To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Michael Lynton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Michael Lynton
Michael Mark Lynton

(1960-01-01) January 1, 1960 (age 61)
NationalityAmerican, British, German[1]
Alma materHarvard College
Harvard Business School
OccupationChairman of Snap Inc. (2017-) Chairman of WMG (2019-)
Spouse(s)Jamie Alter Lynton

Michael Mark Lynton (born January 1, 1960) is a businessman and current chairman of Snap Inc. He previously served as chairman and chief executive of Sony Pictures Entertainment.[2] In 2017, Lynton stepped down as CEO of Sony Entertainment to become Chairman of Snap, makers of the Snapchat mobile app.[3] On February 12, 2019, he was named as chairman of Warner Music Group.[4]

Early life and education

Lynton was born to a Jewish family[5] in London on January 1, 1960. His parents, Marion (Sonnenberg) and Mark Lynton, were executives at Hunter Douglas in the Netherlands.[6][7] His father, born Max-Otto Ludwig Loewenstein, was born in 1920 in Stuttgart, Germany, and moved to Berlin two years later when his father was named head of a major German car manufacturing company. He later enlisted in the British military, where he served for seven years and worked for the British Intelligence, interrogating German officers.[8] The family later moved to the United States and lived in Scarsdale, New York, for several years before moving to the Netherlands in 1969.[9][10]

Lynton attended the International School of The Hague and transferred to Phillips Exeter Academy for his senior year, graduating in 1978.[11][12] He received his BA in history and literature from Harvard College in 1982.[10][13] After working in finance at Credit Suisse First Boston from 1982-1985, he enrolled in Harvard Business School with his sister Lili in 1985 and earned an MBA in 1987.[12][14]


In 1987, Lynton joined The Walt Disney Company, where he started Disney Publishing. He subsequently served as president of Disney's Hollywood Pictures from 1992 to 1996. From 1996 to 2000, Lynton was chairman and chief executive officer of Pearson plc's Penguin Group, extending the Penguin brand to music and the Internet.[15] In 2000, he joined Time Warner as CEO of AOL Europe, president of AOL International, and president of Time Warner International.[16]


In 2004, Lynton became chairman and chief executive officer of Sony Pictures Entertainment (SPE). He led SPE's global operations, including motion pictures, television and digital content production and distribution, as well as home entertainment acquisition and distribution, operation of studio facilities, and the development of new entertainment products, services and technologies.[17]

In April 2012, Sony Corporation announced that Lynton would additionally hold the position of chief executive of Sony Entertainment Inc., overseeing all of Sony's global entertainment businesses, including Sony Music Entertainment, Sony/ATV Music Publishing, and Sony Pictures Entertainment.[18]

Under the leadership of Lynton and Sony Pictures co-chair Amy Pascal, SPE's Motion Pictures Group has been recognized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, including Best Picture nominations for American Hustle, Captain Phillips, The Social Network, Moneyball and Zero Dark Thirty.[19][20][21] Lynton and Pascal have overseen blockbuster movie franchises such as The Amazing Spider-Man, Grown Ups, The Smurfs, and James Bond.[22][23][24][25] Sony Pictures is one of two movie studios to generate more than $1 billion in annual domestic box office sales for more than a decade.[26] In 2012, the studio led the industry in market share and broke box office records with $4.4 billion in revenue worldwide.[27]

Lynton also oversaw Sony Pictures Television (SPT), which produces and distributes television programming for multiple platforms in the U.S. and around the world.[28] SPT's popular and award-winning programs in the U.S. include scripted series such as Breaking Bad, Justified, and The Blacklist, reality series like Shark Tank, The Sing-Off and Re-Modeled, as well as top-ranked game shows and daytime dramas including Wheel of Fortune, Jeopardy!, The Young and the Restless and Days of Our Lives. Launched in collaboration with Oprah Winfrey's Harpo Productions, SPT's The Dr. Oz Show is one of the most popular syndicated programs in America. The show's format has already been exported to 19 countries including Russia, Saudi Arabia, Armenia, Colombia, Chile, Brazil and China.[29] The studio's television channel network reaches approximately 800 million households globally through its 126 channel feeds in more than 150 countries. SPT also operates Crackle.[30]

Lynton headed Sony's global music businesses, including Sony Music Entertainment, the second largest global recorded music company, and Sony/ATV Music Publishing, the largest music publishing company in the world.[31][32][33] Sony Music comprises 21 record labels, including Columbia Records, RCA and Epic Records, that collectively feature a roster of approximately 1,500 active artists[34] including Beyoncé, Justin Timberlake, Paul Simon and Michael Jackson.[35]

Lynton and Pascal led the development of two Green Building Council Leadership in Engineering and Design (LEED) certified buildings on the studio's Culver City lot.[36]

After Sony

In 2018, Lynton and his sister Lili started the publisher Lezen and acquired Arcadia Publishing.[37]


Lynton is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations[38] and the UK government's Film Policy Review group.[39] He also serves on the Board of Trustees of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art,[40] the Natural Resources Defense Council[41] and the American Film Institute,[42] as well as the boards of the USC School of Cinematic Arts,[43] the Rand Corporation,[44] IEX Group,[45] and Schrödinger, Inc.[46]

In May 2012, the Harvard Alumni Association elected Lynton to the Harvard Board of Overseers.[47] He joined the board of social media start-up Snapchat in June 2013.[48]

Personal life

Lynton is married to Jamie Alter Lynton, whose mother was Chicago politician Joanne H. Alter and her brother is journalist Jonathan Alter.[49]


