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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mo Brooks
Mo Brooks, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Preceded byParker Griffith
Member of the
Madison County Commission
from the 5th district
In office
1996–2011
Preceded byRob Colson
Succeeded byPhil Riddick
Member of the
Alabama House of Representatives
In office
1982–1992
Preceded byFrank Riddick (18th)
Tom Drake (10th)
Succeeded byCharlie Britnell (18th)
James Haney (10th)
Constituency18th district (1982–1984)
10th district (1984–1992)
Personal details
Born
Morris Jackson Brooks Jr.

(1954-04-29) April 29, 1954 (age 67)
Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Martha Jenkins
(m. 1976)
Children4
EducationDuke University (BA)
University of Alabama (JD)
Signature
WebsiteHouse website

Morris Jackson "Mo" Brooks Jr.[1] (born April 29, 1954) is an American attorney and far-right[2][3] politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Alabama's 5th congressional district since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, his district is based in Huntsville and stretches across the northern fifth of the state. Brooks is a member of the Freedom Caucus.

On March 22, 2021, Brooks announced his candidacy for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by Richard Shelby in 2022.

Early life, education, and legal career

Brooks was born in 1954 in Charleston, South Carolina,[4] and moved to Huntsville, Alabama in 1963. His mother, Betty J. (Noland) Brooks, taught economics and government for over 20 years at Lee High School, while he attended Grissom High School. His father, Morris Jackson "Jack" Brooks, was raised in Chattanooga, Tennessee,[5] and worked as an electrical engineer before retiring from Redstone Arsenal's Meteorology Center.[6] They still live in Madison County, Alabama.[7]

Brooks graduated from Grissom High School in 1972. He graduated from Duke University in three years with a double major in political science and economics, with highest honors in economics.[7] Brooks received his J.D. degree from the University of Alabama School of Law in 1978.[7]

Brooks started his legal career with the Tuscaloosa district attorney's office. He left that office in 1980 to return to Huntsville as a law clerk for presiding circuit court Judge John David Snodgrass. During every year except when he was serving as a prosecutor or judicial clerk, Brooks was a practicing lawyer. In 1993, he became counsel to Leo and Associates, a business law firm with a national focus, founded by Karl W. Leo. He became a partner in the firm, which was reorganized as Leo & Brooks, LLC. He maintained a national practice that specialized in commercial litigation.[8]

Early political career

Brooks was elected to the Alabama House of Representatives in 1982 and reelected in 1983, 1986, and 1990. While in the legislature, Brooks was elected Republican house caucus chairman three times.[citation needed]

In 1991, Brooks was appointed Madison County district attorney, after the incumbent, Robert E. Cramer, was elected to Congress.[9][10] In 1992, he ran for the office, but lost to Democrat Tim Morgan.[11][12] A Republican had not been elected to the office since the Reconstruction era.[citation needed]

In 1995–96, Brooks was appointed state special assistant attorney general for Alabama attorney general Jeff Sessions. From 1996 to 2002, he was special assistant attorney general for attorney general Bill Pryor.[citation needed]

In 1996, Brooks ran for the Madison County commission and unseated an eight-year incumbent Republican. He was reelected to the commission in 2000, 2004, and 2008.[7]

In 2006, Brooks unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination for lieutenant governor of Alabama, coming in third behind eventual nominee Luther Strange and former state treasurer George Wallace, Jr.[13]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

2010

Brooks won the Republican primary, receiving 51% of the vote, defeating incumbent (and former Democrat) Parker Griffith (33%) and conservative activist Les Phillip (16%).[14][15][16]

The Republican National Committee named Brooks a "Young Gun" in 2010.[17] Larry Sabato, Charlie Cook, and Real Clear Politics rated the race "Likely Republican".[18][19][20] CQPolitics, Stuart Rothenberg, and the New York Times rated the race "Safe Republican".[21][22][23] Nate Silver in the FiveThirtyEight.com New York Times blog predicted that there was a 94.1% chance that Brooks would defeat Democratic nominee Steve Raby.[24]

Brooks won the general election, 58%–42%.[25] He became the first freshman Republican to represent this district since Reconstruction.

