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Montclair, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Montclair, New Jersey
Township of Montclair
Panoramic view of Montclair, New Jersey
Panoramic view of Montclair, New Jersey
Official seal of Montclair, New Jersey

Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Montclair, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Montclair, New Jersey
Montclair is located in Essex County, New Jersey
Location in Essex County
Montclair is located in New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Montclair is located in the United States
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°49′28″N 74°12′44″W / 40.824415°N 74.212352°W / 40.824415; -74.212352[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
IncorporatedApril 15, 1868 (as township)
ReincorporatedFebruary 24, 1894 (as town)
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Council-Manager)
 • BodyTownship Council
 • MayorRobert D. Jackson (term ends June 30, 2020)][3][4]
 • Township ManagerTimothy F. Stafford (acting)[5]
 • Municipal clerkLinda S. Wanat[6]
 • Total6.315 sq mi (16.357 km2)
 • Land6.308 sq mi (16.339 km2)
 • Water0.007 sq mi (0.018 km2)  0.11%
Area rank250th of 566 in state
6th of 22 in county[1]
Elevation299 ft (91 m)
 • Total37,669
 • Estimate 
 • Rank60th of 566 in state
6th of 22 in county[13]
 • Density5,971.2/sq mi (2,305.5/km2)
 • Density rank85th of 566 in state
10th of 22 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−5:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
07042, 07043[14][15]
Area code(s)973[16]
FIPS code3401347500[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID1729720[1][19]

Montclair (/mɒn(t)ˈklɛər/) is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 37,669,[9][10][11] reflecting a decline of 1,308 (−3.4%) from the 38,977 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,248 (+3.3%) from the 37,729 counted in the 1990 Census.[20] As of 2010, it was the 60th-most-populous municipality in New Jersey.[21]

Montclair was first formed as a township on April 15, 1868, from portions of Bloomfield Township,[22] so that a second railroad could be built to Montclair. After a referendum held on February 21, 1894, Montclair was reincorporated as a town, effective February 24, 1894.[23] It derives its name from the French mont clair, meaning "clear mountain" or "bright mountain."[24][25]

In 1980, after multiple protests filed by Montclair officials regarding the inequities built into the federal revenue sharing system,[26] Montclair passed a referendum changing its name to the "Township of Montclair," becoming the third of more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships to take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis.[27][28][29]

Montclair, which opened the state's first dispensary in December 2012, joins Bellmawr, Cranbury, Egg Harbor Township and Woodbridge Township as one of the five municipalities (of 565 in the state) that have authorized dispensaries for the sale of medical marijuana.[30]

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Skyline of New York City from Montclair at the start of the Watchung Mountains
Skyline of New York City from Montclair at the start of the Watchung Mountains
A mural of the road map of Montclair from 1857, when it was known as West Bloomfield.
A mural of the road map of Montclair from 1857, when it was known as West Bloomfield.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 6.315 square miles (16.357 km2), including 6.308 square miles (16.339 km2) of land and 0.007 square mile (0.018 km2) of water (0.11%).[1][2]

Montclair is on the east side of the First Mountain of the Watchung Mountains. Some higher locations in the township provide excellent views of the surrounding area and of the New York City skyline about 12 miles (19 km) away.[31]

Named localities in the township include Church Street, Frog Hollow, Montclair Heights, South End, Upper Montclair and Watchung Plaza.[32]

Montclair citizens use two main ZIP Codes. The central and southern parts of the township are designated 07042. Upper Montclair lies north of Watchung Avenue and has a separate ZIP code, 07043. Because the ZIP codes do not exactly match municipal boundaries, a few homes near the borders with neighboring towns fall into the ZIP codes for those communities. A few homes in some adjoining municipalities use one of the two ZIP codes assigned to Montclair, as does HackensackUMC Mountainside (07042, formerly known as Mountainside Hospital), whose campus straddles the border with Glen Ridge.[33][34] Small areas in the southeast of the township fall into the Glen Ridge ZIP code 07028.

Several streams flow eastward through Montclair: Toney's Brook in the center, Nishuane Brook in the southeast, the Wigwam Brook in the southwest, Pearl Brook in the northwest, and Yantacaw Brook in the northeast – all in the Passaic River watershed. Yantacaw and Toney's brooks are dammed in parks to create ponds. Wigwam, Nishuane, and Toney's brooks flow into the Second River, and the others flow into the Third River. Montclair lies just north of the northernmost extent of the Rahway River watershed.

