will survive." That's why decided that nomads are very strong reserve of human civilization. So, I came to my last part of my talk. And I'm very happy to say, to speak, to talk about brave, curious, intelligent, well-educated American travelers who did not afraid to go to the land of terra incognita in the late 19th Century, beginning of 20th. And the reconstruction of [inaudible] picture of the past demands the examination of new sources which offer us the possibility to expand our past representations. And the study of nomadic culture is impossible without bringing in writing and visual documents created by participants or direct eyewitnesses. So, there is all foreign travelers, scholars, diplomats, merchants falls into that category. And they have great value because they brightly express the color of the epoch and give certain information or historiography, economic employments, way of life, traditions and customs. And that is the information how man study man in all variety of [inaudible] his display. And also, audiovisual documents. This is George Kennan, one of the famous journalists and traveler. In 1885 he researched the life of peoples of Siberia and Kazakhstan. And from the American biographic sources follows that he was typical self-made man. In 1855 at orders of "Century Illustrated" monthly magazine together with the artist George Frost, he studied exiled places of political prisoners of imperial Russia, located on the [inaudible] of Kazakhstan. The Imperial administration [inaudible] was exiling unreliable people, carried out the policy of colonization of Kazakhstan. And travelers were occupied with bulky photographic devices. And George Frost did it numerous drawings and photographs. And this is a marketplace in Semipalatinsk. This is one of the biggest our city in Kazakhstan. Kazakh nomadic they documented also. Semipalatinsk we have a very big Irtysh River and ferry on it. In his archive there are a lot of photographs of exiled people. And very interesting photographs when Kazakhs had a meeting with official general government in Semipalatinsk. And also they documented some nature, the Kazakh steppe in spring. So, you can see that a witness of this visual documents, photographs, cinema documents, they can offer previously unknown facts or already forgotten facts, which is sometimes the same. And or important data to triangulate with already known events. And they fix information that cannot be reflected in other kind of sources. Eugene Schuyler, he was consul at Moscow and St. Petersburg in 1870, 1876. And he was familiar with the very well-known Russian writers, scholars, military men. And he was very well, in good relations with Leo Tolstoy. And Leo Tolstoy, he advised him to go to Arinbourg [phonetic] which used to be the capital of Kazakhaned [phonetic] which is up of the Caspian Sea. And he advised him to go to the east. And supplied him with letters and recommendations to his friends and relatives. So, Schuyler traveled by train to Arinbourg. And from Arinbourg he traveled along Caspian Sea, Aral Sea and also the cities that placed in that area. Later he appeared with the reports about his trips at the session of Russian Geographic Society and became its full member. And also, he met the son of the last khan of the [inaudible] horde, Gubaydolla Zhangirov, who introduces Schuyler to the history of the Mausoleum Hodzha Akhmet Yassayi and its unique exhibits. And he wrote: "Almost our only fellow passenger in the carriage was Prince Tchinghiz, a lineal descendant of famous Tchinghiz Khan, and the son of the last Khan of the Bukeief Horde of Kirghiz. Strange that that on the threshold of Asia I should meet the descendant of its greatest conqueror. After the death of his father, he, the eldest son, was given the Russian title of Prince in memory of his ancient lineage, and of the services of his father." Really, Gubaydolla Zhangirov was a very interesting and outstanding companion of American diplomat. He left from [inaudible] of pages in St. Petersburg and for participation in Russian-Turkish war in 1877 he received the rank of general major. Schuyler characterized him as a cultural diplomat, deeply knowing French literature. And he helped Eugene Schuyler to visit Mausoleum Hodzha Akhmet Yassayi. And later Schuyler wrote about this majestic structure. He was there at the restless time. Mausoleum was in the center of events when Imperial Army of Russia started its military expansion against Central Asian Khans, [inaudible] and [inaudible]. Today the information written by the American diplomat, interesting, first because his own vision of the Mausoleum. And second, at that time, the Mausoleum was used as an armory. And all the gravestones and monuments were taken out. And Schuyler's records provide some information about where exactly Kazakh Khans and their descendants have be buried. And the fact that the Imperial conquerors intended to destroy this unique structure is well known. And all the intervention of the advanced democratic people opinion rescued it from the destruction. And there is the pictures of the nowadays mausoleum, which is -- it is very unique structure in Central Asia. It is one of the biggest. And there is some elements of the mausoleum. And it's very crowded for tourists and also for people who follow Islam in Central Asia. And also, it's interesting how Schuyler wrote about the area where he visited: "The whole area carries on itself the