2012

In January 2012, Parker Griffith, having switched parties, filed for a rematch against Brooks in the Republican primary. He said of the incumbent, "We'll contrast my time in Congress with my opponent's time in Congress. The distinction is clear. He has wandered away from many of the issues people want us to address."[26] Brooks had the support of Phyllis Schlafly's Eagle Forum political action committee.[27] He defeated Griffith in the rematch, 71%–29%. Brooks won all five counties.[28]

2014

In the November 4, 2014, general election, Brooks faced independent candidate Mark Bray and won by a margin of 115,338 (74.4%) to 39,005 (25.2%).

2016

In the November 8, 2016, general election, Brooks faced Democratic nominee Will Boyd Jr. and won by a margin of 205,647 (66.7%) to 102,234 (33.2%).

2017

On May 15, 2017, Brooks announced his candidacy in the 2017 United States Senate special election. He ran against Luther Strange, a Republican appointed to the Senate by former Alabama Governor Robert Bentley after Senator Jeff Sessions was appointed U.S. attorney general.[29]

Brooks was endorsed by talk-radio host Mark Levin,[30] radio host Laura Ingraham, radio and television host Sean Hannity,[31] and Congressman Mike Rogers.[32]

In an interview with Yellowhammer News, Brooks touted his conservative record, saying that during the previous session of Congress, Heritage Action ranked him one of the Top Ten Best Congressmen on issues involving the "principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense." The American Conservative Union ranked his record in the top 20% of all Congressmen, with an overall A grade during the last session of Congress, on issues relating to "liberty, personal responsibility, traditional value, and a strong national defense." The National Taxpayers Union ranked his record at the top of the Alabama Congressional delegation, tied with Byrne and Gary Palmer, on issues relating to "tax relief and reform, lower and less wasteful spending, individual liberty, and free enterprise." The Club for Growth ranked his record in the top 20% of all Congressmen on "economic policies that strengthen our nation's economy and shrink the size of the federal government."[33] He was the Tea Party movement's preferred candidate.[34][35][36]

Bentley initially decided to align the special election with the 2018 general election, but Kay Ivey, his successor, moved the date up to December 12, 2017, scheduling the primary for August 15 and primary runoff for September 26.[37] In the Republican primary, Brooks lost to Strange and former Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore, who advanced to the runoff.[38] In his concession speech, he announced his reelection campaign for his congressional seat in 2018. He also "spoke more favorably of Moore and the race that he ran rather than Strange", but did not endorse a candidate.[39]

Brooks declared he intended to vote for Moore on November 11,[40][41][42] days after The Washington Post published a story alleging sexual abuse by Moore.[43] In a text message to al.com on November 13, Brooks said, "Socialist Democrat Doug Jones will vote wrong. Roy Moore will vote right. Hence, I will vote for Roy Moore." He continued by invoking the Duke University lacrosse rape case, a story that he claimed to "vividly remember" because he had graduated from the university. Brooks then said:[41]

As an attorney, I know accusations are easy. Proving them to the satisfaction of a judge, a jury, or here, voters, is another thing. I do not know enough of the evidence to know with confidence what the true facts are ... I do believe this, there are millions of people in America who would lie in a heartbeat if it meant adding another Democrat to the Senate.[41]

Brooks was also critical of The Washington Post in a statement to The Decatur Daily, saying:[40]

My view of The Washington Post is that they are part of the communications wing of the Democratic Party. They are hyper-partisan to the point that they are more than willing to lie to advance their left wing, amoral, socialist agenda. I've seen them do it firsthand of my own personal knowledge.[40]

2018

In the November 6, 2018, general election, Brooks faced Democratic nominee Peter Joffrion and won by a margin of 159,063 (61%) to 101,388 (38.9%).

