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Ministry of Culture (Spain)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ministry of Culture and Sport
Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte
Logotipo del Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte.svg
Casa de las 7 Chimeneas (Madrid) 06.jpg

The headquarters of the Ministry
Agency overview
FormedJuly 5, 1977; 44 years ago (1977-07-05)
(as Ministry of Culture and Welfare)
June 7, 2018 (as Ministry of Culture and Sport)
Preceding agencies
TypeMinistry
JurisdictionSpanish government
HeadquartersCasa de las Siete Chimeneas, 1 Plaza del Rey, Madrid
Annual budget 1.7 billion, 2021[1]
Minister responsible
Agency executives
Child agencies
WebsiteMinistry of Culture and Sport

The Ministry of Culture and Sport (MCD) is the department of the Government of Spain responsible for the promotion, protection and dissemination of the Spanish historical heritage, national museums, art, books, reading and literary creation, of cinematographic and audiovisual activities and of state archives and libraries.

It's also responsible for the promotion and dissemination of culture in Spanish, as well as the promotion of cultural cooperation actions and, in coordination with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation, of international relations in the field of culture. Likewise, the Ministry of Culture and Sports is responsible for the proposal and execution of the Government's policy on sport.[2]

The MCD is headed by the Culture Minister, a Cabinet member who is appointed by the Monarch at request of the Prime Minister. Like the Ministry of Agriculture, it does not have any Secretariat of State and is organized through a General Secretariat (with the rank of undersecretariat) and the Ministry's undersecretariat. The National Sports Council is also part of the Ministry. The current Minister of Culture and Sport, since 12 July 2021, is Miquel Iceta.[3][4]

History

Early period

The Ministry of Culture was created during the Spanish transition to democracy. However, the government action on culture dates back to the 18th century. From the beginning of the century and promoted by the Crown, it appeared the first Royal Academies such as the Language (1713), History (1738) or Fine Arts (1752), all of them dependent from the Secretariat of State.[5]

With the development and specialization of the Administration, the promotion and protection of culture was assumed by the Ministry of Development between 1834 and 1837 when it assumed powers over theaters, and all kinds of public amusements and recreation, as well as the Conservatories of Arts and Music,[6] by the Ministry of the Interior between 1837 and 1847 and Development again between 1847 and 1851, by the Ministry of Grace and Justice between 1851 and 1855[7] and again by the Ministry of Development until 1900.

The Budget Act of 1900 created the Ministry of Public Instruction and Fine Arts[8] which assumed the responsibilities on culture until 1977. During this period, the Directorate-General for Fine Arts was created in 1915[9] which had competences on civil constructions related to National Monuments, Museums, Artistic Schools, Painting, Music Schools and other entities of an artistic nature[10] and in 1939 it was created the Directorate-General for Archives and Libraries. Both merged in 1974 in a new Directorate-General for Artistic and Cultural Heritage.[11]

In 1946 it was created the Directorate-General for Cinematography and Theater which main task was to censor this cultural sectors. It was suppressed in 1967.

Democracy

Finally, in 1977 it was created an independent Culture Ministry which assumed the Directorate-General for Artistic and Cultural Heritage from the Ministry of Education, the responsibilities of the Under Secretary for Family, Youth and Sport from the Ministry of the Presidency and the information and cultural functions of the Ministry of Information and Tourism (cinema, theaters, music). Likewise, the Secretariat of State for Culture was created and it also assumed RTVE.[12]

The final structure established nine general directions: Artistic Heritage, Archives and Museums; Cultural Diffusion; Books and Libraries; Music Theater and Shows; Cinematography; Community Development; Youth; and Broadcasting and Television. It also assumed organically the Superior Council of Sports.[13]

In 1981 the Ministry ceded to the City of Madrid the management of the Teatro Español.[14] In 1985 the Ministry suffered a big reshuffle because of the devolution of cultural powers to the recently created Regions. At the same time it was created the National Institute of Performing Arts and Music (INAEM) and the Institute of Cinematography and Audiovisual Arts (ICAA).[15]

