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Minot, North Dakota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

From left to right, from top: Downtown, Milton Young Towers, Minot Public Library, St. Leo the Great Catholic Church, Carnegie Center, and Minot City Hall.
Official logo of Minot
"The Magic City"
Location in Ward County, North Dakota
Coordinates: 48°14′15″N 101°16′44″W / 48.23750°N 101.27889°W / 48.23750; -101.27889
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Dakota
IncorporatedJuly 16, 1887
 • MayorTom Ross[citation needed]
 • City27.72 sq mi (71.79 km2)
 • Land27.68 sq mi (71.70 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.09 km2)
Elevation1,549 ft (472 m)
 • City48,377
 • Estimate 
 • RankUS: 837th
ND: 4th
 • Density1,747.53/sq mi (674.71/km2)
 • Urban
50,925 (US: 498th)
 • Metro
76,279 (US: 82nd)
DemonymsMinoter, Minotian
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
Area code701
FIPS code38-53380
GNIS feature ID1036165[2]
HighwaysUS 2, US 52, US 83, US 83 Byp.
Public transportationMinot City Transit

Minot (/ˈmnɒt/ MY-not) is a city in and the county seat of Ward County, North Dakota, United States,[5] in the state's north-central region. It is most widely known for the Air Force base approximately 15 miles (24 km) north of the city. With a population of 48,377 at the 2020 census,[3] Minot is the state's fourth-most populous city and a trading center for a large part of northern North Dakota, southwestern Manitoba, and southeastern Saskatchewan. Founded in 1886 during the construction of James J. Hill's Great Northern Railway, Minot is also known as "Magic City", commemorating its remarkable growth in size over a short time.

Minot is the principal city of the Minot micropolitan area, a micropolitan area that covers McHenry, Renville, and Ward counties[6] and had a combined population of 77,546 at the 2020 census.

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Dakota Territory c. 1886, showing Burlington, at the time the county seat, and Minot, which was a smaller, unincorporated village.

Minot came into existence in 1886, after the Great Northern Railway laid track through the area. A tent town sprang up overnight, as if by "magic", giving Minot its first nickname, the Magic City; in the next five months, the population increased to over 5,000, further bolstering the nickname.[7]: 39 [8]: 129  The town site was chosen by the railroad to be placed on the land of homesteader Erik Ramstad, who was convinced to relinquish his claim and became one of the city leaders. The town was named after Henry Minot, a Great Northern investor, ornithologist, and friend of Hill. Its Arikara name is niwaharít sahaáhkat,[9] and its Hidatsa name is maagada'ashish ("Plum Coulee").[10]

The city was incorporated on July 16, 1887. The Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Railroad (Soo Line) later built a line from Valley City to Canada. While initially their plan was to cross the Souris River at Burlington, local interests and arguments convinced them otherwise; landholders along the new route donated the right-of-way, and the Soo Line reached Minot in 1893.

On July 22, 1920, a tornado passed over Minot and bore down in a coulee three miles (5 km) southeast of town.[11] The tornado picked up Andy Botz's home and hurled it to the ground, killing his wife, breaking Botz's shoulder, and slightly injuring the two Botz children who were in the house.[11]

Minot and its surrounding area were wide open from 1905 to 1920. The population grew rapidly due to railroad construction and availability of unclaimed land. Nearly complete court records of Ward County and Minot document the prevalence and different types of criminal activity, and offer strong support for the epithet "crime capitol of North Dakota". State attorney general William Langer helped clean up the town in 1917–1920, but by the time Prohibition arrived in the 1920s, Minot had become a center of illegal activities associated with the High Third district, exacerbated because the city was a supply hub of Al Capone's liquor smuggling operations. The hotbed of alcohol bootlegging, prostitution, and opium dens that sprang up in the downtown area soon led people to nickname Minot "Little Chicago". Smugglers used a network of tunnels (some previously built for heating or deliveries) to transport and conceal illicit cargo entering from Canada.[12]

The 1950s saw a large influx of federal funding into the region, with the construction of Minot Air Force Base (1956–1957) thirteen miles (21 km) north of the city, and Garrison Dam (1947–1953) on the Missouri River, about fifty miles (80 km) south. In 1969, a severe flood on the Souris River devastated Minot in April.[13] Afterward, the Army Corps of Engineers straightened the river's path through the city and built several flood control structures.