Montclair borders the municipalities of Bloomfield, Cedar Grove, Glen Ridge, Orange, Verona and West Orange in Essex County; and Clifton and Little Falls in Passaic County.[35]

The southern border of Montclair is a straight line between Eagle Rock, on the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain, and the point where Orange Road begins at the foot of Ridgewood Avenue. The eastern border is roughly a straight line between that point and a point just southwest of where Broad Street crosses the Third River. The western border runs roughly along the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain between Eagle Rock and the Essex County/Passaic County border. The northern border is the border between those two counties.


Montclair has a temperate climate, with warm-to-hot, humid summers and cool to cold winters, as is characteristic of the Köppen climate classification humid continental climate. January tends to be the coldest month, with average high temperatures in the upper 30s Fahrenheit and lows averaging 21. July, the warmest month, features high temperatures in the mid-80s and lows in the 70s, with an average high of 86 degrees. From April to June and from September to early November, Montclair experiences temperatures from the lower 60s to the lower 70s.

Montclair gets approximately 50 inches (1,300 mm) of rain per year, above the United States average of 39 inches (990 mm).[citation needed] Snowfall is common from December to early March, and totals about 30 inches (760 mm) annually. The number of days each year in Montclair with any measurable precipitation is 90; the area has an average of 202 sunny days.

Montclair is one or two degrees warmer than the neighboring municipalities of Verona and Cedar Grove because of the mountain between them, which sometimes blocks winds and clouds, including warmer air from the ocean to the east.[citation needed]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201838,676[12][36][37]2.7%
Population sources: 1870–1920[38]
1870–1910[39] 1870[40][41] 1880–1890[42]
1890–1910[43] 1900–1930[44]
1930–1990[45] 2000[46][47] 2010[9][10][11]

The township has long celebrated its diversity, a feature that has attracted many to the community.[48] The African American population has been stable at around 30% for decades, although it fell from 32% in the 2000 Census to 27% in 2010.[46][9]

Montclair has attracted many New Yorkers.[49] Many residents work for major media organizations in New York City, including The New York Times and Newsweek. A March 11, 2007, posting in the blog listed some of those who work in the media and live in Montclair.[50] Many residents are commuters to New York City and the Metro Area.

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,669 people, 15,089 households, and 9,445.714 families living in the township. The population density was 5,971.2 per square mile (2,305.5/km2). There were 15,911 housing units at an average density of 2,522.2 per square mile (973.8/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 62.16% (23,416) White, 27.16% (10,230) Black or African American, 0.16% (59) Native American, 3.81% (1,434) Asian, 0.02% (9) Pacific Islander, 2.19% (826) from other races, and 4.50% (1,695) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.46% (2,810) of the population.[9]

There were 15,089 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15.[9]

In the township, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 82.2 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $95,696 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,396) and the median family income was $126,983 (+/- $8,950). Males had a median income of $83,589 (+/- $5,955) versus $66,063 (+/- $3,616) for females. The per capita income for the township was $53,572 (+/- $2,671). About 4.6% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.[51]

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census,[17] 38,977 people, 15,020 households, and 9,687 families resided in the township. The population density was 6,184 people per square mile (2,389/km2). There were 15,531 housing units at an average density of 2,464 per square mile (951.8/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 59.77% White, 32.06% African American, 3.15% Asian, 0.19% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.77% from other races, and 3.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.12% of the population.[46][47]

Of the 15,020 households in Montclair, 34.3% included children under the age of 18, 47.2% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. Individuals living alone accounted for 29.3% of all households, and in 8.6% of households, that individual was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.16.[46][47]

Like most stable, mature communities, Montclair had many people in each age group, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.7 males.[46][47]

The median income for a household in the township was $74,894, and the median income for a family was $96,252. Males had a median income of $64,151 versus $43,520 for females. The per capita income for the township was $44,870. About 3.9% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.[46][47]


Montclair has six distinct commercial zones:

