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Nathaniel Sackett

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nathaniel Sackett
Born(1737-04-10)April 10, 1737
DiedJuly 28, 1805(1805-07-28) (aged 68)
NationalityAmerican
OccupationSpymaster

Nathaniel Sackett (April 10, 1737 – July 28, 1805) was the spymaster appointed by General George Washington to create a network of civilian spies located in New York during the American Revolution. Sackett and his new spy ring would report to William Duer, a Continental Congressman, and General Washington. Sackett’s later lack of progress lead him to be relieved of his post. He was replaced with Benjamin Tallmadge, who built upon Sackett’s work and established the Culper Spy Ring.

Early life

Nathaniel Sackett was born in Orange County, New York on April 10, 1737 to Rev. Samuel Sackett and Hannah Hazard.[1] From an early age, Nathaniel Sackett had shown interest in trading. He would later go on to work as a merchant before the American Revolution, settling in an area around Fishkill, New York known as Mattewan.[2] Nathaniel had worked with his uncle, Nathaniel Hazard, who was a merchant based out of New York from before he was 12 years old.[3] When Sackett was 17 years old, he traveled to New York to work as an apprentice in his uncle's shop.[3] Upon completion of his apprenticeship, Sackett set up the first general store in Fishkill, New York.[3] Nathaniel Sackett married Mary Rogers on January 3, 1759. Together they had five children: Annias Rogers Sackett, Samuel Sackett, Nathaniel Sackett, Hannah Sackett, and Elizabeth Sackett.[4]

Role in the American Revolution

After the Battles of Lexington and Concord in 1775, Nathaniel Sackett helped form what was known as the Rombout Precinct Committee of Safety in his home county of Duchess, New York.[3] Sackett later served on the New York Committee for Detecting and Defeating Conspiracies. This Committee lead him to work with William Duer, a Continental Congressman who was helping George Washington set up a network of civilian spies in New York. Duer later recommended Sackett to George Washington as the man to set up the new network. Duer and Washington believed that Sackett's ability to organize and status as a civilian made him the perfect candidate to set up a spy network consisting of agents who were not enlisted in the military. Washington sent a letter to Sackett in February of 1777 requesting that he enlist other civilians to monitor the activities of the British in New York. Washington granted Sackett an allowance of $50 per month to recruit others to the cause.[5]

The operations of the spy network consisted of movements of soldiers across the Long Island and New York City area. However, their progress was insubstantial. Nathaniel Sackett failed to make any considerable progress with the spies in New York. Despite Sackett's ability to organize, he and his agents failed several times and failed to satisfy Washington’s demands of the fledgling spy ring.[5] Sackett was relieved of his position and replaced with Benjamin Tallmadge. Building upon Sackett’s work, Tallmadge later created the Culper Spy Ring.[6]

After the Revolutionary War

After the war Sackett sought a position in the new federal government from George Washington. Washington declined to acquiesce to his request. Sackett served one term in the state legislature and retired. He eventually returned home to his shop and farm and later died in Sullivan County, New York on July 28, 1805.[3]

References in pop culture

Nathaniel Sackett, as well as the Culper Spy Ring and their activities during the Revolutionary War were made famous by the airing of the AMC historical drama Turn: Washington’s Spies.[7] The four season show depicts the actions of the spy network, but has been questioned for its historical accuracy. The show fails to convey complete accuracy, especially when displaying Nathaniel Sackett’s death, which in real life did not occur until after the Revolutionary War in 1805.[4] Sackett was portrayed by Stephen Root in the series.

References

  1. ^ Nagy, John A. George Washington's Secret Spy War: The Making of America's First Spymaster. St. Martin's Press, 2016, page 297
  2. ^ Smith, Cale & Roscoe. History of Duchess County, New York With Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers · Part 1, 1882, page 525
  3. ^ a b c d e Weygant. "The Sacketts of America". The Sackett Family Association. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Nathaniel Sackett". The Sackett Family association. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  5. ^ a b Strochlic, Nina. "The Letter That Won the American Revolution". National Geographic. National Geographic. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  6. ^ "The Culper Spy Ring". History. History. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  7. ^ "Turn: Washingtons Spies". AMC. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
This page was last edited on 24 September 2020, at 09:46
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