The Old Soo Depot Transportation Museum is housed in the historic Soo Line Depot (built 1912) in downtown Minot.

On January 18, 2002, a severe train derailment west of the city sent a gigantic cloud of anhydrous ammonia toward Minot and Burlington. One man died and many of Minot's citizens were sickened and severely injured by the gas, causing one of the worst major chemical accidents of the country.[14] In early 2006, court cases were heard in Minneapolis, Minnesota, against Canadian Pacific Railway, the owner of the derailed train. The anhydrous ammonia spill was the largest such spill in U.S. history. Eric Klinenberg used the incident in his book Fighting for Air: The Battle to Control America's Media as an example of the failure of mass media, specifically local radio stations, to disseminate information in an emergency.[15]: 1–14 

The 2011 Souris River flood caused extensive damage throughout the Souris River Valley. On June 21, 2011, KXMC-TV reported that a flood of historic proportions was imminent in the valley, largely due to large dam releases upstream. Around 12,000 people were evacuated. On June 26, flooding exceeded previous records when the river crested at 1,561.7 feet (476.0 m) above sea level, three feet (0.9 m) above the previous record set in 1881. It is estimated that 20% of Minot sustained damage from the flood; this figure includes over 4,100 homes that were in some way affected, 2,376 extensively damaged, and 805 damaged beyond repair. Burlington was also severely damaged during this time.[16][17]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 17.45 square miles (45.20 km2), of which 17.43 square miles (45.14 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[18]


Minot is commonly divided into three major sections: North Hill, the Mouse River Valley and South Hill. North Hill is the area roughly north of Eleventh Avenue North and Northwest Avenue. South Hill is a broad area south and west of Valley Street and Fifth Avenue South. West of Sixth Street West, South Hill dips sharply to the southwest. South Hill's limits are less clearly defined than North Hill's. Though the neighborhood levels out past 16th Street South, the name South Hill is generally applied to all areas south up to the city limits. Neighborhoods in the Mouse River Valley include Bel Air, Downtown, Eastwood Park, Oak Park and West Minot.


Minot is on the Drift Prairie of northwestern North Dakota. It is at 48°13′59″N 101°17′32″W / 48.23306°N 101.29222°W / 48.23306; -101.29222,[19] about 100 miles (160 km) north of Bismarck. The Mouse River, or Souris River, runs through the city west to east.

Important cities in the region for which Minot is the trading center include Burlington, Velva, Garrison, Stanley, Bottineau, Rugby, and New Town.

Minot is almost entirely land; the Mouse River, its oxbow lakes, and a few creeks take up just 0.14% of the city's area.

The elevation of the river at the city center is 1,540 feet (470 m) above sea level.[20][failed verification] The valley sits 160 feet (49 m) below the surrounding plains; the elevation at the Minot International Airport on North Hill is 1,716 feet (523 m). The city has several small horseshoe-shaped oxbow lakes within its limits near the river, created by the Mouse's meandering course.

Grid and address system

The city is laid out on a grid-based street system. Streets run north-south and avenues run east-west. Streets are numbered by their block distance east or west of Main Street. Avenues are numbered north and south of Central Avenue. There are four city quadrants (NW, SW, SE, NE) to designate the location of any address. Main Street addresses are designated North and South. Central Avenue addresses are designated East and West. The grid system carries over into the rural areas of Ward County, making the county one of only three that do not follow the statewide grid system (the others are Burleigh County and Grand Forks County).

