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Minister of Agriculture and Food (Norway)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Minister of Agriculture and Food of Norway
Landbruks- og matministeren
Statsikon.svg
Incumbent
Olaug Bollestad

since 22 January 2019
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Member ofCouncil of State
SeatOslo
NominatorPrime Minister
AppointerMonarch
with approval of Parliament
Term lengthNo fixed length
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Norway
PrecursorMinister of the Interior
Formation17 February 1900
First holderOle Anton Qvam
DeputyState secretaries at the Ministry of Agriculture and Food
WebsiteOfficial website

The Minister of Agriculture and Food (Norwegian: Landbruks- og matministeren) is a councilor of state and chief of the Norway's Ministry of Agriculture and Food. Since 16 October 2013, the position has been held by Sylvi Listhaug of the Progress Party.[1] The ministry is responsible for issues related to agriculture, forestry and food. Major subordinate agencies include the Norwegian Agriculture Authority, the Norwegian Food Safety Authority and Statskog.[2] The position was created on 31 March 1900, along with the ministry, and Ole Anton Qvam was the inaugural officeholder. Fifty people from eight parties have held the office. During the German occupation of Norway from 1940 to 1945, the office was both held by a German puppet government and an elected government in London.[3]

Until 2004 the position was known as the Minister of Agriculture. The longest-serving officeholder is Hans Ystgaard, who served for more than ten years under Prime Minister Johan Nygaardsvold, who himself holds the shortest tenure, of sixteen days. Gunhild Øyangen has served for more than nine years, and Gunnar Knudsen for more than eight, both in the course of two terms. Håkon Five has been appointed a record four times, serving for nearly five years. Jens Hundseid served in the office while being Prime Minister.[3]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ The race to save endangered foods
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  • ✪ Russian Housing Plan Threatens Seed Bank

Transcription

Every week this mystery box shows up at my doorstep. It's one of those subscription boxes, except instead of dog toys or makeup, it's food from local farmers. And I never know exactly what I'm gonna get. Got some salad greens, asparagus, and red corn..? But this wasn't always such an unusual sight. If you look through old seed catalogues like these ones, you'll see hundreds of varieties of corn, with names like "Dibbles' Mammoth," "Kendel's Early Giant," and my personal favorite, "Potter's Excelsior". But none of these varieties exist anymore. American farmers used to grow hundreds of varieties of sweet corn, tomatoes, and other edible plants. Today, just a tiny fraction of those varieties are still around. So what happened to all these plants? For most of our time on this planet, humans have been hunter gatherers. We ate what was nearby. This was still true when we invented farming 10,000 years ago, by cultivating wild plants like Teosinte in Central America and Thorn Apple in Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. Over thousands of years, farmers bred these wild ancestors into foods like corn and eggplant, that we would recognize today. As humans moved around the world, so did the seeds and farmers continued to breed different varieties to adapt them to their new environments. Which led to a ton of genetic diversity. Farmers could raise different genetic varieties of different crops. If disease or pests killed one type, there were others to fall back on. But gradually industrialization and cheap fossil fuels made us less dependent on what grew well nearby. "Food on the move, from distant parts of the world comes the great variety of foods Americans demand." Most farmers switched from growing a variety of edible plants to a single crop that was easy to process and ship. As this model spread beyond the United States, older varieties of plants and animals disappeared from farms around the world. By 1970, 90% of the wheat varieties that had once been grown in China were gone. As were 80% of the varieties of maize or corn that were once grown in Mexico. By the summer of 1971, more than 85% of the corn planted in the US was genetically identical. Crop scientists had bred this new corn so that it grew without a tassel, making it easier to harvest. But because these plants were genetic copies of one another, that also made them susceptible to the same deadly fungus, Southern Leaf Corn Blight. It took over the US corn crop, costing farmers and taxpayers millions of dollars. And the damage would have continued, if it weren't for a humble little plant called Teosinte. The wild grass native to Oaxaca, Mexico, and the common ancestor of the 22,000 known varieties of corn. Teosinte includes a gene for resistance to the same fungus that was devastating the US corn crop. Scientists halted the damage by crossbreeding Teosinte with American corn, but that didn't totally solve the problem of genetic diversity. Today, more than 40% of the corn grown in the US is derived from just six inbred lines. And seed companies, driven by profit, can repackage genetic copies of the same seeds for different prices. Farmers plant them, thinking that they're genetically diversifying their fields when really they're not. Since the corn crisis in 1971 disease has ravaged genetically uniform crops of beans, rice tomatoes, and bananas. And it's about to get worse. The plants we eat have spent thousands of years evolving to grow in specific conditions, conditions we are changing rapidly by releasing more and more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. We depend on corn, wheat, and rice for more than 60% of our global calories. And by 2050, we'll have 2 billion more people to feed. But because of climate change, we'll actually be producing less of all three of these crops. We're going to need plants that can grow in radically different conditions and the more genetic varieties we save, the better protected we'll be. There are seed banks all over the world where scientists, indigenous communities, and farmers are all preserving older seed varieties. But thousands have already been lost, which is why it's so critical to preserve the genetic diversity we still have. The weird stuff, like red popcorn. And the best way to save the seeds that might save us one day, is to grow them and eat them.