2020

In the November 3, 2020 general election, Brooks was reelected.[citation needed]

Tenure

In February 2018, Brooks delivered a House floor speech and later released a statement through his office announcing his opposition to the spending bill that would ward off another United States federal government shutdown, saying the bill would do more harm than good by granting more funds than the United States could afford.[44]

In April 2018, after Trump ordered missile strikes against Syria, Brooks confirmed that he was in favor of the strikes but would prefer the president "consult with Congress and obtain an unambiguous Authorization for the Use of Military Force from Congress before engaging in acts of war against a foreign nation" and said there was evidence the Assad regime had used chemical agents.[45]

In July 2018, Brooks announced his support for Trump's nomination of Brett Kavanaugh to the United States Supreme Court, saying Kavanaugh was an excellent choice who "has an established record of upholding the Constitution and federal law without inserting his personal political views into his decisions. As such, I look forward to his quick confirmation by the Senate." "In my view, America is burdened with too many liberal, activist federal justices and judges who fail to abide by their role as limited by the Constitution, and I am pleased President Trump nominated a judge who understands the importance of limiting his role to that intended by America's founding fathers."[46]

In July 2018, Brooks announced his support for Ohio Republican Congressman Jim Jordan amid allegations of ignoring claims of sexual abuse of athletes by a team doctor while Jordan was serving as a wrestling coach at The Ohio State University (OSU). In his statement, Brooks recounted his seven years working alongside Jordan and said Jordan had proved to him during that time that were he aware of the claims, he "would have done everything in his power to stop the inappropriate conduct."[47] OSU opened an investigation in April 2018 that looked into allegations of sexual misconduct by the former wrestling team's physician, Richard Strauss, who was the physician when Jordan was an assistant coach.[48][49][50] At least eight former wrestlers said that Jordan had been aware of, but did not respond to, allegations of sexual misconduct by Strauss.[51][52]

On October 23, 2019, Brooks, Bradley Byrne and Jordan joined about two dozen other House Republicans in aggressively intruding upon that day's confidential hearing in a Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility (SCIF) where Republican and Democratic congressional members had been taking testimony from Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense Laura Cooper. Brooks gave an incendiary speech before joining the non-committee Republicans forcing their way into the hearing in which he demanded, "By golly, if they are going to do it, do it in public. Don't hide it from the American people." One committee member said, "It was the closest thing I've seen around here to mass civil unrest as a member of Congress," as the conservatives had barged into the hearing room with prohibited electronic devices.[53][54][55] Brooks said, "Show your face where we can all see the travesty that you are trying to foist on America and the degradation of our Republic that you're engaged in."[54] Jordan said, "The members have just had it, and they want to be able to see and represent their constituents and find out what's going on."[55][54] In the 116th Congress, the chair, Adam Schiff and 12 Democratic members of the House Intelligence Committee were appointed by the Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi, who is an ex officio committee member.[56] The House Minority Leader, Kevin McCarthy, also an ex officio member, appointed the ranking member, Devin Nunes, and eight other Republicans to the committee.[57] Each side gets equal time to question witnesses appearing before the committee.[58] The disruption delayed Cooper's testimony by many hours.[54]

Brooks and Byrne were the only Republican members of the Alabama House delegation to vote in October 2019 against a resolution condemning Trump for removing U.S. military forces from Syria, arguing that it had greatly endangered the effective Kurdish resistance to the Islamic State in Syria (ISIS).[59]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Political positions

In 2012, the National Journal ranked Brooks the 75th most conservative member of the U.S. House of Representatives.[63]

Abortion

Brooks opposes stem cell research that uses human embryos.[64] He co-sponsored the Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act, which would have ended federal funding for Planned Parenthood.[64]

Race issues

On August 4, 2014, Brooks was interviewed on The Laura Ingraham Show and responded to a clip of Ron Fournier warning that the Republican Party could not survive as the "party of white people". Brooks said, "Well, this is a part of the war on whites that's being launched by the Democratic Party ... And the way in which they're launching this war is by claiming that whites hate everybody else. It's part of the strategy that Barack Obama implemented in 2008, continued in 2012, where he divides us all on race, on sex, creed, envy, class warfare, all those kinds of things." His remark drew considerable comments and controversy.[65][66] When asked about it later that day, Brooks repeated the claim of a "war on whites", saying, "In effect, what the Democrats are doing with their dividing America by race is they are waging a war on whites, and I find that repugnant."[67] Two days after his original comment, Brooks added that the Republican Party was involved in a "war on whites".[68]