  • Montclair Center, centered on the intersection of Bloomfield Avenue, South Fullerton Avenue, Glenridge Avenue and Church Street, is the township's main commercial zone. This intersection is also known as Six Corners. It is home to some of Montclair's largest stores and restaurants, and features many upscale restaurants and boutiques near the center of this commercial district. Near the eastern end of this district is Lackawanna Plaza, which once housed the Lackawanna railway station. There is a post office one block to the north of this area. In 2015, Montclair Center won the Great American Main Street Award from the National Trust for Historic Preservation.[52]
  • Upper Montclair, in the north of the town, is the second largest commercial zone. The center is the intersection of Valley Road and Bellevue Avenue, and incorporates the surrounding areas. The Upper Montclair Business District is home to several restaurants and shops. This commercial zone is home to several chain stores such as Starbucks, Talbots, Williams-Sonoma, Gap, Cold Stone Creamery, Supercuts and CVS. Despite the recession, the area in 2009–2010 saw the opening of several new national and local merchants. Upper Montclair also has both a park, Anderson Park, and a railway station, Upper Montclair, nearby. There is a post office here.
  • Watchung Plaza is located around the intersection of Watchung Avenue and Park Street, and is on the divide between two Montclair ZIP Codes, 07042 and 07043. It is home to many "Mom and Pop Stores" and other small businesses. Watchung Plaza has its own post office. It is served by the Watchung Avenue station.
  • Walnut Street, built around the Walnut Street train station. In the spring, summer, and fall it is home to the Montclair Farmer's Market.
  • South End, in the south of town, at the intersection of Cedar Avenue and Orange Road.
  • Valley Road, between Chestnut Street and Claremont Avenue, is known locally as "Frog Hollow." This area has some strip-mall style shops on one side of Valley Road, and on the other side window shops with residential apartments on top of them.

Arts and culture

Montclair hosts many art institutions and theaters, and despite its relatively small size, has many art venues. It has its own art museum, the Montclair Art Museum, and several small galleries.

Montclair also hosts one cinema, the Clairidge Cinema on Bloomfield Avenue which shows different types of movies from documentaries to small scale indie films. The township hosted its first annual film festival in 2012 to provide a platform for filmmakers from New Jersey, the US and the world.<refMission, Montclair Film Festival. Accessed November 5, 2019.</ref>

Live theaters include The Montclair Operetta Company, the Wellmont Theatre, Montclair State University's Kasser Theater, Montclair State University's theater in Life Hall, and the Studio Playhouse. On Bloomfield Avenue there is a public stage used for concerts and other events. Dotted around Montclair there are also many art galleries, though most are centered in the Bloomfield Avenue Downtown Area.[53] Concerts are held at the Wellmont Theatre and at several churches and auditoriums sponsored by Outpost in the Burbs, a community-based organization. In 2017, The Montclair Orchestra was formed as a semi-professional orchestra, composed of both professionals and students from top colleges.[54]

Montclair was the setting for some of the stories in the HBO television series The Sopranos, and many Montclair streets, locations and businesses were featured in the show, such as Bloomfield Avenue.[55]


Parks and recreation

Montclair is home to many parks and nature reserves. Parks in Montclair are both county and municipal. Additional open space includes the Presby Memorial Iris Gardens, and many school owned sports fields, viz., Montclair State University's Sprague Field. In total Montclair has 153.9 acres (0.623 km2) of township park land spread over 18 parks and 123.8 acres (0.501 km2) of county park land consisting of five parks.[61]

Municipal parks include Mountainside Park, the township's largest at 33.2 acres (13.4 ha), which offers extensive tennis and recreation facilities, and includes the Presby Memorial Iris Gardens, a 6.5-acre (2.6 ha) living museum donated by the family of Frank Presby that is maintained by volunteers and dedicated to the iris.[62] Covering nearly 20 acres (8.1 ha) of wetlands and uplands along the Third River, the Alonzo F. Bonsal Wildlife Preserve offers hiking trails and other passive recreation.[63] Yantacaw Brook Park, covering 11.5 acres (4.7 ha), surrounds a pond that is fed by Yantacaw Brook and that in turn feeds into the Third River on its way towards the Passaic River.[64]

The township has 18 public tennis courts, four skating rinks (two of which are indoor), and three public swimming pools: the Mountainside pool, the Nishuane pool, and the Essex pool.[65]

In 2007, township residents advocated for construction of a public skatepark.[66] Community members revitalized the effort in 2010 and lobbied the Parks and Recreation Committee for support. The township council passed a resolution expressing approval of the project, but allocated no funds for it.[67][68][69]


