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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

McLaren MCL32
The MCL32, driven by Fernando Alonso, during the 2017 Malaysian Grand Prix.
CategoryFormula One
ConstructorMcLaren
Designer(s)
  • Matt Morris (Chief Engineering Officer)
  • Tim Goss (Chief Technical Officer - Chassis)
  • Peter Prodromou (Chief Technical Officer - Aero)
PredecessorMcLaren MP4-31
SuccessorMcLaren MCL33
Technical specifications[1][2][3]
ChassisCarbon fibre composite survival cell
Suspension (front)Carbon fibre wishbone and pushrod suspension elements operating inboard torsion bar and dampers
Suspension (rear)Carbon fibre wishbone and pullrod suspension elements operating inboard torsion bar and dampers
LengthOver 5,100 mm (201 in)
Width2,000 mm (79 in)
Height950 mm (37 in)
Wheelbase3,520 mm (139 in) adjustable -/+25 mm (1 in)
EngineHonda RA617H, 1.6 L (98 cu in) direct injection V6 turbocharged engine, limited to 15,000 rpm in a mid-mounted, rear-wheel drive layout
Electric motorKinetic and thermal energy recovery systems
TransmissionMcLaren Racing gearbox with 8 forward and 1 reverse gears
BatteryHonda lithium-ion batteries
Power850-900 hp (633-671 kw)
Weight728 kg (1,605.0 lb) (including driver)
FuelBP
LubricantsCastrol EDGE
BrakesAkebono brake-by-wire system featuring steel calipers and carbon discs and pads
TyresPirelli P Zero (dry) tyres
Pirelli Cinturato (wet) tyres
Enkei racing wheels
Competition history
Notable entrantsMcLaren Honda Formula 1 Team
Notable drivers
Debut2017 Australian Grand Prix
RacesWinsPodiumsPolesF.Laps
200001

The McLaren MCL32 (originally known as the McLaren MP4-32)[4] is a Formula One racing car designed and constructed by McLaren to compete in the 2017 FIA Formula One World Championship.[5] The car was driven by two-time World Drivers' Champion Fernando Alonso, who stayed with the team for a third season; and Stoffel Vandoorne,[6] who joined the team after Jenson Button retired from full-time competition at the end of the 2016 season.[7] Button later returned to replace Alonso for one race and as such, the MCL32 was the last Formula One car raced by the 2009 World Champion.[8]

The MCL32 made its competitive début at the 2017 Australian Grand Prix and is the first car built by McLaren since the McLaren M30—which contested part of the 1980 season—that does not contain the "MP4" prefix as part of its chassis name. The change was introduced following CEO Ron Dennis's departure from the team's parent company, the McLaren Technology Group, in November 2016.[9][10][11][N 1] This was the last McLaren car to be fitted with a Honda engine as it was replaced by Renault engines from the 2018 season onwards.

After an improvement in the previous year, 2017 was a rough season for McLaren. The cars were slow and the team's Honda engines proved to be very unreliable for much of the beginning of the season. Alonso retired from the opening two races and the team suffered double retirements in China, Monaco, and Italy. The team failed to score a point until Baku, when Alonso finished 9th, with Vandoorne picking up his first point of the season with 10th in Hungary. McLaren finished 9th in the Constructors' Championship, with 30 points, three more than their first season back with Honda power in 2015.

Design and development

Power Unit

The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) amended the technical regulations for the 2017 season to abandon the token system—which limited engine development over the course of a season—first introduced in 2014,[12] engine supplier Honda was free to extensively redesign the team's power unit, which was named the RA617H.[1] The company started with the ultra-compact RA615H that accommodated the "size zero" concept first conceived for use in the MP4-30 chassis, but with the RA617H moved to recreate the configuration first used by Mercedes in the PU106 series of engines.[13] Honda's Formula One project manager Yusuke Hasegawa described the new architecture for the RA617H as "very high risk", justifying the choice as being the only way to catch up to Mercedes. Hasegawa also admitted that the technology implemented into the design—particularly around the combustion concept—was not entirely understood and that its potential would take time to fully realise.[14] While discussing the issues with the engine mid-season, Hasegawa pointed to Honda's inability to recreate racing conditions during dyno testing; their underestimating the increased stresses placed on the engine as a result of the revised technical regulations introduced for the 2017 season; and severe vibrations affecting the transmission and oil tank as the root of the RA617H's problems.[15]