Drugs

Brooks has a "B" rating from NORML for his voting record on cannabis-related matters.[69] He has said that legalization of marijuana is a state issue[70] and voted for bills to allow Veterans Health Administration doctors to discuss medical marijuana with patients[71] and block the DEA from taking enforcement actions against medical marijuana in states that have legalized it.[72]

Economy

In 2011, Brooks said, "Financial issues overshadow everything else going on in Washington. That one set of issues is sucking everything else out of the room."[73]

Brooks supports changes to Social Security,[74] including allowing individuals to invest some of their Social Security money in private retirement accounts.[75][76] He has said that he does not support the full privatization of Social Security "because the stock market and many other investments are simply too volatile."[77] Brooks also supports the plan Paul Ryan proposed to shift Medicare from a publicly run program to one managed by private insurers.[78]

Brooks signed Grover Norquist's Americans for Tax Reform's Taxpayer Protection Pledge.[79] He supports the Fair Tax proposal.[74] In 2010, Brooks signed a pledge sponsored by Americans for Prosperity not to vote for any climate change legislation that would raise taxes.[80]

At a monthly breakfast meeting of the Madison County Republican Men's Club, Brooks referred to the jobs bill President Obama proposed as the "Obama 'kill jobs' bill."[81] He told the crowd that it added to the debt, promoted "frivolous lawsuits," and created new government agencies.[81] He challenged Obama's promotion of the bill, saying, "If Barack Obama is serious about jobs, how about repealing Obamacare, dealing with illegal immigration and urging the Democratic-controlled Senate to pass pro-jobs bills that have already cleared in the House."[81] At the same meeting, Brooks compared the recession of 2008 (and its after effects) with the Great Depression, saying that the problems associated with the Great Depression are "a cakewalk compared to what can happen to our country if we don't start acting responsibly in Washington, D.C., to try to get this deficit under control."[81]

In 2020, Brooks was one of 48 members of Congress the National Taxpayers Union named a "Taxpayer's Friend" for tax-related votes.[82]

Environment

In May 2018, Brooks claimed that land erosion played a significant role in sea level rise. "Every time you have that soil or rock or whatever it is that is deposited into the seas, that forces the sea levels to rise, because now you have less space in those oceans, because the bottom is moving up." The vast majority of the scientific community rejects this claim.[83][84] At the hearing, Brooks also argued that the Antarctic ice sheet was growing. In actuality, while in the past it has grown, in recent years it has shrunk, and earlier growth does not disprove that climate change is occurring.[83]

Foreign policy

Brooks has said, "we cannot continue to be the world police."[73] He has expressed disappointment that the U.S. military did not leave Afghanistan immediately after Osama bin Laden's death on May 1, 2011.[73]

Brooks disapproves of NATO military actions in Libya that the United States has been involved in. In 2011, he said, "I reject the president's position that the way to prevent Libyans from killing Libyans is by Americans killing Libyans."[85] He voted against H.R. 2278 and after voting published the following statement: "We should be out of Libya altogether, and not voting piecemeal on parts of the operation. While this bill excludes some operations in Libya, it approves many others. The lesson from Vietnam is that the one sure way to lose a war is by fighting it half-way."[85]

Brooks opposed the Electrify Africa Act of 2013, a bill that would direct the president to establish a multiyear strategy to help countries in sub-Saharan Africa develop a mix of power solutions to provide sufficient electricity access to people in rural and urban areas in order to alleviate poverty and drive economic growth.[86][87] At a meeting of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, he said, "American taxpayers spend more than $40 billion per year on foreign aid ... Given America's out-of-control deficits and accumulated debt that threaten our economic future, I cannot justify American taxpayers building power plants and transmission lines in Africa with money we do not have, will have to borrow to get, and cannot afford to pay back."[87]

In 2019, Brooks was one of 60 representatives to vote against condemning Trump's withdrawal from Syria.[88]

In June 2021, Brooks was one of 49 House Republicans to vote to repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002.[89][90]