Montclair Municipal Building, the town's government building
Montclair Municipal Building, the town's government building

Local government

Since July 1, 1988, Montclair has been governed under the council-manager plan 13 form of municipal government under the Faulkner Act, whose originator, Bayard H. Faulkner, was a former mayor of Montclair.[70] The government consists of a mayor and a six-member Township Council. The mayor and council are all elected to four-year terms in concurrent nonpartisan elections. The mayor and two council seats are elected at-large, with four council seats elected from each of four wards.[7][71] A deputy mayor is selected by the six council members from their members, and this position is largely ceremonial. Though the Mayor has no executive powers, the Mayor presides over council meetings and has both a voice and vote in its proceedings. The Mayor appoints members to many local governing groups, most notably the board of education.[72]

As of 2019, the Mayor of Montclair is Robert D. Jackson. Members of the Montclair Township Council are Deputy Mayor Rich McMahon (At-Large), Dr. Renée E. Baskerville (Fourth Ward), William L. Hurlock (First Ward), Robert J. Russo (At-Large), Robin Schlager (Second Ward) and Sean M. Spiller (Third Ward), all of whom serve terms of office that end on June 30, 2020.[3][73][74][75]

In elections held on May 8, 2012, Robert D. Jackson won election as mayor, defeating Karen Turner and Harvey Susswein.[76] Almost all of Jackson's Montclair 2012 slate also won office, with Rich McMahon and former Mayor Robert Russo winning the two at-large seats, Robin Schlager winning the Second Ward and Sean Spiller taking the Third Ward. For Montclair's Bill Hurlock won the First Ward seat and incumbent councilwoman Dr. Renée Baskerville, who ran as an independent, won the Fourth Ward seat. The new council took office on July 1, 2012. Russo was chosen by the council to be deputy mayor, succeeding Kathryn Weller-Demming.[77]

Federal, state and county representation

Logo of Montclair, depicting the letter 'l' as the memorial obelisk in Edgemont Memorial Park.
Logo of Montclair, depicting the letter 'l' as the memorial obelisk in Edgemont Memorial Park.

Montclair is split between the 10th and 11th Congressional Districts[78] and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district.[10][79][80] Prior to the 2010 Census, Montclair had been part of the 8th Congressional District and the 10th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[81] The split that took effect in 2013 drew the southern section of the township (26,730 residents) into the 10th District, while the northern portion (11,299 residents) moved to the 11th District.[78][82]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr. (D, Newark).[83][84] For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Mikie Sherrill (D, Montclair).[85] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[86] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[87][88]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 34th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D, Montclair) and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Britnee Timberlake (D, East Orange).[89][90] Timberlake was sworn into office on January 29, 2018 to fill the seat of Sheila Oliver, who had resigned from office on January 9, 2018 to become Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey.[91][92]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders.[93] As of 2018, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo Jr. (D, Roseland).[94] The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2018.[93][95][96] Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Brendan W. Gill (D, at-large; Montclair),[97] Freeholder Vice President Wayne L. Richardson (D, District 2 – Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Newark),[98] Janine G. Bauer (D, District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; South Orange, appointed to serve on an interim basis),[99] Rufus I. Johnson (D, at large; Newark),[100] Lebby C. Jones (D, at large; Irvington),[101] Leonard M. Luciano (D, District 4 – Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell),[102] Robert Mercado (D, District 1 – Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark),[103] Carlos M. Pomares (D, District 5 – Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Bloomfield)[104] and Patricia Sebold (D, at large; Livingston).[105][95][106][107] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell; D, 2020),[108][109] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (Fairfield; D, 2018)[110][111] and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens II (D, 2021).[112][113][95]


As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 27,289 registered voters in Montclair, of which 14,782 (54.2%) were registered as Democrats, 2,581 (9.5%) were registered as Republicans and 9,903 (36.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 23 voters registered to other parties.[114]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 83.0% of the vote (15,811 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 15.9% (3,034 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (201 votes), among the 19,576 ballots cast by the township's 29,463 registered voters (530 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 66.4%.[115][116] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 83.0% of the vote (17,396 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 15.7% (3,294 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (132 votes), among the 20,951 ballots cast by the township's 27,476 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.3%.[117] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 78.8% of the vote (15,597 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 20.2% (3,995 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (157 votes), among the 19,804 ballots cast by the township's 25,762 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.9.[118]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 70.5% of the vote (7,613 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 28.3% (3,057 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (131 votes), among the 10,941 ballots cast by the township's 29,768 registered voters (140 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 36.8%.[119][120] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 73.9% of the vote (10,139 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 18.7% (2,573 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.8% (801 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (104 votes), among the 13,723 ballots cast by the township's 26,843 registered voters, yielding a 51.1% turnout.[121]


