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Moskovsky railway station (Saint Petersburg)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

St.Petersburg-Glavny
October Railway terminal
Spb 06-2017 img19 Moskovsky railway station.jpg
View of the station from Vosstaniya sq.
Location85, Nevsky av., St. Petersburg, Russia
Operated byOctober Railway
Line(s)Saint Petersburg–Moscow railway
Platforms6 (5 island platforms)
Tracks11
Connections
Construction
ParkingYes
Other information
Station code03181
Fare zone0
History
Opened1847
Rebuilt1952, 1967, 1976
Electrified1962
Previous namesNicholaevsky (1851-1923)
Oktyabrsky (1923-1930)
Services
Preceding station Russian Railways Logo.svg Russian Railways Following station
Terminus Sapsan Chudovo

St. Petersburg-Glavny (Russian: Санкт-Петербург-Главный), is a railway station terminal in Saint Petersburg, Russia. It is a terminus for the Saint Petersburg–Moscow Railway and other lines running from Central and South Russia, Crimea, Siberia and Eastern Ukraine.

History

The oldest preserved station in the city, it was erected in 1844-51 to a design by Konstantin Thon.[1] As Nicholas I of Russia was the reigning monarch and the greatest patron of railway construction in the realm, the station was named Nicholaevsky after him. Rechristened Oktyabrsky to memorialize the October Revolution in 1924, the station was not given its present name until 1930.

Although large "Venetian" windows, two floors of Corinthian columns and a two-storey clocktower at the centre explicitly reference Italian Renaissance architecture, the building incorporates other features from a variety of periods and countries. A twin train station, currently known as the Leningradsky railway station, was built to Thon's design at the other end of the railway, in Moscow.

While Thon's facade remains fundamentally intact to this day, the station was expanded in 1869-79 and 1912. It was completely redeveloped internally in 1950-52 and 1967.[1] A bronze bust of Peter the Great in the main vestibule was unveiled in 1993, replacing a bust of Lenin.[1] The station is served by the Mayakovskaya and Vosstaniya Square stations of the Saint Petersburg Metro, with both stations linked to the station building by an underground corridor.

Services

High-speed rail

Train number Train name Destination Operated by
151/152[2]
153/154
155/156
159/160
163/164
165/166
Sapsan (rus: Сапсан) Russia Moscow (Leningradsky) Russia Russian Railways

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Moskovsky Railway Station". Encyclopaedia of St. Petersburg. Rosspen.
  2. ^ "Russian Railways press release".

This page was last edited on 8 September 2020, at 02:04
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