Key

The following lists the minister, their party, date of assuming and leaving office, their tenure in years and days, and the cabinet they served in.

  Agrarian / Centre Party
  Christian Democratic Party
  Conservative Party
  Labour Party
  Liberal Left Party
  Liberal Party
  Moderate Liberal Party
  National Unification
  Progress Party
  Independent

Ministers

Photo Name Party Took office Left office Tenure Cabinet Ref
Oaqvam.jpg
Ole Anton Qvam Liberal 31 March 1900 5 November 1900 0 years, 220 days Steen II [4]
Wollert Konow (H) (cropped).jpg
Wollert Konow (H) Liberal 5 November 1900 8 June 1903 2 years, 216 days Steen II
Blehr I
[5][6]
Gunnar Knudsen 02.jpg
Gunnar Knudsen Liberal 8 June 1903 22 October 1903 0 years, 137 days Blehr I [6]
Christian P. Mathiesen.jpg
Christian Mathiesen Conservative 22 October 1903 26 September 1904 0 years, 340 days Hagerup II [7]
Johan Egeberg Mellbye.jpg
Johan E. Mellbye Conservative 26 September 1904 11 March 1905 0 years, 167 days Hagerup II [7]
Aasmund Halvorsen Vinje.jpg
Aasmund Halvorsen Vinje Moderate Liberal 11 March 1905 6 November 1906 1 year, 241 days Michelsen [8]
Sven Aarrestad.jpg
Sven Aarrestad Liberal 6 November 1906 19 March 1908 1 year, 135 days Michelsen
Løvland
[8][9]
Hans Konrad Foosnaes.jpg
Hans Konrad Foosnæs Liberal 19 March 1908 2 February 1910 1 year, 321 days Knudsen I [10]
Wollert Konow (SB), Stortinget.jpg
Wollert Konow (SB) Liberal Left 2 February 1910 1 March 1910 0 years, 28 days Konow [11]
Bernt Holtsmark.jpg
Bernt Holtsmark Liberal Left 1 March 1910 20 February 1912 1 year, 357 days Konow [11]
Erik Enge Liberal Left 20 February 1912 31 January 1913 0 years, 346 days Bratlie [12]
Gunnar Knudsen 02.jpg
Gunnar Knudsen Liberal 31 January 1913 12 December 1919 6 years, 315 days Knudsen II [13]
Hakon Five, Stortinget.jpg
Håkon Five Liberal 12 December 1919 21 June 1920 0 year, 192 days Knudsen II [13]
Gunder Anton Jahren.jpg
Gunder Anton Jahren Conservative 21 June 1920 22 June 1921 1 year, 1 days Bahr Halvorsen I [14]
Martin Olsen Nalum Liberal 22 June 1921 26 July 1921 0 years, 35 days Blehr II [15]
Hakon Five, Stortinget.jpg
Håkon Five Liberal 26 July 1921 6 March 1923 0 years, 224 days Blehr II [15]
Anders Venger.jpg
Anders Venger Conservative 6 March 1923 25 July 1924 1 year, 112 days Bahr Halvorsen II
Berge
[16][17]
Hakon Five, Stortinget.jpg
Håkon Five Liberal 25 July 1924 5 March 1926 1 year, 224 days Mowinckel I [18]
Ole Ludvig Baeroe.jpg
Ole Bærøe Conservative 5 March 1926 28 January 1928 1 year, 323 days Lykke [19]
Johan Nygaardsvold 1934.jpeg
Johan Nygaardsvold Labour 28 January 1928 15 February 1928 0 years, 16 days Hornsrud [20]
Hans Jørgensen Aarstad Liberal 15 February 1928 12 May 1931 3 years, 86 days Mowinckel II [21]
Jon Sundby.jpg
Jon Sundby Agrarian 12 May 1931 25 February 1932 0 years, 290 days Kolstad [22]
Ivar Kirkeby-Garstad.jpg
Ivar Kirkeby-Garstad Agrarian 25 February 1932 14 March 1932 0 years, 19 days Kolstad [22]
Jens Hundseid.jpeg
Jens Hundseid Agrarian 14 March 1932 3 March 1933 0 years, 353 days Hundseid [23]
Hakon Five, Stortinget.jpg
Håkon Five Liberal 3 March 1933 20 March 1935 2 years, 20 days Mowinckel III [24]
Hans Ystgaard Labour 20 March 1935 24 June 1945 10 years, 87 days Nygaardsvold [25]
Tormod Hustad National Unification 9 April 1940 15 April 1940 0 years, 7 days Quisling I [26]
Rasmus Mork Independent 15 April 1940 25 September 1940 0 years, 164 days Administrative Council [26]