  1. ^ "Michael Lynton". The Huffington Post. May 26, 2009.
  2. ^ "Sony Corporation Executive Appointments". Sony Corporation. 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2016-06-30.
  3. ^ "Sony Entertainment CEO exiting for a top role at Snap". Reuters. 14 January 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  4. ^ Billboard Staff. "Former Sony Executive Michael Lynton Joins WMG Board as Chairman". Billboard. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
  5. ^ Brook, Vincent (December 15, 2016). From Shtetl to Stardom: Jews and Hollywood: Chapter 1: Still an Empire of Their Own: How Jews Remain Atop a Reinvented Hollywood. Purdue University Press. p. 15. ISBN 9781557537638.
  6. ^ "Jamie Alter, Michael Lynton". Chicago Tribune. July 3, 1993. Retrieved December 13, 2014.
  7. ^ Publications, Europa (2003). The International Who's Who 2004. ISBN 9781857432176.
  8. ^ "J. Anthony Lukas Prize Project". Harvard University. Retrieved December 13, 2014.
  9. ^ Brad A. Greenberg (October 4, 2007). "From Holland to Hollywood:Sony CEO Michael Lynton on his Jewish journey". The Jewish Journal.
  10. ^ a b Arango, Tim (October 24, 2009). "Sony's Version of Tracy and Hepburn". The New York Times. Retrieved December 13, 2014.
  11. ^ Boynton, Robert S. (March 30, 1998). "The Hollywood Way: A profile of Michael Lynton". The New Yorker. Retrieved December 13, 2014.
  12. ^ a b Bertet, Elsa (September 6, 2007). "Michael Lynton timeline". Variety.
  13. ^ Flynn, Kerry M. (May 23, 2012). "Michael M. Lynton". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  14. ^ "Sony Pictures Chairman Michael Lynton to Head Federal Broadcasting Board of Governors". Reuters. February 13, 2013.
  15. ^ Robert S. Boynton (March 30, 1998). "The Hollywood Way". The New Yorker.
  16. ^ "AOL Taps Lynton". Los Angeles Times. January 6, 2000.
  17. ^ "Michael Lynton". Sony Pictures Entertainment. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  18. ^ "Michael Lynton Re-Ups As CEO Of Sony Entertainment". Deadline Hollywood. April 9, 2013.
  19. ^ Sehgal, Ujala (February 26, 2011). "OSCARS 2011: Here Are The Best Picture Nominees!". Business Insider.
  20. ^ "Oscar nominations 2012: Is 'Moneyball' the best sports movie ever?". Los Angeles Times. January 24, 2012.
  21. ^ "Oscars winners and nominees 2013: Complete list". Los Angeles Times. February 25, 2013.
  23. ^ Zeitchik, Steven (July 15, 2013). "'Grown Ups 2:' How did Adam Sandler buck his recent trend?". Los Angeles Times.
  24. ^ Graser, Marc (June 13, 2013). "Holy Smurf! Sony Locks Down $150 million in Promo Support for 'The Smurfs 2′". Variety.
  25. ^ McClintock, Pamela (November 18, 2011). "Box Office Milestone: 'Skyfall' Reaches Franchise-Best $669.2 Million". The Hollywood Reporter.
  26. ^ Finke, Nikki (July 29, 2012). "Sony Pictures Hits $1B Domestic Grosses". Deadline Hollywood.
  27. ^ McClintock, Pamela (January 2, 2013). "Sony Pictures No. 1 in 2012 Worldwide Box Office Market Share". The Hollywood Reporter.
  28. ^ Ben Fritz and Alex Pham (March 22, 2012). "Sony is set to give its Hollywood studio chief a bigger role". Los Angeles Times.
  29. ^ Carter, Bill (September 22, 2010). "Sony Hopes for a Blockbuster as 'Dr. Oz' Format Goes to China". The New York Times.
  30. ^ "WORLDWIDE NETWORKS". Sony Pictures Television. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  31. ^ Kafka, Peter (April 9, 2013). "Sony Re-Ups Movie, Music Boss Michael Lynton". All Things Digital.
  32. ^ Pham, Alex (June 29, 2012). "Sony completes EMI acquisition, creating largest music publisher". Los Angeles Times.
  33. ^ Christman, Ed (June 24, 2011). "Can Doug Morris Lead Sony Past Universal Music Group to Be the No. 1 Label?". Billboard.
  34. ^ "Labels". Sony Music Entertainment. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  35. ^ "Featured Artists". Sony Music Entertainment. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  36. ^ "A Greener World". Sony Pictures Entertainment. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
  37. ^ Investor group acquires Arcadia Publishing
  38. ^ "Membership Roster - Council on Foreign Relations". Archived from the original on 2017-04-18. Retrieved 2012-03-02.
  39. ^ Kemp, Stuart (2011-11-17). "U.K. Film Industry Gets Commercial Clarion Call From Prime Minister David Cameron". The Hollywood Reporter.
  40. ^ "Overview". LACMA. Retrieved 2012-03-02.
  41. ^ "Board of Trustees". NRDC. Retrieved 2012-03-02.
  42. ^ "AFI Board of Trustees". NRDC. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  43. ^ "Board of Councilors". NRDC. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  44. ^ "Board of Trustees". RAND. 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-03-02.
  45. ^ IEX Group Board, IEX, retrieved October 26, 2017
  46. ^ "Schrödinger Board of Directors". Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  47. ^ "Board of Overseers election results". May 24, 2012.
  48. ^ McBride, Sarah (Jun 24, 2013). "Snapchat lands $60 million and new board member Michael Lynton". Reuters.
  49. ^ Finke, Nikki (November 20, 2008). "Who Are Obama's Real Hollywood Pals?". Retrieved December 13, 2014.
This page was last edited on 22 December 2021, at 11:35
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.