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Messidor (opera)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Messidor is a four-act operatic drame lyrique by Alfred Bruneau to a French libretto by Émile Zola. The opera premiered on February 19, 1897 in Paris. The opera title comes from the tenth month of the French Republican Calendar.[1]

Although initially successful, the popularity of Messidor was adversely affected by the Dreyfus Affair which was occurring at the time of the opera's premiere. Because both Bruneau and his good friend Zola were active supporters of Alfred Dreyfus during his trial for treason, the French public did not welcome the composer's music for several years afterward.[2] "Adieux du berger" and "Chanson du semeur" (from act II) and the prelude to act IV remained popular, though.[3]

The collaborations between Bruneau and Zola, of which Messidor is the most notable, were considered an attempt at a French alternative to the Italian verismo movement in opera.[4]


Role Voice type Premiere Cast, February 19, 1897[5] (Conductor: Paul Taffanel)
Gaspard bass Jean Noté
Guillaume tenor Albert Alvarez
Mathias, Guillaume's cousin baritone Jean-François Delmas
Véronique, Guillaume's mother mezzo-soprano Blanche Deschamps-Jéhin
Hélène, Gaspard's daughter soprano Lucy Berthet
Le berger tenor or baritone Maurice Renaud
Le prêtre tenor or bass Gallois
Chorus: Peasants, workers, children, Rogation procession


Set in Ariège, a region in the south-west of France, the opera tells the story of a greedy peasant, Gaspard, who has appropriated for himself a gold-bearing stream, which had previously provided income for the entire community. His daughter, Hélène, and Guillaume, a young and virtuous man, fall in love, but Guillaume's mother, Véronique, has accused Gaspard of murdering her husband. Ultimately Gaspard's mining operation fails, and his cousin Mathias is found to be the real murderer.[6]

Vocal score

The vocal score was published in 1897 and is now available online Messidor, at IMSLP.

Notes and references

  1. ^ Smith, Richard Langham: "Messidor (i)", Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Retrieved on February 11, 2009), <>
  2. ^ Smith, Richard Langham: "Bruneau, (Louis Charles Bonaventure) Alfred", Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Retrieved on February 11, 2009), <>
  3. ^ Geneviève Lacambre, "Le naturalisme officiel et triomphnant", in Paysages, paysans, Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie, 1994
  4. ^ Smith, Richard Langham: "Zola, Emile", Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Retrieved on February 11, 2009), <>
  5. ^ Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Messidor". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
  6. ^ Kelly, Barbara, French music, culture, and national identity, 1870-1939, Boydell & Brewer, 2008, p. 114. ISBN 1-58046-272-3
This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 17:23
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