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Museum of Aeronautics and Astronautics (Madrid)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Museum of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Panorama of the Cuatro Vientos Air Museum.
Location within Madrid
Former name
Air Museum
Established16 June 1966
LocationMadrid
Coordinates
TypeAviation museum
OwnerSpanish Air Force
Public transit accessCuatro Vientos (Madrid Metro)
Websiteofficial web

Museum of Aeronautics and Astronautics (in spanish: Museo de Aeronáutica y Astronáutica), also known as Air Museum (Museo del Aire), is an aviation museum located near of Madrid, is situated at Cuatro Vientos Air Base, Spain. The objective of the museum is to acquire, conserve and display the aircraft, equipment and associated paraphernalia that constitute the historical heritage of the Spanish Air Force. It has an exterior exhibition and seven hangars.

History

In 1939 the Spanish Civil War came to an end and the Spanish Air Force was created. It is in this period the Ministry of the Air (Ministerio del Aire) appointed Colonel Társilo Ugarte Fernández to prepare a project for the creation of an aeronautic museum. However, 27 years passed before its creation. A first draft was presented in December 1948, with its location in the plant below the new building of the Ministry of the Air.

Through subsequent studies and consults, the Museum of Aeronautics and Astronautics was created by decree number 1437 of June 16, 1966, accountable to the Ministry of the Air and with headquarters in Madrid.

Since 1975, the museum has been based at Cuatro Vientos near of Madrid, however the works itself started at the end of 1979. Thereafter, it has been extended many times. Cuatro Vientos, was inaugurated in 1911 and is Spain's first military airfield. The airfield, although surrounded by construction, is still in use. The museum was officially inaugurated on 24 May 1981, by Lieutenant-General Emiliano Alfaro Jose Arregui.

In 1993, two new hangars were added, and even two more in 2002. Among these hangars, there is number 4, which was inaugurated on 22 August 2003, and which is dedicated to rotating wings and other autogyros, machines whose origins came directly from the spanish engineer Juan De La Cierva.

Museum Displays

The museum facilities extend over a surface of more than 66,938 m2 (720,510 sq ft), including outdoor displays, about 200 aircraft and seven hangars. There are mainly planes and helicopters, many of which have previously served in the Spanish Air Force. Visitors will also find hundreds of miniature aircraft models, engines, weapons, uniforms, vehicles, mock-ups and many other aviation related objects. Aircraft on display include a Vilanova Acedo, Spanish version of the Blériot XI built in 1911, the Jesús del Gran Poder, a special version of the Breguet 19 used on the transatlantic flight to Asia and America between 1928 and 1929, a few aircraft of the Spanish Republican Air Force, as well as the famous de Havilland Dragon Rapide used by Francisco Franco from the Canary Islands to Tétouan at the start of the military rebellion which began the Spanish Civil War in 1936.[1]

Ex Spanish Airforce Mirage F-1 and Mirage III
Ex Spanish Airforce Mirage F-1 and Mirage III

Outdoor exhibition area

The Spanish versions of the Heinkel He 111 and the Junkers Ju 52, fighters as McDonnell Douglas F-4C Phantom II or Mirage F-1, one Canadair Cl-215, Aerospatiale AS-330 Puma or even a MiG-17.

Hangar expositions

  • Hangar 1: Beginnings of the history of aviation in Spain, aviation during the Rif War, Spanish aviation in the pioneer era and aircraft during Spanish Civil War.
  • Hangar 2: Engines, simulators, aeronautical equipment and uniforms.
  • Hangar 3: Training planes, fighters of the Spanish war, post-war fighters, gliders and a collection of propellers and engines.
  • Hangar 4: Helicopters and autogyros with, among others, two La Cierva, or the Aerotécnica AC-12 and AC-14, and collection of flight instruments.
  • Hangar 5: Spanish Air Force aircraft, like the General Franco's de Havilland Dragon Rapide, two versions of the local jet Hispano HA-200.
  • Hangar 6: Dedicated mainly to restoration.
  • Hangar 7: A collection of more than 100 models on a 1:10 scale