Mouse River

The Mouse River divides the city approximately in half, north and south. The valley rises to the plains both north and south of the river. Although there are names for certain features of these hills, such as Anthony Hill on South Hill, there are no general names for these topographical features. The northern rise and the plateau north of it are called North Hill and the southern rise and plateau south of it are called South Hill.[21]


Minot experiences a warm-summer humid continental climate (Köppen: Dwb) in its marginal zone receiving sufficient precipitation for such category. Like Central Asia, it exhibits great temperature variation.[22] Summers range from warm to moderately hot, with frequent thunderstorm activity. Winters are typically bitterly cold and snowy, with high winds and below-freezing temperatures for weeks at a time. Lows below 0 °F (−18 °C) occur on about 39 days during the winter, while temperatures reach 90 °F (32 °C) on 14 days per summer, and in some years reach 100 °F (38 °C).[23] The average annual snowfall total is 42.5 inches (108 cm).[24]

Climate data for Minot, North Dakota (southern suburb), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1905–present[25]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 59
Average high °F (°C) 18.5
Daily mean °F (°C) 9.6
Average low °F (°C) 0.7
Record low °F (°C) −47
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.63
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.3
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.1 6.4 5.8 6.9 9.8 11.8 9.2 8.5 7.1 7.1 6.1 7.4 93.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.1 5.8 4.1 1.6 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 4.3 6.5 30.4
Source: NOAA[26][27]
Climate data for Minot Int'l, North Dakota (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1948–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 61
Average high °F (°C) 23.3
Daily mean °F (°C) 13.8
Average low °F (°C) 4.4
Record low °F (°C) −34
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.28
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.8
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 5.5 4.2 5.3 7.3 10.2 12.1 9.8 8.1 7.0 6.9 5.2 5.6 87.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 8.1 5.6 3.7 2.3 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.1 6.2 7.8 35.4
Source: NOAA[26][28]


Historical population
2022 (est.)47,759[4]−1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[29]
2020 Census[3]

2020 census

As of the census of 2020, there were 48,377 people, 20,979 households, and 9,978 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,346.1 inhabitants per square mile (905.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.1% White, 4.2% African American, 2.3% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.3% of the population.

There were 20,979 households, of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.1% were non-families. Of all households 34.9% were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24.

The median age in the city was 33.8 years. 21.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 65.5% of residents were aged 19-64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.9% male and 48.1% female.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 40,888 people, 17,863 households, and 9,978 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,345.8 inhabitants per square mile (905.7/km2). There were 18,744 housing units at an average density of 1,075.4 per square mile (415.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.2% White, 2.3% African American, 3.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 17,863 households, of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.1% were non-families. Of all households 34.9% were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 33.8 years. 21.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 14% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 23.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 36,567 people, 15,520 households, and 9,265 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,513.1 inhabitants per square mile (970.3/km2). There were 16,475 housing units at an average density of 1,132.3 per square mile (437.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.18% White, 1.34% African American, 2.76% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.47% of the population.

The most populous ancestry groups in the city are German (40.8%), Norwegian (32.3%), Irish (8.7%), English (5.4%), Swedish (4.2%) and French (3.2%).

There were 15,520 households, of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. Of all households 32.5% were made up of individuals, and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out, with 23.2% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household was $32,218, and the median income for a family was $42,804. Males had a median income of $30,283 versus $20,023 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,011. About 8.8% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government

The mayor of Minot is Tom Ross. As mayor he chairs the 7-member City Council, but only casts a vote to break a tie. City Manager Harold Stewart handles the city's day-to-day affairs.

Minot uses the council–manager system of government. Seven councilmen are elected from 7 city wards to four-year terms. Elections are arranged such that one councilman from each ward is elected every even-numbered year. The mayor is elected to a four-year term as well; the last mayoral election was in 2022. All city offices are nonpartisan.

