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Missouri National Guard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Missouri National Guard
Seal of Missouri.svg
Active1808–present
Country United States
Allegiance Missouri
Type
Seal of the United States National Guard.svg
National Guard
RoleOrganized militia
Armed forces reserve
Size~11,000 personnel
Part ofMissouri Department of Public Safety
National Guard of the United States
Headquarters2302 Militia Drive,
Jefferson City, Missouri
Motto(s)"Protectors of Peace"
Websitemoguard.ngb.mil
Commanders
Commander in ChiefGovernor Mike Parson
Adjutant General of MissouriBrigadier General Levon E. Cumpton, MOARNG
Insignia
AbbreviationMONG

The Missouri National Guard (MONG), commonly known as the Missouri Guard, is a component of the Missouri Department of Public Safety and the National Guard of the United States. It is composed of Army and Air National Guard units. The state adjutant general's office is located in Jefferson City.

History

Missouri National Guardsmen sandbagging the Mississippi River in Clarksville, Missouri, June 2008
Missouri National Guardsmen sandbagging the Mississippi River in Clarksville, Missouri, June 2008

For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current United States Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six-year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies).

In December 1989, a contingent of 22 Military Policemen from the 1138th Military Police Company was in Panama on a two-week annual training when "Operation Just Cause" commenced. The MPs, who specialized in enemy prisoner of war operations, augmented the active duty force at Fort Clayton, taking enemy mortar and artillery fire when the invasion began. While serving in combat, the unit set up and operated the Empire Range EPW camp. The Missouri National Guard was the first National Guard unit to be called into active service since the end of Vietnam.

Missouri National Guardsmen in September 2014
Missouri National Guardsmen in September 2014

The 1138th was called upon once again to serve after the Invasion of Kuwait the following year. It was one of the first Guard units placed on alert status in August, 1990 but did not deploy until December, 1990. The Missouri Guard was the first Enemy Prisoner of War (EPW) unit to deploy as part of the 400th MP Battalion. Eventually it set up and operated the 301st EPW Camp, near the Saudi Arabian city of Hafar Al-Batin (Hotel 301). It returned to West Plains, Missouri in May 1991 with a hero's welcome.

In 2012, Missouri organized the Missouri State Defense Force to serve as Missouri's official state defense force and to augment the Missouri National Guard during stateside missions.[1]

On August 18, 2014, after violent clashes occurred during an imposed curfew in Ferguson, Missouri in the aftermath of the fatal police shooting of a resident of Ferguson, Missouri Governor Jay Nixon issued an executive order calling in the National Guard to "help restore peace and order and to protect the citizens of Ferguson."[2]

Organization

Seal of Missouri.svg The Adjutant General's Office (TAGO):

Direct reporting units Component Location of headquarters
35th Infantry Division SSI.svg
35th Combat Aviation Brigade
Army National Guard Sedalia
USA - 35 Eng Bde.svg
35th Engineer Brigade
Army National Guard Fort Leonard Wood
70th Troop Command Army National Guard Jefferson City
Emblem - 131st Bomb Wing, Missouri Air National Guard.jpg
131st Bomb Wing
Air National Guard Whiteman Air Force Base
139th Airlift Wing Emblem.svg
139th Airlift Wing
Air National Guard Rosecrans Memorial Airport
157th Air Operations Group.PNG
157th Air Operations Group
Air National Guard Jefferson Barracks

Source: MONG organization[3]

References

  1. ^ Lupescu, Sarah E. "Missouri's Reserve Military Force holds first muster". The Missouri National Guard Official Website. Missouri National Guard Public Affairs Office. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  2. ^ Hartmann, Margaret. "National Guard Deployed After Chaotic, Violent Night in Ferguson". NY Magazine. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
  3. ^ Our Force, Missouri National Guard

External links

This page was last edited on 29 June 2020, at 19:14
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