Aircraft exhibits

List of selected aircraft on display

Designation Displayed identity Notes Image
Aerotécnica AC-12 Z.2–6 commons
Aerotécnica AC-14 Z.4-06 commons
Boeing KC-97G TK.1-03 '123-03'
Bolkow Bo.105LOH HR.15–21 'ET-140' commons
Breguet 19GR - 'Cuatro Vientos' commons
Breguet 19TR Bidon 72 'Jesus del Gran Poder' commons
Bristol F.2B B21
CASA 2.111E (Heinkel 111H) T.8B-97 '462-04'
CASA 352L (Junkers Ju 52) T.2B-211 '911-16' commons
CASA C-101 Aviojet XE.25-01 commons
CASA C-207 Azor T.7-6 '405-15' commons
CASA C-212 Aviocar XT.12-1 '54-10' commons
Caudron G.3 BC-6 commons
Cierva C.6 C.6-B commons
Cierva C.19 EC-AIM commons
Cierva C.30A XVU.1-1
Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina DR.1-1
de Havilland Dragon Rapide G-ACYR Aircraft carried General Francisco Franco in July 1936 to Spanish Morocco at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. commons
de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou T.9–25 commons
Dornier Do 24T-3 HD.5-2 '58-2' commons
Douglas C-47 Dakota T.3–36 '721-9'
Farman F.402 SF-002 commons
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch L.16–23 commons
Grumman HU-16B AD.1B-8
Heinkel 111E-3 B.2–82 '25–82'
Hispano HS-34 EC-AFJ
Hispano HA-1112K1L Tripala C.4J-2 commons
Hispano HA-1112M1L Buchon C.4K-158 commons
Hispano HA-200 Saeta A.10C-104 commons
Lockheed F-104G Starfighter C.8–15 '104-15' commons
McDonnell F-4C Phantom II C.12–37 '12–29' commons
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 42 commons
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 22–26 E German AF commons
Mil Mi-2 CCCP-23760 Icona '34' commons
Nieuport IV M.N.N.5
North American T-6G E.16–90 '793-6' commons
North American B-25J Mitchell 130338 '74-17'
North American F-86 Sabre C.5-175 '1–175' commons
Polikarpov I-15 CA-125 commons
Slingsby T.34 Sky EC-RAT
Transavia PL-12 Airtruk VH-TRQ commons
Vilanova Acedo (Blériot XI) - commons
Westland Whirlwind 2 ZD.1B-22 '803-4' commons

Gallery

Visitors

  • Timetable: Tuesday to Sunday: 10 am to 2 pm. The museum is closed to the public on all Mondays and special days (like public holidays), as well as the entire month of August.
  • Visitors must follow the instructions of security personnel and museum staff at all times
  • In the case of photographs or filming for personal use, it is not necessary to request any type of authorization.
  • Visitors must show their entrance ticket whenever they are requested to do so by security personnel or museum staff, and they must retain said ticket until the end of their visit.
  • The museum is a no smoking zone and smoking is prohibited.
  • It is forbidden to touch the equipment on display

Ways to get there

There is no access from the airport to the museum, and this is surrounded by a confusing number of roads.

  • By bus: It is better to take any of the Madrid-Alcorcón-Móstoles green buses of the BLAS company at Príncipe Pío station. These go along the Autovía A-5 and there is a stop near the museum: ask the driver where to drop off. Busses pass here frequently.
  • Nearest metro and commuter rail station: Line 10 (Madrid Metro). Cuatro Vientos Metro station is a bit far from the museum, about 1 kilometre, but there is no marked or paved path to the museum. Walking beside the highly frequented highway is not very pleasant. It is advisable to take a taxi at Cuatro Vientos Metro station to the museum, which is actually part of an airforce base.
  • By car: autovía A-5, 10,5 km. Parking is free in front of entrance to the Museum.

See also

References

  1. ^ Alpert, Michael BBC History Magazine April 2002

Bibliography

  • Guía del Museo de Aeronáutica y Astronáutica (in Spanish). Madrid: Ministry of Defence (Spain). 2014. ISBN 9788497818810.
  • Ogden, Bob. (2009). Aviation Museums and Collections of Mainland Europe. Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd ISBN 0-85130-375-7

External links

This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 20:57
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