City elections are held in June in North Dakota, along with the state primary election.

Northwest Area Water Supply

The Northwest Area Water Supply (NAWS) has had disputes with the Canadian government over a plan calling for water to be pumped from Lake Sakakawea, then to Minot for treatment, and then to large stretches of Northwest North Dakota.


Largest employers

According to the City's 2022 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[30] the largest employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Minot Air Force Base 12,123
2 Trinity Health 2,850
3 Minot Public Schools 1,047
4 Minot State University 561
5 City of Minot 437
6 Hess 380
7 Cognizant (ING Minot Service Center) 372 (2018)
8 Delta Vacations 367
9 Ward County 367
10 MLT Inc. 366 (2019)
11 Marketplace Foods 313 (2020)
12 Kalix (MVAW) 279
13 BNSF Railroad 230
14 Grand Hotel/International Inn 219 (2018)
15 Ryan Family Dealerships 204 (2020)
Total 18,641

Minot's economy predominantly centers around the Air Force Base 13 miles (21 km) north of town, making the city's economy more robust than other cities of its size due to its large service area.

ING/ReliaStar established a service center in Minot in December 1998.[31]

Minot has seen a significant increase in population and infrastructure investments in the last several years with the expanding drilling (using hydrofracking) of oil in the Bakken Formation and Three Forks Groups.[32] The State of North Dakota has a website detailing daily oil activity.[33]


The Minot Public Schools system operates ten elementary schools (K–5) in the city: Bel Air,[34] Edison,[35] John Hoeven,[36] Lewis and Clark,[37] Longfellow,[38] McKinley[39] Roosevelt,[40] Perkett,[41] Sunnyside,[42] and Washington.[43] The district also operates Bell Elementary, about five miles southeast of Minot. Jefferson Elementary closed in 2003. The old Washington Elementary building closed in 2007 and the students moved to a new building that was renovated from an old health care center. There are also two elementary schools (K–6) on the Minot Air Force Base: Dakota[44] and North Plains.[45] The 2011 flood resulted in the relocation of Erik Ramstad Middle School and the closure of Lincoln Elementary, as both buildings were damaged beyond economical repair. Longfellow Elementary was expanded after the flood and children who lived in the Lincoln neighborhood then attended Longfellow Elementary.

There are three middle schools in the system. The two in Minot are grades 6–8: Jim Hill in the south[46] and Erik Ramstad in the north.[47] Memorial Middle School on Minot AFB[48] is named for fallen veterans of the U.S. armed forces. The school was built in the mid-1960s on the base's northern perimeter. All three middle schools were formerly called "junior high" schools.

The city has one public high school, Minot High School, divided between two campuses. A few blocks east of Downtown Minot is Central Campus (grades 9–10),[49] which occupies the original high school building. On the southwest side of the city is the newer Magic City Campus (grades 11–12),[50] constructed in 1973 just west of Jim Hill Middle School. MPS also operates an adult learning center and Souris River Campus, an alternative high school.[51][52]

In 2021, voters passed a school bond issue to fund renovation of Central Campus in downtown Minot into a third in-town middle school for students in grades 6 to 8. Magic City Campus will be renovated into a four-year high school attended by students in grades 9 to 12. A second four-year high school, Minot North High School, will be in north Minot on the site of the former Cognizant office building, which has been donated to the school district and will be expanded and renovated.[53][54]

Private schools in Minot include Bishop Ryan Catholic School, which offers preschool through grade 12 at a single campus. There is also a Protestant K–12 school, Our Redeemer's Christian School.

Minot is also home to Minot State University, the state's third-largest university. MSU's campus is at the base of North Hill, just west of Broadway. A two-year teacher's college when it opened in 1913, Minot State became a university in 1987.

Preschool and daycare

Many of the larger daycare centers and preschools in the Minot area work in collaboration with local church groups. There are also programs such as Head Start and preschool programs through Minot Public Schools. The in-home daycare providers are state registered and licensed.


