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Medical royal college

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In some Commonwealth countries and Ireland, a medical royal college is a professional body in the form of a royal college responsible for the development of and training in one or more medical specialities.

United Kingdom and Ireland

Standards and guidance

They are generally charged with setting standards within their field and for supervising the training of doctors within that speciality, although the responsibility for the application of those standards in the UK, since 2010, rests with the General Medical Council.

In the United Kingdom and Ireland most medical royal colleges are members of the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges (AoMRC) are listed below, with their postgraduate faculties (some of which are independently members of the academy) and institutes. The Academy of Medical Royal Colleges itself has one faculty of its own - the Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management.

International role

The Royal Colleges are involved with international activities to improve health through education and training, with some of these efforts coordinated by the International Forum of the AoMRC.[1] The Royal College of General Practitioners has been actively involved on an international level to help family medicine doctors have access to "contextually relevant training and development programmes".[2]

History of institutions

Medical colleges can seek royal patronage and permission to use the prefix Royal, usually also having a royal charter.[3]

The letters in brackets are commonly used for or by the institution, for example in post-nominal letters that denote membership or fellowship. Dates in brackets are the year of incorporation by Royal charter. The origins of some of these institutions may predate their incorporation by many years, for example the origins of the Royal College of Surgeons of England may be traced directly to a Guild of Surgeons in the City of London in the fourteenth century.[4]

Some institutions with similar functions are not listed here: they do not have a Royal Charter and are not members of the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges, for example the Irish Colleges of Anaesthetists, of General Practitioners, of Ophthalmologists and of Psychiatrists.

Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (incorporation of Barber-Surgeons of Edinburgh as a craft guild, 1505; as RCSEd, 1778[5])
Royal College of Physicians of London (RCP, 1518[5])
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow (RCPSG, 1599)
Royal College of Physicians of Ireland (RCPI, 1654)
Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (RCPE, 1681)
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (Royal Charter of Barber-Surgeons, 1446, the first medical royal incorporation in Britain or Ireland; as RCSI, 1784)
Royal College of Surgeons of England (RCS, 1800[5])
Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG, 1930[5])
Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP, 1952[5])
Royal College of Pathologists (RCPath, 1970[5])
Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPsych, 1971[5])
Royal College of Radiologists (RCR, 1975[5])
  • Faculty of Clinical Oncology
  • Faculty of Clinical Radiology
Royal College of Ophthalmologists (RCOphth, 1988[5])
Royal College of Anaesthetists (RCoA, 1992[5])
Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH, 1996[5])
Royal College of Emergency Medicine (RCEM, 2006)


Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC, 1929[6])
Royal College of Dentists of Canada
Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Ontario

Australia and New Zealand

Some institutions with similar functions are not listed here, for example the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, of Dermatologists, of Sport and Exercise Physicians, Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists, Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine and College of Intensive Care Medicine of Australia and New Zealand.

Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons
Royal Australasian College of Surgeons
The Royal New Zealand College of General Practitioners (RNZCGP, 1979[7])
Royal Australasian College of Medical Administrators
The Royal Australasian College of Physicians
  • Australasian Chapter of Palliative Medicine
  • Adult Medicine Division
  • Australasian Chapter of Addiction Medicine
  • Australasian Chapter of Sexual Health Medicine
  • Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
  • Australasian Faculty of Public Health Medicine
  • Australasian Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine
  • Joint Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine
  • Paediatric and Child Health Division
The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists (RANZCO, 1977)
The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP, 1969[8])
The Royal College of Pathologists


  1. ^ "International Forum". Academy of Medical Royal Colleges. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  2. ^ "RCGP International". Royal College of General Practitioners. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  3. ^ "Royal Patronage and Title "Royal"". Government of Canada. 7 April 2014. Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  4. ^ Louis Kuo Tai Fu (2000). "The origins of surgery. 2: From barbers to surgeons". Annals of the College of Surgeons Hong Kong. 4 (1): 35–49. doi:10.1046/j.1442-2034.2000.00029.x.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of the Academy". Academy of Medical Royal Colleges. Archived from the original on 8 December 2007. Retrieved 17 June 2007.
  6. ^ "List of Civilian Organizations with the Title Royal". Government of Canada. Archived from the original on 10 October 2015. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  7. ^ "History of the College". Royal New Zealand College of General Practitioners. Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  8. ^ "History of the RACGP". Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. Retrieved 31 May 2014.

External links

This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 15:13
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