traces of ancient cultivation. It is obvious there was existed a vast settlement of the people Here the hills covered by brakes of haloxylon and other bushes here and there, apparently. They are ruins of ancient cities, evidently. There exists an old legend that all valley of Syr-Dar'ya was so dense populated one time that a nightingale flying from a branch to branch of fruit trees, and a cat running from a wall to wall and from a roof to roof could reach from the Kashgar up to the Aral. By traces of this part of the river, here there were large prospering cities here, among which Otrar, Sauran, Tend and Tani-Kend were allocated." And that's true. Later Kazakhstan is one of the unique place where lived people since ancient time. And we have over 300 places of ancient petroglyphs. And also, our archeologists discovered over 150,000 settlements only along Syr-Dar'ya River. And also, a lot of towns were discovered in the north, east, west and center of Kazakhstan. For example, this is a burial mound of Skiffen [phonetic] culture, which could be found from the Pacific Ocean to the Black Sea. [Inaudible] from the Turkey [inaudible]. And also a number of mausoleums. Another great American traveler, Januarius MacGahan, correspondent of "New York Herald." He was another Schuyler's encounter. In 1873 with extreme hardship he reached the Russian army before [inaudible] and sent to the Herald reports of his companion, which won him high admiration both at home and in Europe. His account of capitulation of the city being regarded as a masterpiece of military journalism. It is known that MacGahan gave description of historical monuments, music, culture, way of life of Kazakhs. And what is the more interesting and unique for us that he wrote about Kazakh national instrument dombra, which was popular and now very popular. And usually it has two strings. But he wrote that this dombra has third string made of copper. And it's very rare musical instruments and Kazakh used it since ancient time from AD centuries. The famous American geologist William Davis Morris visited our southeast territory in 1913. And he studied Tien-Shan Mountains in connection to the global problem of interrelation of nature. Specifically he looked how changing climatic condition of Asia influenced the history of people who lived in that territory. And when I was presenting lecture at Harvard University I had only three days. And that university has a number of libraries. So just on the last day, just a few hours before my plane, I found his diaries, named "Turkistan 1" and Turkistan 2." And I managed to make a pictures from my cell phone. And I was very happy. And this album has a lot of beautiful drawings. And also some of the drawings not only about his profession, about geology and also about our culture. And that was very interesting that I lived in Harvard. And I had to go to Boston. So I had to be in Boston as well. So, I made a stop in Boston. Went up from Metro. Made pictures in four direction. And now I can say that I was in Boston as well. But, it was just maybe one minute. So, in that way I managed to discover photographs when I did my talks in different universities. So, one of the brightest collection I discovered in the archive of New York Natural History Museum. In 1926 they sent expedition to Asia. The so-called Morden and Clark Asiatic Expedition. And in that expedition included a lot of botanists, anthropologists, zoologists, photographers. And they documented everything they saw including our flora and fauna of the region they visited and also way of life and economic employments of the nations who lived in that territory, including Kazakhs. And this is screenshot from the silent movie. They provided me the copy of the silent movie. And you can see they started from Bombay. They crossed India. They crossed Tibet. Then they crossed China and Kazakhstan. And also the places where lived Kyrgyz, Oygurs [phonetic] and also Russia. And in Biskh [phonetic] they took train to Beijing. So, it was a very long, very interesting expedition. And if we will have time, I would like to show you a little bit of this movie. And later, William Morden, he wrote this unique publication, published this about their life during this expedition. On this picture you can see camels. Camels are very important animal for the caravan. Only camel can see straight to the face of the hurricane. And he can bring you to the place you need even no one can see anything except snow and wind. So it was very -- it is very valuable, very reliable, wise and stable cattle in our culture. Red Army soldiers, 1926. Kazakh hunter. In my last days of my Fulbright Scholarship, all the 11 months when I have been here, I tried to see the collection of National Geographic. But I was denied because they said that their archive are not for the international researchers. So, but we lived here. We made a lot of friends and colleagues. And one of my friend, who adopted Kazakh boy, his brother's wife worked for that National Geographic Society. So again, in the last days of my stay here I was allowed to see archives of National Geographic Society. And they said: You have only one hour. So I had to be very fast. And I made pictures of their archive. And it was amazing because in 1936 there was a sun icplease [phonetic]. Icplease? >> Eclipse. >> Saule Satayeva: Eclipse. Sun eclipse. And in the entire Soviet Union there were about 40 expeditions, including Soviet