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Mughrabi Bridge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 The Mughrabi Bridge
The Mughrabi Bridge

The Mughrabi Bridge is a wooden bridge connecting the Western Wall plaza with the Mughrabi Gate of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

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  • Ramp to Temple Mount thru Mughrabi Gate - Jerusalem - Israel
  • From Western Wall through Mughrabi Gate to Temple Mount on Rosh Hashanah

Transcription

Contents

History

Until 2004 an earthen ramp allowed non-Muslim visitors direct access to the Temple Mount through the Mughrabi Gate. An 800-year-old wall holding back part of the hill jutting out from the Western Wall leading up to the Mughrabi Gate partially collapsed. Authorities believed a recent earthquake may have been responsible.[1][2] During the winter of that year heavy snowfall (by Israeli standards) caused the ramp to collapse.

In 2007, the current wooden bridge was built, originally intended as a temporary measure that would stand for several months until a more permanent bridge was constructed. In order to build a permanent bridge, the remains of the old ramp and the dirt under it had to be excavated, which resulted in accusations by the Waqf that Israel was trying to destabilise the Temple Mount and collapse the Dome of the Rock (400 m from the location of the ramp), which in turn resulted in international criticism, violent rioting and calls for a third Intifada.[3] Several of the neighbouring Arab states argued that the work threatened their internal stability, while other states threatened war.[4]

As a result, the "temporary" bridge was still standing at the end of 2011, when the city engineer of Jerusalem issued an order to close the structure because it was not safe.[3] In 2012 and 2013, the support scaffolding of the bridge was replaced with a large metal beam structure and the area under the bridge was again open for visitors to walk around, resulting in a 1.5–2x "increase" in size of the Western Wall's women's prayer area. (Since the area was mostly "lost" when the bridge was constructed, it is hard to call it a true increase,[according to whom?] though some new space was gained due to the excavations of the old ramp and the removal of its dirt.)

2014 addition

In August 2014, construction was started on a second bridge to the Mughrabi Gate. The second bridge would be a supplement to the 2007 Mughrabi Bridge.[5] This secondary bridge became controversial, and at the wishes of the Jordanian government, work was halted and what had been built was torn down.[6]

Significance

The Mughrabi gate is the only gate to the Temple Mount that the Waqf allows non-Muslims to use for visiting the Temple Mount complex.[7][8] The bridge is the only way to access the gate.

The bridge and excavation of the historic ramp leading up to the gate, have been a point of contention contributing to the hostility of the Arab-Israeli conflict.[9]

References

This page was last edited on 24 July 2017, at 14:10.
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