Thorstein Fretheim National Unification 25 September 1940 21 April 1945 4 years 207 days Terboven
Quisling II
[26]
Trygve Dehli Laurantzon National Unification 21 April 1945 8 May 1945 0 years 18 days Quisling II [26]
51382 Einar Frogner.jpg
Einar Frogner Agrarian 25 June 1945 5 November 1945 134 days Gerhardsen I [27]
Kristian Fjeld Labour 5 November 1945 19 November 1951 6 years, 14 days Gerhardsen II [28]
Rasmus Nordbø Labour 19 November 1951 22 January 1955 3 years, 65 days Torp [29]
29044 Olav Meisdalshagen.jpg
Olav Meisdalshagen Labour 22 January 1955 14 May 1956 1 year, 113 days Gerhardsen III [30]
Harald Johan Løbak Labour 14 May 1956 24 April 1960 3 years, 346 days Gerhardsen III [30]
Einar Wøhni Labour 24 April 1960 28 August 1963 3 years, 126 days Gerhardsen III [30]
Hans Borgen Centre 28 August 1963 25 September 1963 0 years, 28 days Lyng [31]
Leif Granli Labour 25 September 1963 12 October 1965 2 years, 17 days Gerhardsen IV [32]
Bjarne Lyngstad Liberal 12 October 1965 21 August 1970 4 years, 313 days Borten [33]
Svenn Stray and Caspar Weinberger.jpg
Hallvard Eika Liberal 21 August 1970 17 March 1971 0 years, 209 days Borten [33]
Thorstein Treholt Labour 17 March 1971 18 October 1972 1 year, 215 days Bratteli I [34]
Einar Moxnes Centre 18 October 1972 16 October 1973 363 days Korvald [35]
Thorstein Treholt Labour 16 October 1973 15 January 1976 2 years, 92 days Bratteli II [36]
Oskar Øksnes Labour 15 January 1976 14 October 1981 5 years, 363 days Nordli
Brundtland I
[37][38]
Johan C. Løken Conservative 14 October 1981 8 June 1983 1 year, 238 days Willoch I [39]
Finn T. Isaksen Centre 8 June 1983 4 October 1985 2 years, 118 days Willoch II [39]
Svein Sundsbø Centre 4 October 1985 9 May 1986 0 years, 218 days Willoch II [39]
Gunhild Øyangen Labour 9 May 1986 16 October 1989 3 years, 161 days Brundtland II [40]
Anne Vik Centre 16 October 1989 3 November 1990 1 year, 19 days Syse [41]
Gunhild Øyangen Labour 3 November 1990 25 October 1996 5 years, 357 days Brundtland III [42]
Dag Terje Andersen.jpg
Dag Terje Andersen Labour 25 October 1996 17 October 1997 0 years, 358 days Jagland [43]
Thor Bjarne Bore og Kåre Gjønnes.jpg
Kåre Gjønnes Christian Democratic 17 October 1997 17 March 2000 2 years, 152 days Bondevik I [44]
Bjarne Håkon Hanssen 2009 04 19 B.jpg
Bjarne Håkon Hanssen Labour 17 March 2000 19 October 2001 1 year, 216 days Stoltenberg I [45]
Lars Sponheim 1.jpg
Lars Sponheim Liberal 19 October 2001 17 October 2005 3 years, 364 days Bondevik II [46]
Terje Riis-Johansen Senterpartiet Landbruks- og matminister20051017.jpg
Terje Riis-Johansen Centre 17 October 2005 20 June 2008 2 years, 247 days Stoltenberg II [47]
Lars Peder Brekk.jpg
Lars Peder Brekk Centre 20 June 2008 18 June 2012 3 years, 364 days Stoltenberg II [47]
Trygve S Vedum kandidater Sp, stortingsvalget 2013.jpg
Trygve Slagsvold Vedum Centre 18 June 2012 16 October 2013 1 years, 121 days Stoltenberg II [47]
Sylvi Listhaug 2261 (edit).jpg
Sylvi Listhaug Progress 16 October 2013 16 December 2015 2 years, 61 days Solberg [1]
Jon Georg Dale (11175444194) (cropped).jpg
Jon Georg Dale Progress 16 December 2015 31 August 2018 2 years, 258 days Solberg [48]
Bård Hoksrud (5165966215).jpg
Bård Hoksrud Progress 31 August 2018 22 January 2019 145 days Solberg [49]
Olaug Bollestad (KrF).JPG
Olaug Bollestad Christian Democratic 22 January 2019 present 345 days Solberg [50]