expeditions. And American Bureau of Standards as well. So they were in Kazakhstan in our [inaudible] city and Abulak [phonetic] village. And they documented this very rare astronomical event on the June 19, 1936. And at that time they [inaudible] from the Black Sea to Kamchatka. And among them were photographers. Irving Gardner, Paul McNealy and Robert Moore. And they documented also the life of ordinary citizens and the Kazakh people. And why they're available? Because that is unique visual information about Kazakhs that survived after the great famine in 1933 -- 1931, 1933. So the English proverb says that [inaudible] see the most of the [inaudible]. And I believe that American travelers document, visual documents, [inaudible] a lot of [inaudible] that should be discovered. And it is especially important to know that Americans travels photographs have not been yet the subject of a special study in the history to study the nomadic culture. In travels, a personal photographs, they are obviously less official, less political than official publications. In the ancient nomadic tradition, material culture are less present in material data because felt, leather or wood are not easily preserved. And it is hard to imagine, original text hard to imagine how nomads dressed, looked like and lived. And also, one of the obstacles of Kazakh historiography is the lack -- or is not relatively not big amount of writing and visual documents. And most documents were made by neighborhood countries. And because of political influence, they are not full and objective. And for the long time the Kazakhs in Russian historiography were called Kyrgyz, which was a mistake. And also, it's very difficult for researchers to study, to identify which belong to Kyrgyz culture nomadic or to Kazakh culture. And thanks to the Library of Congress that accumulated a huge amount of documents, visual and writing. And our task is to find the most appropriate usage of this heritage. And I have applied for the Library of Congress Scholarship, the Kluge Scholarship with the idea to create digital album about named American travelers to Central Asia with their portraits, photographs. They made drawings. And also concise and to the point citation from their writing documents. These two documents would support another. And for us archivists and scholars, it's very important to find as much documents as possible and to enter them into scholarly circulation. And help the other researchers to write their works based on comparative analysis of writing and visual documents. And only that archival documents that enter into the circulation and published can pass the stage of unit of storage into the historical source. So I'm very grateful for the Library of Congress for this chance to talk to this audience. And even to the global audience that will see my presentation. And also very grateful that American travelers also made me travel. And very skilled traveler. Very fast traveler. So, thank you so much for your attention. And this is the end of my talk. And I would be happy to answer to your questions. Ah! [ Applause ] Would you like to see a short? >> Yes. >> Let's see the [inaudible] film. >> Saule Satayeva: Now, just this [inaudible]. It's silent. William Morden. James Clark. [Inaudible] that he saw that one family with camels, sheeps and horses came to stay on one place that was in 45 minutes that house was already finished. Cattle was grazing nearby. Fire was on and food already prepared. Because every member of the family, they worked as a team. Very fast. So, also, I would like to present this archival journal to the library with my article in it. And also with a lot of articles of our archivists and scholars. This is one of the famous archival journal in Kazakhstan. And it would be a great honor for us to have it in your library. Thank you so much. [ Applause ] >> Joan Weeks: Thank you so much for this and for this brilliant presentation. It's been fantastic. I think we've all seen new things that we would never have seen before. And I certainly am going to try to a better job of traveling and documenting as a result. We do have a few minutes for a couple questions, if someone wanted ask them. Somebody have a question.Yes. >> This is about your father's films. You said he made documentary films. >> Saule Satayeva: Yes. >> Are they available somewhere? >> Saule Satayeva: Yes, they are available. >> Joan Weeks: Repeat the question for the audience. >> Saule Satayeva: Ah. About my father, who was the author of several documental movies relating to the history and culture of Kazakh people. They are available, yes. They're available. They are in our archive. Because my archive is a cinema, photo and sound recording documents. And also they are available in our Kazakh film studio. >> Can you upload them, maybe to YouTube or something? >> Saule Satayeva: Yes. I will try to do this. Definitely. Thank you. >> Joan Weeks: Yes. >> Thank you for the wonderful, really interesting talk. You could see, I was writing lots of notes because I'm very interested in this topic. I have, well, two brief questions. One is just a thought. Have you looked at the writings of Langston Hughes? Because he went to Central Asia, I think mostly to Uzbekistan, but I think he might have gone to Kazakhstan. And I'm curious. This was also in the 1920s. I wonder if he took any photo [inaudible]. We could talk afterwards. But I think he might have taken -- maybe