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Matías Romero

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Matías Romero
Portrait of Matías Romero, standing.
Carte de visite presented to the United States government in 1863
Mexican Secretary of Finance
In office
26 March 1892 – 31 December 1892
PresidentPorfirio Díaz
Preceded byBenito Gómez Farías
Succeeded byJosé Yves Limantour
In office
24 May 1877 – 4 April 1879
PresidentPorfirio Díaz
Preceded byFrancisco Landero y Cos
Succeeded byJosé Hipólito Ramírez
In office
16 January 1868 – 12 June 1872
PresidentBenito Juárez
Preceded byJosé María Garmendia
Succeeded byFrancisco Mejía Escalona
Ambassador of Mexico to the United States
In office
15 February 1893[1] – 30 December 1898[1]
Preceded byManuel María de Zamacona[1]
Succeeded byManuel Azpíroz[1]
In office
2 September 1863 – 13 July 1868[1]
Preceded byLuis de la Rosa[1]
Succeeded byIgnacio Mariscal[1]
Personal details
Born
Matías Romero Avendaño

(1837-02-24)24 February 1837
Oaxaca, Oaxaca
Died30 December 1898(1898-12-30) (aged 66)
New York City, New York
NationalityMexican
EducationOaxaca Institute for Arts and Sciences

Matías Romero Avendaño (24 February 1837 - 30 December 1898) was a Mexican politician and diplomat who served three times as Secretary of Finance and twice as ambassador of Mexico to the United States during the 19th century.[2][3]

Early life

Romero began preparatory courses in Law while still living in Oaxaca. In 1855 he moved to Mexico City, and he received his Law degree on 12 October 1857.[4] He joined the liberals under command of General Ignacio Zaragosa, and traveled to Guanajuato to join the Army. However, he was instead commissioned into the Ministry of Relations. He accompanied Juárez to Guadalajara, but was briefly imprisoned by Commander Landa. After being freed, he followed Juárez to Veracruz via Panamá. He served as Melchor Ocampo's private secretary in Veracruz, and as official in various secretariats.

Diplomatic career

In 1859, Romero published a work on Mexican foreign treaties. In December of that year he was named Secretary of the Mexican Legation in Washington, D.C. By December of the following year he was directed by President Juárez to approach Abraham Lincoln, who had recently won election as US President, but had not yet assumed the Presidency.

During the French Invasion of Mexico, Romero played a key role in lobbying the United States to oppose the French-backed Second Mexican Empire. When Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of State Seward appeared ambivalent on the matter, Romero supported the presidential campaign of John C. Frémont in 1864. Romero also supported mediation between the United States and the Confederacy in order that the United States could focus more on opposing the Mexican Empire.[5] When the Civil War ended, he proposed direct military intervention under the leadership of either General Grant of General Sherman.[6]

Later Government Career

After the restoration of the Mexican Republic, Romero served in the government of Porfirio Díaz and was a proponent of foreign investment in Mexico.[7]

On 15 January 1868, Romero was named Minister of the Treasury by President Benito Juárez. In May of that year, he was returned to Washington to complete the treaties which he had initiated in his previous assignment. Treaties signed pertain to claims of Mexican citizens against the U.S. and vice versa, citizenship, and consular matters. By 1 August his work on those treaties was concluded, and he returned to Mexico, as Secretary of Hacienda.

On 15 May 1872, Romero resigned from the Ministry (deteriorating health). By September 1875, he entered government service again, as substitute senator for Chiapas. By the following autumn he was named Deputy to the Congress of the Union for the fifth district of Oaxaca.

In May 1877 he was charged again, with the office of the Minister of Treasury, but resigned in 1879 from government service for health reasons.

Return to Diplomacy

By 1879 he again returned to Washington, to establish a company to oversee construction of a railway between Mexico City to Oaxaca. He was named manager of the company.

Mrs Matías Romero
Mrs Matías Romero

On 15 May 1882, he was again called to service, to represent his country to USA. He was named ambassador extraordinaire and minister plenipotentiary, and in that capacity he signed a preliminary agreement on borders with Guatemala.

In Washington he was with his wife, Mrs Matias Romero. She was one of the most popular ladies in the diplomatic circle. She was born in Philadelphia and was educated partly in New York City.[8]

From May to October 1883, Romero traveled across Europe as Mexican representative.

Romero died in New York City in 1898.

Works

  • Diario personal 1855-1865.
  • Correspondencia de la Legación Mexicana en Washington durante la Intervención Extranjera. 1860-1868.
  • El Estado de Oaxaca
  • Mexico and the United States

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Manual de organización de la Embajada de México en Estados Unidos (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores. March 2009. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  2. ^ Jaffary, Nora E; Osowski, Edward; Porter, Susie S, eds. (2009). Mexican History: A Primary Source Reader. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press. pp. 256–257. ISBN 9780813343341. OCLC 144217762. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  3. ^ Monroy Huitrón, Guadalupe (1965). Archivo histórico de Matías Romero: catálogo descriptivo [Matías Romero Historical Archive: Descriptive Catalog] (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Banco de México. OCLC 359968.
  4. ^ Romero, Matías, 1837-1898, Social Networks & Archival Content (website)
  5. ^ Schoonover, Thomas (2014). Mexican Lobby Matias Romero in Washington. University Press of Kentucky. p. 31.
  6. ^ Wooster, Robert (2006). "John M. Schofield and the 'Multipurpose' Army". American Nineteenth Century History. 7 (2): 173–191. doi:10.1080/14664650600809305. S2CID 143091703.
  7. ^ Jürgen Buchenau, "Foreign Policy, 1876-1910," in Encyclopedia of Mexico, vol. 1, p. 503. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn 1997.
  8. ^ Hinman, Ida (1895). The Washington Sketch Book.

Further reading

  • Robert Ryal Miller, "Matias Romero: Mexican Minister to the United States during the Juarez-Maximilian Era," Hispanic American Historical Review (1965) 45#2 pp. 228–245 in JSTOR
  • Thomas D. Schoonover, ed., Mexican Lobby: Matías Romero in Washington 1861--1867 (UP of Kentucky, 2015).

External links

Media related to Matías Romero Avendaño at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 26 May 2021, at 13:02
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