References

  1. ^ a b "Erna Solberg's Government". Government.no. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  2. ^ "About the Ministry". Government.no. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  3. ^ a b "About the Ministry". Norwegian Social Science Data Services. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  4. ^ "Christian Michelsen's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  5. ^ "Johannes Steens's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Otto Blehr's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Francis Hagerup's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Christian Michelsen's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  9. ^ "Jøgen Løvland's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  10. ^ "Gunnar Knudsen's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  11. ^ a b "Wollert Konow's (S.B.) Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  12. ^ "Jens Bratlie's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  13. ^ a b "Gunnar Knudsen's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  14. ^ "Otto B. Halvorsen's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  15. ^ a b "Otto Blehr's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  16. ^ "Otto B. Halvorsen's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  17. ^ "Abraham Berge's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  18. ^ "Johan Ludwig Mowinckel's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  19. ^ "Ivar Lykke's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  20. ^ "Christopher Hornsrud's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  21. ^ "Johan Ludwig Mowinckel's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  22. ^ a b "Peder Kolstad's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  23. ^ "Jens Hundseid's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  24. ^ "Johan Ludwig Mowinckel's Third Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  25. ^ "Johan Nygaardsvoll's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  26. ^ a b c d "Norwegian Government Ministries 1940 – 1945". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  27. ^ "Einar Gerhardsen's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  28. ^ "Einar Gerhardsen's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  29. ^ "Oscar Torp's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  30. ^ a b c "Einar Gerhardsen's Third Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  31. ^ "John Lyng's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  32. ^ "Einar Gerhardsen's Fourth Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  33. ^ a b "Per Borten's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  34. ^ "Trygve Bratteli's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  35. ^ "Lars Korvald's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  36. ^ "Trygve Bratteli's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  37. ^ "Odvar Nordli's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  38. ^ "Gro Harlem Brundtland's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  39. ^ a b c "Odvar Nordli's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  40. ^ "Gro Harlem Brundtland's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  41. ^ "Jan Syse's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  42. ^ "Gro Harlem Brundtland's Third Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  43. ^ "Thorbjørn Jagland's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  44. ^ "Kjell Magne Bondevik's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  45. ^ "Jens Stoltenberg's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  46. ^ "Kjell Magne Bondevik's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  47. ^ a b c "Jens Stoltenberg's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  48. ^ "Minister of Agriculture and Food Jon Georg Dale ( FrP )". Government.no. 16 December 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  49. ^ "Minister of Agriculture and Food Bård Hoksrud ( FrP )". Government.no. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  50. ^ "Here is the new Cabinet". Aftenposten. 22 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
This page was last edited on 1 January 2020, at 14:22
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