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Michael Bates (Sealand)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Michael Bates

Prince of Sealand
Prince Michael Bates of Sealand.jpg
Bates in 2008
Born (1952-08-02) 2 August 1952 (age 67)
Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex, United Kingdom
ResidenceWestcliff-on-Sea, Essex, UK
Other namesPrince Michael of Sealand
EducationLindisfarne College
OccupationCompany director[1]
Known forleader of the Principality of Sealand
Notable work
Principality of Sealand: Holding the Fort
Spouse(s)Lorraine Wheeler (divorced)
Mei Shi (20 May 2019–present)
Parent(s)Paddy Roy Bates
Joan Bates

Michael Roy Bates (born 2 August 1952), also known as Prince Michael of Sealand,[2] is a British author and businessman. He is also leader of a micronation called the Principality of Sealand, which he inherited from his parents Paddy Roy Bates and Joan Bates. He has claimed the title "Prince of Sealand" since 2012.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ The World's Smallest Country! - The Principality of Sealand
  • ✪ Sealand — The World's Smallest Nation?
  • ✪ Sealand Fort (1969)



Michael Bates was born to Roy and Joan Bates on 2 August 1952. On 24 December 1966,[3] at the age of 14, Michael joined his father Roy in occupying HM Fort Roughs, where they established a pirate radio station.[4] Michael left his boarding school to visit the platform and ended up never going back, stating, "I thought it was a six-week adventure, not 34 years."[5] On 2 September 1967, Roy declared sovereignty over the platform, and moved his family permanently to Sealand, including wife Joan, son Michael, and daughter Penelope.[4] Michael was a key participant in the battle to retake Sealand from the perpetrators of an attempted coup.

On whether Sealand is a sovereign state, Bates stated, "We have never asked for recognition, and we’ve never felt the need to ask for recognition. You don't have to have recognition to be a state, you just have to fulfill the criteria of the Montevideo Convention which is population, territory, government and the capacity to enter into negotiation with other states. We can and we have done all these things. We've had the German ambassador visit at one point to discuss something: that was defacto recognition. We've had communication with the president of France many years ago, but we have never asked for recognition and we don’t feel we need it."[6]

Bates resides in Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex, within the United Kingdom. He wanted his three children to attend English schools.[6] He is "proudly British" and considers himself of dual nationality.[2]

Bates runs a shellfish company that harvests cockles mainly for the Spanish market.[3] The business, called Fruits of the Sea, is run by Bates and his sons James and Liam.[7] He also has a daughter named Charlotte. All three children are with his former wife, Lorraine Wheeler.[8] As of 2017, Bates' partner is Mei Shi, a former Major and professional soldier in the Chinese army.[9]

In 2015, Bates published a memoir about his experiences with Sealand called Principality of Sealand: Holding the Fort.[10] Bates presented a discussion of his book at Estuary 2016, an art, literature, music and film festival.[11]

In September 2017, Bates held a dinner to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Sealand, stating, "We're perhaps the most undemanding state in the world. We don't force anybody to worship any god or religion or anything. Maybe that's why we’ve lasted so long. Hopefully I'll be around for the next 50!"[12]

On 20 May 2019 Bates and Mei Shi were married in Hawaii.[13]


  1. ^ a b "Michael Roy Bates". Companies House. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b Tingle, Rory (January 14, 2017). "World's smallest self-proclaimed nation - an old WWII fort the size of two tennis courts - gets 'thousands' of citizenship requests following votes for Brexit and Donald Trump". Daily Mail. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b Milmo, Cahal (March 18, 2016). "Sealand's Prince Michael on the future of an off-shore 'outpost of liberty'". Independent. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b Lyon, Andrew H. E. (2015). "The Principality of Sealand, and Its Case for Sovereign Recognition". Emory Law. 29 (3). Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  5. ^ Mathieson, Steven (October 20, 2000). "Prince Michael of Sealand cries freedom". V3. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  6. ^ a b Eveleth, Rose (April 15, 2015). "I rule my own micronation". BBC. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  7. ^ Drake, Kristina (February 16, 2016). "New Rochford cockle factory hopes to revolutionise industry". Echo News. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  8. ^ Gye, Hugo (March 15, 2016). "The Princess of Sealand - self-proclaimed ruler of world's smallest independent state whose kingdom was North Sea platform the size of two tennis courts - dies aged 86". Daily Mail. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  9. ^ "North Sea 'sovereign state' Sealand marking 50th anniversary". The Mail. September 2, 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  10. ^ Bates, Michael (June 1, 2015). Principality of Sealand: Holding the Fort. Principality of Sealand. ISBN 978-0993320002.
  11. ^ "Michael Bates aka Michael of Sealand". Estuary. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  12. ^ "Sealand, sovereign state off Suffolk coastline, to mark its 50th anniversary with Essex dinner". East Anglian Daily Times. September 2, 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Michael Of Sealand". Twitter. Retrieved November 22, 2019. Only been married ten minutes and already I’m in trouble 🙄 ⁦ @SealandGov ⁩ ⁦ @Liamofsealand ⁩ ⁦ @jamesofsealand ⁩ ⁦ @meiofsealand ⁩ #WeekenderLamai #kohsamui
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Paddy Roy Bates
Prince of Sealand
This page was last edited on 1 December 2019, at 02:52
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