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Molodaya Gvardiya (publisher)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Molodaya Gvardiya
StatusActive
Founded1922 (1922)
Country of originSoviet Union
Russia
Headquarters locationMoscow
Key people
  • Valentin Fedorovich Yurkin (CEO)
  • Andrey Vitalyevich Petrov (Director - Chief Editor)
Official websitegvardiya.ru

Molodaya Gvardiya (Russian: Молодая гвардия, lit. Young Guard) is an open joint-stock Russian publishing house, one of the oldest publishers in Russia, having been founded in 1922 during the Soviet era. From 1938 until 1992, it was responsible for publishing the magazine Vokrug sveta. It is especially known for its biography series, The Lives of Remarkable People.

During its existence, it has released a total circulation of more than 2 billion copies of books.[citation needed]

History

1922 — The Molodaya Gvardiya publishing and printing association was founded in Moscow on the initiative of the Central Committee of the Komsomol on October 10th. In the first year of the publishing house's operation, 71 books were published with a circulation of 584,000 copies.[1]

1930s — The publishing house began to produce not only books, but also newspaper and magazine products, which made up one fifth of all printed materials of the USSR.[citation needed] Popular Soviet-era youth magazines: Murzilka, Vokrug Sveta (Around the World), Yuny Tekhnik (Young Technician), Molodaya Gvardiya (magazine), Molodoi Kommunist (Young Communist), Komsomolskaya Zhizn (Komsomol Life), Rovesnik, Studenchesky Meridian (Student Meridian), Vozhaty, Yuny Naturalist (Young Naturalist), Modelist-Konstructor, Yuny Khudozhnik (Young Artist), Pionerskaya Pravda, Vesyolye Kartinki (Funny Pictures), Shkolny Vestnik (School Bulletin) - started here. Shkolny Vestnik is the only magazine in Russia for blind and visually impaired children, published in braille, to date.[citation needed]

In 1932, Molodaya Gvardiya published the novel How the Steel Was Tempered by Nikolai Ostrovsky.

1938 — After the disbandment of the Journal and Newspaper Association (ZHURGAZ), the biography series The Lives of Remarkable People (ZhZL), started in 1890 by Russian publisher Florenty Pavlenkov and continued in 1933 by Maxim Gorky, fell under the dominion of Molodaya Gvardiya. The books of the series created by Pavlenkov were unusually capacious in content. In his youth, Aleksey Tolstoy, Nikolai Berdyaev, Vladimir Vernadsky and many other figures of Russian culture were read in the books of the series.

The basic principles of the series: scientific accuracy, high literary level and entertaining. The range of the series is wide: from Confucius and Plato to Freud and Hegel, from Alexander Nevsky to Zhukov, from Wagner to Tchaikovsky and Rachmaninoff, from Leonardo da Vinci and Caravaggio to Salvador Dalí and Picasso, from Sergius of Radonezh to Patriarch Tikhon of Moscow.

1942 — Molodaya Gvardiya published Aleksandr Tvardovsky's popular poem, Vasily Tyorkin, and Konstantin Simonov's Lyrics.

Yuri Gagarin at the Molodaya Gvardiya publishing house on the day he signed for the printing of his book Psychology and Space. Photo by RIA Novosti, 1968.
Yuri Gagarin at the Molodaya Gvardiya publishing house on the day he signed for the printing of his book Psychology and Space. Photo by RIA Novosti, 1968.

1960s — In 1963, the first book of Vasily Shukshin's short stories Villagers was published. The year 1964 was marked by the release of the book of river stories by Vasily Belov, in 1971, a collection of his prose, Rural Stories, was published, making the author famous. Tales from the Don by Nobel laureate Mikhail Sholokhov was one of the first published by Molodaya Gvardiya.

Vasily Chuikov, Marshal of the Soviet Union, was the author of a number of prefaces to the Molodaya Gvardiya books and it was in this house that his book Hardened Youth in Fights, memoirs of the Russian Civil War, was published.

