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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1895 map showing the Hüdavendigâr Eyalet, divided into Sanjaks, showing the separate Mutasarrifate of Biga and the Mutasarrifate of Izmit
1895 map showing the Hüdavendigâr Eyalet, divided into Sanjaks, showing the separate Mutasarrifate of Biga and the Mutasarrifate of Izmit

In the Ottoman Empire, a mutasarrıf was an administrative authority of any of certain sanjaks, who were appointed directly by the Sultan.[1]

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Transcription

Contents

History

This administrative unit was sometimes independent (e.g., Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate or Cyprus) and sometimes was part of a vilayet (province), administered by a vali, and contained nahiye (communes), each administered by a kaymakam.[2] This rank was established in 1864 against the new Law of Villayets instead of rank of mutesellim which was abolished in 1842.[3]

"This small political unit was governed by a non-Lebanese Ottoman Christian subject and given the protection of European powers. The religious communities of the district were represented by a council that dealt directly with the governor. This system provided peace and prosperity until its abolition."[4]

The mutassarifates of the Ottoman Empire included:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Definition of Mutessarif". Free Online Dictionary. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
  2. ^ p. 21, A Reign of Terror Archived 2006-11-28 at the Wayback Machine, Master's thesis, Uğur Ü. Üngör, University of Amsterdam, June 2005.
  3. ^ Benedict, Peter (1974). Ula: An Anatolian Town. p. 85.
  4. ^ A History of the modern middle east Cleveland and Buntin p.84
  5. ^ Rogan, E.L. Frontiers of the State in the Late Ottoman Empire: Transjordan, 1850-1921. Cambridge University Press. p55.

External links

This page was last edited on 11 February 2018, at 00:31
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