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Member states of the Organization of American States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

All 35 independent nations of the Americas are member states of the Organization of American States (OAS).[1]

Member States

When formed on 5 May 1948 there were 21 members of the OAS. The organization's membership expanded as other nations in the Americas gained full political independence as sovereign states.

Nation Capital Year
joined
GDP (PPP)
$Million
GDP (PPP)
per capita
[2]
HDI
2018 est.
for 2017
[3]
Currency Official
languages
 Antigua and Barbuda St. John's 1981 1.78 $20,977 0.780 Eastern Caribbean dollar English
 Argentina Buenos Aires 1948 716 $18,600 0.825 Argentine peso Spanish
 Bahamas Nassau 1982 11.8 $23,102 0.807 Bahamian dollar English
 Barbados Bridgetown 1967 7.169 $15,566 0.800 Barbadian dollar English
 Belize Belmopan 1991 2.38 $8,442 0.708 Belizean dollar English
 Bolivia Sucre 1948 55.4 $6,130 0.693 Bolivian boliviano Spanish
 Brazil Brasília 1948 3,012 $15,034 0.759 Brazilian real Portuguese
 Canada Ottawa 1990 1,519 $43,207 0.926 Canadian dollar English and French
 Chile Santiago 1948 386 $21,911 0.843 Chilean peso Spanish
 Colombia Bogota 1948 598 $12,371 0.747 Colombian peso Spanish
 Costa Rica San José 1948 64 $13,872 0.794 Costa Rican colón Spanish
 Cuba[Note 1] Havana 1948 212 $18,796 0.777 Cuban peso Spanish
 Dominica Roseau 1979 0.91 $10,030 0.715 East Caribbean dollar English
 Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 1948 200 $19,291 0.736 Dominican peso Spanish
 Ecuador Quito 1948 165 $10,469 0.752 United States dollar Spanish
 El Salvador San Salvador 1948 45 $7,762 0.674 United States dollar Spanish
 Grenada St. George's 1975 1.142 $11,498 0.772 East Caribbean dollar English
 Guatemala Guatemala City 1948 113 $7,295 0.650 Guatemalan quetzal Spanish
 Guyana Georgetown 1991 2.70 $6,551 0.654 Guyanese dollar English
 Haiti Port-au-Prince 1948 13 $1,703 0.498 Haitian gourde French
 Honduras[Note 2] Tegucigalpa 1948 33 $4,591 0.617 Honduran lempira Spanish
 Jamaica Kingston 1969 21 $8,890 0.732 Jamaican dollar English
 Mexico Mexico City 1948 2,014 $16,463 0.774 Mexican peso Spanish
 Nicaragua Managua 1948 24.39 $4,571 0.658 Nicaraguan córdoba Spanish
 Panama Panama City 1948 64 $19,411 0.789 United States dollar Spanish
 Paraguay Asuncion 1948 41 $8,043 0.702 Paraguayan guaraní Spanish
 Peru Lima 1948 358 $11,775 0.750 Peruvian nuevo sol Spanish
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 1984 0.97 $20,929 0.778 East Caribbean dollar English
 Saint Lucia Castries 1979 2.02 $10,560 0.747 East Caribbean dollar English
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 1981 1.20 $10,663 0.723 East Caribbean dollar English
 Suriname Paramaribo 1977 4.7 $16,226 0.720 Surinamese dollar Dutch
 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 1967 35.6 $30,439 0.784 Trinidad and Tobago dollar English
 United States Washington D.C. 1948 16,800 $53,143 0.924 United States dollar English (De Facto), See Languages of the United States
 Uruguay Montevideo 1948 62 $19,590 0.804 Uruguayan peso Spanish
 Venezuela[Note 3] Caracas 1948 553 $18,194 0.761 Venezuelan bolívar Spanish

Non-members

The following jurisdictions are not members of the OAS as each is a dependent territory of another nation. They are grouped under the nation that has sovereignty over them.

 Denmark

 France

 Netherlands

 United Kingdom

 United States

Observers

  Members  Observers
  Members
  Observers

[9]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Suspended between 1962–2009.[1] However, following the lifting of their suspension, a Declaration of the Revolutionary Government stated that while Cuba welcomed the Assembly's gesture, in light of the Organization's historical record "Cuba will not return to the OAS".[4] See: Cuban relations with the Organization of American States.
  2. ^ Suspended between 2009-2011.[5]
  3. ^ On 28 April 2017 Venezuela notified the OAS of its denounciation of the Charter of the OAS, which as per Article 143 would lead to the withdraw of Venezuela from the OAS effective two years from the date of notification.[6] During the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis, the President of the National Assembly of Venezuela Juan Guaidó, who was recognized by the National Assembly as the acting president, sent a letter to the OAS Secretary General annuling the previous denuncation of the OAS Charter, and expressing his desire for Venezuela to remain a member of the OAS.[6] The National Assembly designated a special envoy as representative to the OAS, who the OAS voted to recognize as Venezuela's delegate in April.[7][8]

References

  1. ^ a b "Member States". Organization of American States. Retrieved 2012-11-01.
  2. ^ "World Bank". 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ "2018 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Declaration of the Revolutionary Government". Granma. 2009-06-08. Archived from the original on 2012-02-19. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
  5. ^ "OAS readmits Honduras to its ranks". CNN. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2012-11-01.
  6. ^ a b "CHARTER OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES (A-41)". Organization of American States. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  7. ^ "Resolution on the Situation in Venezuela". Organization of American States. 2019-04-09. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  8. ^ "OAS recognises Guaido's envoy until new Venezuela elections held". Al Jazeera. 2019-04-09. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  9. ^ observers
This page was last edited on 5 June 2019, at 06:08
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