To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mukdahan

มุกดาหาร
View from Haw Kaew Mukdahan Observation Deck
View from Haw Kaew Mukdahan Observation Deck
Mukdahan is located in Thailand
Mukdahan
Mukdahan
Coordinates: 16°32′35″N 104°43′22″E / 16.54306°N 104.72278°E / 16.54306; 104.72278
CountryThailand
ProvincesMukdahan Province
DistrictMueang Mukdahan District
Elevation
145 m (476 ft)
Population
 (2000)
180,600[1]
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)

Mukdahan (Thai: มุกดาหาร, pronounced [múk.dāː.hǎːn]) is a town (thesaban mueang) and capital of Mukdahan Province, which became Thailand's 73rd province in 1982. In the northern region of the country, on the right (west) bank Mekong River, it was formerly a district of Nakhon Phanom Province. The population of the municipal area was 180,600[2] in 2010. Mukdahan is 645 km northeast of Bangkok.

Etymology

The city was established at the mouth of Muk Creek (Thai: ห้วยมุก) and named Mukdahan from Kaeo Mukdahan, derived from the following:

  • Kaeo แก้ว noun or adjective: glass other than sheet glass; a glass, a tumbler; gem-like, precious, exquisite.
  • Muk มุก noun: mother-of pearl; nacre.
  • Da ดา verb intransitive: to advance along a wide front
  • Han หาร verb intransitive or transitive: to divide; to be divided.

History

Prehistoric paintings and other archaeological discoveries show that the area of Mukdahan was the site of ancient communities. The modern history of the city begins late in the Ayutthaya Era (1350-1767). In the years 1767–1770, Prince Kinnari, son of Prince Suriwong, ruler in Ban Luang Phonsim of Savannakhét, established a settlement at the mouth of Muk Creek, across the Mekong from Savannakhét. In the reign of King Taksin, 1768–1782, Prince Kinnari received appointment as Phraya Chandara Sri Surat with a rank equivalent to viceroy. In 1893, Savannakhét District of Mukdahan was ceded to France.[3]

Climate

Mukdahan has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is hot with the average daily maximum at 35.2 °C (95.4 °F). The monsoon season runs from late-April through early-October, with heavy rains and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm.

Climate data for Mukdahan (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.6
(101.5)
40.0
(104.0)
42.1
(107.8)
42.5
(108.5)
41.7
(107.1)
38.3
(100.9)
38.5
(101.3)
36.5
(97.7)
36.7
(98.1)
36.2
(97.2)
37.5
(99.5)
36.7
(98.1)
42.5
(108.5)
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
32.7
(90.9)
35.1
(95.2)
36.1
(97.0)
34.5
(94.1)
32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
31.8
(89.2)
32.0
(89.6)
31.7
(89.1)
30.7
(87.3)
29.2
(84.6)
32.5
(90.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
24.9
(76.8)
27.7
(81.9)
29.6
(85.3)
28.8
(83.8)
28.3
(82.9)
27.8
(82.0)
27.3
(81.1)
27.2
(81.0)
26.3
(79.3)
24.4
(75.9)
22.2
(72.0)
26.4
(79.5)
Average low °C (°F) 16.4
(61.5)
19.1
(66.4)
22.3
(72.1)
24.6
(76.3)
24.9
(76.8)
25.0
(77.0)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
22.5
(72.5)
19.7
(67.5)
16.6
(61.9)
22.0
(71.6)
Record low °C (°F) 7.7
(45.9)
10.1
(50.2)
11.1
(52.0)
17.0
(62.6)
20.0
(68.0)
21.3
(70.3)
21.3
(70.3)
21.7
(71.1)
19.6
(67.3)
15.1
(59.2)
10.5
(50.9)
7.0
(44.6)
7.0
(44.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 3.7
(0.15)
17.4
(0.69)
38.8
(1.53)
76.4
(3.01)
199.5
(7.85)
233.4
(9.19)
231.9
(9.13)
350.7
(13.81)
211.7
(8.33)
100.6
(3.96)
13.3
(0.52)
2.6
(0.10)
1,480
(58.27)
Average rainy days 1.0 2.7 4.4 8.1 16.2 16.7 19.3 22.4 16.8 9.7 2.5 0.6 120.4
Average relative humidity (%) 67 65 62 65 75 79 81 84 82 77 71 69 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 275.9 243.0 275.9 243.0 158.1 117.0 120.9 117.8 144.0 198.4 252.0 257.3 2,403.3
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.9 8.6 8.9 8.1 5.1 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.8 6.4 8.4 8.3 6.6
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[4]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[5]

Second Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge

The Second Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge, across the Mekong to Savannakhet, Laos was completed in December 2006.

Ho Kaeo Mukdahan

Ho Kaeo Mukdahan
Ho Kaeo Mukdahan

Ho Kaeo Mukdahan (Thai: หอแก้วมุกดาหาร), or Mukdahan Tower, is an observation tower 65.5 metres in height, constructed in 1996 to honor the 50th anniversary of the king's accession to the throne.

  • 1st Floor—Art and Culture Museum
  • 2nd Floor—History and Culture of eight ethnic tribes of Mukdahan
  • Tai Kha (Thai: ไทยข่า)
  • Tai Kha Soe (Thai: ไทยกะโซ่)
  • Tai Kha Lerng (Thai: ไทยกะเลิง)
  • Isan Peoples (Thai: ชาวไทยอิสาน)
  • Tai Yor (Thai: ไทยย้อ)
  • Tai Saek (Thai: ไทยแสก)
  • Tai Kula (Thai: ไทยกุลา)
  • Phu Tai (Thai: ชาวผู้ไทย)
  • 3rd-5th Floors—Pillar of the tower
  • 6th Floor—360° Observation deck
  • 7th Floor—A silver Buddha image in the meditation position called Phra Buddhanavamingmongkol (Thai: พระพุทธนวมิ่งมงคลดาหาร), and the Buddha image for each day of the week

References

  1. ^ "Thailand Census 2010" (PDF). National Statistical Office Thailand. National Statistical Office. Retrieved 2014-09-15.
  2. ^ "Thailand Census 2010" (PDF). National Statistical Office Thailand. National Statistical Office. Retrieved 2014-09-15.
  3. ^ Ho Kaeo Mukdahan Museum Brochure
  4. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 10. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  5. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 50. Retrieved 1 August 2016.

External links

Coordinates: 16°32′35″N 104°43′22″E / 16.54306°N 104.72278°E / 16.54306; 104.72278

This page was last edited on 21 June 2019, at 22:38
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.