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Swiss Federal Archives

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Building of the Swiss Federal Archives.
Building of the Swiss Federal Archives.

The Swiss Federal Archives (German: Schweizerisches Bundesarchiv, French: Archives fédérales suisses) are the national archives of Switzerland. Additionally, the cantons have official archives of their own.

The Federal Archives were created in 1798 following the creation of the Helvetic Republic. They are located in Bern and governed by the Federal Act on Archiving.[1] In 2013 the archives held 60,000 linear meters of printed documents and 15 terabytes of digital documents.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • July 4th, 2012 at the National Archives: Fife & Drum Corps and Address by David. S. Ferriero
  • Schwyz or the Origins of Switzerland
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Transcription

[music playing] >> Steve Scully: Ladies and gentlemen, good morning. My name is Steve Scully from C-Span, and on behalf of the National Archives we would like to welcome you. One of the quotes inside from George Washington "Liberty, when it takes root, is a plant of rapid growth." What a day we have here, thank you for being with us. Now we're gathered here to remember, if you think about it, the simple yet powerful voice of those 56 men who placed their name on a document that created a new nation. They came from different parts of the country, with different ideologies, and yet they set aside those differences, they pledged their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor. 236 years later this document remains the framework of who we are and a model for the rest of the world. This year we should point out also marks the bicentennial of the War of 1812, throughout our history we are constantly reminded of the ultimate sacrifice made by so many, in order for all of us here today to stand on this glorious morning in freedom and liberty. So let us for a moment thank all of those of you in active service, and all of the veterans, if we could, a round of applause to all of you. [applause] And to all of you thank you for what is going to be a very special Fourth of July. What a better place to celebrate America and our Independence. The building behind me of course is the National Archives, it is the permanent home that we call the Declaration of Independence, and for more than 30 years this ceremony has been taking place at this very spot. This is also for all of those of you here early, got a parking space, the kick off to the events in our nation's capital. In about two hours the parade will come along this route, and this evening of course, just a few blocks down at the U.S. Capitol will be, of course, the Capital 4th that live concert, and then later tonight, the very best fireworks display anywhere in the world, along the Mall here in Washington. [applause] So stick around, enjoy the day, and let us all celebrate our independence. I'm going to ask all of you now to rise if you would for a moment for the presentation of the colors by the 3rd United States Infantry, the Old Guard, the Continental Color Guard, with a remarkable voice, Olivia Vote, who will sing our national anthem. [music playing] >> Olivia Vote: [singing] Oh, say can you see, by the dawn's early light, what so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming. Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight, o'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming. And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air, gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. Oh say does that star spangled banner yet wave, o'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. [applause] >> Steve Scully: Olivia Vote. Thank you very, very much. Well imagine what it must have been like 236 years ago. Of course the temperature was probably about the same, so to give you a taste of the atmosphere of the Colonial America, we have the 3rd United States Infantry Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps, their uniforms are from the Revolutionary War era and so is their music, I'm pleased to present staff Sergeant Julie Dukes, who will narrate their performance. Please join me in welcoming the Old Guard Fife and Drum. [applause] [music playing] >> Julie Dukes: Good morning ladies and gentleman. The United States Army military district of Washington under the command of Major General Michael Linnington, is proud to present the United States Army Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps. The 3rd United States Infantry Regiment, the Old Guard, traces its lineage back to the first American Regiment of 1784, and today serves as the Army's official escort to the President of the United States. In 1960, the Fife and Drum Corps was organized to participate in official ceremonies and to revive our country's musical heritage. As one of the Army's premier musical organizations, the Corps performs for visiting dignitaries and heads of state, at the White House, and throughout our nation's capital. In addition, the Corps travels extensively averaging 500 performances annually while serving as a goodwill ambassador for the Army across the nation and abroad. Ladies and gentlemen, please join me in welcoming the United States Army Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps. [applause] [music playing] [applause] >> Julie Dukes: From the days of American Revolution through the 19th Century, Army field musicians played a vital role in maintaining good order, discipline and morale. The sounds of the fife, bugle and drum, acted as the voice of the commander, signaling to the soldiers when to rise, how to move in battle, and when to retire for the evening. The soldiers of the Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps wear uniforms patterned after the musicians of George Washington's Continental Army. In order to easily identified, military musicians of the period wore the reverse colors of the regiment to which they were assigned. In 1784, infantry soldiers of the 1st American Regiment wore blue coats with red trim, thus the musicians of the time wore red coats trimmed in blue. The instruments used by the Corps are patterned after traditional field instruments of the period. These modernized versions allow the musicians to perform more contemporary