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Monastery of Saint John the Theologian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Monastery of Saint-John the Theologian
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Chora di Patmos con il Monastero di San Giovanni "il teologo".JPG
Exterior view of the monastery walls
LocationPatmos, Greece
Part ofThe Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint-John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse on the Island of Pátmos
CriteriaCultural: (iii)(iv)(vi)
Reference942
Inscription1999 (23rd session)
Coordinates37°18′33.08″N 26°32′52.99″E / 37.3091889°N 26.5480528°E / 37.3091889; 26.5480528
Location of Monastery of Saint John the Theologian in Greece

The Monastery of Saint John the Theologian (also called Monastery of Saint John the Divine) is a Greek Orthodox monastery founded in 1088 in Chora on the island of Patmos. UNESCO has declared it a World Heritage site.[1] It is named after St. John of Patmos.

History

In 1088, Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos gave the island of Patmos to the soldier-priest John Christodoulos. The greater part of the monastery was completed by Christodoulos three years later. He heavily fortified the exterior because of the threats of piracy and Seljuk Turks.[2]

330 manuscripts are housed in the library (267 on parchment), including 82 manuscripts of the New Testament. Minuscules: 1160–1181, 1385–1389, 1899, 1901, 1966, 2001–2002, 2080–2081, 2297, 2464–2468, 2639, 2758, 2504, 2639, and lectionaries.[3]

As of 2012, 40 monks reside here.[citation needed] The monastery has, amongst its relics, the skull of Saint Thomas the Apostle.[4]

Interior
Interior

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ UNESCO, World Heritage Site #942, webpage:WHC-UNESCO-942.
  2. ^ "Monastery of St. John, Patmos". July 20, 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  3. ^ Manuscripts by place at the INTF.
  4. ^ "The Skull of the Holy Apostle Thomas in Patmos". www.johnsanidopoulos.com.

External links

Media related to Monastery of Saint John the Theologian at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 16 July 2020, at 17:52
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