CR 506 westbound in Montclair
CR 506 westbound in Montclair

Montclair is considered a commuter suburb of New York City. NJ Transit and DeCamp Bus Lines are the providers of public transportation. The average Montclair commute is 38 minutes each way. Twenty-four percent of commuters take mass transit, while 59% drive alone. Twelve times more Montclair commuters take mass transit than the national average.[citation needed]

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 100.62 miles (161.93 km) of roadways, of which 86.68 miles (139.50 km) were maintained by the municipality and 13.94 miles (22.43 km) by Essex County Road Dept.[122]

Major roads in the township include CR 506 (Bloomfield Avenue).[123]

There is a taxi stand off of Bloomfield Avenue in eastern Montclair, in front of Lackawanna Plaza, formerly the Montclair train station.


NJ Transit buses 11, 28, 29, 34, 97, 191 and 705 run through Montclair, most going along the main street, Bloomfield Avenue.[124][125] The NJ transit bus routes are:

All of these routes except #97, #191, and #705 were trolley lines originally, operated by the Public Service Railway. A trolley garage existed on Bloomfield Avenue. In the 1930s and 1950s the trolleys were destroyed and replaced with buses.

DeCamp Bus Lines routes 33 and 66 run through Montclair to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City, carrying primarily commuters.

  • #33 goes along Bloomfield Avenue, with some buses going onto Grove Street[126]
  • #66 goes along Orange Road, Park Street, Valley Road, and Mt. Hebron Road[127]

Montclair State University has shuttle buses going around its campus.[128]

The township of Montclair operates a jitney in the evening from the Bay Street train station to the southern end of Montclair.[129]


Running through Montclair is the Montclair-Boonton Line, serving New York Penn Station via Hoboken Terminal to the east, and Hackettstown to the west.[130] Seven NJ Transit Rail stations serve Montclair: Bay Street,[131] Walnut Street,[132] Watchung Avenue,[133] Upper Montclair,[134] Mountain Avenue,[135] and Montclair Heights in Montclair[136] and Montclair State University station in the Great Notch area of Little Falls, New Jersey.[137] Only Bay Street station has weekend train service.

Montclair has a long history of railroads. The first railroad to Montclair was built in 1856 by the Newark and Bloomfield Railroad. It terminated at a station in Downtown Montclair. First the Morris and Essex Railroad, then the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad leased the line.

In 1868, the Montclair Railway built another line through Montclair, which caused disputes leading to Montclair's separation from Bloomfield. Shortly afterward it was taken over by the New York and Greenwood Lake Railway, a subsidiary of the Erie Railroad. A third railroad to Morristown was planned in 1860 and construction began, but the Panic of 1873 ended the project. In 1912 the Lackawanna Railroad built a large terminal at the end of their line. The Erie and Lackawanna Railroads later merged, forming the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad, which operated both lines for many decades. They were next operated by Conrail for approximately one year, after which NJ Transit took over passenger operations and Conrail continued freight operations. Meanwhile, the 1912 terminal was closed in 1981 and converted into shops. This station was replaced by the Bay Street station. In 2002, the two railway lines were connected with the construction of the Montclair Connection.[138]


Montclair is noted for its historic architecture. It is home to six historic districts listed on the Register of Historic Places of both the state and country as a whole, 92 individually listed landmarks, and two locally designated commercial districts. Works by significant architects include designs by Van Vleck and Goldsmith, Charles Follen McKim, McKim, Mead, and White, Henry Hudson Holly, Charles A. Platt, Alexander Jackson Davis, Dudley Van Antwerp, Effingham R. North, Montrose Morris, and Frances Nelson, among others.[citation needed]

In 2018, Bobbi Brown, founder and ex-CCO of Bobbi Brown Cosmetics, and her husband, realtor Steven Plofker opened The George, a 32-room boutique hotel on North Mountain Avenue that was originally a private homeconstructed in 1902.[139]