Between 1996 and 2004 the Ministry of Culture was merged with the Ministry of Education although the Secretariat of State for Culture was maintained. In 2004 it was created again and in 2011 the Ministry assumed the competencies on bullfighting.[16] It was suppressed again in 2011 until 2018 when the new prime minister Pedro Sánchez recovered this Ministry.[2]

Structure

The Ministry's structure is:[17]

  • The General Secretariat for Culture and Sport.
    • Pío Cabanillas Gallas, first Minister of Culture.
      Pío Cabanillas Gallas, first Minister of Culture.
      The Directorate-General for Cultural Industries, Intellectual Property and Cooperation.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for the Promotion of Cultural Industries and Patronage.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for Cooperation and International Promotion of Culture.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for Intellectual Property.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for Cultural Cooperation with the Autonomous Communities.
    • The Directorate-General for Fine Arts.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for the Protection of Historical Heritage.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for State Museums.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for the Institute of Cultural Heritage of Spain.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for the Promotion of Fine Arts.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for State Archives.
    • The Directorate-General for Books and Promotion of Reading.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for the Promotion of Books, Reading and Spanish Literature.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for Library Coordination.
  • The Undersecretariat of Culture and Sport.
    • The General Technical Secretariat.
  • The National Sports Council.
    • The Directorate-General for Sports.

Public organisms under direction of Ministry of Culture and Sport:

List of Ministers of Culture

Miquel Iceta, current Minister of Culture and Sport.
Miquel Iceta, current Minister of Culture and Sport.
Name Portrait Took office Left office Political party Prime Minister
Responsibilities assumed by Ministry of Education (1900-1979)
Manuel Clavero
Manuel Clavero 1979 (cropped).jpg
6 April 1979 17 January 1980 Union of the Democratic Centre Adolfo Suárez
Ricardo de la Cierva
(de la Cierva) Adolfo Suárez ofrece una rueda de prensa junto al ministro de Trabajo en el Congreso de los Diputados (cropped).jpg
17 January 1980 8 September 1980 Union of the Democratic Centre
Iñigo Cavero
El ministro de Cultura, Íñigo Cavero, sale del Congreso de los Diputados.jpg
8 September 1980 26 February 1981 Union of the Democratic Centre
26 February 1981 2 December 1981 Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo
Soledad Becerril
Soledad Becerril 1998 (cropped).jpg
2 December 1981 3 December 1982 Union of the Democratic Centre
Javier Solana
Javier Solana 1999 (cropped).jpg
3 December 1982 7 July 1988 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party Felipe González
Jorge Semprún
Jorge Semprun 2009.jpg
7 July 1988 12 March 1991 Independent
Jordi Solé
Jordi Solé Tura 1991 (cropped).jpg
12 March 1991 14 July 1993 Socialists' Party of Catalonia
Carmen Alborch
Carmen Alborch (cropped 2).JPG
14 July 1993 4 May 1996 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Esperanza Aguirre (1)
Esperanza Aguirre 2015d (cropped).jpg
5 May 1996 19 January 1999 People's Party José María Aznar
Mariano Rajoy (1)
Mariano Rajoy 2003 (cropped).jpg
19 January 1999 27 April 2000 People's Party
Pilar del Castillo (2)
Pilar del Castillo 2001b (cropped).jpg
27 April 2000 18 April 2004 People's Party
Carmen Calvo
Carmen Calvo 2005b (cropped).jpg
18 April 2004 9 July 2007 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
César Antonio Molina
César Antonio Molina.jpg
9 July 2007 7 April 2009 Independent
Ángeles González-Sinde
Ángeles González-Sinde 2011 (cropped).jpg
7 April 2009 22 December 2011 Independent
José Ignacio Wert (2)
José Ignacio Wert 2012b (cropped).jpg
22 December 2011 26 June 2015 People's Party Mariano Rajoy
íñigo Méndez de Vigo (2)
Iñigo Mendez de Vigob (cropped).jpg
26 June 2015 7 June 2018 People's Party
Màxim Huerta (3)
Màxim Huerta 2018 (cropped).jpg
7 June 2018 14 June 2018 Independent Pedro Sánchez
José Guirao (3)
José Guirao 2018 (cropped).jpg
14 June 2018 13 January 2020 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
José Manuel Rodríguez Uribes (3)
José Manuel Rodríguez Uribes 2020 (cropped).jpg
13 January 2020 12 July 2021 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Miquel Iceta (3)
Miquel Iceta 2021 (cropped).jpg
12 July 2021 Socialists' Party of Catalonia
  • (1) As Minister of Education and Culture.
  • (2) As Minister of Education, Culture and Sport.
  • (3) As Minister of Culture and Sport.