arrangements than the music found in manuscripts of the 18th and 19th centuries. Listen now as the Corps features the fife bugle and drum, bringing to life the sights and sounds of our country's musical heritage. [music playing] [applause] [music playing] [applause] [music playing] [applause] >> Julie Dukes: Throughout the history of the American Army, one of the most significant duties for the field musician was to render honors to the flag of the United States of America. The Corps will now play music from the retreat ceremony, an occasion where the flag is lowered, signaling the end of the duty day, and conclude the performance with their signature melody, Yankee Doodle. [music playing] >> Julie Dukes: Once again, ladies and gentlemen, the United States Army Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps. [applause] On behalf of the Old Guard Commander Colonel James C Marker, and the Fife and Drum Corps Commander Chief Warrant Officer Frederick Elwein, it has been our pleasure performing to you today. [applause] >> Steve Scully: To staff sergeant Julie Dukes from Chicago, Illinois, thank you for your presentation. And also for the Old Guard, if you've seen an arrival ceremony for a head of state, the Old Guard welcoming foreign dignitaries, but of course today welcoming all of you here today, so thank you to the Old Guard. "We are in the very midst of a revolution, the most complete, unexpected and remarkable of any in the history of nations." John Adams. The National Archives works every day, not only to preserve the actual Declaration of Independence, but also the ideals in which it represents. It cares for the records of our democracy, and every day makes them accessible to the public. All day today until 7:00 you can tour this remarkable building. The National Archives also ensures the rights of individuals and the accountability of government, that of course is the hallmark of what we call our democracy. So it is now my great pleasure to introduce the man that we have entrusted to care for the Declaration of Independence, he is responsible for 10 billion pages of documents. Along with his staff, he is the one who decides which of the millions and millions of documents the federal government produces each year are saved and preserved, that become part of the record of our nation. He is of course, David Ferriero, the archivist of the United States, sworn into this job on November 13 2009, he previously served as the Andrew W. Mellon Director at the New York Public Libraries, four research libraries, 87 branches and collectively bringing them together in a seamless service in this digital age for users, with reference and research services, education programming and exhibitions. Before joining the New York Public Library back in 2004, he served two remarkable universities, MIT in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. He is a graduate of Boston University -- Northeastern University in Boston I should say, and the Simmons College of Library Science. Ladies and gentlemen, Mr. David Ferriero, the Archivist of the United States. >> David Ferriero: Thank you Steve, and good morning, thanks to all of you for joining us this morning on the steps of the National Archives as we celebrate the 236th anniversary of the day the Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence. Each year we celebrate the Fourth of July with a reading of the Declaration of Independence, a document on display behind me in this beautiful building. Our doors opened in 1935 with a mission which has remained unchanged over the years. To collect, protect, and to promote the use of the records of our government. Thomas Jefferson's words are as relevant today as they were when he wrote them in a letter from Paris in 1797. "Whenever the people are well informed they can be trusted "with their own government. "That whenever things get so far wrong as to attract their notice "they may be relied on to set them to rights. "As informed citizenry -- an informed citizenry is at the "heart of what we do here, rooted in the belief that "citizens have the right to see, examine and learn from the "records that guarantee their rights, document government actions and tell the story of the nation." Today that collection translates into about 12 billion sheets of paper, 40 million photographs and miles and miles of film and video and more than 5 billion electronic records, as you can imagine, the fastest growing part of our collection. Twelve-billion pieces of paper translates into 1.4 million trees. Laid end to end 12 billion pieces of paper would circle the globe 84 times. And those records are here for you, to help you become an informed citizen. This year, along with Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin, we have four special guests who will be reading the Declaration. They are all descendants of the original signers of the Declaration of Independence. Laura Belman and her son John are descended from three signers, Samuel Chase of Maryland, William Ellery of Rhode Island, and Oliver Wolcott of Connecticut. Michael Miller is descended from signer Colonel William Williams of Connecticut, and Laura Murphy is descended from Philip Livingston of New York. By signing this document, their ancestors became wanted men, traitors to the king. Just think of the courage it took to sign the Declaration and how important independence from England meant for them to risk their lives. By the end of the Revolutionary War, more than half of the signers suffered direct personal consequences for their support of American Independence. We have the signers to thank for the freedoms we enjoy today, these descendants have learned much about their ancestors. If you'd like to learn more about your family history, you're just steps away from family history central. People visit us daily to search for their own ancestors. In our research rooms across the country, people comb through these records to piece together details of their family histories. The records we hold are for the American people, you never know, you may be related to a signer as well. National Archives records can help you discover your own history. [music playing]

See also

References

  1. ^ Federal Act on Archiving, original version 1998-06-26.

External links

This page was last edited on 22 July 2018, at 11:29
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