2017 congressional baseball shooting

On June 14, 2017, at 7:09 am EDT, Brooks was practicing for the annual charity Congressional Baseball Game when James T. Hodgkinson opened fire on members of the Republican team, including House Majority Whip Steve Scalise. The practice was at the Eugene Simpson Baseball Fields in the Del Ray neighborhood of Alexandria, Virginia. Brooks used his belt as a tourniquet to help stop bleeding for a staffer who had been shot in the calf. After the shooting ended, Brooks and Representative Brad Wenstrup assisted Scalise by applying pressure to the wound until he could be evacuated.[91] Brooks's name appeared on the shooter's assassination list.[92]

Less than a week after the shooting, Brooks introduced the Congressional Self-Defense Act, allowing lawmakers to carry concealed weapons. In his press release, Brooks stated, "I believe all law-abiding citizens should be able to conceal carry". He has supported bills to allow national reciprocity.[93] In July 2017, Brooks ran a campaign ad on YouTube featuring audio of the five shots from the attack. Steve Scalise's Chief of Staff strongly objected to the ad on Twitter.[94]

Health care

Brooks opposes the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (also known as Obamacare) and has said that the committee that passed it did not understand it.[78] He signed the Club for Growth's "Repeal-It!" pledge that stated that upon his election to Congress he would "sponsor and support legislation to repeal any federal health care takeover passed in 2010, and replace it with real reforms that lower health care costs without growing government."[78] He was also endorsed by the website Defundit.org for his stance on Obamacare.[95] Brooks co-sponsored H.R. 127, which would have removed all funding from the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, and any amendments made by either act.[78]

In March 2017, Brooks said that he would not vote for the American Health Care Act, the GOP's initial plan to replace the Affordable Care Act.[96] He said, "I will vote against the American Health Care Act because it has more bad policy than any bill I have ever faced."[96] But on May 4, 2017, Brooks voted for the American Health Care Act, which would repeal the Affordable Care Act.[97][98]

In an interview with CNN's Jake Tapper, Brooks controversially argued that the AHCA "will allow insurance companies to require people who have higher health care costs to contribute more to the insurance pool. That helps offset all these costs, thereby reducing the cost to those people who lead good lives, they're healthy, they've done the things to keep their bodies healthy. And right now, those are the people—who've done things the right way—that are seeing their costs skyrocketing."[99][100]

After Congress failed to repeal the Affordable Care Act, Brooks said, "we have Republicans who do not want to repeal Obamacare. They may have campaigned that way, they may have voted that way a couple of years ago when it didn't make any difference."[101]

According to a survey by the Christian Coalition, Brooks also opposes government-run health care.[78] He voted yes on repealing the Prevention and Public Health Fund in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[78]

Immigration

Brooks has been endorsed by Americans for Legal Immigration (ALI),[102] a political action committee (PAC). The anti-immigration organization NumbersUSA gave him a 100% score.[103] Brooks has sponsored or co-sponsored 112 immigration-related bills since taking office in January 2011.[104] He has also said that he feels Congress will probably do nothing about illegal immigration in the coming years.[74]

Brooks opposes allowing illegal immigrants to remain in the United States. As part of his 2010 campaign, he advocated getting the federal government "out of the way so state and local governments can help solve the problem."[77][102] He advocated making it "unprofitable" for employers to hire illegal immigrants over American citizens.[102] In 2014, he called for the deportation of 8 million undocumented workers, as well as 500,000 DACA recipients.[105]

On June 29, 2011, reporter Venton Blandin of WHNT-TV asked Brooks to repeat what he had previously stated at a town hall meeting about illegal immigrants. Brooks repeated his previous statement, saying, "As your congressman on the House floor, I will do anything short of shooting them. Anything that is lawful, it needs to be done because illegal aliens need to quit taking jobs from American citizens."[106]

