To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Minister of Commerce (France)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Minister of Commerce was a cabinet member in the Government of France. The position sometimes included responsibility for other government departments such as Public Works, Interior, Agriculture and Posts, Telegraphs and Telephones. The position has largely been merged today into the expanded Ministry of the Economy, Finance and Industry.

Officeholders

Ministers of Commerce and Manufacturing

In 1812 Napoleon created a Ministry of Commerce and Manufacturing (Ministère du Commerce et des Manufactures), which he assigned to Jean-Baptiste Collin de Sussy. That ministry was suppressed in 1814.[1]

A royal ordinance of 22 January 1828 recreated the Ministry of Commerce and Manufacturing, which covered manufacturing and interior and exterior commerce, which were detached from the Ministry of the Interior. The ministry was suppressed by ordinance of 8 August 1829, and these services were again made part of the department of the interior.[2]

Ministers of Commerce and Public works

An ordinance of 17 March 1831 created the Ministry of Commerce and Public works (Ministère du Commerce et des Travaux publics), to which the minister had been named on 13 March 1831. This ministry included agriculture, subsistence, stud farms, interior and exterior commerce and statistics, detached from the department of the Interior.[2]

Ministers of Commerce

A royal ordinance of 6 April 1834 created the Ministry of Commerce (Ministère du Commerce), with the same functions as the Ministry of Commerce and Public works .[2]

Ministers of Commerce and Public works

An ordinance of 2 March 1836 recreated the Ministry of Commerce and Public works, with the added responsibilities of bridges, roads and mines.[2]

  • 22 February 1836 – 6 September 1836 : Hippolyte Passy
  • 6–19 September 1836 : Comte Duchatel (interim)

Ministers of Public Works, Agriculture and Commerce

An ordinance of 19 September 1836 changed the name without changing the function, to the Ministère des travaux publics, d'agriculture et du commerce'.[2]

Ministers of Agriculture and Commerce

A royal ordinance of 23 May 1839 reconstituted the ministry as Agriculture and Commerce, with the same duties as that of the ordinance of 6 April 1834.[2]

Ministers of the Interior, Agriculture and Commerce

A decree of 25 January 1852 reunited the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce with that of the Interior, under the title Ministère de l'intérieur, de l'agriculture et du commerce.[2]

Ministers of Agriculture, Commerce and Public Works

A decree of 23 June 1853 reinstated the Ministry of Agriculture, Commerce and Public Works.[2]

Ministers of Agriculture and Commerce

A decree of 17 July 1869 reestablished the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce as it had been before the decree of 25 January 1852.[2]

  • 17 July 1869 – 2 January 1870 : Alfred Leroux
  • 2 January 1870 – 10 August 1870 : Charles Louvet de Couvray
  • 10 August 1870 – 4 September 1870 : Clément Aimé Jean Duvernois
  • 4 September 1870 – 19 February 1871 : Pierre Magnin
  • 19 February 1871 – 5 June 1871 : Félix Lambrecht
  • 5 June 1871 – 6 February 1872 : Victor Lefranc
  • 6 February 1872 – 23 April 1872 : Eugène de Goulard
  • 23 April 1872 – 25 May 1873 : Pierre Teisserenc de Bort
  • 25 May 1873 – 26 November 1873 : Joseph de la Bouillerie
  • 29 November 1873 – 22 May 1874 : Alfred Deseilligny
  • 22 May 1874 – 10 March 1875 : Louis Grivart
  • 10 March 1875 – 9 March 1876 : Marie Camille Alfred, vicomte de Meaux
  • 9 March 1876 – 17 May 1877 : Pierre Teisserenc de Bort
  • 17 May 1877 – 23 November 1877 : Marie Camille Alfred, vicomte de Meaux
  • 23 November 1877 – 13 December 1877 : Jules Ozenne
  • 13 December 1877 – 4 February 1879 : Pierre Teisserenc de Bort
  • 4 February 1879 – 4 March 1879 : Charles Lepère
  • 5 March 1879 – 10 November 1881 : Pierre Tirard – Agriculture and Commerce.[3]

Minister of Commerce and Colonies

Ministers of Commerce

Ministers of Commerce and Industry

Ministers of Commerce, Industry, Posts, and Telegraphs

Ministers of Commerce and Industry

References

  1. ^ Todisco, Umberto (1969). Le personnel de la Cour des comptes (1807-1830). Librairie Droz. p. 84. ISBN 978-2-600-03361-9.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i France, Académie d'agriculture de (1877). Mëmoires. pp. 385ff.
  3. ^ a b c "TIRARD Pierre". Senate of France. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Maurice, Pierre ROUVIER". Assemblee Nationale. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Pierre LEGRAND". Assemblee Nationale. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Anne, Charles HÉRISSON". Assemblee Nationale. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Lucien, Auguste DAUTRESME" (in French). Assemblee Nationale. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Edouard SIMON DIT LOCKROY". Assemblee Nationale. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  9. ^ Jolly, Jean (1977). "Georges, Edouard, Félix BONNEFOUS". dictionnaire des parlementaires français de 1889 à 1940 (in French). Retrieved 15 July 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  10. ^ Neri-Ultsch, Daniela (2005). Sozialisten und Radicaux - eine schwierige Allianz: Linksbündnisse in der Dritten Französischen Republik, 1919-1938. Oldenbourg Verlag. p. 512. ISBN 978-3-486-57689-4.
  11. ^ "Décès de l'ancien ministre Jean-Marcel Jeanneney". La Croix. 17 September 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  12. ^ "Yves GUÉNA". Constitutional Council. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  13. ^ "Jean-Pierre Raffarin". Government of France. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 08:14
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.