he took some photos of Kazakhs. So that could be another American to add to your collection. >> Saule Satayeva: Yes, exactly. >> And then, the second question is, I'm wondering sometimes, and this is my own curiosity, because I find it very difficult, you know. As you mentioned, there was this confusion about what Kazakhs should be called. Whether they should be called Kyrgyz. Whether they should be called this other name. And sometimes also people on the ground, especially these American travelers, didn't understand maybe who they were meeting. Whether it was a Kazakh or Kyrgyz or so on. And I imagine that's particularly difficult in the film versus when they go through many different places. And I'm wondering how you tell. How do you tell if [inaudible] when you're using these images? How do you tell, you know, what group it is? >> Saule Satayeva: Mm-hmm. So, about the first question about American traveler Langston Hughes. I didn't heard about him. >> I'll tell you about him. >> Saule Satayeva: That would be great because I always like to add traveler to my list. And about second question about this very huge obstacle that we are in Russian historiography we're all called Kyrgyz. Yes. And this is quite easy if I do research about travelers who did in Siberia. So in Siberia there were no Kyrgyz. They were Kazakhs. And it's quite difficult if it's Turkistan area. So, the way I can tell is that in that movie especially, the Kyrgyz were first, after Tibet. Kyrgyz were first. And they used in their nomadic economy yaks. And after that, we are. So, that's why I -- because it's chronological. They went up through -- so Kyrgyz were on that side of -- south side of Tien-Shan Mountains. And we are on the north side. So it's only chronological. And also, of course, our specialist can see the -- the yurt, especially, dwelling house. It's similar at first sight. But it has some differences. And our specialists can differ, can differ. And also by style of dress, by animal they used. So there's some hinges that scholars can use. But it is, of course, it would be easy if we were Kazakhs everywhere in many sources. So that was unfortunate for us. So, thank you for that question. >> Joan Weeks: Just one more question? Okay. Well, thank you so much for this wonderful addition to the collections. Let's give another round of applause. >> This has been a presentation of the Library of Congress. Visit us at

Current listings

[3] Name on the Register[4] Image Date listed[5] Location City or town Description
1 Calexico Carnegie Library September 28, 2005
420 Heber Ave.
32°40′10″N 115°29′33″W / 32.669444°N 115.4925°W / 32.669444; -115.4925 (Calexico Carnegie Library)
2 Desert View Tower August 29, 1980
SW of Ocotillo
32°39′33″N 116°05′57″W / 32.659167°N 116.099167°W / 32.659167; -116.099167 (Desert View Tower)
3 Fages-De Anza Trail-Southern Emigrant Road January 29, 1973
Anza-Borrego State Park
Coordinates missing
Borrego Springs
4 Southwest Lake Cahuilla Recessional Shoreline Archeological District December 30, 1999
Address Restricted
Salton City Archeological sites along shoreline of former Lake Cahuilla
5 Spoke Wheel Rock Alignment September 29, 2003
Address Restricted
6 Stonehead (L-7) May 1, 1987
Address Restricted
7 US Inspection Station-Calexico February 14, 1992
12 Heffernan Ave.
32°39′55″N 115°29′41″W / 32.665139°N 115.494847°W / 32.665139; -115.494847 (US Inspection Station-Calexico)
8 US Post Office-El Centro Main January 11, 1985
230 S. 5th St.
32°47′27″N 115°33′14″W / 32.790833°N 115.553889°W / 32.790833; -115.553889 (US Post Office-El Centro Main)
El Centro
9 Winterhaven Anthropomorph (L-8) May 1, 1987
Address Restricted
10 Winterhaven Anthropomorph and Bowknot, L-9 October 25, 1985
Address Restricted
11 Yuha Basin Discontiguous District May 24, 1982
Address Restricted
Plaster City
12 Yuma Crossing and Associated Sites November 13, 1966
Banks of the Colorado River
32°43′48″N 114°37′05″W / 32.73°N 114.618056°W / 32.73; -114.618056 (Yuma Crossing and Associated Sites)

See also


  1. ^ The latitude and longitude information provided in this table was derived originally from the National Register Information System, which has been found to be fairly accurate for about 99% of listings. For about 1% of NRIS original coordinates, experience has shown that one or both coordinates are typos or otherwise extremely far off; some corrections may have been made. A more subtle problem causes many locations to be off by up to 150 yards, depending on location in the country: most NRIS coordinates were derived from tracing out latitude and longitudes from USGS topographical quadrant maps created under the North American Datum of 1927, which differs from the current, highly accurate WGS84 GPS system used by most on-line maps. Chicago is about right, but NRIS longitudes in Washington are higher by about 4.5 seconds, and are lower by about 2.0 seconds in Maine. Latitudes differ by about 1.0 second in Florida. Some locations in this table may have been corrected to current GPS standards.
  2. ^ "National Register of Historic Places: Weekly List Actions". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved on March 1, 2019.
  3. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  4. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  5. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
This page was last edited on 20 February 2019, at 16:33
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