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Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Lesser CoA of the empire of Russia.svg
Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire
Ministry overview
Formed8 September 1802
Preceding Ministry
Dissolved2 March 1917
Superseding agency
JurisdictionEmperor of All Russia
HeadquartersSaint Petersburg
Ministry executive
Parent MinistryCouncil of Ministers of the Russian Empire (1905-1917)
Child Ministry
  • Collegium of Foreign Affairs (1802-1832)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire (Russian: Министе́рство иностранных дел Российской империи) was a ministry of the Russian Empire responsible for relations with foreign states from 1802 to 1917.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs was established by decree of the Emperor Alexander I of Russia on 8 September 1802 by Manifesto "On the establishment of ministries." With the formation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the preceding Collegium of Foreign Affairs was not disbanded and continued to exist until April 1832 as a child agency of the Ministry. According to the decree "On the formation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs" from 1832, the Ministry included the Council, the Asian Department, the Department of External Relations, the Department of Internal Affairs and the Department of Economic and Accounting Affairs, as well as three main archives: two in Saint Petersburg and one in Moscow.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs became one of the ministries of the Council of Ministers from 1905 until it was dissolved on 2 March 1917 after the February Revolution, though remnants served as the foreign ministry of the short-lived Russian Provisional Government until October. Its role was eventually replaced by the People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union in 1923.


Name Term of office Head of State
1 Alexander Vorontsov September 8, 1802 January 16, 1804 Alexander I
2 Adam Jerzy Czartoryski January 16, 1804 Juny[clarification needed] 17, 1806
3 Andreas Eberhard von Budberg Juny 17, 1806 August 30, 1807
4 Nikolay Rumyantsev February 12, 1808 August 1, 1814
5 Ioannis Kapodistrias
(joint with Karl Nesselrode)
January 31, 1816 August 19, 1822
7 Karl Nesselrode 1814 April 15, 1856
Nicholas I
8 Alexander Gorchakov April 15, 1856 9 April 1882 Alexander II
9 Nicholas de Giers April 9, 1882 January 26, 1895 Alexander III
10 Alexei Lobanov-Rostovsky March 18, 1895 August 30, 1896 Nicholas II
11 Nikolay Shishkin September 1, 1896 January 13, 1897
12 Mikhail Muravyov January 13, 1897 June 21, 1900
13 Vladimir Lambsdorff January 6, 1901 May 11, 1906
14 Alexander Izvolsky May 11, 1906 October 11, 1910
15 Sergey Sazonov October 11, 1910 July 20, 1916
16 Boris Stürmer July 20, 1916 November 23, 1916
17 Nikolay Pokrovsky November 23, 1916 March 2, 1917

Provisional Government/Russian Republic

Minister Party Term of Office Prime Minister
18 Pavel Milyukov Constitutional Democratic Party March 2, 1917 May 1, 1917 George Lvov
19 Mikhail Tereshchenko Independent May 5, 1917 October 29, 1917
Alexander Kerensky

See also


This page was last edited on 10 March 2023, at 14:43
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