Following the Australian Grand Prix, Honda announced that work carried out between pre-season testing and the race meant that a majority of the issues that plagued them were fixed. Although the engine proved reliable over the race meeting, it had been detuned and the gearbox shift times increased to maintain reliability. Honda also revealed that a heavily revised "B-specification" engine was already in development and would be ready in as little as eight weeks, with both Honda and McLaren developing upgrades for successive Grands Prix to make up the deficit.[16] At the Spanish Grand Prix, Honda brought an update to the power unit in the form of a revised intake system and mapping. Honda claimed this reduced the inherent drive train vibrations significantly allowing the gearbox and engine to run relatively normal in comparison to earlier races, this provided a small bump in power.[17] Although Alonso had an excellent run in qualifying, gaining 7th position, the power unit still experienced reliability issues in early practice sessions with oil leaks and pressure issues causing stoppages. At the Azerbaijan Grand Prix, Honda introduced a redesigned MGU-H and turbo for both Alonso and Vandoorne claiming to have fixed the underlying reliability issues with those components. In addition to the new components, Honda brought one new spec engine which debuted a new fuel injection system to be used in tandem with a new BP fuel upgrade, further mapping improvements and various other minor updates for Alonso to use, however, due to the amount of penalties required to introduce the new engine, and in the interest of saving mileage on the new spec, Honda decided to limit its use to the practice sessions only, using them as test sessions to verify the engines effectiveness and for Alonso to revert to the earlier engine for qualifying and the race, albeit still with the revised MGU-H and turbo. After the Friday practice sessions had concluded, although experiencing a gearbox failure during the test, Honda remained confident and encouraged by the data the new engine showed, feeling it has made a decent step forward with the new unit while also suggesting the aim is for both drivers to have one for the next GP in Austria.[18]

Technical partnerships

Prior to the start of the season, McLaren secured technical partnerships with BP to supply fuel and Castrol to provide engine lubricants for the RA617H after ending their contract with ExxonMobil who left the fuel and lubricant team sponsorship for Red Bull Racing.[3]

Competition history

Pre-season testing

As in 2015, McLaren endured a difficult pre-season during testing at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya. The new RA617H, which featured a completely overhauled concept compared to the previous two seasons, was found to be unreliable, interrupting the team's preparations and preventing them from achieving consistent running.[19] Fernando Alonso was particularly critical of the engine, complaining about lack of reliability and power.[20] The team managed to complete only 425 laps in the eight days of testing compared to Mercedes, who completed over one thousand laps in the same period, and had used more engines during pre-season testing than they would be permitted to use during the regular season.[21] The team's initial struggles then prompted reports that McLaren had sought out an alternative engine supplier.[22]

Opening rounds

McLaren endured a difficult start to the season. Alonso retired from 10th with bodywork damage at the Australian Grand Prix, while Vandoorne finished 13th, despite having dashboard damage. Alonso had a good start at the next race in China, jumping up to 6th, before retiring with a driveshaft failure. Vandoorne retired with fuel system issues. Bahrain was a bad race for the team as Vandoorne couldn't start the race due to water pressure issues and Alonso retired late in the race with power unit issues. Alonso couldn't start the Russian Grand Prix because of gearbox problems, while Vandoorne finished 14th.

European rounds and Canada

At the start of the European season in Spain, Alonso qualified a strong 7th, but finished the race in 12th. Vandoorne retired after an accident. Jenson Button returned for a one-off in Monaco, replacing Alonso who is racing in the Indy 500. Button qualified an impressive 9th and Vandoorne 10th, but both drivers crash in the race (Button with suspension damage caused by punting the Sauber of Pascal Wehrlein onto its side at Portier). At the Canadian Grand Prix, Alonso was running in 10th until he retired three laps from the end with power unit issues, while Vandoorne finished 14th. Alonso scored the team's first points of the season at the Azerbaijan Grand Prix with a 9th-place finish, while Vandoorne finished 12th. Alonso retired in Austria after being hit from behind on lap 1, Vandoorne again finished in 12th.

Stoffel Vandoorne at the British Grand Prix
Stoffel Vandoorne at the British Grand Prix

At the British Grand Prix, Vandoorne qualified 9th and finished the race 11th, meanwhile Alonso retired with a fuel pump issue. The team would have a positive weekend in Hungary. After both drivers qualified in the top 10, Alonso finished the race in 6th with the fastest lap of the race, while Vandoorne finished in 10th to score his first points of the season and make it a double points finish for the team.

At the Belgian Grand Prix, Alonso retired the car mid-race after complaining about engine problems in the radio, however, the team could not find any evidence of engine problems in Alonso's data.[23] Vandoorne finished the race in fourteenth. Vandoorne qualified tenth at the Italian Grand Prix, but retired with electrical issues, while Alonso retired with clutch issues.

Asian rounds

In Singapore, both drivers qualified in the top 10, but Alonso is involved in a crash at the start of the race and retires. Vandoorne is not involved and finished in seventh position. At the Malaysian Grand Prix, Vandoorne qualified a strong seventh, while Alonso makes it two cars in the top ten with tenth position. Vandoorne finished the race in seventh to overtake Alonso in the points, while Alonso finished eleventh. In Japan, Alonso and Vandoorne qualified tenth and eleventh respectively. The team just miss out on points with eleventh by Alonso, while Vandoorne is fourteenth.

