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Matthew Hutton (archbishop of Canterbury)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Matthew Hutton
Archbishop of Canterbury
Apb Matthew Hutton.jpg
ChurchChurch of England
Installed1757
Term ended1758 (death)
PredecessorThomas Herring
SuccessorThomas Secker
Other post(s)Archbishop of York (1747–1757)
Bishop of Bangor (1743–1747)
Personal details
Born(1693-01-03)3 January 1693
Marske, Yorkshire
Died18 March 1758(1758-03-18) (aged 65)
Duke Street, Westminster
BuriedSt Mary-at-Lambeth, London
NationalityEnglish
DenominationAnglicanism
SpouseMary Lutman (m.1732)
EducationRipon Grammar School
Alma materJesus College, Cambridge

Matthew Hutton (3 January 1693 – 18 March 1758) was a high churchman in the Church of England, serving as Archbishop of York (1747–1757) and Archbishop of Canterbury (1757–1758).

Early life and education

Hutton was born at Marske near Richmond in Yorkshire, the second son of John Hutton of Marske (great-great-grandson of Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of York 1595–1606) and his wife Dorothy, daughter of William Dyke.

He was educated at Ripon Grammar School and Jesus College, Cambridge, matriculating in 1710, graduating B.A. 1714, M.A. 1717. He was a fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge, from 1717 to 1727, and graduated D.D. (comitia regia) in 1728.[1]

At Cambridge he was an exact contemporary of Thomas Herring, whom he succeeded in each of his three bishoprics.

Ordained ministry

Hutton became a royal chaplain to George II in 1736. In 1737 he was appointed Canon of the second stall at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, a position he held until 1739.[2] He became Rector of Trowbridge and of Spofforth, in Yorkshire, and held prebends at York and Westminster.

Episcopal ministry

In 1743 he became Bishop of Bangor, and in 1747, Archbishop of York, before finally, in 1757, becoming Archbishop of Canterbury, but died the next year without having ever lived in Lambeth Palace.

Suspected discovery of his coffin

In 2016, during the refurbishment of the Garden Museum,[3] which is housed at the medieval church of St Mary-at-Lambeth,[4] 30 lead coffins were found; one with an archbishop's red and gold mitre on top of it.[5] Two archbishops were identified from nameplates on their coffins; with church records revealing that a further three archbishops, including Hutton, were likely to be buried in the vault.[6]

References

  1. ^ "Hutton, Matthew (HTN710M)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ Fasti Wyndesorienses, May 1950. S.L. Ollard. Published by the Dean and Canons of St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
  3. ^ "History > Museum". Garden Museum.
  4. ^ "Church of St Mary, Lambeth | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk.
  5. ^ Seymour, Lizzie. "Builders discover archbishops' tombs under church floor" – via www.thetimes.co.uk.
  6. ^ "Remains of five 'lost' archbishops found". BBC. 16 April 2017.
Church of England titles
Preceded by
Thomas Herring
Bishop of Bangor
1743–1747
Succeeded by
Zachary Pearce
Archbishop of York
1747–1757
Succeeded by
John Gilbert
Archbishop of Canterbury
1757–1758
Succeeded by
Thomas Secker
This page was last edited on 3 March 2021, at 12:01
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