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Mayfield, New South Wales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mayfield
NewcastleNew South Wales
Mayfield Map Mosiac1.jpg
A mosaic map of Mayfield
Population 9,314 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density 1,150/km2 (2,978/sq mi)
Established 1880s
Postcode(s) 2304
Area 8.1 km2 (3.1 sq mi)
Location 6 km (4 mi) NW of Newcastle
LGA(s) City of Newcastle
Parish Newcastle
State electorate(s) Newcastle
Federal Division(s) Newcastle
Suburbs around Mayfield:
Mayfield West Mayfield North Mayfield North
Waratah Mayfield Mayfield East
Georgetown Islington Tighes Hill

Mayfield is a north-western suburb of Newcastle, New South Wales, which takes its name from Ada May (born 1874) a daughter of the landowner there, John Scholey. Its boundaries are the Hunter River to the north, the Main Northern railway line to the south (Waratah station), the railway line to Newcastle Harbour to the east, and open ground to the west.

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Transcription

The London Tube. The Titfield Thunderbolt. The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (LMR) 57 Lion is an early 0-4-2 steam locomotive, which had a top speed of 45 mph(72 km/h) and could pull up to 200 tons (203 tonnes). One of a pair designed for hauling freight (the other, number 58 was called Tiger), built by Todd, Kitson & Laird (later Kitsons) of Leeds, in 1838. It was also used in the 1952 film The Titfield Thunderbolt. The Titfield Thunderbolt is a 1953 British comedy film about a group of villagers trying to keep their branch line operating after British Railways decided to close it. The film was written by T.E.B. Clarke and was inspired by the restoration of the narrow gauge Talyllyn Railway in Wales, the world's first heritage railway run by volunteers. Lion took part in the LMR centenary celebrations in 1930 and the London and Birmingham Railway centenary in 1938. It starred in the 1953 film The Titfield Thunderbolt, among others. During the filming of Thunderbolt the tender was damaged in a shunting accident, the damage still being visible. It is the second oldest locomotive to be steamed, the older being the British-built American locomotive John Bull. For many years, Lion was on display at the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester alongside replica Liverpool and Manchester Railway locomotive Planet. On 27 February 2007, Lion was moved by road from Manchester to Liverpool for conservation work prior to it taking pride of place in the new Museum of Liverpool. Like and Subscribe. Thanks.

Contents

History

Much of Mayfield was originally named North Waratah, and formed part of the large Municipality of Waratah (incorporated 1871), of which John Scholey was three times Mayor. In 1938 an Act of the New South Wales Parliament created a "City of Greater Newcastle", incorporating 11 municipalities into one local government area, including Waratah. Until it was subdivided by Scholey and the land put up for sale, it was largely semi-forested scrub and fields. However, St Andrew's Church at North Waratah was opened as early as 1861, and fell within the Church of England Diocese of Newcastle, New South Wales. In 1924 a new church was dedicated at St.Andrews, Mayfield, to replace the aging colonial church.

Mayfield was originally a pleasant garden suburb on the outskirts of Newcastle, and by 1901 contained a Roman Catholic monastery, and several fine Victorian mansions belonging to prominent businessmen and lawyers. Of note, there was N.B.Creer (three times Mayor of Waratah), Charles Upfold (Soap Manufacturer) built a large mansion on a piece of land in Crebert Street, North Waratah (now called Mayfield), given to him by his friend John Scholey. It was later sold to biscuit manufacturer, William Arnott who named the mansion "Arnott Holme". Arnott then sold it in 1898 to Isaac Winn, owner of the big Newcastle department store. Winn renamed the mansion "Winn Court"[2] and John Scholey's "Mayfield House", for which the sandstone was brought from England. BHP constructed, in the early 1920s, a very fine mansion in Crebert Street (named after Peter Crebert [1825-1895], an immigrant from Wiesbaden in Germany), with extensive gardens, for their General Manager. Now privately owned and named The Bella Vista, it is used as a weddings and functions centre.

Arrival of industry

In 1896, the Broken Hill Proprietary Company acquired land on the river shore at Mayfield East for smelters, and in 1910 it was decided that they would construct here a major steel works and foundries, with a 350-ton blast furnace and three 65-ton open hearth steel furnaces, a bloom mill and heavy rail mill, with by-product coke ovens to supply coke for the blast furnaces. The advantages of the site played a major part in this decision: for transport both rail and shipping already existed, and they had close proximity to the Newcastle and South Maitland coalfields, (the coal consumption in 1947 was 30,000 tons each week). The task of reclaiming swampland at Port Waratah for the main site began in January 1913, and the New South Wales Government undertook to dredge and maintain a river channel between the works and the sea, 500 feet (150 m) wide and 25 feet (7.6 m) deep at low water to the steelwork's basin and wharves. Altogether the company acquired 1,225 acres (4.96 km2). The blast furnace commenced operations in March 1915.

Other industries followed, such as galvanized iron manufacturers John Lysaght & Co., (1921), Rylands Bros (wire, nails, rivets, bolts, springs etc.), tubemakers Stewarts & Lloyds (1934), and the Newcastle Chemical Co, (1940), and sited themselves adjacent to the steel works. The result was pollution which began to affect Mayfield which lost its fashionable status. The housing erected during and after World War I was overwhelmingly for those with employment in the heavy industries. The Steel Works finally closed down in the late 1990s and this had a knock on effect with adjacent industries, several of whom were now struggling with developing world markets.

Today

Today Mayfield is the most culturally diverse suburb in Newcastle and home to over 14,000 residents from all over the world.[citation needed]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mayfield (NSW) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 February 2018.  Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Newcastle Morning Herald dated Saturday 13 November 1965
General
  • The B.H.P. Review - Jubilee Number, Melbourne, Victoria, June 1935.
  • Newcastle - 150 Years, edited by Eric Lingard, Newcastle, 1947.
  • The Diocese of Newcastle, by A.P.Elkin, Sydney, 1955.
  • Federal Directory of Newcastle & District 1901 reprinted Newcastle, 1982, ISBN 0-9593518-0-9

External links

This page was last edited on 21 July 2018, at 10:32
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