Awards given out

Established in 1975 and first presented in 1976, the Ministry of Culture awards the Miguel de Cervantes Prize each year to honor the lifetime achievement of an outstanding writer in the Spanish language.[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2021 State Budget" (PDF). www.boe.es. 4 January 2021. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  2. ^ a b R., Felipe (7 July 2018). Batet Lamaña, Meritxell (ed.). "Real Decreto 817/2018, de 6 de julio, por el que se desarrolla la estructura orgánica básica del Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte y se modifica el Real Decreto 595/2018, de 22 de junio, por el que se establece la estructura orgánica básica de los departamentos ministeriales". Boletín Oficial del Estado. Ministerio de Política Territorial y Función Pública (164): 14. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Así han prometido su cargo ante el rey los 22 ministros de Pedro Sánchez". www.telemadrid.es. Telemadrid. 13 January 2020.
  4. ^ S.A, Web Financial Group. "Rodríguez Uribes reivindica la visión de los "valores" en la cultura y afirma su voluntad de "escucha" y "diálogo"". BOLSAMANIA (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  5. ^ Barrero García, Ana María (2006). "La materia administrativa y su gestión en el Reinado de Fernando VII" (PDF).
  6. ^ "1832". 2012-01-18. Archived from the original on 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  7. ^ "Instituto de Formación del Profesorado, Investigación e Innovación Educativa (IFIIE) - Gobierno de España - Ministerio de Educación". 2011-11-04. Archived from the original on 2011-11-04. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  8. ^ "Instituto de Formación del Profesorado, Investigación e Innovación Educativa (IFIIE) - Gobierno de España - Ministerio de Educación". 2011-11-08. Archived from the original on 2011-11-08. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  9. ^ "ABC (Madrid) - 17/01/1915, p. 27 - ABC.es Hemeroteca". hemeroteca.abc.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  10. ^ "Instituto de Formación del Profesorado, Investigación e Innovación Educativa (IFIIE) - Gobierno de España - Ministerio de Educación". 2011-11-08. Archived from the original on 2011-11-08. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  11. ^ Plaza, Luis Mansilla; Barba, Roberto C. Fernández (1997). Actas de la Primera Sesión Científica Sobre Patrimonio Minero Metalúrgico: Almadén, 21 y 22 de Octubre 1996 (in Spanish). Univ de Castilla La Mancha. ISBN 9788489492820.
  12. ^ "ABC (Madrid) - 05/07/1977, p. 102 - ABC.es Hemeroteca". hemeroteca.abc.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  13. ^ "Royal Decree 2258/1977, of 27 August, on the organic structure and functions of the Ministry of Culture". www.boe.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  14. ^ "ABC (Madrid) - 16/10/1981, p. 35 - ABC.es Hemeroteca". hemeroteca.abc.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  15. ^ "ABC (Madrid) - 25/04/1985, p. 29 - ABC.es Hemeroteca". hemeroteca.abc.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  16. ^ "El Ministerio de Cultura asume las competencias taurinas | Toros | elmundo.es". www.elmundo.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  17. ^ "Royal Decree 139/2020, of January 28, which establishes the basic organic structure of the ministerial departments". boe.es. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
  18. ^ Bhutia, Thinley Kalsang; Luebering, J.E.; Pallardy, Richard; Sampaolo, Marco; Tikkanen, Amy (25 November 2014). "Cervantes Prize". Britannica.com. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Archived from the original on 7 March 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2017.

External links

This page was last edited on 6 October 2021, at 07:35
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