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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Monasterboice
Mainistir Bhuithe
A high cross and round tower at Monasterboice, Ireland.jpg
Round tower, high cross, church and gravestones at Monasterboice
Location within Ireland
Monastery information
Established5th century
Disestablished1097
People
Founder(s)Saint Buithe (Saint Buithe mac Bronach)
Site
LocationCounty Louth, Ireland
Coordinates53°46′39.53″N 6°25′02.43″W / 53.7776472°N 6.4173417°W / 53.7776472; -6.4173417
Public accessyes
Reference no.94[1]

Monasterboice (Irish: Mainistir Bhuithe) are the remains of an early Christian monastic settlement in County Louth in Ireland, north of Drogheda. The ruins are a National monument of Ireland and also give their name to the local village.

Name

The name Monasterboice is a part-anglicization of the Irish name Mainistir Bhuithe meaning "monastery of Buithe". It was formerly anglicized as Monasterboye and Monasterboyse. Boice is the English version of the Latin name Boecius, which was adopted as the equivalent of the Irish Buithe.[2]

History

The monastic settlement was founded in the late 5th century by Saint Buithe (or Buite) who died around 521.[3]

Poet and historian Flann Mainistrech, Flann of Monasterboice, was lector here.

Little is known about the monastery except for a list of abbots (759-1122). It fell into ruin after the establishment of the Cistercian Mellifont Abbey nearby in 1142.[3]

A parochial church was in use at the location by the 13th century.[3]

Description

The site includes the remains of two churches built in the 14th century or later and an earlier round tower, but it is most famous for its high crosses.

The round tower is about 28 metres tall, and is in very good condition. It was likely built shortly after 968 and damaged in a fire in 1098.[3]

The three high crosses date from the 10th century and form part of the scriptural group (showing biblical scenes).[3]

The 5.5-metre Muiredach's High Cross is regarded as the finest high cross in the whole of Ireland. It is named after an abbot, Muiredach mac Domhnaill, who died in 923 and features biblical carvings of both the Old and New Testaments of the Bible. The North and West crosses are also notable examples of this kind of structure, but these have suffered much more from the effects of the weather. A copy of the main cross is held in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.

Today

The property is owned by the National Monuments Service and is accessible to the public.[1]

Burials in the graveyard around the ruins continue in the present day.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "National Monuments in State Care: Ownership & Guardianship, Louth" (PDF). 4 March 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  2. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland (see archival records)
  3. ^ a b c d e Bord Failte sign

External links

This page was last edited on 17 March 2021, at 21:13
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