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Melmerby, Cumbria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Melmerby
Old Post Office and Pub, Melmerby - geograph.org.uk - 238389.jpg

Old Post Office and Pub, Melmerby
Melmerby is located in Eden
Melmerby
Melmerby
Location in Eden, Cumbria
Melmerby is located in Cumbria
Melmerby
Melmerby
Location within Cumbria
OS grid referenceNY615375
Civil parish
  • Melmerby
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPENRITH
Postcode districtCA10
Dialling code01768
PoliceCumbria
FireCumbria
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°43′52″N 2°35′58″W / 54.73100°N 2.59937°W / 54.73100; -2.59937

Melmerby is a village and civil parish in the Eden district, in the county of Cumbria, England. It is a small village with a population of around 200. The village is 9 miles to the east of Penrith, a thriving community with immediate access to Junction 40 of the M6 motorway and a main line railway station serving London, Manchester, Edinburgh and Glasgow. Surrounded by countryside it sits between the North Pennines with its highest point, Cross Fell to the east and the World Heritage Lake District National Park 10 miles to the west. The River Eden is bridged about 4 miles (6.4 km) away at Langwathby, and Long Meg and Her Daughters, the 3,500-year-old stone circle – the second largest in the country – is nearby at Little Salkeld.

Governance

On 1 April 1934 the parish was merged into Ousby,[1] on 1 April 2019 Melmerby became a separate parish again.[2]

History

Melmerby is supposed to have taken its name from the residence of Máel Muire, a presumed Norse-Gael who lived nearby in the 9th century. The most significant historic buildings surviving in the village today are the 13th century church of St John the Baptist and the Grade II Listed Melmerby Hall, begun as a defensive structure in the early 14th century. A petition received by Edward II between 1320 and 1326 reads:

"John le Denum petitions the King that whereas he has a castle in Cumberland called Melmerby Tower, which could be kept by a dozen men at arms, he has kept it until now and has often been assailed by the Scots to their great loss, and John's lands are so devastated there and elsewhere that he can no longer bear the expense. He craves help in the form of wages or otherwise until times change, because all the country around would suffer great loss peril and loss if it were taken through lack of garrison."[3]

The hall, built from the local red sandstone, was extended in the 17th century and again in the 18th century in a Georgian style. The 20-acre (81,000 m2) grounds include an archery lawn, walled vegetable gardens, a Victorian castle folly and wooded areas. Features inside include a priest hole and a large inglenook fireplace.

Modern Melmerby

Melmerby has one Egon Ronay Guide-listed eatery: the Village Bakery,[4] known for its breads and cakes made with organic, stoneground flour. Village residents formed a consumer co-operative and opened a village shop in 2005, that featured on the BBC's Working Lunch.[5] The shop closed in 2008; however, it is now (Jan 2016) open and providing a great service to the village community as a shop, cafe and accommodation..

The area is popular with ramblers. Melmerby Fell is very close and Cross Fell, the highest part of the Pennines, is only three or four miles (6 km) away.

The A686 road passes through the village, and was described in AA Magazine by travel journalist Phil Llewellin:

"England's great wilderness sprawls across the northern Pennines, where the mountains have fascinating names such as Fiend's Fell and Wildboar Fell. Penrith merits a visit after leaving the M6, and memories of the motorway fade as the A686 crosses the River Eden valley. The mood changes dramatically in Melmerby, where the road starts its long climb to the cafe at the top of Hartside Summit, 1,903 feet (580 m) above sea level, with stunning views of the Solway Firth and Scotland.
The road leads to Alston, which claims to be England's highest market town, a charming little place with cobbled streets and quaint buildings. The A686 beyond Alston crosses another breathtaking expanse of windswept upland before running down to the River Allen's beautiful wooded gorge."

Melmerby Fell is a prominent feature of the area.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Relationships and changes Melmerby AP/CP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  2. ^ "The Eden District Council (Reorganisation of Community Governance) (Ousby and Melmerby) Order 2019" (PDF). Local Government Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  3. ^ Northern petitions illustrative of life in Berwick, Cumbria and Durham in the fourteenth century. Ed. C. M. Fraser (Surtees Society vol. 194, 1981)
  4. ^ The Village Bakery, Organic Bread, Cakes and Bars
  5. ^ "Melmerby & Fellside Village Shop Ltd". Village Retail Services Association. Archived from the original on 23 June 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2008.

External links

This page was last edited on 2 February 2021, at 19:54
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