Montclair has also housed many hotels, such as the defunct Hotel Montclair. In 2013, plans were announced to bring a new hotel to Montclair, featuring 100 rooms and a liquor license.[140]


Board of Education Building
Board of Education Building

The Montclair Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2017-18 school year, the district's 11 schools had an enrollment of 6,760 students and 566.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.9:1.[141] Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[142]) are seven elementary schools (K-5, except as noted, with enrollment and magnet program listed in parentheses) — Bradford School[143] (430 students, Magnet Theme: The University Magnet), Charles H. Bullock School[144] (448, Environmental Science), Edgemont Montessori School[145] (291, Montessori), Hillside School[146] (3–5; 593, Gifted and Talented), Nishuane School[147] (K-2; 394, Gifted and Talented), Northeast School[148] (416, Global Studies) and Watchung School[149] (426, Science and Technology) — Buzz Aldrin Middle School[150] (658, Science, Technology, Engineering & Math), Glenfield Middle School[151] (641, Visual and Performing Arts) and Renaissance at Rand[152] (280, Liberal Arts) for grades 6–8, along with Montclair High School[153] (2,106) for grades 9–12.[154][155]

Montclair is home to Montclair State University, which was founded in 1908 as the New Jersey State Normal School at Montclair.[156]

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark supervises the operation of Immaculate Conception High School (coed) and Lacordaire Academy (for girls)at the high school level[157] and Lacordaire Academy Lower Division and St. Cassian School for grades PreK-8.[158] In 2016, St. Cassian School was one of ten schools in New Jersey, and one of four private schools in the state, recognized as a National Blue Ribbon School by the United States Department of Education, a recognition celebrating excellence in academics.[159][160]

Montclair is also home to a host of private and parochial schools, including Montclair Kimberley Academy,[161] Montclair Community Pre-K, Virginia Harkness Sawtelle Learning, Maria Montessori Early Learning, Montclair Cooperative School, Trinity Academy and Deron School II.


WNJN-TV transmitter site
WNJN-TV transmitter site

Montclair has three local newspapers, the Montclair Dispatch,[162] the Montclair Times[163] and as of 2017, The Montclair Local.[164] In addition, there is a radio station at 90.3 FM on the campus of Montclair State University, WMSC.[165] The township has a municipal public service television channel, Channel 34, where township council and school board meetings are broadcast. Montclair High School has its own paper the Mountaineer, and Montclair State University has its own student-run paper, the Montclarion. WNJN - one of four stations of state-wide PBS member station NJTV - is also located there.

Sister cities

Montclair has four sister cities, as listed by Sister Cities International:[166]

Points of interest

Historic sites

Montclair is home to the following locations on the National Register of Historic Places:[170]

In popular culture

In the 1948 biographical novel Cheaper by the Dozen, the principal characters Frank Bunker Gilbreth Sr. and Lillian Moller Gilbreth live in Montclair, as the authors did in real life.[173]

