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Morina (tribe)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Morina tribe (Albanian: fisi Morinë or fisi Marin) is a small tribe and historical region of the Gjakova highlands in Kosovo. The border post between Albania and Kosovo called Qafë Morinë (Morina Pass) lies on Morina territory, however the Morina have settled various parts of Kosovo, in particular Gjakova, Kamenica, Kosovo and Gjilan.[1]

Etymology

According to an article by Nikoll Kimza in 1937, published in the Hylli i Dritës, called "Hetime mí vjetersín e rrjedhen e Derës Gjomarkaj e të Mirditës", the Morina tribe was also called Marin which leads to believe that the name comes from the same Albanian first name "Marin (name)" of Latin origin meaning "marine; of or pertaining to the sea".[2]

Geography

Morina tribal territory bordered on the traditional tribal lands of Gashi (tribe) to the west, Bytyçi to the southwest and Has (municipality) to the south. There are two villages named Morina on the Kosovo-Albanian border.[1]

History

Origins

The Morinas were a tribe in the sense of a fis, i.e. a community that is aware of common blood ties and of common history reaching back to one male ancestor. According to oral tradition, they seem to trace a common origin with the Mirdita tribe.[1] The Mirditans, Shala (tribe) and Shoshi (region) trace their origin to the Pashtrik mountain on the Kosovo-Albanian border, not far from Morina territory which leads to assume that while the Mirditans left their original home, the smaller Morinas stayed closer.[3][4][4][4]

Balkan war

During the battle of Lumë in 1912, among the first battles on the border of Luma (region) took place in the Albanian village of Morinë

Kosovo war

During the Kosovo War, several tens of thousands of Albanian refugees crossed the border in Morinë every day.[5][6][7] At the time, Morinë was the only border crossing between Kosovo and Albania. On 13 June 1999, Bundeswehr troops crossed the border near Morinë from Albania after NATO and Yugoslavia agreed on a withdrawal of Serbian troops from Kosovo. Furthermore, the Kosovar village of Morina, near Gjakova was a stronghold for local Kosovo Liberation Army soldiers and multiple battles were fought there.[8]

Religion

The Morinas were originally Catholic before mostly converting to Islam in the later Ottoman Empire period due to social and economic reasons. In light of their connection to the Mirditans there is also evidence for influence by Orthodoxy in earlier times.[4][9]

Notable people

See also

Sources

  1. ^ a b c The Tribes of Albania:History, Society and Culture. Robert Elsie. 2015-04-24. p. 120. ISBN 9780857739322.
  2. ^ Kimza, Nikoll (1937). "Hetime mí vjetersín e rrjedhen e Derës Gjomarkaj e të Mirditës". Hylli i Dritës. pp. 345–349.
  3. ^ Miranda Vickers (1999). The Albanians: A Modern History. I.B.Tauris. pp. 103–. ISBN 978-1-86064-541-9. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d Elsie 2015, p. 222.
  5. ^ Michael Schwarz, Gaby Neujahr, Annette Blettner (1999-04-12). "Das Elend der Vertriebenen". Focus. Retrieved 2015-02-07.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ AFP (1999-04-18). "Fünf Flüchtlinge durch Mine getötet. Neue Hinweise auf Massengräber". Der Tagesspiegel. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
  7. ^ John Lancaster, James Rupert (1999-04-20). "Kosovo Escape Routes Closed Off Again". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
  8. ^ Frank Nordhausen, Norbert Mappes-Niediek (1999-06-14). "Panzer, Blumen, Freudentränen". Berliner Zeitung. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
  9. ^ Tim Bespyatov. "Religious composition of Kosovo 2011". Population Statistics of Eastern Europe. Retrieved 2017-05-20.
This page was last edited on 3 October 2020, at 03:20
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