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Materiel movements in exercise Cobra Gold in 1998
Materiel movements in exercise Cobra Gold in 1998

Materiel or matériel[1][2][3][4] (/məˌtɪəriˈɛl/; from French matériel 'equipment, hardware') refers to supplies, equipment, and weapons in military supply-chain management, and typically supplies and equipment in a commercial supply chain context.[citation needed]

In a military context, the term materiel refers either to the specific needs (excluding manpower) of a force to complete a specific mission, or the general sense of the needs (excluding manpower) of a functioning army.[citation needed]

Materiel management consists of continuing actions relating to planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, controlling, and evaluating the application of resources to ensure the effective and economical support of military forces. It includes provisioning, cataloging, requirements determination, acquisition, distribution, maintenance, and disposal. The terms "materiel management", "materiel control", "inventory control", "inventory management", and "supply management" are synonymous.[5][6]

Military materiel is often shipped to and used in severe climates without controlled warehouses or fixed material handling equipment. Packaging and labeling often need to meet stringent technical specifications to help ensure proper delivery and final use.[7] Some military procurement allows for commercial packaging rather than the more stringent military grades.[8]

Materiel in the commercial distribution context refers to the products of the business, as distinct from those involved in operating the business itself.[citation needed]

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  • Boston - Manufacturing Weapons and Materiel
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Not only was Boston crucial to the Civil War in supplying men and supplying the cause, Boston also supplies many of the weapons that win the war for the Union. In South Boston, we have the country's largest ironworks, started by Cyrus Alger's works, the Atlantic Ironworks, which produced most of the cannon used by the Union in the Civil War. We also have Harrison Loring's shipyard and other shipyards in South Boston that produce ironclad vessels and monitors, the low-lying vessels that will sink the Confederate ironclads. We also have, at the Boston Navy Yard, the production of ships for the war effort. So, we have Boston supplying weapons to fight the war and weapons that will help the Union win the war. And another industry in Boston that is going to be crucial to the war is one in Roxbury. Louis Prang was an immigrant from Germany who developed the process of chromolithography, a way of mass producing colored prints that then could be hung on the wall. So, one way Americans saw the war and remembered the war was through the chromolithography developed by Louis Prang, who did prints of various Civil War battles, just as another artist with Boston connections, Winslow Homer, did sketches of the war that were carried in newspapers. So, the Civil War, is in many ways, our first visual war, that people would see the battlefront, and through Prang's chromolithography they could see the colors of the clash of arms. So, we have Boston manufacturing the weapons with which the Union will win the war. and in his last annual message, President Lincoln goes through the industrial capabilities of the Union, and how these industrial capabilities had expanded during the war. And he said, "Not only are we not exhausted, we are not exhaustible." And we also have Boston developing the techniques that will allow Americans to visualize this war that is happening far away on the battlefront, and it may be worth mentioning that one of the great novels that comes out of the war is Louisa May Alcott's Little Women, about the family of women at home while father is away on the battlefront. But even though the men were away fighting, women and those who remained at home were still contributing through the making of weapons, the issuing of chromolithography, and through the work of Clara Barton and others by caring for those who were wounded on the battlefield.

See also


  1. ^ "materiel". Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  2. ^ "matériel". Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. March 2021. Retrieved 7 April 2021. (Subscription or participating institution membership required.)
  3. ^ "matériel". Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman.
  4. ^ "matériel". Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Cambridge University Press.
  5. ^ DoD Integrated Materiel Management (IMM) for Consumable Items, 4140.26-M, Volume 2, September 24, 2010, Glossary, p. 38.
  6. ^ Mitchell, D G (December 2017). "The important role of materiel management in building Army readiness". Army Sustainment. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  7. ^ Maloney, J. C. (July 2003). "The History and Significance of Military Packaging" (PDF). Defence Packaging Policy Group. Defence Logistics Agency. Retrieved 30 Oct 2016.
  8. ^ ASTM D3951, Standard Practice For Commercial Packaging

External links

  • The dictionary definition of materiel at Wiktionary
This page was last edited on 8 November 2021, at 19:20
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