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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nargund

Naragunda
Town
Nargund is located in Karnataka
Nargund
Nargund
Location in Karnataka, India
Nargund is located in India
Nargund
Nargund
Nargund (India)
Coordinates: 15°43′N 75°23′E / 15.72°N 75.38°E / 15.72; 75.38
Country India
StateKarnataka
DistrictGadag
Elevation
605 m (1,985 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total36,291
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Websitewww.naragundatown.gov.in

Nargund or Naragunda was a zamindari estate ruled by the Marathi Chitpavan Brahmin, Shrimant Bhave Sarkar. It is now a town in Gadag district in the Indian state of Karnataka.

Geography

Nargund is located at 15°43′N 75°23′E / 15.72°N 75.38°E / 15.72; 75.38.[2] It has an average elevation of 605 metres (1984 feet).

The name "Nargund" comes from "Nari Gundu", which means "Hillock of Foxes" in Kannada. The town is marked by such a hillock right in the centre of town. Although known to be a place full of foxes in the past, it has none now and is pocked with windmills on all sides.

Nargund Fort

Nargund Fort is located on a hill in the center of town. It was created by the famous Maratha King Chhatrapati Shivaji in 1675. It has been witness to many a battle. It was different from other forts created by Shivaji. It had amazing architecture. The fort was planned to be challenging for any enemy to capture it. It was established in order to delay annexation by the Mughals of the territory, acting as a stronghold over the area. Most of the area inside Nargund Fort was used by Shivaji's army. Unlike other forts in Karnataka, Nargund Fort had no fortresses or multiple floors (storeys). There was no garden or sanctuary inside. Shivaji did not believe such structures to be essential to the fort and, therefore, did not waste the time or resources on constructing them. Aside from a few ornamental components, the architecture of Nargund Fort was based on bare essentials such as a reservoir, an ammunition storage space, a large well for uninterrupted water supply and watch towers. As of now, the great Nargund Fort has become a ruin. Most of the structures inside the fort have been destroyed over time. The place has become an open field; anyone can enter it unhindered. It is under the custody of the Government of Karnataka. Entry is unrestricted and very little has been done in order to renovate it. Gradually, the once great fort is in the process of becoming just a memory. It was under Maratha rulers for 15 years after its creation. Later, Mughal emperor Aurangzeb invaded the fort and captured it, by defeating the Maratha army. However, the courageous Marathas again captured the fort from Mughal rulers under Ramrao Dadaji Bhave in 1707. In the 18th century Nargund Fort along with the surrounding region was under the authority of King Venkat Rao of the Bhave family, which was subservient to the Marathas. The suzerainty of the Maratha rulers over Nargund Fort remained till 1778, when it was captured by the King of Mysore, Hyder Ali. In 1784, Hyder Ali's son, Tipu Sultan, controlled the fort. Nargund Fort played a vital part during the revolt against the British - the Sepoy Mutiny - of 1857. Who has not heard the name of ‘BABASAHIB’ of Nargund? It was he who raised a mutiny against British rule in India in 1858 and gave a clarion call of freedom to Indians. Known for his courage, valor and love of freedom, Babasahib of Nargund stood like a rock and fought like a lion against British authority. By killing Manson, the Political Agent of South India, he sent shivers up the spines of the British. But it was unfortunate that his own people stabbed him at the back and saw to his defeat and downfall. At the time, the fort was occupied by Bhaskar Rao Bhave, who administered the Nargund area. He defeated the British army, which attacked the fort in order to seize it. Later, under the leadership of Major Malcolm, Nargund Fort was captured by the British army. Although Nargund Fort has become a ruin, it has historical importance which makes it a place ideal for tourism. Tourists can see the remains of the historical fort. Also, one can enjoy the sight of the open fields beside it and the hillside.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[3] Nargund had a population of 32,548. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Nargund has an average literacy rate of 56%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 45%. In Nargund, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Nargund Town Municipal Council

Nargund is a Town Municipal Council place in the district of Gadag, Karnataka. The town is divided into 23 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The Council has total administration over 7,433 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Town Municipal Council limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.

References

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nargund
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns  (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 10:50
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