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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Narvskaya
Saint Petersburg Metro station
Metro SPB Line1 Narvskaya1.jpg
Station Hall
LocationKirovsky District
Saint Petersburg
Russia
Coordinates59°54′04.35″N 30°16′29.65″E / 59.9012083°N 30.2749028°E / 59.9012083; 30.2749028
Owned bySaint Petersburg Metro
Line(s)
Line 1 (Saint Petersburg Metro)
Kirovsko–Vyborgskaya Line
Platforms1 (Island platform)
Tracks2
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Depth≈52 m (171 ft)
History
Opened15 November 1955
ElectrifiedThird rail
Services
Preceding station Spb metro logo.svg Saint Petersburg Metro Following station
Baltiyskaya
towards Devyatkino
Line 1 Kirovsky Zavod

Narvskaya (Russian: На́рвская) is a subway station in Saint Petersburg, Russia on the Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya Line between the stations Baltiyskaya and Kirovsky Zavod.

The station was opened on 15 November 1955, as a part of the first stage of Saint Petersburg Metro from Avtovo to Ploschad Vosstania.

Overview

When the construction of the station began, it was named after the Ploshchad Stachek (Russian: Площад Стачек, lit. 'Square of the Strikes'), but several years before it has been opened, the name was changed to "Stalinskaya" after Joseph Stalin. When the Soviet leader died in 1953 and de-Stalinization under Nikita Khrushchev began, the station was renamed "Narvskaya" after the Narva Triumphal Gate, located opposite of the entrance to the station. The name indicates that once there was a gate of the road to Narva.[1]

Despite the name change, it still contains a large number of decorative elements related to Stalin and his cult of personality.

The irregular-shaped pavilion is built in the neoclassical style with a dome at one end. The station is lined in white marble with many bronze inserts. The walls of the vestibule are painted red and balustrades of escalators are decorated with red plastic. There is a decorative strip of red stone on the upper section of the walls in the underground hall, and the centre of the station's platform is constructed with red granite.

Connections to public transport
Bus commercial routes K-1, K-2, K-6, K-20, K-66, K-154, K-169, K-177, K-195, K-306, K-404
Bus routes 2, 6, 35, 35A, 66, 73.
Trolleybus route 20.

Concourse

Vestibule of Narvskaya
Vestibule of Narvskaya

The station has one concourse, located at Ploshchad Stachek, at the corner of Staro-Peterhofskiy Prospekt and Ivan Chernyh Street. The vestibule of the station was designed by architects I. V. Vasilyev, D. S. Goldgor, S. B. Speransky and engineer O. V. Ivanova.

The wall of the vestibule was planned to be decorated with the engraving of the following quote of Stalin:

Не исключена возможность, что именно Россия явится страной пролагающей путь к социализму… Надо откинуть отжившее представление о том, что только Европа может указывать нам путь.[1]
There is a chance that Russia will be the country to lead the way to socialism... One must discard the obsolete idea that only Europe can show us the way.

— Joseph Stalin

Concourse, behind it there is Staro-Peterhofskiy Prospekt
Concourse, behind it there is Staro-Peterhofskiy Prospekt

Over the escalator run there is a relief reading "Glory to Work!" (Russian: Слава труду!, romanizedSlava trudu!), sculpted by G. V. Kosov, A. G. Ovsyannikov, V. G. Stamov, and A. P. Timchenko. This area had been planned to contain an engraving of Stalin.[2]

In recent years, the station has struggled under the large volume of passenger traffic. Its three escalators have not been sufficient to carry passengers during the morning and afternoon rush hours. The escalators were built in the 1950s and they require occasional repairs. In peak hours, the station works only in one direction: either on the entrance or on exit.

Escalator "crown" lights
Escalator "crown" lights

In 2012, the station was closed for a 14-month reconstruction, which was planned to include the replacement of the three outdated escalators with four new ones.

Architectural appearance of the underground hall

Down escalator hall of Narvskaya
Down escalator hall of Narvskaya

Three lines of escalators deliver passengers to the underground hall, which is located at a depth of 52 metres (171 ft). These escalators are illuminated by highly-artistic fixtures - cylinders topped with a bronze colour metal crown. Fixtures and the housing of the escalator motors are made of steel and aluminium.

Below the escalators small rooms are located closed off the main area. The main hall is illuminated gracefully with fixtures located on the walls in groups of three.

The underground hall of the pylon station was built under the direction of architects Alexander Vasilev, David Goldgor, Sergey Speransky, and engineer O. V. Ivanova. The subjects of the station reflect "the valour of labour of the Soviet people", and many elements and decorations represent Soviet-era symbols: hammer and sickles, red stars, and images of red flags.

On walls opposite the platforms, there are decorative lattices with the inscription «1955», the year when the station was opened.