Notable people


  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Mayor & Township Council, Montclair Township. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  4. ^ 2019 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed August 1, 2019. As of date accessed, Jackson is listed as mayor with an incorrect term-end date of December 31, 2020.
  5. ^ Office of the Township Manager, Township of Montclair. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  6. ^ Municipal Clerk, Township of Montclair. Accessed November 5, 2019.
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  8. ^ "Township of Montclair". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Montclair township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 5, 2012.
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  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Montclair, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed April 5, 2012.
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  21. ^ Staff. "N.J.'s population shifting to coast, south", USA Today. Accessed April 5, 2012.
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  25. ^ Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 21. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 7, 2015.
  26. ^ Hanley, Robert. "Opponent of Distribution Formula For Federal Aid Steps Up Attack; As South Orange Moves to Become Township, Montclair Aide Calls for Equitable Sharing", The New York Times, August 29, 1977. Accessed August 9, 2018. "Montclair, Aug. 26 A Town Commissioner here is intensifying his five-year-long campaign to correct what he considers are inequities in the distribution of Federal revenue-sharing money that allows diversion of the grants to New Jersey's townships at the expense of the state's needy cities."
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  31. ^ Garbarine, Rachelle. "Montclair Projects Echo Older Housing", The New York Times, April 20, 1990. Accessed November 5, 2019. "Kip's Ridge, which sits on an eight-acre tract on a ridge along the side of First Mountain, rises 600 feet along the border of Montclair and Verona.... As Montclair's highest point, the ridge offers a clear view of the Manhattan skyline."
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  33. ^ "Hackensack University Health Network and LHP Hospital Group" Archived 2013-10-05 at the Wayback Machine, HackensackUMC Mountainside, July 12, 2012. Accessed October 3, 2013. "HackensackUMC Mountainside, located on the Montclair/Glen Ridge border, is known for providing access to state-of-the-art patient care in a nurturing, community hospital setting."
  34. ^ Roll, Erin. "Glen Ridge baby boom: More than 500 births so far in 2013", Glen Ridge Voice, August 1, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013. "Mountainside is located on the Montclair-Glen Ridge border, and the hospital's mailing address is listed as Montclair. But because the hospital building itself is located in Glen Ridge, every child born at the hospital has Glen Ridge listed as their place of birth."
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  44. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 – Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 711. Accessed July 8, 2012.
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  48. ^ Goodnough, Abby. "Schools: Referendum; How to Pick the School Board?", The New York Times, October 22, 1995. Accessed April 5, 2012. "In a town that has always been proud of its diversity – many residents say it was their primary reason for moving to Montclair – the difference of opinion has caused considerable strife."
  49. ^ Poletto, Christina. "Montclair is the only suburb true New Yorkers will even consider", New York Post, September 4, 2019. Accessed November 5, 2019. "Some folks like to say that Montclair, the winsome New Jersey township 12 miles west of Manhattan, is the optimal spot for urbanites ready for more bang for their real estate buck."
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  56. ^ Yogi Berra Stadium, New Jersey Jackals. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  57. ^ Staff. "New York Red Bulls II Make Montclair State University Home; Remainder of 2016 USL Schedule to be played at Red Bull Arena", New York Red Bulls, May 10, 2016. Accessed December 20, 2016. "New York Red Bulls II has finalized a partnership with Montclair State University to upgrade the university's current Pittser Soccer Complex to serve as the club's home beginning in 2017, the club announced today."
  58. ^ "NJ Pride Move to Rutgers",, January 19, 2006. Accessed December 20, 2016. "The New Jersey Pride, the Garden State's only professional lacrosse team, announced today that the team will play their 2006 home games at Yurcak Field on the campus of Rutgers University in Piscataway, the premier lacrosse facility in the state.... The move to Rutgers comes after the Pride spent the last two seasons at Sprague Field on the campus of Montclair State University in Montclair. Prior to the 2004 season, the team spent two seasons at Commerce Bank Park in Bridgewater, a year after playing at MSU's Yogi Berra Stadium."
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  63. ^ Montclair’s Alonzo Bonsal Wildlife Preserve! , Accessed January 21, 2018. "Welcome to the 20.68 acre Alonzo F. Bonsal Wildlife Preserve! The preserve is located and owned by the Township of Montclair, New Jersey and was purchased with NJ DEP Green Acres funds."
  64. ^ About, Yantacaw Brook Park Conservancy. Accessed January 21, 2018. "Yantacaw Brook Park is the municipal park located in Montclair, New Jersey. The park consists of approximately 11.5 acres (47,000 m2) of land. The park contains a small pond and a stream that feeds into it. The pond is surrounded by trees and low hills. There are paths and benches throughout the park. The Yantacaw Brook feeds the pond and then continues into the Third River through Bloomfield, Nutley, and Belleville where it finally meets the Passaic River."
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  104. ^ Carlos M. Pomares, Freeholder District 5, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
  105. ^ Patricia Sebold, Freeholder At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
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  122. ^ Essex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  123. ^ County Route 506 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, June 2012. Accessed December 20, 2016.
  124. ^ Essex County Bus / rail connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 22, 2012. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  125. ^ Essex County System Map, NJ Transit. Accessed November 2, 2019.
  126. ^ Route 33 Schedule, DeCamp Bus Lines. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  127. ^ Route 66 Schedule, DeCamp Bus Lines. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  128. ^ Shuttle Services, Montclair State University. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  129. ^ NJ Transit Montclair Shuttle, Montclair, New Jersey. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  130. ^ Montclair-Boonton Line, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  131. ^ Bay Street station, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  132. ^ Walnut Street station, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  133. ^ Watchung Avenue station, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  134. ^ Upper Montclair station, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  135. ^ Mountain Avenue station, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
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