In May 2015, Brooks sponsored an amendment to strip a particular provision in the National Defense Authorization Act, thereby preventing the Department of Defense from allowing "Dreamers" (undocumented youth who received temporary legal status under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program) to enlist in the armed services.[107] Brooks stated his opposition to illegal immigrants serving in the military, saying, "These individuals have to be absolutely 100 percent loyal and trustworthy, as best as we can make them, 'cause they're gonna have access to all sorts of military weaponry—even to the point of having access to weapons of mass destruction like our nuclear arsenal. And I'm gonna have much greater faith in the loyalty of an American citizen than a person who is a citizen of a foreign nation."[108] He said Birmingham, a city where Alabama's strict immigration law has been criticized, needed to prepare to spend more money if it wants to be a sanctuary city. He told Blandin, "They need to start picking up the tab that American citizens are having to pick up. If Birmingham wants to be a sanctuary city, or wants to head in that direction, that is their decision. They are absolutely wrong."[106]

On January 6, 2021, just hours after Trump supporters stormed the United States Capitol, Brooks claimed that over 1 million illegal immigrants voted for Joe Biden in the 2020 United States presidential election[109] and objected to counting Arizona's electoral votes on that basis. According to Brooks, Biden promised to create a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants in order to get their votes.[110]

Juneteenth

In June 2021, Brooks was one of 14 House Republicans to vote against legislation to establish June 19, or Juneteenth, as a federal holiday.[111][why?]

Media

Brooks voted to terminate funding for National Public Radio.[112][113][114]

Michael Flynn

Brooks believes that National Security Advisor Michael Flynn was "set up" by "FBI partisan hacks" and that Flynn's trial "was a miscarriage of justice."[115] He supports assigning a special prosecutor to investigate the federal case against Flynn, in which Flynn pleaded guilty to making false statements to the FBI.[116]

National security

Brooks supports the National Security Agency's power to collect telephone metadata on Americans, saying its potential to thwart terrorist attacks outweighs potential infringements on privacy.[117] But in 2014, he voted for the USA Freedom Act,[118] which, according to its sponsor, would "rein in the dragnet collection of data by the National Security Agency (NSA) and other government agencies, increase transparency of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC), provide businesses the ability to release information regarding FISA requests, and create an independent constitutional advocate to argue cases before the FISC."[119]

Regulatory reform

In December 2011, Brooks voted in support of H.R. 10, the "Regulations from the Executive In Need of Scrutiny Act," which would have required Congressional approval for any "major regulations" issued by the executive branch but, unlike the 1996 Congressional Review Act, would not require the president's signature or override of a probable presidential veto.[120][121]

Socialism

In April 2011, Brooks said in a congressional speech, "Folks, we are here today forcing this issue because America is at risk. We are at risk of insolvency and bankruptcy because the socialist members of this body choose to spend money that we do not have." After this remark, Democratic Congressman Keith Ellison asked that Brooks's comments be "taken down." This request forced Brooks to either have the comment stricken from the record or defend the remark and wait until later in the day for a formal ruling over whether the comment was appropriate. Brooks chose to have the remark withdrawn before he continued with his speech. Ellison accepted the withdrawal.[122] Afterward, Brooks said he did not regret his initial remark and that he thought those who objected to his comment, particularly Democrats, were "thin-skinned."[122] He said, "People could quite clearly infer that socialism is what the other guys are promoting."[122] Brooks has called Pete Buttigieg, Amy Klobuchar, Kimberly Gardner, Nancy Pelosi, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Bernie Sanders, Bill de Blasio, and others socialists.[123]

Tax reform

Brooks voted for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017,[124] saying the bill was a way "to put more money into the pockets of working Alabamians at all income levels" and that it would "spur much-needed economic growth that will both help with America's deficit and debt crisis."[125]

Donald Trump

Brooks with Donald Trump in the Oval Office, 2017
Brooks with Donald Trump in the Oval Office, 2017

In May 2018, during the Republican primary for Brooks's seat, he said he was a Trump supporter in response to criticism from his opponent that he had criticized Trump.[126] Trump endorsed Brooks's 2018 reelection,[126] saying Brooks "fought by my side to secure our border, rebuild our military, cut our taxes, repeal ObamaCare, and build the wall!"[126] Brooks also opposed Trump's first impeachment.[127] On March 25, 2019, shortly after Attorney General William Barr's summary of the Mueller report was released, Brooks read a passage from Adolf Hitler's 1925 autobiography Mein Kampf on the House floor, comparing the Democratic Party and the media to the Nazi Party.[128]

