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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Microblading is a tattooing technique and form of permanent makeup in which a small handheld tool made of several tiny needles is used to add semi-permanent pigment to the skin.[1] Microblading differs from standard eyebrow tattooing, as each hairstroke is created by hand using a blade which creates fine slices in the skin,[citation needed] whereas eyebrow tattoos are done with a machine and single needle bundle. Microblading is typically used on eyebrows to create, enhance, or reshape their appearance in terms of both shape and color. It deposits pigment into the upper region of the dermis, so it fades more rapidly than traditional tattooing techniques, which deposit pigment deeper into the skin. Microblading is also sometimes called embroidery, feather touch, microstroking, 3D eyebrow embroidery, or hair-like strokes.

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The practice of introducing pigment via fine incisions into the skin's surface traces its roots back thousands of years;[2] however, its application for eyebrow enhancement gained prominence in Asia. The trend emerged notably in Singapore and Korea circa 2005, with subsequent adoption in Europe and the United States around 2010.[3] By 2015, microblading had solidified its status as the preferred cosmetic method for eyebrow tattooing across Europe and the United States. Terminologies like 3D or 6D eyebrows gained traction during this period as well.[4]

Placement and design

Microblading artists begin each appointment by discussing their client's desired look and needs[5] before measuring and sketching out the placement of the eyebrows. Measuring brow placement is a multi-step process, that begins by determining the center of the face and the set of the client's eyes. The starting point, arch, and ending point are determined by the spacing of the eyes, such as close-set or wide-set.[6] The artist sketches out the full brow with the appropriate thickness and arch height, to give the client a visual of what the finished brows will look like, and to set the outline for the microblading.[7] Manual smooth shading (microshading) can also be added to go over and between the hair strokes to visually give the dimension of natural eyebrow thickness without any sharp contours on the eyebrows.[8]


The microblading procedure is a semi-permanent tattoo. Like all tattoos, microblading can fade, depending on multiple factors, including the quality of pigment/ink used,[9] UV exposure, elements found in skincare products, and/or medications. The treatment lasts from 18 to 30 months, although it can sometimes last for up to 3 years. A touch-up session is encouraged 6 weeks after the first microblading procedure, and every 12-18 months thereafter.[citation needed]


Safety precautions for microblading are similar to those for any other tattooing technique. The most common complications and client dissatisfaction that result from any form of tattooing are a misapplication of the pigment, pigment migration, colour change, and in some cases, unintended hyperpigmentation.[10] Serious complications are uncommon. As with all forms of tattooing, the risks associated with microblading include the transmission of blood-borne pathogenic organisms (e.g., HIV, hepatitis C, staphylococcus aureus, herpes simplex), as well as short-term or long-term reactions to pigment ingredients.[11] There is the potential for granulomas to form on the tattooed areas, as a result of the pigment, a foreign substance, being injected into the skin. Therefore, it is essential to verify that the technician holds the appropriate licenses and registrations for the provision of tattoo services, as well as inquire about the technician's standard of training. Procedures performed by technicians, who have completed a comprehensive course of instruction,[12] can minimize the risk of unwanted outcomes and client dissatisfaction.[13]

Microblading and nanoblading

In recent years,[when?] the most popular style of microblading has been nanoblading.[14] Nanoblading is a form of microblading done with thinner blades.[15] The blades are called nano blades because they are thinner than standard microblades. Their thickness ranges between 0.15 and 0.18 mm in diameter, while microblading blades are usually 0.20 mm. As a result of this, the marks made on the eyebrows are thinner and look more natural.

Nanoblading is often confused with nano brows, which is a slightly different form of modern-day eyebrow tattooing.

Microblading and nano brows

The look of eyebrow microblading can also be achieved with an alternative technique called nano brows, a form of eyebrow tattooing where additional hair strokes are added with an electric tattooing device used for permanent makeup. The technique is, therefore, more similar to traditional tattooing (although the results are not as permanent); they last slightly longer than the results of microblading, and the technique is also, generally, considered to be more gentle on the skin.


  1. ^ "What is microblading? Everything to know about this eyebrow trend". Archived from the original on December 14, 2022. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  2. ^ Darby, Derek (February 18, 2016). "MicroBlading - First Things First". Cosmetic Tattoo. Archived from the original on January 29, 2023. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
  3. ^ Go, Natalia (November 14, 2019). "Microblading: Who Really Started It and Why Did It Become So Popular?". Archived from the original on January 10, 2023. Retrieved January 10, 2023 – via MicroBladers Studio + Academy.
  4. ^ "A Brief History of Microblading Eyebrows | Los Angeles, CA". Archived from the original on June 10, 2023. Retrieved August 13, 2023.
  5. ^ "The History of Microblading and its Rise in Popularity". Archived from the original on August 13, 2023. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  6. ^ "Measuring Made Easy - Vogue Brows". Vogue Brows. July 27, 2016. Archived from the original on October 19, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  7. ^ "Microblading Consultation | Flushing, NY". Retrieved July 20, 2020.
  8. ^ "Microshading Eyebrows - Guide Through All You Need to Know". April 19, 2019. Archived from the original on June 1, 2023. Retrieved January 16, 2023.
  9. ^ "Understanding Pigments in Permanent Makeup". January 13, 2022. Archived from the original on April 2, 2023. Retrieved August 13, 2023.
  10. ^ Goldman, Alberto; Wollina, Uwe (August 11, 2014). "Severe unexpected adverse effects after permanent eye makeup and their management by Q-switched Nd:YAG laser". Clinical Interventions in Aging. 9: 1305–1309. doi:10.2147/CIA.S67167. ISSN 1176-9092. PMC 4136952. PMID 25143716.
  11. ^ Wiginton, Keri. "Microblading Health Risks". WebMD. Archived from the original on June 9, 2023. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  12. ^ "Cosmetic Tattoo Training Standards". Archived from the original on May 25, 2016. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  13. ^ Dermatologic Complications with Body Art 2010, pp 53-60 Cosmetic and Medical Applications of Tattooing Christa De Cuyper
  14. ^ "Microblading (2023): Facts, Cost, Risks, Photos". December 26, 2022. Archived from the original on June 1, 2023. Retrieved January 16, 2023.
  15. ^ "All About Nanoblading - Effects, Price, Before & After". October 20, 2022. Archived from the original on March 24, 2023. Retrieved January 16, 2023.
This page was last edited on 4 September 2023, at 14:35
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