Final rounds

Alonso qualified ninth for the United States Grand Prix, but retired from the race with engine issues. Vandoorne charged from the back of the field to finish twelfth. Alonso finished in the points again with 10th in Mexico, while Vandoorne was twelfth. Alonso converted his seventh place in qualifying to finish eighth at the Brazilian Grand Prix, overtaking Vandoorne in the points after he was involved in a collision. For the third consecutive time, Alonso finished in the points with ninth in Abu Dhabi, while Vandoorne finished the race in twelfth position.

The season ended relatively positively with the team scoring the seventh most points in the last 12 races of the season, but the bad start to the season meant that they finished a disappointing ninth in the constructors' standings with 30 points.

Complete Formula One results

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Engine Tyres Drivers Grands Prix Points WCC
AUS CHN BHR RUS ESP MON CAN AZE AUT GBR HUN BEL ITA SIN MAL JPN USA MEX BRA ABU
2017 McLaren Honda
RA617H
P
Fernando Alonso Ret Ret 14† DNS 12 16† 9 Ret Ret 6 Ret 17† Ret 11 11 Ret 10 8 9 30 9th
Jenson Button Ret
Stoffel Vandoorne 13 Ret DNS 14 Ret Ret 14 12 12 11 10 14 Ret 7 7 14 12 12 Ret 12
Notes
  • † – Driver failed to finish the race, but was classified as they had completed over 90% of the winner's race distance.

Footnotes

  1. ^ The MP4 prefix was originally derived from the team's then-sponsor Marlboro and Dennis's Project Four Racing team when McLaren and Project Four merged in 1981.[10][11]

References

  1. ^ a b "McLaren-Honda MCL32 technical specifications". mclaren.com. McLaren. 23 February 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  2. ^ "Pirelli confirms new three-year F1 deal to 2019". f1fanatic.co.uk. Keith Collantine. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  3. ^ a b Elizalde, Pablo (10 February 2017). "McLaren F1 team locks in BP/Castrol supply deal for 2017". Autosport. Motorsport Network. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  4. ^ "Zak Brown – The Man To Get McLaren Back On Track?". www.badgergp.com. 15 January 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  5. ^ Howard, Tom (24 February 2017). "McLaren reveals bold new MCL32 challenger". speedcafe.com. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  6. ^ "F1 – 2017 Provisional Entry List". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 6 December 2016. Archived from the original on 6 December 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Button to take Formula 1 sabbatical in 2017". speedcafe.com. 4 September 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Fernando Alonso to race at Indy 500 with McLaren, Honda and Andretti Autosport". mclaren.com. McLaren. 12 April 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  9. ^ "McLaren announce new car name". Formula1.com. Formula One Administration. 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  10. ^ a b Noble, Jonathan (3 February 2017). "McLaren drops famous MP4 tag from its 2017 Formula 1 chassis name". Autosport. Motorsport Network. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  11. ^ a b Edmondson, Laurence (3 February 2017). "McLaren drops 'MP4' from 2017 car name". ESPN. Archived from the original on 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  12. ^ "FIA confirms new 2017 engine regulations". speedcafe.com. 30 April 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  13. ^ Nugnes, Franco (9 January 2017). "Honda to follow Mercedes' philosophy with McLaren's 2017 F1 engine". Autosport. Motorsport Network. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  14. ^ "'Very high risk' is how Honda describe new McLaren engine". AS.com. Diario AS. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  15. ^ "Honda opens up on cause of F1 engine problems - Speedcafe". speedcafe.com. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  16. ^ Noble, Jonathan; Akai, Kunihiko. "Honda already working on major F1 engine changes for later in 2017". Autosport.com. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  17. ^ Haupt, Andreas. "McLaren und Alonso wieder auf Platz 13: "Besseres Ergebnis als erwartet"". auto-motor-und-sport.de. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  18. ^ Noble, Jonathan. "Honda tries 'spec 3' Formula 1 engine in Baku practice with Alonso". autosport.com. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  19. ^ Noble, Jonathan (7 March 2017). "McLaren-Honda Formula 1 relationship feeling 'maximum strain'". Autosport. Motorsport Network. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  20. ^ Noble, Jonathan (8 March 2017). "Honda F1 engine has no power, no reliability – Fernando Alonso". Autosport. Motorsport Network. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  21. ^ Parkes, Ian; Barretto, Lawrence (12 May 2016). "How Formula 1's new engine rules will work". autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  22. ^ Howard, Tom (17 March 2017). "McLaren considers Formula 1 engine options". speedcafe.com. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  23. ^ "No evidence of engine problem in Alonso data, say Honda". www.racefans.net. Retrieved 2019-07-30.

External links

Media related to McLaren MCL32 at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 17 October 2019, at 03:25
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