In 1968, Soviet pilot and cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin signed for the printing of his book Psychology and Space, written in collaboration with Vladimir Lebedev, which has been reprinted and translated into numerous languages. He also wrote the preface of the biography of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky in the ZhZL series, in 1962.

1990s — The circulation of books was sharply reduced, with many series being discontinued. The disappearance of the centralized acquisition of libraries led to the fact that the books of Molodaya Gvardiya became inaccessible to many regions of Russia. In 1991, on the basis of the publishing and printing association Molodaya Gvardiya, the OJSC Molodaya Gvardiya was established, which still exists today.

2000s — A gradual process of reviving the activities of the publishing house was started.

The book series of the Living History: The Daily Life of Humanity publishing house was founded in 1999 on the model of the famous French series La Vie Quotidienne. More than 10 years of its existence, over 110 books have been published in the series, each of which is a historical "portrait" of a certain epoch (The Daily Life of Moscow in the 19th Century, The Daily Life of Medieval Moscow), a profession (The Daily Life of Russian Special Forces, The Daily Life of the Ballet Dancers of the Russian Imperial Theatre) or the social layer (The Daily Life of the Russian Nobility of the Pushkin Era, The Daily Life of European Students from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment).

The building of the Molodaya Gvardiya publishing house on Suschyovskoy Street.
The building of the Molodaya Gvardiya publishing house on Suschyovskoy Street.

In 2002, the publishing house created a new memoirs book series A Close Past. Among the books published in the series are Life in the East Wind: Between Petersburg and Munich by writer Johannes von Guenther, Without a Choice, autobiography by novelist Leonid Borodin, Music as Fate by composer Georgy Sviridov and correspondence by artist Mikhail Sokolov.

In 2005, the book series The Lives of Remarkable People: The Biography Continues.... In contrast to the classic ZhZL series, in this series there are books about living people.

In 2009, the ZhZL: Small Series was launched, which differs from the classic ZhZL series only in the volume of the material.

The series Case Number... includes books written on the basis of declassified documents, tells about secret military operations, intelligence officers, conspiracies. Among them are the True Story of the Major Whirlwind, Military Counterintelligence of 1918–2010, Secret Operations of the Second World War: A Book of Military Intelligence, Hitler's Sea Wolves, A Gendarme with the Tsar in the Head, Scouts: Heroes Soviet Union and Heroes of Russia, Three Attempts on Lenin, etc.

Book series

  • The Lives of Remarkable People (ZhZL)
  • The Lives of Remarkable People: The Biography Continues...
  • The Lives of Remarkable People: Small Series
  • Living History: The Daily Life of Humanity
  • You're On the Road, Romantic
  • Library of Modern Fiction
  • A Close Past
  • Case Number...
  • Russia and the World
  • Century Prose
  • Golden Giraffe
  • Arrow
  • Literary Solitaire
  • Pioneer - Means First
  • Sport and Personality
  • Eureka

Awards and prizes

  • Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1969)[2]
  • Lenin Komsomol Prize (1978)
  • Petersburg Book Salon. The best work in the nomination "Modern Prose" Yevgeniy Anisimov Anna Ioannovna (2002)
  • Diploma of the International Fair "Nevsky Book Forum" for a series of books Living History: The Daily Life of Humanity (2002)
  • The Big Book Award for Dmitry Bykov's biography on Boris Pasternak (2006)
  • Prize "Big Book" for A. Varlamov's book Alexey Tolstoy (2007)
  • Prize "Big Book" for the book by L. Saraskino Solzhenitsyn (2008)
  • Award "The best books and publishers of the year" for the book Valentin Osipov Sholokhov in the series ZhZL (2010)
  • Diploma of the award "Book of the Year" for educational activities and contribution to the domestic literature (2010)
  • Award "Best Books and Publishers of the Year" (2011)

References

  1. ^ "Istoriya izdatelstva" История издательства [Publishing history]. Molodaya Gvardiya. 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  2. ^ Книги — полпреды молодежи. Ogoniok Огонёк. No. 32. 1973. pp. 20–21.

External links

This page was last edited on 27 March 2020, at 14:34
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