To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Moshchiny culture

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

4th Century Baltic Cultures (purple). Moshchiny culture (eastern area)
4th Century Baltic Cultures (purple). Moshchiny culture (eastern area)

The Moshchiny culture (Russian: Мощинская культура) was an archaeological culture of the Iron Age from the 4th to the 7th century in present-day western Russia.

It is the easternmost known Baltic culture.

Distribution area

The settlement area was located in the forest areas at the upper Dnepr and the upper Oka in today's Russian Oblast Kaluga, Tula, Oryol and Smolensk.

It is named after a settlement near the village Moshchiny (Russian: Мощины) in the Mosalsky District in the Kaluga Oblast.[1]


The Moshchiny culture emerged in the 4th century from the Yukhnov culture, with influences from Zarubintsy culture due to immigration. Moshchiny culture is related to the Dnieper-Dvina culture.

Material culture

Agriculture and livestock were nutritional basis. The settlements were mostly fortified.

The ceramic had a smooth surface with bronze ornaments. It was hand-molded. Bronze and iron processing were highly developed.

Mortuary fire was buried in burial mounds.

Cultural changes

For the period from the 9th century, the possibly Baltic-Slavic origin of the Vyatichi is mentioned in the western part of the area. For the 11th century on the Oka the probably Baltic tribe of Galindians (in particular Eastern Galindians ).

See also


  1. ^ Moshchiny (Russian: Мощины) Kaluga Oblast. Russia.


  • (in German) Matthias Albani Der Brockhaus Archäologie: Hochkulturen, Grabungsstätten, Funde Publisher Brockhaus, 671 pages, 2009 ISBN 978-3-7653-3321-7
  • G.A. Massalitina: Современное состояние изучения мощинской культуры. Оки связующая нить ( The current status of research on Moschinsky culture Oka .) In: (Red.) EE Fomtschenko: Археология Среднего Поочья: Сборник материалов Второй региональной научно-практической конференции (Ступино, 18 февраля 2009 г.) ( Archeology of the Central Oka region Materials of the second regional scientific-practical conference (Studino, February 18, 2009) ). Moscow 2009, pp. 38–43

External links

This page was last edited on 10 March 2022, at 07:41
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.