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Ayub Khan (Emir of Afghanistan)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mohammad Ayub Khan
Emir of Afghanistan
Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan
Emir of Afghanistan
Reign12 October 1879 – 31 May 1880
PredecessorMohammad Yaqub Khan
SuccessorAbdur Rahman Khan
Kabul, Afghanistan
Died7 April 1914 (aged 56–57)
Lahore, British India
Full name
Mohammad Ayub Khan
DynastyBarakzai dynasty
FatherSher Ali Khan

Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan (Pashto: غازي محمد ايوب خان‎) (1857 – April 7, 1914, Urdu: غازی محمد ایوب خان) was also known as The Victor of Maiwand or The Afghan Prince Charlie who is considered as the National Hero Of Afghanistan. He was Emir of Afghanistan from October 12, 1879 to May 31, 1880[1][2] and was also the leader of Afghans in the Second Anglo-Afghan War. He had most role in second Anglo- afghan war.

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Early life

His father was Sher Ali Khan and his mother was the daughter of an influential Mohmand chief of Lalpura, Saadat Khan.[3]

Second Anglo-Afghan war

Maiwand was the biggest defeat for the superior Anglo-Indian army in the second Anglo-Afghan war. It was the same battle in which a shepherd girl Malala sang Marshal songs for the freedom fighters. He went on to besiege the better equipped British forces at Kandahar but did not succeed. On September 1, 1880, he was defeated and routed by forces led by General Frederick Roberts at the Battle of Kandahar, which saw the end of the Second Anglo-Afghan War.[3]

After second Anglo-Afghan war

A year later Ayub again tried to take Kandahar, this time from Amir Abdur Rahman Khan but again failed.

"Ayub Khan had an opportunity of realizing his strength as an independent ruler in Afghanistan [sic]. Certain tribes in Kushk district having revolted, he desired to send a force from Herat to punish them; but when he asked his men to march they refused, because he had not paid them for a long time." From The Twillingate Sun, Thursday, February 3, 1881.

He escaped to Persia (now Iran). After negotiations in 1888 with Sir Mortimer Durand, the ambassador at Teheran, Ayub Khan became a pensioner of the British Raj. A political officer, William Evans-Gordon, took charge of him on his arrival in India and escorted him with his entourage from Karachi to Rawalpindi.[4] He lived in India until his death in 1914.

His body was interred next to his mother on his wish near the shrine of Sheikh Habib at Durrani graveyard in Peshawar. Unfortunately, his mausoleum was vandalized and his tomb tablet stolen by relic hunters . Efforts are being made by one of his family members, Asim Khan Effendi to reconstruct and restore the monument in consultation with cultural conservationalist of International repute Hameed Haroon and leading Architect Mujeeb Khan.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Hamid. "Afghanistan Monarchs". Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
  2. ^ Wahid Momand. "Leaders". Archived from the original on 2011-07-09. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
  3. ^ a b Chisholm 1911.
  4. ^ Skelton & Bulloch 1912, p. 395.

Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ayub Khan" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

External links

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Yaqub Khan
Barakzai dynasty
Emir of Afghanistan

12 October 1879 – 31 May 1880
Succeeded by
Abdur Rahman Khan

This page was last edited on 26 September 2019, at 13:15
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