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Mount Chiginagak

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mount Chiginagak
Chiginagak.jpg
View, looking southeast, of Chiginagak volcano
Highest point
Elevation7,287 ft (2,221 m) [1]
Prominence6,675 ft (2,035 m)
Listing
Coordinates57°08′01″N 156°59′29″W / 57.13361°N 156.99139°W / 57.13361; -156.99139[2]
Geography
Mount Chiginagak is located in Alaska
Mount Chiginagak
Mount Chiginagak
Alaska
LocationAlaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge, Lake and Peninsula Borough, Alaska
Parent rangeAleutian Range
Topo mapUSGS Ugashik A-3
Geology
Mountain typeStratovolcano[1]
Volcanic arc/beltAleutian Arc
Last eruptionAugust 1998[1]

Chiginagak Volcano is a stratovolcano on the Alaska Peninsula, located about 15 km NW of Chiginagak Bay.

Eruptive history

An unglaciated lava flow and an overlying pyroclastic-flow deposit extending east from the summit are the most recent products of Chiginagak. They most likely originated from a lava dome at 1687m on the SE flank, 1 km from the summit of the volcano. Brief ash eruptions were reported in July 1971 and August 1998. Fumarolic activity occurs at 1600m elevation on the NE flank of the volcano, and two areas of hot-spring travertine deposition are located at the NW base of the volcano near Volcano Creek.

A 400 m (1,300 ft) wide and 105 m (344 ft) deep acidified summit crater lake at Chiginagak formed after November 2004 and before May 2005. In early May 2005, a catastrophic release of acidic water from the lake, with an accompanying acidic aerosol component, drained and flooded Indecision and Volcano Creeks with acidic water, traveled 27 km downstream and flowed into the Mother Goose Lake, headwaters of the King Salmon River. Extensive vegetation damage occurred along the flood route and Mother Goose Lake was acidified (pH of 2.9-3.1), killing all aquatic life and preventing the annual salmon run. The lake now drains from the summit through an outlet cave into Indecision Creek. Indecision Creek now usually has a strong sulphur odor, yellow color and a pH of 1.2.

Map showing volcanoes of Alaska. The mark is set at the location of Chiginagak.
Map showing volcanoes of Alaska. The mark is set at the location of Chiginagak.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Chiginagak". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2009-01-20.
  2. ^ "Chiginagak Description and Statistics". Alaska Volcano Observatory. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-01-20.

Further reading

External links


This page was last edited on 28 November 2019, at 19:22
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