In April 2021, Trump announced his endorsement of Brooks's 2022 Senate campaign.[129]

Other events

2016 presidential election

On November 9, 2015, Brooks endorsed Ted Cruz for President of the United States, and served as Chairman of the Cruz campaign's Alabama leadership team.[130]

On September 9, 2016, Brooks said that Hillary Clinton "betrayed her country by exposing national security information to risk by our adversaries. That is a criminal offense. That makes it an impeachable offense. ... Hillary Clinton has, in my opinion, committed a high crime or misdemeanor or treason."[131]

2020 presidential election

After Joe Biden was projected the winner of the 2020 presidential election, Brooks staunchly defended Trump and made claims of fraud. He argued that most mail-in voting was unconstitutional,[132] and that "if only lawful votes by eligible American citizens were cast, Donald Trump won the Electoral College by a significant margin".[133] His assertions that the election was stolen by extraordinary voter fraud and election theft measures were unsupported by evidence.[132]

On December 10, 2020, Brooks was one of 126 Republican members of the U.S. House of Representatives to sign an amicus brief in support of Texas v. Pennsylvania, a lawsuit filed at the United States Supreme Court contesting the results of the 2020 presidential election.[134] The Supreme Court declined to hear the case on the basis that Texas lacked standing under Article III of the Constitution to challenge the results of an election held by another state.[135][136][137] House Speaker Nancy Pelosi issued a statement that called signing the amicus brief an act of election subversion. She also reprimanded Brooks and the other House members who supported the lawsuit: "The 126 Republican Members that signed onto this lawsuit brought dishonor to the House. Instead of upholding their oath to support and defend the Constitution, they chose to subvert the Constitution and undermine public trust in our sacred democratic institutions."[138][139]

2021 Capitol attack

Brooks was the first member of Congress to announce his objection to the January 6, 2021 certification of the Electoral College results.[140][141] In December he organized a series of White House meetings between Trump and a dozen Republican lawmakers to strategize about how to overturn the election results on January 6.[142] On that date, he was the first speaker at a pro-Trump rally. In the speech he harshly criticized other Republicans in Congress for not aiding him in his efforts to overturn the election[143] and said, "Today is the day American patriots start taking down names and kicking ass."[140] At the rally Trump gave an hourlong speech claiming that the election had been stolen and urging people to go to the U.S. Capitol. The crowd did so, and shortly thereafter, pro-Trump protesters stormed the Capitol.[143] Later that night Congress reassembled to certify the Electoral College vote; Brooks raised an objection to Nevada's votes, but it did not succeed because no senator joined him in objecting.[144] Brooks later said the rioters who stormed the Capitol were associated with Antifa, citing a Washington Times report that was later retracted.[143][145]

On January 11, District of Columbia Attorney General Karl Racine said that he was looking at whether to charge Brooks, along with Rudy Giuliani and Donald Trump Jr., with inciting the violent attack.[146]

On March 5, 2021, Representative Eric Swalwell filed a civil lawsuit against Brooks and three others (Donald Trump, Donald Trump Jr., and Rudy Giuliani), seeking damages for their alleged role in inciting the riot.[147] Brooks tried to claim immunity from the suit by saying that he had been acting as a federal employee when he gave the January 6 speech; if so, that would make the U.S. government the defendant.[148] But the Justice Department said it will not defend him because his speech was political, not part of his duties as a member of Congress.[149] In a sworn affidavit, Brooks had stated that his fiery language in the speech was about the 2022 and 2024 elections.[150]

2022 Senate campaign

On March 22, 2021, Brooks announced his candidacy for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by the retiring Richard Shelby in 2022.[151][152] He positioned himself as a staunch ally of Trump, repeated Trump’s claim that the 2020 election was stolen, and warned that socialists were taking over the government.[153]

