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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Medininagar
Medininagar
Medininagar
Medininagar
Location of Medininagar in Jharkhand
Coordinates: 24°02′N 84°04′E / 24.03°N 84.07°E / 24.03; 84.07
Country India
StateJharkhand
DivisionPalamu
DistrictPalamu
Established1880
Named forKing Medini Ray
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyMedininagar Municipal Corporation
 • MayorAruna Shankar BJP
 • Deputy MayorMangal Singh BJP
 • MLAAlok Chaurasia BJP
 • MPB.D. Ram BJP
Area
 • Total150 km2 (60 sq mi)
Elevation
215 m (705 ft)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total3,89,307
 • Rank5th in Jharkhand
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • regionalNagpuri
Time zoneUTC5:30 (IST)
PIN
822101
telephone06562
Vehicle registrationJH-03
Literacy84%
Websitewww.palamu.nic.in

Medininagar, is a city municipal corporation in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the headquarters of Palamu division and Palamu district, as well as the subdivision and block of the same name. The city is situated on the banks of the North Koel River.[1]

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Transcription

Contents

Origin of name

The city was named Daltonganj during the British Raj after Colonel Edward Tuite Dalton (1815–1880), an anthropologist and the commissioner of Chota Nagpur in 1861.[2] The name was changed after it became a municipal corporation in April 2018. It is now named Medininagar after its great ruler Raja Medini Ray.[citation needed]

History

The Chero dynasty ruled this region for a long period around the 14th to 15th Century AD. The most famous among Chero rulers was Raja Medini Ray. Palamu Fort and Shahpur Fort are major historical landmarks in this area.

Geography

Medininagar is located at 24°02′N 84°04′E / 24.03°N 84.07°E / 24.03; 84.07.[3] It has an average elevation of 215 m (705 ft).

The Betla National Park is located about 20 km from the city. This park is known for tigers, and comes under the Palamau Tiger Project. Another picnic spot nearby is Kechki, located about 18 km from Medininagar, at the confluence of the Koel River and the Auranga River. Netarhat, a plateau covered with thick forests, is also situated near Medininagar.

Transport

Daltonganj railway station is a railway station for Medininagar.

Daltonganj is located 1,036 kilometres (644 mi) south east of New Delhi and is accessible by train to Daltonganj Railway station (DTO) from Lucknow, Patna, Ranchi, Kota, Bhopal Junction, Ahmedabad, Delhi, Jabalpur, Kolkata, Varanasi and Gaya. The nearest airport is 165 kilometres (103 mi) away in Ranchi. It has an airport in Chianki,[citation needed] used occasionally by visiting dignitaries.

Daltonganj is well connected with Patna, Ranchi, Raipur, Ambikapur, Kolkata, Durgapur, Varanasi, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Delhi, Lucknow, Allahabad, Kota, Kanpur and Gaya etc. by road.

Demographics

As of 2014 India census,[4] Medininagar had a population of 619,972. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Medininagar has an average literacy rate of 90%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 81% and, female literacy is 80%. In Medininagar, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.[citation needed]

Health

The government run hospital in the area is the Sadar Hospital. Sadar hospital has now become a better and modern hospital with best facilities. People are usually very less referred to nearby cities like Sadar Hospital, Ranchi or Patna for better care but Medininagar Sadar hospital now takes better care of patients. Seva Sadan is one of the best private hospitals in the city with all modern facilities.[citation needed] There are many more private hospitals in the area for primary health care.

Climate

Medininagar has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa).

