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Moscow Ring Road

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Moscow Ring Road (MKAD)
Московская кольцевая автомобильная дорога
MKAD on Moscow map[1]
Route information
Part of E22 E30 E101 E105 E115 E119
Length108.9 km (67.7 mi)
Existed1961–present
Location
Major citiesMoscow
Highway system
Russian Federal Highways

The Moscow Automobile Ring Road (Russian: Московская кольцевая автомобильная дорога, Moskovskaya Koltsevaya Avtomobilnaya Doroga), or MKAD (МКАД), is a ring road encircling the parts of Moscow, Russia. The length of the road is 108.9 km (67.7 mi), and the number of exits is 35 (including 10 interchanges).

History

The growth of traffic in and around Moscow in the 1950s made the city planners realise Russia's largest metropolis needed a bypass to redirect incoming traffic from major roads that run through the city. Opened in 1961, the MKAD had four lanes of asphalt running 108.9 kilometres along the city borders. Although not yet a freeway, it featured interchanges at major junctions, very few traffic lights and a speed limit of 100 km/h (62 mph).

For a long time the MKAD served as the administrative boundary of Moscow city, until in the 1980s Moscow started annexing territory outside the beltway. In December 2002 Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo became the first Moscow Metro station that opened beyond the limits of MKAD.[2]

In 1995–1999, the road was widened from the initial four to ten lanes, while all intersections became grade-separated, bridges were built to accommodate pedestrians, traffic lights were removed, and a solid concrete barrier was installed in the median. In 2001, all slow-moving vehicles were banned from entering the MKAD, and the renovated road received a freeway designation from the mayor's office.

Route

Distance
(approx.)
Destinations Notes
0 km
Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
M7 (Entuziastov shosse) — Nizhny Novgorod
2 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Pobeda ulitsa — Reutov, Ivanovskoe
4 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Ketcherskaya ulitsa, Nosovikhinskoye ulitsa — Balashikha, Elektrougli
7 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Moldagulovoy ulitsa, Novoukhtomskoe shosse
8 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Ryazansky prospekt, Lermontovsky prospekt — Lyubertsy
11 km
Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
M5 (Volgogradsky prospekt, Novoryazanskoye shosse) — Bykovo Airport, Ryazan
14 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Verkhniye Polya ulitsa — Kotelniki
16 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Energetikov ulitsa, Kapotnya ulitsa — Dzerzhinsky, Kapotnya
20 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Besedinskoe shosse — Besedy
24 km
Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
Kashira Highway
27 km
Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
M4 (Lipetskaya ulitsa) — Domodedovo Airport, Vidnoe, Kashira, Rostov-on-Don
30 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Bulatnikovo
33 km
Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
M2 (Varshavskoe shosse) — Podolsk, Ostafyevo International Airport
35 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Polyany ulitsa — Butovo
38 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Paustovskogo ulitsa — Yasenevo
41 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
A130, Profsoyuznaya ulitsa
45 km
Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
M3 (Kievskoe shosse), Leninsky Avenue — Vnukovo Airport, Bryansk, Kiev
48 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Borovskoye shosse, Ozyornaya ulitsa
55 km
Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
M1 (Minskoye shosse), Mozhayskoye shosse — Smolensk, Brest
56 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Gorbunova ulitsa — Nemchinovka
60 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
A106 (Rublevo-Uspenskoye shosse) — Uspenskoye
61 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Rublevo-Uspenskoye shosse — Rublevo
63 km
Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
M9 (Novorizhskoye shosse), Marshala Zhukova prospekt — Riga, Velikiye Luki
65 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Myankininsky prospekt — Myakinino
68 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
A109 (Volokolamskoye shosse) — Dedovsk, Petrovo-Dalneye
72 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Novokurkinskoye shosse — Kurkino
74 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Svobody ulitsa, Molodezhnaya ulitsa — Kurkino
75 km
Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
M10 (Leningradskoye Highway) — Sheremetyevo International Airport, Khimki, St. Petersburg
78 km
Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
M11
82 km
Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
A104 (Dmitrovskoye shosse) — Dubna, Dmitrov
85 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Altufyevskoye shosse — Veshki
91 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Ostashskaya ulitsa
95 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
M8 (Yaroslavskoye shosse) — Yaroslavl
103 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
Khabarovskaya ulitsa — Abramtsevo
105 km
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg
A103 (Shchelkovskoye shosse) — Shchyolkovo

Gallery

See also

Ring roads in Moscow:

Comparison to other ring roads encircling big cities:

Notes and references

  1. ^ Map not including the new boroughs (2012) of Novomoskovsky and Troitsky
  2. ^ "Bul'var Dmitriya Donskogo". Moscow Metro official site. Archived from the original on 13 March 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2013.

External links

This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 04:14
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