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Metropolitan borough

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Metropolitan district
Also known as:
Metropolitan borough
English metropolitan boroughs 2009.svg
CategoryLocal authority districts
LocationEngland
Found inMetropolitan county
Created byLocal Government Act 1972
Created1 April 1974
Number36 (as of 2008)
Possible statusCity
Additional statusBorough
Populations0.1 - 1.1 million

A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as metropolitan districts. However, all of them have been granted or regranted royal charters to give them borough status (as well as, in some cases, city status).[1] Metropolitan boroughs have been effectively unitary authority areas since the abolition of the metropolitan county councils by the Local Government Act 1985.[2] However, metropolitan boroughs pool much of their authority in joint boards and other arrangements that cover whole metropolitan counties, such as combined authorities.

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Transcription

Contents

History

London metropolitan boroughs 1900-1965

The term "metropolitan borough" was first used for administrative subdivisions of the County of London between 1900 and 1965. There were 28 of these metropolitan boroughs, which were replaced by a new system of larger London Boroughs in 1965, when the County of London was replaced by Greater London.

Current metropolitan boroughs

The current metropolitan boroughs were created in 1974 as subdivisions of the new metropolitan counties, created to cover the six largest urban areas in England outside Greater London. The new districts replaced the previous system of county boroughs, municipal boroughs, urban and rural districts. The districts typically have populations of 174,000 to 1.1 million.

Metropolitan districts were originally parts of a two-tier structure of local government, and shared power with the metropolitan county councils (MCCs). They differed from non-metropolitan districts in the division of powers between district and county councils. Metropolitan districts were local education authorities, and were also responsible for social services and libraries, but in non-metropolitan counties these services were the responsibility of county councils.[3]

In 1986, the metropolitan county councils were abolished under the Local Government Act 1985 and most of their functions were devolved to the metropolitan boroughs, making them, to a large extent, unitary authorities in all but name. At the same time, however, some of the functions of the abolished metropolitan county councils were taken over by joint bodies such as passenger transport authorities, and joint fire, police and waste disposal authorities.[2]

Metropolitan district councils

The metropolitan districts are administered by metropolitan district councils. They are the principal local authorities in the six metropolitan counties and are responsible for running most local services, such as schools, social services, waste collection and roads.[citation needed]

List of metropolitan boroughs

The 36 metropolitan boroughs are:

Metropolitan county Metropolitan districts Number County population
Greater Manchester Manchester, Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan 10 2,573,200
Merseyside Liverpool, Knowsley, St Helens, Sefton, Wirral 5 1,365,000
South Yorkshire Sheffield, Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham 4 1,290,000
Tyne and Wear Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, South Tyneside, North Tyneside, Sunderland 5 1,089,400
West Midlands Birmingham, Coventry, Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, Walsall, Wolverhampton 7 2,591,300
West Yorkshire Leeds, Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Wakefield 5 2,161,200

See also

References

  1. ^ Local Government Act 1972, Schedule I, Part I, Metropolitan Counties and Metropolitan Districts
  2. ^ a b Local Government Act 1985 c.51
  3. ^ Local Government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New System. London: HMSO. 1974. p. 7. ISBN 0-11-750847-0.

External links

This page was last edited on 7 December 2018, at 09:07
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