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Merton College Library

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Merton College Library
CountryUnited Kingdom
TypeAcademic library
Established1373
LocationMerton College, Oxford
Collection
Items collectedBooks, journals, maps, drawings and manuscripts
SizeApproximately 70,000 items
WebsiteMerton College Library
Map

Merton College Library (in Merton College, Oxford) is one of the earliest libraries in England and the oldest academic library in the world still in continuous daily use.[1][2] The library is located in several parts of the college, and houses a priceless collection of early printed books and more than 300 medieval manuscripts. The historic collection was initially built through benefactions, including manuscripts donated by the medieval clergyman William Reade.[3] The library also contains early printed books from the personal libraries of Griffin Higgs and Henry Kent, who originally donated approximately 600 and 800 volumes respectively.[4] The main collection runs to approximately 70,000 volumes.

The oldest part, known as the Upper Library, is on the first floor of two orthogonal ranges of buildings that were built around 1373 by William Humberville as part of the completion of Mob Quad, one of the first collegiate quadrangles.

The Upper Library was improved in the 16th century under Warden Sir Henry Savile. Large dormer windows were added to the roof to allow more light in, and Thomas Bodley reorganized it in the new Continental style; the old book chests and lecterns were replaced by book shelves — among the first to be used in England — with benches between them. The Upper Library still retains these 16th-century fittings.

It also contains a number of book chests, some chained books, one of Elizabeth I's Welsh Bibles, a matching pair of 16th-century globes (one of the earth, the other of the heavens), and a collection of astrolabes and other early scientific instruments. Although the main academic library is housed elsewhere, the Upper Library is still regularly used by members of the college, and is open to visitors by arrangement. The library also has important collections of papers and manuscripts from three former Mertonians: mountaineer Andrew "Sandy" Irvine and authors T. S. Eliot and Max Beerbohm.

The Library is mentioned in the 1925 novel The Great Gatsby[5] written by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald, where the young and mysterious millionaire Jay Gatsby claims to be an "Oxford man".

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Transcription

See also

References

  1. ^ "Library and archives". Retrieved 14 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Sacred Destinations". Retrieved 14 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Thomson, R.M. (2009). A Descriptive Catalogue of the Medieval Manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford. With a description of the Greek manuscripts by N.G. Wilson. Published for Merton College, Oxford, by D.S. Brewer. p. xxvi.
  4. ^ Attar, Karen, ed. (2016). A Directory of Rare Book and Special Collections in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland (3rd ed.). Facet Publishing. p. 340.
  5. ^ "The Great Gatsby, Chapter 5". Retrieved 14 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links

This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 11:09
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