Fluorescent lamps on consecutive arches of the ceiling illuminate the central hall, merging in the distance to create the impression of a continuous shiny surface.[3]

Originally there was a large mosaic panel "Stalin on a tribune" Russian: Сталин на трибуне, romanizedStalin na tribune located on a prominent wall of the central underground hall. This mosaic was constructed by the director of the Academy of Arts of the Soviet Union, Aleksandr Gerasimov. Stalin's bust was planned to be displayed on a colourful background; however, in 1961, after the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the panel was covered by a false wall of marble, with a photo of the original panel included in the book dedicated to the line's opening.

There was a boardroom in an enclosed space. Later this premise was used as the linear point for machinists of the Depot "Avtovo" which is still there. According to machinists, the wall with a mosaic is still displayed and staff-only premises have been expanded to the following pair of columns, but during the organization of the Museum of Saint-Petersburg Metro a museum of underground this mosaic has not been displayed, and its location and condition are not known.

Sidewalls of the pylons of the central underground hall are decorated with high reliefs depicting people of different professions:

Overview of the underground hall. On the left there is a pilon with the high relief "Plant selection breeders".
Overview of the underground hall. On the left there is a pilon with the high relief "Plant selection breeders".
High reliefs of Narvskaya
Professions Sculptor In Russian
Peoples of art Maria Litovchenko Мария Тимофеевна Литовченко
Collective farmers Mikhail Anikushin Михаил Константинович Аникушин
Naval architects Mikhail Gabe Михаил Руфимович Габе
Scholars Elena Chelpanova Елена Георгиевна Челпанова
Plant selection breeders Valentina Rybalko Валентина Лаврентьевна Рыбалко
Tube builders Alexander Ignatiev Александр Михайлович Игнатьев
Textilemen Lubov Hohlina Любовь Михайловна Холина
Founders P. Kulikov П. А. Куликов
Seamen V. Sichev В. И. Сычёв
Doctors N. Slobodinskiy Н. К. Слободинский
Red soldiers V. Pirozhkov В. О. Пирожков
Builders Alexander Chernitsky Александр Николаевич Черницкий

Facts and prospects

The 2.5-kilometre (1.6 mi) run between Narvskaya and Kirovsky Zavod stations is the longest on the initial stage of the Saint Petersburg Metro.[1] To meet the schedule for the opening, fast construction methods were employed. Information displays the information for passengers on platforms of stations: under the phrase "the train follows to station" one of two variants was highlighted: Avtovo or Narvskaya.[citation needed]

The first stage of Saint Petersburg Metro was laid practically on an existing branch of a tram. To accustom passengers to use new transport, the tram line has been transferred on small streets, but at Narvskaya metro station the tram ring has remained.[4]

After these tunnels ceased to be used for transport Line 1, they were used for storing Line 2 trains overnight. When in 1972 Depot 3 "Moskovskoye" was constructed, all trains of Line 2 began to spend the night on the line.

Since the beginning of the 21st century, the station has been functioning continuously under a maximum load. In 2007, the Administration of the underground announced the full closure of close the station on 2010 due to reparations and replacement of escalators.[5][6] In 2008 the tender for manufacture and delivery of four escalators was won by factory Universalmash.[citation needed]

On summer 2009, informations of the project approval were published and plans specified the middle of 2010 as the beginning of work.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Линия 1" [Line 1]. Санкт-Петербургская интернет-газета (in Russian). Retrieved 23 August 2009.
  2. ^ "Следующая станция - "Сталинская"..." [Next stop: Stalinskaya]. karta-spb.livejournal.com (in Russian). 2 February 2006. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  3. ^ "The first stafe of Saint Petersburg metro". Narvskaya (in Russian). 2005. Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved 9 September 2009.
  4. ^ "Транспортные чиновники забыли, что у "Нарвской" есть трамвайные пути" [Transport officials have forgotten that at "Narvskaya" there are tram ring]. фонтанка.ру (in Russian). 30 August 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2009.
  5. ^ Shahova, Victoria (14 June 2007). ""Горьковскую", "Автово" и "Нарвскую" будут активно ремонтировать" ["Gorkovskaya", "Avtovo" and "Narvskaya" will actively repair] (in Russian). dp.ru. Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2009.
  6. ^ "Планы нашего метро (интервью В.Гарюгина) - "Эхо Петербурга", 18.07.07" [Plans of Our Metro (interview to V. Garjurin) - Echo of Petersburg, 18.07.07]. Subwaytalks.ru (in Russian). 18 July 2007.
  7. ^ ""Нарвскую" собираются закрыть через год" ["Narvskaya" are going to close in a year]. фонтанка.ру (in Russian). 17 August 2009. Retrieved 9 September 2009.

External links

This template requires you to use a title as the title parameter and one of the succession box headers as its header parameter.
Preceded by
Gostiny dvor (Aug 2008 - Aug 2009)
Gorkovskaya (Oct 2008 - end of 2009 /planned/)
Major repair with full closed
end of 2009-2011/planned/
Succeeded by
Grazhdansky Prospekt (2011-…/planned/)
This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 22:03
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