The "Gol Stave Church" in Minot's Scandinavian Heritage Park
The "Dala horse" in the Scandinavian Heritage Park

Minot's arts community includes an art museum, a symphony orchestra, an opera company, a city band, several dance and theater troupes: over 40 organizations claim membership in the Minot Area Council on the Arts.

Nearly 40% of the city's residents are of Scandinavian ancestry, and every October since 1977, Minot has been the host to the Norsk Høstfest, North America's largest Scandinavian-American festival. Scandinavian Heritage Park is located in Minot. Scandinavian Heritage Park features remembrances and replicas from each of the Scandinavian countries: Norway, Sweden and Denmark, as well as Finland and Iceland.


The Minot Park District operates seventeen parks with various facilities; Corbett Field, home to American Legion, high school and college baseball; Optimist soccer complex; MAYSA ice arena; the Sertoma Complex which has 8 softball fields; Souris Valley Golf Course, and an indoor tennis complex.

The city's largest parks are Roosevelt Park and Oak Park. Roosevelt Park Zoo is one of the top zoos in the region. Dogs are allowed in Roosevelt Park, a sign is posted at the entrance confirming this. A "bark park" for dogs opened in the summer of 2005.

The North Dakota State Fair is held in July annually, in Minot. Nearly all recreation areas however are closed during the long winters. The local high school hockey teams use the ice rink located in the Fair Grounds. The ice rink is also turned into the location of the rodeo.

Apple Grove Golf Course, and Souris Valley Golf Course are located in Minot.


Sister cities

Minot maintains a sister city relationship with the Norwegian city of Skien.

Minot is also a sister city of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, about 300 miles (480 km) to the north-west. The cities share many qualities, including their size, location on river valleys, historical origins, and air force bases.


Minot has several media outlets. KMOT-TV, KXMC-TV and the Minot Daily News report on local news daily. KCJB-AM, KHRT-AM, and Prairie Public have some local news content, but no active journalists.


Minot is served by 15 radio stations (12 FM, three AM). Bottineau-based Programmer's Broadcasting owns KTZU and KWGO, along with KBTO of Bottineau. Prairie Public Radio operates KMPR FM 88.9, a community broadcaster based in Burlington operates a low-power FM station, and the remainder are nonprofit Christian stations, of which only KHRT is local.

iHeartMedia owns and operates all the commercial stations licensed to Minot itself: KCJB 910, KRRZ 1390, KYYX 97.1, KIZZ 93.7, KMXA-FM 99.9, and KZPR 105.3. This concentration of broadcasting in the hands of a single owner has led to criticism.[59][60]

AM frequencies

FM Frequencies

Other stations

Additionally, the following stations are not based in Minot, but generally have a clear signal into town:


Minot has six television stations, most of which have ATSC (digital) transmitters:

Cable service

Midco provides cable service to the city of Minot and Minot Air Force Base. Souris River Telecommunications provides cable service to other nearby communities.


The principal local newspaper is the Minot Daily News, which publishes six days a week. The Minot Air Force Base also has a weekly newspaper printed, The Northern Sentry. It is a free publication published on Fridays by BHG, Inc. out of Garrison, ND available on the MAFB, as well as the surrounding communities and many locations within Minot. The Minot State University student newspaper Red & Green is published once a week (Thursdays) during the regular school year, but not during the summer months. Morgan Printing produces the Lunch Letter three days a week on a double-sided leaflet. There is one weekly classified-ad publication, the Trading Post, printed by the Minot Daily News. The Bismarck Tribune is available at several outlets in the city, as is The Forum, to a lesser extent.



The railroads that built Minot remain, though Great Northern is now part of the BNSF Railway and the Soo Line is run by the Canadian Pacific Railway.

