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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Matfen
Matfen village green (geograph 2374157).jpg

Matfen
Matfen is located in Northumberland
Matfen
Matfen
Location within Northumberland
Population495 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid referenceNZ029719
Civil parish
  • Matfen
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
Postcode districtNE20
Dialling code01661
PoliceNorthumbria
FireNorthumberland
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Northumberland
55°02′28″N 1°57′14″W / 55.041°N 1.954°W / 55.041; -1.954

Matfen is a village and a civil parish in Northumberland, England, near the town of Hexham and the city of Newcastle upon Tyne. It is an example of a 19th-century planned estate village. It was the birthplace of the 7th Premier of British Columbia, William Smithe.

History

Matfen is a few miles north of Hadrian's Wall. About halfway between the two there is a prehistoric standing stone called Stob Stone, adjacent to Standing Stone Farmhouse. The stone is about seven feet high and decorated with cup marks.[2]

The place-name Matfen is first attested in the Pipe Rolls for 1159, where it appears as Matefen. The name means Matta's fen.[3] The civil parish was formed in 1955 from East Matfen, Fenwick, Ingoe, Kearsley, Ryal and West Matfen.[4]

Landmarks

Matfen Hall
Matfen Hall

Matfen Hall now houses a hotel and country club. The Grade II* listed building was built about 1828 by Sir Edward Blackett to replace an earlier, 17th-century house.[5]

The Devil's Causeway passes the village less than 2 miles (3 km) to the west. The causeway is a Roman road, which starts at Port Gate on Hadrian's Wall, north of Corbridge, and extends 55 miles (89 km) northwards across Northumberland to the mouth of the Tweed at Berwick-upon-Tweed.[6]

Notable people

  • Thomas Bates (1775–1849), an eminent stockbreeder, was born in Matfen.
  • William Smithe (1842–1887), the 7th premier of British Columbia, was born in Matfen.
  • Lorna Hill (1902–1991), a writer of over 40 books for children, was the wife of the rector of Matfen.

See also

References

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics
  2. ^ Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Northumberland, p. 387.
  3. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p. 318.
  4. ^ "Matfen CP through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Matfen Hall (1155328)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  6. ^ "The Devil's Causeway". Retrieved 17 December 2008.

External links


This page was last edited on 31 May 2020, at 13:38
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