Electoral history

Alabama Republican Primary, 5th Congressional District, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks 35,746 50.8
Republican Parker Griffith (incumbent) 23,525 33.4
Republican Les Phillip 11,085 15.8
Total votes 70,356 100.0
Alabama 5th Congressional District Election, 2010[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks 131,109 57.2
Democratic Steve Raby 95,192 42.1
Total votes 226,301 100.0
Republican hold
Alabama Republican Primary, 5th Congressional District, 2012[154]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks (incumbent) 65,123 70.9
Republican Parker Griffith 26,680 29.1
Total votes 91,803 100.0
Alabama 5th Congressional District Election, 2012[155]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks (incumbent) 189,185 64.9
Democratic Charlie Holley 101,772 34.9
Write-in 336 0.1
Total votes 291,293 100.0
Republican hold
Alabama Republican Primary, 5th Congressional District, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks 49,117 80.3
Republican Jerry Hill 12,038 19.7
Total votes 61,155 100.0
Alabama 5th Congressional District Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks 115,338 74.4
Independent Mark Bray 39,005 25.2
Write-in 631 0.4
Total votes 154,974 100.0
Republican hold
Alabama 5th Congressional District Election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks 205,647 66.7
Democratic Will Boyd 102,234 33.2
Write-in 445 0.1
Total votes 308,326 100.0
Republican hold
Republican primary results[156]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roy Moore 164,524 38.9%
Republican Luther Strange (incumbent) 138,971 32.8%
Republican Mo Brooks 83,287 19.7%
Republican Trip Pittman 29,124 6.9%
Republican Randy Brinson 2,978 0.6%
Republican Bryan Peeples 1,579 0.4%
Republican Mary Maxwell 1,543 0.4%
Republican James Beretta 1,078 0.3%
Republican Dom Gentile 303 0.1%
Republican Joseph Breault 252 0.1%
Total votes 423,282 100.0%
Alabama Republican Primary, 5th Congressional District, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks (incumbent) 54,928 61.3
Republican Clayton Hinchman 34,739 38.7
Total votes 89,667 100.0
Alabama 5th Congressional District Election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks 159,063 61.0
Democratic Peter Joffrion 101,388 38.9
Write-in 222 0.1
Total votes 260,673 100.0
Republican hold
Alabama's 5th congressional district Republican primary, 2020
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks (incumbent) 83,740 74.9
Republican Chris Lewis 28,113 25.1
Total votes 111,853 100.0

Personal life

Brooks met Martha Jenkins of Toledo, Ohio, at Duke University. They were married in 1976. She graduated from the University of Alabama with a degree in accounting. In 2004, she attended the University of Alabama in Huntsville for a degree in teaching. She has retired from teaching math at Whitesburg Middle School in Huntsville.[157] They have two sons, two daughters, and ten grandchildren.[7]

Brooks joined the LDS Church in 1978, and though he still attends Mormon services with his wife, he considers himself a non-denominational Christian.[158]

On December 13, 2017, Brooks revealed in a House floor speech that he has prostate cancer.[159]

See also

References

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  113. ^ "Vote number 11-HV192 terminating funding for National Public Radio on Mar 17, 2011 regarding bill H.1076 Prohibit Federal Funds for NPR Results: Passed 228-192". On the Issues. On the Issues. Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
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  116. ^ "Time for @TheJusticeDept to appoint a special prosecutor to bring to justice the @FBI partisan hacks who set up American patriot @GenFlynn . It should be made crystal clear to DOJ employees that political prosecutions will not be tolerated & there are serious consequences for it". Twitter. May 13, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
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External links

Alabama House of Representatives
Preceded by
Frank Riddick
Member of the Alabama House of Representatives
from the 18th district

1982–1984
Succeeded by
Charlie Britnell
Preceded by
Tom Drake
Member of the Alabama House of Representatives
from the 10th district

1984–1992
Succeeded by
James Haney
Political offices
Preceded by
Rob Colson
Member of the Madison County Commission
from the 5th district

1996–2011
Succeeded by
Phil Riddick
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Parker Griffith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th congressional district

2011–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Karen Bass
United States representatives by seniority
128th
Succeeded by
Larry Bucshon
This page was last edited on 30 July 2021, at 14:29
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