Climate data for Medininagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.6
(92.5)
36.1
(97.0)
40.6
(105.1)
43.5
(110.3)
47.6
(117.7)
45.9
(114.6)
42.1
(107.8)
40.0
(104.0)
39.5
(103.1)
39.8
(103.6)
36.3
(97.3)
31.3
(88.3)
47.6
(117.7)
Average high °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
27.2
(81.0)
33.5
(92.3)
38.8
(101.8)
40.9
(105.6)
38.5
(101.3)
33.2
(91.8)
32.5
(90.5)
32.7
(90.9)
32.1
(89.8)
29.2
(84.6)
25.5
(77.9)
32.4
(90.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
19.4
(66.9)
24.6
(76.3)
30.2
(86.4)
33.1
(91.6)
32.7
(90.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.8
(83.8)
28.4
(83.1)
26.1
(79.0)
21.8
(71.2)
17.4
(63.3)
25.7
(78.3)
Average low °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
11.6
(52.9)
15.7
(60.3)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
24.0
(75.2)
20.1
(68.2)
14.3
(57.7)
9.4
(48.9)
19.0
(66.1)
Record low °C (°F) 2.2
(36.0)
1.3
(34.3)
7.7
(45.9)
14.4
(57.9)
18.2
(64.8)
19.9
(67.8)
21.1
(70.0)
21.7
(71.1)
18.2
(64.8)
13.0
(55.4)
6.8
(44.2)
1.8
(35.2)
1.3
(34.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.5)
29
(1.1)
14
(0.6)
20
(0.8)
34
(1.3)
158
(6.2)
356
(14.0)
290
(11.4)
206
(8.1)
66
(2.6)
9
(0.4)
11
(0.4)
1,205
(47.4)
Average precipitation days 1.9 2.9 1.8 1.7 3.6 8.3 18.7 17.1 12.8 4.4 0.8 1.2 75.2
Average relative humidity (%) 65 56 44 37 39 58 78 80 77 69 67 67 61
Source: NOAA (1971-1990)[5]

Culture

Major Hindu, Muslim and Sikh festivals are celebrated in Medininagar. The town is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Daltonganj. The town has several societies, clubs, and NGOs including Palamau Club, Rotary Club and Rida Foundation.[6] The upcoming Bollywood movie Nastik starring Arjun Rampal was shot in Medininagar.[7]

Education

The only university in Medininagar is Nilamber-Pitamber University, created on the January 2009.[8][9] The Chief Minister of Jharkhand declared that the Nilamber-Pitamber University would be set up in Medininagar in 2001.[10] There are 66 primary schools, 30 middle schools, 17 Navsirijit schools, 10 high schools, 1 Engineering College, 1 Law College and 2 B.Ed Colleges in the Medininagar block.[11]

The main colleges in Daltonganj include:

  • DAV Institute of Engineering and Technology
  • Ganesh Lal Agarwal College
  • Women's College (Old Garhwa Road, Kund mohalla)
  • BN College
  • Janta Shivratri College
  • Bhishma Narain Singh Law College
  • Elite B.Ed. College
  • Jyoti Prakash B.Ed. College
  • Rastriya Institute of Information Technology, Redma near Kali Mandir (RIIT)
  • ITI Belwatika

The major private schools in Medininagar include:

  • M.K. DAV Public School, Chianki (CBSE)
  • Sacred Heart School, Chianki (ICSE)
  • Heritage International School (CBSE)
  • VPM Gyan Niketan School (CBSE)
  • Elite Public School (CBSE)
  • Rotary Public School (CBSE)
  • Bright Land School (CBSE)
  • Mata Draupadi Namdhari Guru Gobind Singh Public School (CBSE)
  • St. Mariam's School (CBSE)

The major libraries in the town include:

  • Madarsa AHSON ULUM (Old Garhwa Road, Kund mohalla)
  • Marwari Library (Kanni Ram Chowk)
  • Central Library (Sahitya Samaj Chowk)
  • Urdu Library (Badi Masjid Road, Chhah Muhan Chowk)
  • Bcc Mission girls high school ( Abadganj)
  • Red Rose public school shahpur
  • S.L.A public school shahpur
  • OXFORD PUBLIC SCHOOL SHAHPUR (Medininagar)
  • Children paradise public school (Abadganj)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Administrative Unit - Palamu". Missing or empty |url= (help)
  2. ^ "Daltonganj". University of Swansea. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Daltonganj
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  5. ^ "Medininagar Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  6. ^ "Rotary Club Profile:Daltonganj". Rotary International. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  7. ^ "Puff penalty for Rampal". The Telegraph.
  8. ^ "Nilamber Pitamber University acquires ownership rights of 15-acre land | Ranchi News - Times of India".
  9. ^ "Nilamber-Pitamber University". Retrieved 27 December 2012.
  10. ^ "Chapter IX: Social Services". Jharkhand Draft Annual Plan 2001 - 2002. Archived from the original on 12 March 2005. Retrieved 10 July 2007.
  11. ^ "Palamu District: Education Profile". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 10 July 2007.
This page was last edited on 12 October 2019, at 11:33
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