Passenger rail transportation is provided on Amtrak's Empire Builder line, connecting Chicago with Portland and Seattle, which stops at the Minot Amtrak station. Trains make a 20-minute refueling and crew change stop in Minot. Westbound trains are scheduled to arrive daily at 8:29 am local time; eastbound trains are scheduled to arrive daily at 9:27 pm.[61]


US 83 running through north Minot

Three major U.S. highways run through the city, connecting it to Canada, Montana, and two interstates: US 2, US 52, and US 83.

US 2 runs east-west and is a four-lane divided highway from Minot east to Grand Forks and beyond as well as west to Williston and into Montana. Minot is midpoint along the North Dakota segment of US 2.

US 83 runs north-south through central Minot as Broadway. It is a four-lane divided highway from Minot south to Bismarck and north to Minot Air Force Base. Just north of the main gate at the base, the road reduces to two lanes and crosses the Canada–US border at Westhope, ND, where it becomes Manitoba Highway 83.

US 52 is a two-lane highway that runs southeast-northwest. Southeast from Minot, it follows a slightly circuitous route to Jamestown. US 52 then merges with Interstate 94 (I-94) after Jamestown, heading due east to Fargo. Northwest from Minot, US 52 crosses the Canada–US border at Portal, ND/North Portal, SK, where it becomes Saskatchewan Highway 39.

The Minot Bypass follows alternate alignments of these roads around the city in its northwest and northeast quadrants, with southwest and southeast bypasses in preliminary planning stages.


Minot International Airport is served by three airlines as well as charters and air taxi service around North Dakota. Delta Air Lines offers up to six daily round trips to Minneapolis International Airport, offering hundreds of daily connections. United Airlines offers four daily round trips to its Denver International Airport hub. Allegiant Air provides up to four weekly round trips to Las Vegas McCarran International Airport and up to five weekly round trips to Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport.

Within the city

Automobiles dominate intracity and local area transport. There is limited fixed-route city transit service (Minot City Transit) on weekdays, and flexible-route rural transit service (Souris Basin Transportation) on an occasional basis. Local transit services for the elderly and disabled (Minot Commission on Aging Transit) meet federal guidelines but have 24-hour advance notice requirements.

Sites of interest

Scandinavian Heritage Park

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Minot, North Dakota
  3. ^ a b c "Explore Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 4, 2023.
  4. ^ a b "City and Town Population Totals: 2020-2022". United States Census Bureau. October 4, 2023. Retrieved October 4, 2023.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Micropolitan statistical areas and components Archived June 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Office of Management and Budget, May 11, 2007. Accessed July 27, 2008.
  7. ^ "US Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation Report on Minot Extension". United States Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office. 12900. July 1969.
  8. ^ Gavett, Joseph L. (2006). "1900 - A New Century Dawns". Minot: The Magic City. Wexford College Press. ISBN 9781929148608.
  9. ^ "AISRI Dictionary Database Search-- Arikara. Prototype version". Retrieved July 8, 2012.
  10. ^ "Hidatsa Lessons Vocab2". Hidatsa Language Program. Archived from the original on June 6, 2013. Retrieved July 17, 2012.
  11. ^ a b Jackson, William (2008). Almanac of North Dakota mysteries & oddities, 2009-2010. Valley Star Books. p. 34. ISBN 9780967734989. OCLC 259419005.
  12. ^ Michael J. Martin and Glenn H. Smith, "Vice and Violence in Ward County, North Dakota, 1905–1920", North Dakota History, 1980, Vol. 47, Issue 2, pp. 10–21
  13. ^ "$5 million damage tallied for flooding". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. April 12, 1969. p. 1.
  14. ^ "Minot train derailment kills one, injures dozens". CBC News. January 18, 2002. Retrieved November 29, 2020.
  15. ^ Klinenberg, Eric. (2007). "Introduction: The Empty Studio". Fighting for Air: The Battle to Control America's Media. New York: Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 9781429923606.
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External links

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